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Genealogical Record of the Dedham ' 
Branch of the Avery Family in ... ^ 

Jane Greenough (Avery) Carter, Susie Perry Holmes ';! 

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Jane G. (Avery) Carter and Susie P. Holmes. 


WiNSLow W. Avery, Plymouth, Mass. 


J' • T r. A '*^ "^ > 

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TN presenting these Eecords to those interested in the 
^ genealogy of the Avery family, as descended from Dr. 
William Avery of Dedham, Mass., the compilers wish to 
say that we do not offer it as a complete record of aU the 
lines and branches formed by inter-marriages, yet we have 
endeavored to make perfectly accurate all to which we could 
obtain any clew. While we respect the feeling which would 
not hasten the close of a genealogical work, we still feel,, 
that having availed ourselves of every source of information, 
we have had presented to us, our work may properly be 
considered as finished, though, from the very nature of 
things, it is impossible to bring a genealogical record to a. 
well-rounded close. In regard to facts and authentic records* 
concerning the origin of our Dedham ancestor. Dr. William 
Avery, we are probably in possession of all that will ever 
be known, as investigations through the efforts of Mr. Walter 
Titus Avery, of New York city, have resulted in ascertaining- 
his home to have been in Barkham, England, with the 
parish' record of the baptisms of his three children there,. 
and the wills — presumably, — of both his father and great- 
grandfather. With the great-grandfather — Robert Avery* — 
we commence our genealogy, the latest generation given in: 
our pages being the thirteenth from him. 

While we date from Robert Avery* of Pill, Eng., as our 
earliest known ancestor, it may be proper to say that we 
have not undeniable — though strongly presumable — evidence 
that he was the great-grandfather of Dr. William Avery. 

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The presumption is, that the grandson Robert, mentioned 
in the will — as the son of his son William — was Robert 
of Wokingham, father of Dr. William, and this has much 
weight from the mention of his sister, Prudence Champion, 
and his brother, William^ of Congresburie, and John Champion 
in the will Mr. W- T. Avery says: "In 1872 the parish 
registers at Wokingham were found to have been de- 

The following is a copy of the supposed pedigree of Dr. 
William Avery : 

of Congresbury 


of Pill 

John Champion 



? of Wolin ^liam 


= Joane 




For these and other early records we wish to acknowledge 
our very great indebtedness to Mr. Walter Titus Avery, of 
New York city, who kindly placed in our hands his valuable 
books of records, which he had labored assiduously for 
many years to collect, by extensive research both in England 
iind in this country. Mr. Avery is a lineal descendant — a 
great-grandson — of Rev. Ephraim Avery ^ of Brooklyn, Conn., 
second son of Rev. John Avery*' of Truro, Mass. 

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Our thanks are also due to Mr. Samuel P. Avery, of New 
York city — the well-known art dealer — in the matter of cuts 
and interesting records; to Mr. John E. Sanborn, also of 
New York, a lineal descendant of Eev. John^ on the mater- 
nal side ; to Capt. Frank Kidder Upham, of XJ. S. Cavalry^ 
now at Fort Custer, Montana, and Mrs. H. N. Abbott, of 
Winterport, Me., both lineal descendants of Major Thatcher 
Avery^ who went from Truro, Mass., to Castine, Me., in early 
life. We would also acknowledge favors from Mr. Calvin 
Tilden Phillips, of South Hanover, Mass., a descendant of 
another branch of the Dedham Averys, Mrs. Elroy M. Avery, 
of Cleveland, Ohio, of the same family; Mr. Homer 
D. L. Sweet, who has long been engaged on a genealogy of 
the Groton Averys; Mr. Kichard Savage, Librarian of 
Shakespeare's Birthplace, Strafford, Eng., who kindly made 
researches for us ; also Eich's History of Truro, and Free- 
man's History of Cape Cod. 


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TN searching for the original meaning of the name of 
^ Avery, we find the following in the "Patronymica 
Brittanica": — 

" Avery — A name credited with an origin from several sources. 

I. Aviariiis — A keeper of birds, as "avyries of sparhawks, 
falcons, eagles and herons," mentioned in the Forest Charter. 
Sec. 14. 

II. Avery — The place where forage for the king's horses was 
kept, derived either from Aoena^ oats, (Lat.) or Haver y oats, 
(Anglo Norman) or Aver^ a northern provincialism for a working 

III. Alberic — German personal name, latinized, Albericus, 
and softened in Norman times to Aubrey. 

Other authorities give substantially, the same derivations. 
The name Auviary and Auvrey are very common in Nor- 
mandy as far back as 1200. A book on the Gentry of 
Normandy has a long list of Auvrays. We give a few of 
these, abridged from the original: — 

Auvray — 1463 — Monfaut. 

Guillaume — {William) Auvray. 

Auvray {Jean) John — 1470. 

Auvray — (Jax^ues) James — son of Cyprien — 1589. 

Jean Auvray — 1598. 

Phillipe Auvray— 1634. 

There are several other names in this record, which is in 
the original French, Frangois, Boberfy Michel and Jean, or 
John, the latter recurring frequently. 

The different persons named seem to have been mostly of 
high rank, though there is an allusion to one in particular 

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who was "not found noble." To several marks of favor were 
granted, such as being raised to places of distinction, and 
to others coats of arms, the description of which, though 
similar in some points, does not agree with that in possession 
of Dr. William, our ancestor. 


T7REQUENT mention is made of the Avery name, in differ- 
^ ent parish records of baptisms in England, spelled vari- 
ously Abrie, Averie, and Avery, and of marriage licenses, one^ 
in particular, noticeable from the fact that the groom, Dudley 
Avery, was a son of the Right Worshipful Samuel Avery, 
Alderman of London. But these recorc^s, though interesting 
to the genealogist, throw no light on the question of our 
own relationship to the parties named. 

The follo\\ing of ancient date is from the Deanery of 
Trigg Minor. By MacLeon : — 

1466, Aug. 22. John Avei-y was mentioned as living in the 
parish of St. Endellion, Cornwall. Henry Avery also held land 
in the same parish. 

" After 1543, a messuage in Trewiggett, Cornwall, was in the 
possession of Richard Averye. (''A messuage was a dwelling 
house, with adjacent buildings, and lands for the use of the house- 
hold ."— TVe^/s^er. ) 

In 1603, a boundary of Tintaget, Cornwall, was signed by 
William Avery and others. Thomas Avery was mayor of the 
same place, in 1605, William in 1746, Richard in 1801. 

The name of Avery, according to memoranda from Lon- 
don, "Notes and Queries," is found at Bodmin, Cornwall, 
Eng., at an early date, (and exists there at the present time) 
as early as 1310, in which year Thomas Avery was associa- 
ted with others in a suit concerning 500 acres of land, at 
Halgrave, near Bodmin. 



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In the year 1544, Michael Avery was mayor of Bodmin. 
The parish registers commence in 1559, and the name of 
Avery is among the first found therein. 

There have also been found records of baptisms, marriages- 
and deaths, as follows: — 

1;'»60 — Johan, daii. of Thomas Aveiy, baptized May 2fith. 

1563 — Thomas, son of Thomas Avery, baptized . 

1569 — Walter Averye and Oriojo Williams, married Sept. Gth. 
1569 — Michael Avery was buried Sei)t. 28th. 
John Avery, of Bodmin, married Isoult Barry, of Wynscote,. 
Devonshire, dau. of John Barry, who died 1538. 

Mr. Walter T. Avery adds to these memoranda the fol- 
lowing, obtained by Miss Grace King, now Mrs* Steele,, 
(daughter of Mrs. Lucy Avery King, whose photograph will 
be found in these pages) on a recent visit to England: — 

''At Dowland N. Devon, may be found the following inscrip- 

*' Here lyeth the body of l^fargarett Stofford, the weif of Thomas 
Stofforcl Gent, mother of Robert Avery, wh » died the 3rd of 
Sept., anno dni, IGOO. 

"Here lyeth the bodie of Johane Avery, the second weif of 
Robert Avery, who died the xxiiiith of Si'pt., anno dm*ni, 1G12. 

''Here lyeth the bodie of Thomasine Avery, the first weif of 
Robert Avery, who died the xxvth Aprill, anno dm'ni, 1601. 


Robert S. == Elizabeth d & h of Menwhennyke. 

I I i 

John =« Margery Thomas=sMargaret, widow 

Ascot. of Avei'y above. 

Mr. W. T. Avery in commenting upon the pedigree, says :: 
"I cannot connect the above names. Their arms are those- 
of Dr. William Avery of Dedham, Mass." 

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The name Avery is also found in the will of Agnes Arden, 
(mother of Mary Shakespeare, and grandmother of William 
Shakespeare) widow of Robert Arden of Wilmscote parish 
of Arton (three miles from Stratford). In this document, 
dated 1584, she gives Avery Fulwood two sheep. John 
Fulwood married an aunt of William Shakespeare. (Malone's 

Hon. William Avery, of Michigan, who supposes 
himself to be a descendant of the Devonshire Averys, 
writes: "In a residence of two or three years in England, I 
met with some facts tliat would tend to prove that Avery 
was the name of an extensive family, of of some influential 
people. I found "Avery lane" in London, and "Avery 
street" in Birmingham. I found also a record in the history 
of Westminster Abbey, showing that sometime in the fif- 
teenth or sixteenth century. Lady Elizabeth Avery of 
Devonshire, was buried there." 

It may yet be proved that the Averys of Somerset and 
those of Devonshire had a common ancestor. It is hoped 
that investigations now being made preliminary to the pub- 
lication of a history of the Groton Averys, may settle this 
point. Certainly, if inherited traits of character, showing 
in the generations of each line, may prove it, we have strong 
presumptive evidence in the similarity of the two. The 
indomitable courage, and perseverance, the strong good 
sense, high purpose, and intellectual force that were promi- 
nent characteristics of the early Averys, (descendants of 
Christopher) who came with the Winthrop colony to New 
England in 1630, were no less marked in the William Avery, 
who came at a later date — 1650 — to Dedham, and in his pos- 
terity, in which have always been found, from that time till 
the present, men who have not only " made their mark " in 
the country by their native force of character, but by their 

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acquirements in science, in letters, and in political and 
social economy. 


There are several descriptions of coats of arms,* said to 
belong to the name of Avery, but the picture in oils, owned 
by Mrs. Lucy Avery King, of Brooklyn, N. T., recently 
deceased, seems to be the true one of Avery of Somerset — 
as it descended directly to her from Dr. William Avery, who 
brought it from England. Mrs. King had the colors restored, 
and the painting "framed as she remembered it to have 
been in her childhood, except that it was black." The fol- 
lowing is the description: — 

"Arms — Gules, a chevron between three besants or, 
crest, two lion's jambs, or, supporting besant." 


TTJEFORE entering upon the subject of this chapter we 
^^ wish to say that we have followed a course which seemed 
most clear and convenient in marking the distinctions of the 
several branches of the family. We have, for example, after 
giving the names and births of the children of a certain 
marriage in their proper order, taken the oldest child of 
the list, and gone through with his or her entire family, 
including all marriages, dowD to the latest birth in the line, 
then taking the second, and so on to the last. By making 
proper divisions, and sub-divisions, we think we have the 
families kept distinctly before the reader, so that there shall 
be no confusion. As we have before' said, every family is 

* •* Orijfinwlly a ' coat of arms ' was a tunic or habit worn by knights over 
their suits of armor, embroidered with their armorial ensigns and devices. The 
•crest,' or Icnightly cognizance, was bonie on tlie liehnetin the days of chivalry. 
It is now a portion of the armorial l)earings of a nobleman or gentleman enti- 
tled to bear coat armor in virtue of his descent from a noble ancestry. These 
crests identify an ancient family." 

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not perfectly complete, for the reason that we hav^ not been 
able to get the record, 3-et in most cases, we have, and we 
have conscientiously labored to make what we have accurate 
as to dates, items of interest, etc. 

The parish of Pill — now Pylle, Somerset — which was 
the residence of our earliest known ancestor, Robert Avery', 
is 3^^ miles south of Shepton Mallet, in White Stone Hun- 
dred; acres, 1,570; houses, 35 in 1831; population, 216 in 
1841. Pylle House (as per Black's Guide ) is on the Bath & 
Bridporfc Railway. There is a town by the same name near 
the mouth of the S3vern, on map of England, in Cotton's, 
general atlas of 1862, (it is not the ancient Pill, howevar,) 
15 i miles from Bath, and 2^ miles from Shepton Mallet. 

The name Pill seems to correspond to the Welsh Pincl, an 
inlet or pool. 

William Avery\ our earliest ancestor in America, lived in 
Barkham, Berkshire, England. The accompanying cut gives 
a view of the church now standing on the site of the one in 
which his three children, whom he brought witli him and 
his wife Margaret, to Dedliam, were baptized. 

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We come now to trace the direct lines of descent from 
Robert Avery\ yeomariy down to the thirteenth and latest 
generation of the Dedham branch of Averys in this country. 
"A yeoman or husbandman was one who tilled his own 
land in distinction from a peasant or farmer, who occupied 
the land of another." 1599 to 1655. — London Notes and 

Robert Avery* died previous to Oct 14, 1575, that being 
the date of the proving of his will. The will itself beara 
date July 27, 1575, a copy of which, made from the original,, 
is in the possession of Mr. W. T. Avery. 

He had three sons, William^ Bicfiard and Thomas, William 
seems to have fallen under his father's displeasure for 
"having made a base marriage, and left his native parishe," 
but receives a share in the property, according to the terms. 
of the will, "in token of forgiveness." Richard, the second 
son, is made sole executor, and his brother William Avery^ 
of Congresburie,* and John Champion, his brother-in-law> 
are appointed overseers. 

WiU of Robert Avery * of Pill^ {now Pylle) Somerset^ England^ 
yeoman^ found at Doctor's Commons^ March^ 1872. 

In the name of Almighty God Amen, the 27th day of July in 
the year of our Loi*de God 1575, I, Robert Avery, yoeman of 
Pili, Co. Somerset, being sick in bodye, but hole in mynde and 
good in remenbrance, do ordaine this my Testament and last 
Will, in manner and forme followinge : 

Fyrat. I commende and bequethe my Soule to Almytie God^ 
my maker and Redeemer, and to all the Hollye companye in 
heaven, and my bodye to be buryed as a Christian man. 

Also I give and beqnethe to my sonne William Avery £5, my 
bowe and arrows, and my wynter gowne furred with fox, in token 
of my forgiveness for his having made a base marriage and left 
his native parishe. 

Item. I give and bequethe to my second sonne, Richard Avery^ 
all my farm Implements, and the house wherein I now do dwell. 

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Also I give and boqiiethe to the said Riclmrd Avery, one field and 
one niedowe now in the occupation of John Austen, and I also 
bequethe to him my goods, moveable and unmoveable which are 
in and about the bouse and premises, I now dwell. 

Item, I give and bequethe to my youngest Sonne, Thomas 
Avery, £5, one cowe and one loade of hay, my silk doublet, two 
pair of hose and one brasse potte and cover 

Item, I doe give and bequethe to my Sister, Prudence 
Champion, the somme of ^Y4, and one milch cowe, two prs sheets, 
and my second best feather bedde, with all covering and appur- 
tenances thereto. 

Item, I give and bequethe to my grandsonne, Robeit Avery, 
the Sonne of my sonne William Avery the some of ^/^. 

Item. I give and bequethe unto William Sharpe, my oalde 
blue coate, and to my nephew, Jacob Avery, my brother William's 
Sonne, my pen and one silver guilt flagon with cover. 

Item. I give and bequethe to Abell, my servant, my bodye 
Lyoea, and one shillinge. 

Item. I give and bequethe the Kesydewe of all my goods and 
Cattels unbeqnethed, unto my sonne, Richard Avery. Also I 
ordeyne and make the sayde Richard Avery, my sonne, to be my 
sole executor, and he to see my funeralles and debts payed. And 
to see this my last testament and will p.formed, as he will answer 
before Almlghtie God, at the generall day of Judgement. Also I 
make overseer of this, my will, my brothers, William Avery, of 
Congresbnrie,* and John Champion, and I doe give for their 
paynes takynge Herein 2^ eche. These beynge witnesses. 
Robert Hibbert, Thos. Vyse with others. 

Proved by the executor Richard Avery, Oct, 14, 1875. 


William Avert of Congresbury, Robert Avery^, had six sons: 
Thomas', WilliainS RichardS GilesS Jacob* and John*, and died 

William' had daughter Jane^ and son Joseph*. 

* Note.— The Parish of Congresbury is in Winterstoke Hnndred, 6 1-2 miles 
N. N. East of Axbridge, on the River " Yeo," and about 5 miles from its 
mouth. Acres 4280. Houses 247 in 1831. Population 1380 in 1841. 

The "Yeo" rises near Compton Martin, and runs 13 miles K. N. West to 
Bristol Channel, 3 miles above Sand Point. 

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Jacob"^ had seven cliildren : Joseph^, Benjamin*, Christian*, 
.SamneP, Hestei"^, Benjamin', Annah', and died Feb. 1, 1G43. 

JoHN'^ had fonr chiUh'en : Saralr'', John^, William*^, and Joaue^. 

Joseph'* (Jacob* W"^) had one son Joseph*: Merchant of 

Samukl' (Jacob* W™^) of Havidge and Enfield and Merchant 
of London, per London "Notes and Queries,'* May 20, 1871, 
was sheriff of Loudon, 1647, and the Alderman Avery, wlio 
joined in the Act, May 30, 1G49, proclaiming the alolition of 
kingly government. He was commissioner, for sundry city 
ordinances about 1645, and the State Paper Office contains letters 
fronj him dated from Hamburg and addressed to I^ord Digbye 
and Sir Thomas Kowe, Jan. 12, 1G43-4. He had one daughter, 
Katharine*, b. 1622, and one son Dudley*. 

Dudley* of Streatly, Berkshire, Eng., had : Dudley^, Allen*^, 
Samuel*, William*, Catharine*, Miral)ella^, Christian*, Barsheba*. 

'' The parish of Streatly is in Moreton Hundred, Berkshire, 5 J 
miles south by west of Wallingford, on the west bank of the 

William*, the oldest son of Eobert\ had one son, Eobert% 
whether there were others, records do not say. This Robert' 
we suppose to have 'been the father of Dr. William of 

Eobert Avery' lived iu Wokingham, Berkshire. By trade 
he was a blacksmith. His will, found in the Diocese ot 
Doctor's Commons, bears date March 30, 1642. He married 
Joanne, and had three children. 

i. William*, b. 1G22. 
ii. Robert*, 
iii. Frances*. 

We here insert the will — a copy o: the original being in 
possession of Mr. W. T. Avery, 

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In the name of God, Amen. The thirtiette day of Mnrch in 
the Eighteenth yere of the raign of onr Soveraine Lord Charles, 
by the grace of God of England, Scotland, nnd Ireland. Kings, 
defenders of the faith, Ann° Domini one Thousand six hundred 
forty-two. I, Robert Avery, of Wokingham in the countie of 
Berks, hhiek^niith, being in perfect memory, praised be Almighty 
God, doe disannull, recall and make void all former wills and 
Testaui^"' weit-he in writing oi other wais. And doe make this my 
last will and Testament in manner and forme foUowinge. (That 
is to say), 
' First. I doe bequeathe my soule unto God, my creator and 
redeemer. And my body to be decently buried at the discretion of 
my executors and overseers, and as touching my landes wherein 
I have estate, my will is as followeth : If it happens Joane, my 
wif survive and ou4ive me, my will is, I give and bequeath unto 
the said Joane, my now wiff, all that messuage or Tenement in the 
w^ I now dwell, with the barns. Stables and houses, orchards, 
garden, w** appurtenances and the close of avable or pastur there- 
unto belonging, and next adioninge (adjoining), kn^jwn and called 
by the name of Lower dowles, allis little dowles, conteyning two 
akers more or less. And also another parcell of land, great 
dowles, allis upper dowles, lyinge and being in the p'ish of Wok- 
ingham and Countie of Berks, aforesaid, containing sixteen akers 
more or less, all of which said House and landes, I bought and 
purchased of Richard Windgate of Long Sutton Co South ^ 
yeoman, during the terme of her naturall life, if she shall so long 
keep herself e a widdow and unmarried, and after the death or 
marriage of the said Joane, my now wif, which of them shall first 
happen, my will is, and I doe give and bequeathe unto William 
Avery, my eldest sonne, all that my p'cell of land called great 
dowles, allis upper dowles aforesaid, to remain unto him and to 
his heirs forever. Item^ that after the death or marriage of the said 
Joane, my now wift w'^^'ever of them shall happen, I doe give and 
bequeathe unto Robert Avery, my youngest son, all that my mes- 
suage in the which I now dwell with the appurtenances and the 
close aforesaid thereunto belonging and next adiogning, to remain 
unto him and his heirs forever. 

Itein, I doe give and bequeathe unto Frances Avery, my daugh- 
ter, the sum of twenty pounds to be paid unto her within two 


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years, next after my decease which said some of 20£ my will i^, 
shall be paid by my executors, and to be raised out of that p'cell 
of land called upper dowles, aliis great dowles. Item, I doe give 
and bequeathe (the some of five pounds) ? unto Roj»er Irelande the 
younger, eldest sonne of Roger Irelande of Ilijrst, weaver, w^ said 
some of 5£ my will is, shall be paid at his age of one and twenty 
years, by the said Robert Avery, my youngest sonne, heirs, exe- 
cutors and Administrators if the said Roger shall so loi>g live. 

Item. jMy will is that all the debts I now owe or shall ow. at 
the time of my decease shall be paid by my executors (and no i)t 
throf be laid uj^on my son Robert, other than the five £ afore-^aid) 
and that all such debts and funerell expenses shall be raised out 
of my stock of goods and chattels and the residue of all my goods 
and chattels, my debts and funeiell charges first deducted and my 
legacies paid, I doe give and bequeathe ""to Joane my said wif, 
and unto William my sonne equally to be divided whom also 1 
doe ordeine and make my executors ioyntly and coequal ly. 

And I doe entreat and earnestly request my loving friends 
Thomas Champion of Barkham* and Andrew Avery of East 
Hampstead both in Berks, overseers of this my last will and 
testam* to whom I give nnd bequeath the some of five shillings 
apiece, to be paid to them w'" three months next after ray decease. 
In witness whereof I have set my seal and enscribed unto both 
Sheetes in the p'tes of provided all wais that if my eldest sonne 
William Avery shall and doe well and truly pay or cause to bo 
paid unto my sonne Robert Avery, the full some of Threescore 
pounds of lawful english money w'" three years next after the 
Decease of me and Joane my now wif, by twenty pounds a year 
for three years yearly, that then it shall be lawful to and for my 
said Sonne William Avery (with?) the messuage Tenemen*' and 
their appurtenances w®" in the close or parccll thereunto belonging 
called lower Dowles, alis little dowles (being?) by these (j)ates?) 
given unto my youngest sonne Robert to enter, possess and enjoy. 
And I doe give and bequeate the said p'mesis unto my said sonne 
( Wm ?) and his heirs forever, and any thinge hearin not w^'stand- 

Witness Giles Boulders Ann Boulders ^ //- -£ 
Piwed 15 June 1644 ^^ " ^^.^^^f' 

♦Parish of Barkham, Berks, is in Charlton Hundred, and 5 miles So. West 
of Woldufiham. Acres 1415. Population 248 in 1841.1 Houses .% in 1831. 

Pari. Gazr. 1841. 

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T9TE now take up tlie record of our earliest ancestor who 
crossed the Atlantic. He, in 1650, cast in his lot with 
the settlers of the town of Dedham, Mass., bringing -svith 
him his wife, Margaret, and three children, from the parish 
of Barkham, County of Berkshire, Eng. Of these three 
children born in Barkham we make special mention, as 
there is a certified copy of the certificates of their baptisms 
in Mr. W. T. Avery's possession, signed by the rector of 
the parish. Additional interest is attached to this fact of 
the baptisms, from the engraving we are so fortunate as to 
be able to present, of the church in Barkham parish, stand- 
ing on the site of the ancient church, where Dr. William 
Avery worshipped and his children w^ere presented for the 
consecrating rite. The ancient church has crumbled away^ 
but the surrounding scenery has probably changed not 
essentially ; if the arching trees are not the same that 
Tvaved their branches over the gathering congregation in 
the days when our ancestors trod the path with reverent 
feet, yet they cannot be far from being their very counter- 
parts. The scene is suggestive of quiet, rural beauty, and 
as we imagine the serene Sabbath mornings on which so 
many feet pressed the way to the village church, we almost 
wonder that any one could leave these pleasant places for 
a rude lot in an untried land, and again are we made to feel 
that our forefathers and mothers must have been people of 
high courage, born of a lofty, noble purpose, to have 
relinquished so much that endeared to them the land of 
their birth. 

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We give here the copy of the baptismal certificates of the 
three children of Dr. William and Margaret Avery, who 
were named respectively : 

i. Mary*^. 
ii. William*, 
iii. Robert^'. 

*' 1G45. Mary Avery, the daugliter of Margaret and William 
Avery, was baptized tbe lO^'' of December 1647. William the 
Sonne of William and Margaret Avery, was baptized the seven 
and ticentie day of October. 

1G49. Rol)ert Avery, y" sonne of William and Margaret Avery, 
baptized the vii*** of December. 

I, Arthur Roberts, rector of Barkham, certify the above to be 
a true copy of the Baptism Register of the said parish. Extracted 
this 15^^ day of March in the year of our Lord, 1880. By me. 
(Signed) Arthur Roberts.'* 

These three children were the only children of William* 
and Margaret Avery, who were born in England, and this 
circumstance is what probably gave rise to a belief which 
has been current for years among some, at least, of the 
Dedham Averys, that the entire Avery family in this country 
descended from three hrofherfi who came to America soon 
after the landing of the Pilgrims. This is entirely erroneous. 
The progenitors of the different lines of the Avery family 
on this side the Atlantic were not brothers. 

Other children were born to William and Margaret Avery 
after they took up their life in Dedham. The full list is as 
follows: — 

i. Mary*, bap. Dec. 19, 164o, in Barkham, Kng. She 
married Nov. f>, 1GG6, James Tisdale, of Taunton, Mass., lived 
in Middleboro', Mass., the part now known as Lakeville. She 
died Sept. 9, 1713, aged 68. He died Jan. 15, 1715, aged 71. 
They had a daughter Mercy, born May 3, 1676. (Dedham 

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ii. \>nilianiS bap. Oct. 27, 1647, Harkham, 

iii. Robert*, bap. Dec. 7, 1649. 

iv. Jonathan*, born May 26, 16.53, Dedham, Mass. 

V. Rachel'\ b. Sept. 20, 1657, Dedham, Mass. 

vi. Hannah*, b. Sept. 27, 1660, Dedliam, Mass. 

vii. Ebenezei"*, b. Nov. 24, 1663, died before 1683, as he is 
not mentioned in liis father's will. 

As William Avery was one of the earliest settlers in the 
town of Dedham, and (1650), only fifteen years after its in- 
corporation, and made that his home till his removal to 
Boston about 1680, leaving the homestead to be occupied till 
nearly the present day by his descendants, it seems fitting 
that a sketch of the settlement and incorporation of the 
town should be given in these pages. Although Dr. William 
took up his residence the latter part of his life in Boston, 
he continued to show his interest in Dedham, and in an 
especial manner to the cause of education there, showing 
him to have been a man not only liberal with his purse, 
but thoughtful, and solicitous for the best interests of the 
community he had left. 


Fifteen years after the Pilgrims landed on Plymouth 
Eock, and five years after the landing of Gov. Winthrop and 
his colony in Boston, the General Court of the Colony of 
Massachusetts Bay, on the 3rd day of September, 1635, 
(old style) the same day that Concord was incorporated, 
"ordered that there shall be a plantation settled about two 
myles above the falls of Charles Kyver in the north-east 
syde thereof to have ground lying to it on both sydes the 
ryver, both upland and meadow, to be layde out hereafter 

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as the Court shall appoint." This was the beginning of the 
settlement, and it was the desire of the first settlers that the 
town should be called Confeufinenf, The first two recorded 
meetings, Aug. 18th and 29th, 1636, were headed, "Content- 
ment." The name was afterwards erased by a line drawn 
across it, and the name "Dedham" written over. It has 
been usually understood in neighboring towns that the name 
was chosen in memory of the town by the same name in 
England, but we find no allusion to this fact in records which 
we have seen. 

At any rate, it is evident that these settlers proposed to 
have their new town a model for good order and peace. It 
seems also that they madv^ a point in regard to the practice 
of religion, by the following covenant which all who wished 
to settle there were required to sign. 


1. We, whose names ar here vuto su'uscril)ed, doe, in the feare 
and Reverence of our Almiglitie Go<], mutniilly : and severally 
p'mise amongst onr selves and each to other to p'ffesse and prac- 
tice one tnicth according to that most p'rfect rule, the foundation 
where of is Everlasting Love ; 

2. That we shall by all means Laboure and keepe of from us 
all such as ar contrarye minded. And receave only such vnto vs 
as be such as may be p'bably of one harte, with vs as that we 
either knowe or may well and truely informed to walke in a 
peaceable conversation with all meekeness of spu'it for the edifi- 
cation of each otlier in the knowledge and faith of the Lord 
Jesiis ; and the mutual encouragem't vnto all Temporall comforts 
in all things ; seeking the good of each oth»^r out of all which may 
be derived true Peace. 

3. That if at any time difference shall arise between i)'ties of 
our said Towne, that then such p*tie and p'ties shall p'seutly 
Referre all such difference vnto som one, 2 or 3, others of our said 
Societie to be fully accorded and determined without any further 
delay if it possibly may bee ; 

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4. That ever}^ mau that now or at any time heere after shall 
have Lots in our said Town, shall i)ay his share in all such rates 
of money, and charges as bha.ll be imposed vpon him Rateably in 
p' portion with other men. As allso become freely subject vnto 
all such orders and constitutions as shall be nece?!sarieiy had or 
made, now or at any time heere after from this day fore warde, 
as well as for Loveing and comfortable Societie, in our said Towne 
as allso for the p'perous and thriveing Condicion of our said 
fellowshipe, especially respecting the feare of God in which we 
desire to begine and continue w !i:it so ever shall by his Loveing 
favoure take in nand. 

5. And for the better manifestion of our true resolution heere 
in, every man so receaved ; to subscribe here vnto his name there 
by oblieging both himself and his successors after him for ever as 
we have done. 

The leading spirit in the enterprise was Edward AUeyne, 
a man of education and of r^reat ability. He drew up the 
above "Covenent," and took charge of the records for two 
years afterward. 

The original limits of the town comprised the present 
towns of Dedham, Medfield, Walpole, Wretham, Needham, 
Wellesley, Dover, Norwood, Norfolk, Franklin, most of 
Bellingham, and parts of Natick, Hyde Park, and of West 
Koxbury, and for a short time the territory forming Millis 
formed a part of Dedham under a subsequent grant. A 
large part of the settlers went from TVatertown to the new 
town, and in 1638 there were settled thirty-eight families. 

The men who thus early formed the town of Dedham were 
most, if not all, men who had fled from England to find a 
land where they could enjoy religious rights. The first 
meeting for public worship was held under one of several 
great trees which stood near what is now the center of 
Dedham Village, but in 1638 measures were taken to build 
a meeting-house. At the present time (1889) there are in 
the town eleven. 

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These men were not only firm in religious principle, but 
well educated in all that belonged to law and government, 
as well as in general literature, and they made their princi- 
ples felt in the Civil Government which they established. 

Upon a basis of law and order and a recognition of that 
best law of love to God and man, which is at the founda- 
tion of all true government, did our "ancestors establish 
themselves in their new territory, and it is not assuming too 
much to say that their principles have contributed much to 
the present prosperity of the town of Dedham. Her His- 
torical Rooms show that the memory of the ancient fathera 
will not be suffered to die out. 

The first school-house was built of logs in 1()48, tsn years 
after the meeting-house was erected. Its cost was about 
£12, and the salary of the school-master, who first taught 
there was £20 (pounds) per annum. To-day the number of 
school buildings in the town is thirteen. 

An alms-house was not found necessary till the year 1773, 
at which time the town erected one " on the westerly part 
of the training ground." 

The first town house was erected in 1829, but after the 
building of Memorial Hall, which was dedicated Sept. 29, 
1868, it was converted into dwelling-houses. 

In 1636 a burial plac3 was set apart, and for nearly a 
century was the only one in town. Here are the graves of 
many of the early ministers and founders of Dedham, and 
a walk through, the grounds shows many stones of great 
historical interest, several of which boar the name of Avery. 

This ancient oak is now the property of the town, and a 
history of Dedham would bo incomplete without a sketch 
of the grand old tree. It possesses additional interest from 

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the fact that Dr. William Avery built his house, as may be 
seen by the cut of the Old Avery Homestead in our frontis- 
piece — almost under its very boughs. Gradually he 
extended his borders, until he owned large tracts of land, 
which have descended from one to another of the Avery 
name and descent, till within a comparatively short time. 

A lady of Dedham, now living, whose grandfather, Jona- 
than Avery^ was one of the last, if not the last, of the name 
there, assured the writer that within a comparatively short 
time she could look north and east from the old homestead, 
and all the land within the range of her vision belonged to 
the Avery estate, then in the possession of her grand- 

But to return to the oak. The Dedham Standard, from 
which we make this extract, says: — 

''A few rods north of B.irrow8 street on the right, stands a 
most interesting landmark — the Avery oak. .Since about 1G')0 
until within a few years, the lot on whicii it stands was the prop- 
erty of the Avery family. This tree is older than the town, and 
was an ancient tree 250 years ago when the town was settled. 
Yet, though, as some one has written, ' the top has been much 
twisted and torn by the storms of centuries,' it shows all the 
signs of life and vigor apparently sufficient to weather the storms- 
for centuries to come. It measures sixteen feet in circumference 
five feet from the ground, while a line drawn around the b:ise on 
the ground would measure over twenty-five feet, and several of its 
branches extend over the groiuid thirty-five or forty feet from the 
trunk. In the last part of the last century, Dedham used to fur- 
nish considerable ship timber, and in 171)4 the builders of the Ur 
S. frigate ' Constitution ' offered seventy dollars for tiiis tree, 
which the owner refused. Its value for ship tiuiber in its many 
crooked limbs, is very apparent. The fairy days when trees 
could talk disappeared before we were born, but to-day if any one 
will take the trouble to go and look at the most prominent of these 
crooks in the lower limb, (visible in the cut,*) he will find the bark 

♦See frontispiece. 

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on tlie under side will suggest to his mind at once the nittled 
breast of an angry bird, whose pride or temper has been greatly 
disturbed, but who has stood his ground and triumphantly defies 
all his f«>es. Whether the bark was ruffled at the proposition of 
the ship builder we know not, but we are glad the owner was able 
to n-sist the offer and spare the tree. 

This tree was fitly seleeled as the center piece of the town seal 
as '* the symbol of age and strength as well as of present life 
and vigor.'* 

This tree, in time of a severe snow storm, which completely 
blocked the door of the Avery house, standing some rods distant, 
furnished the inmates with fuel till released from their temporary 
prison. The limbs extended so far that they could be cut froin 
the second story window." 

This severe storm occurred within the memory of the 
mother of the Dedham lady previously referred to, who 
says that she has often heard her relate the story of the 
blockade, when the old red oak furnished them warmth 
from its ample boughs. 

A cut of the old Avery house and oak tree forms our 

From these pages of digression, which seemed properly 
to balong here, however, we return to the record of William 

By the Dedham church records, we find that "William 
Avery <t his wife Margaret were admitted into the church 
16th 12th mo. (Feb) 1650." This, without doubt, marked an 
event that occurred quite near the date of their settlement. 
In the same year, the town records make the following 
statement : 

''It was granted unto W'" Avery, to set his shoppe (black- 
smith's) in the highway in the east street, the west side of his 
shoi)[)e to extend in front line of his house, next his house, pro- 
vided that he lays down so much land on the east side of the said 
^v'ays— as the same is straightened by this shopp, at such 

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time as the towne shall require the same, always provided that 
whensoever the said shopp shall be no lon<jer used for a Smythe's 
shopp, hy V e said William at any time hereafter then it shall he 
remove*! out of the highway, if the town shall require the same.*' 
(Y* 15^'^of y^ 1 mo. IGoO.) 

lu the year 1669 we find William Averv desif^iiated in the 
records as Sergt. William Averv, and with others, sent as 
Deputy to the Gv^neral Court. 

In 1675 he was, with several prominent men, appointed by 
the court to examine Indians who were suspected of some 
base designs against the English, and in connection with 
this entry in the town book of records, he is first given the 
title of Dr. 

History is silent as to the date of his commencing the 
practice of medicine, other than this. He seems to have 
stepped into the ranks of medical men while carrying on 
his daily labor at the blacksmith's forge. 

Dr. W^illiam was one the original proprietors, who, in 1670, 
took possession of 8000 acres of land at Deerfield, (then 
•called Pocumptir.'l') granted to the town of Dodham in lieu 
of 2000 acres, taken from the town by the General Court for 
the Indians at Natick. 

Twenty-eight years after their arrival and settlement in 
America, having lived all this time in Dedham, Margaret, 
wife of Dr. William, died. The date of her death, per Ded- 
ham Records, was Sept. 28, 1678, and soon after he removed 
to Boston — probably long before this having given up his 
work at the forge. Dr. Ebenezer Alden, President of Norfolk 
District Medical Society, at its annual meeting, May 10, 
1853, on the subject of the Early History of the Medical 
Profession in the County of Norfolk, Mass., thus spoke of 
him: — 

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"Dr. William Avery was the earliest educated physician^ 
who is known to have taken up his residence in Dedham. 
He appears to have been well educated, a man of benevo- 
lence, and especially a patron of learning, etc." "It is. 
known that in his life he made liberal donations to various 
public charities, among which was one to the college at 

That he did not forgat the town which had been the place 
of his many years' residence, is seen by the following ex- 
tract from the History of Dedham, by Worthington, page 36 : 

'• Capt. Daniel Fisher and Ensign Fuller report that Dr. William 
Avery, now (1680) of Boston, but formerly of the Dedham church, 
out of entire love of his Church and Town, freely gives into- 
then- hands, sixty pounds, for a Latin school, to be ordered by 
tlie Selectmen and elders." 

After his removal to Boston, he became a bookseller,, 
according to the "History of Printing," by Thomas, vol. ii. j). 
411, who says, "William Avery was Bookseller, located near 
the Blue Anchor*, in 1679. 

Dr. William married for his second wife, Mrs. Mary 
(Woodmansey) Taj)ping, daughter of Mr. Robert (probably) 
Woodmansey, and lived only about six years afterward, dying- 
on the 18th March, 168G, a^c;d about 65 years. His wife 
Mary died May 21, 1707, aged 78. His tombstone stands in 
King's Chapel burial ground, Boston, near and facing the 
middle of the railing on Tremont street. On it is also 
inscribed the name of his widow, Mary. "It is likely that 
this stone do?s not stand where it was originally placed, as 
a number of tombstones were taken up and set in a row by 
some person. A barbarism that should never have been 
sanctioned." (Letter of W. T. Avery.) 

* Tlie lihie Anchor srood near tlu- spot when? the Transcript Building 
stood on Washington Street, now occupietl by the Globe newspaper ottice^ 
(>'^ee MeiiioriiU Jlit^tory of Boston ^ IHtiO. VoLi, pofje 510. 

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There are two valuable relics 
which are known to have belonged 
to Dr. William Avery, one a paint- 
ing on canvas of the Avery coat 
of arms, mentioned in inventory 
of the estate of William Avery", 
(his great-grandson) Dec. 1, 1791. 
Mrs. Jerusha (Avery) Bingham, 
grand-daughter of William', had 
it for many years in her posses- 
sion, after w^hich it descended to her daughter, Mrs. Lucy 
Avery (Bingham) King. 

The other relic was a Malacca cane, with massive silver 
head, elaborately chased, which was (July 27, 1872,) in the 
possession of Mrs. Elizabeth (White) Conant, of Framing- 
ham, Mass., great-grand daughter of Wm. Aver>''. 

As before stated. Dr. William Avery^ owned extensive 
tracts of land lying adjacent to or near the original Avery 
homestead, which descended through the family for years. 
It is only within a comparatively short time that the lands 
thus bequeathed have passed out of the hands of owners 
bearing the Avery name. We here insert a deed of land to 
William*, oldest son to Dr. William* : — 


March 16, IG872. 

Gift to Bis Eldest Son, WnUam\ 

Know all men by by these p''seuts, that I, William Avery 
(Phisti«u & Chiriirgeon) Resident in Boston, iu the county of 
Siiflfolke, in the Massachusetts Collony in New England, uix)n 
good Considerations upon account of portion. Do hereby and 
herewith freely give, grant, & set out to ray beloved Eldest son 
William Avery (blacksmith) resident in Dedham, in y* County of 


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JSntTtjlke aforesaid— Do for nie, my Hcyers, & Sucessers, fully 
freely & absolutely give unto my say'* son William Avery & lo 
his Heyers, Kxecuto*^, Atlmiuistrato'^, and Assi«;ns forever, tiiose 
two house lotts in Dedhauj, whicli was granted by the sayd towiie 
to Francis Austin & William Bearstoe, as they lye adjoyneing 
togetlier in that part of Dedham Towne called East street, as the 
sayd lotte lyeth by & an bounded & abutteth upon the ^reat 
Highway or Street towards the west & U[)on the land of John 
Fayerbanke sen^ & y* land nf Jonathan ffayerbanks towards the 
South & east and upon the land that I purchased of Mr. Dwight 
towards the East, *& upon the land of my son Jonathan Avery 
towards the North, and also all the houseb, buildings, orchards 
& emprovemenls upon the sayd Land. Mouk, one parcell of 
woodland, the quantyty being more or less, the same I bought of 
Mr. Timothy Dwight as it Lyeth by & abutteth ui)on the afore- 
sayd Land, and upon the lot or land of Jonathan Avery towards 
the west & upon the land of Thomas Herring towards the North, 
& upon the Mill Creek towards the east and abutteth upon the 
land of Jonathan ffayerbank towards the South — More, one 
parcell of meadow and upland as it lyelh in east street aforesayd, 
near the house lot or land aforesayd, as it lyeth by & is bounded 
and abutteth upon the aforesayd Highway or street towards the 
east, right agaynst the aforesayVl land &. abutting upon the land 
of John ffayerbanks towards the south & upon the little River 
towards the west and upon the meadow & u[)land of Jonathan 
Avery towards the Norlh according to the ditch & fence as it is 
now devided & fenced — Mohe, nine acres of upland more or less 
as it lyeth together in Dedham aforesayd near unto south meadow 
ft part thereof I purchased of Thomas liattelle, the remaynder 
thereof was granted unto me by the Town of Dedham, the true 
bounds & abuttments of the whole parcel acording as it is 
described in the book of Grants or Records of the Town of 
Dedham — More, eight acres of meadow, more or less, as it lyeth 
in Dedham aforesayd in that meadow called Rock meadow, as it 
lyeth by & is bounded and abutteth upon the meadow that was 
Deacon Henery Chickery" towards the Noith & upon Brook or 
small river that runcth through rock meadow towards the east & 
South east, and abutteth upon the wast upland one all other parts. 
More, one parcell or lott of Lauds in Dedham aforesayd as it 
do Lve in that De vision of land near Mead field bound line the 

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quail lity being two hundred and fifty acres, more or less, tlie 
whole lot as it was granted by the Towne of Dedham to the 
Rights of Ens. Francis Chickering, tiie bounds and abuttuients 
Being described in the Booke of the Towne of Dedham's Records. 
MoKK. Six acres of seader Swamp, be it more or less the 
whole lot as it Lyeth in Dedham aforesayd, near or adjoineing to 
the great Pond as it is bounded & abutteth upon the said pond 
towards the North, upon Turkey Island towards tiie west and 
upon tiie swamp that did belong to Henery Philli[)S and upon tiie 
wigwam plain, one all other parts. Mokk, the whole & full Right 
& Rights of nine Cow Comons and three Sheep Comons in all 
sorts of Lands in all Devissious of Lands yet at any time here- 
after to be layed out in the whole bounds of the Towne of 
Dedham aforesayd whatsoever. IMore, the nioyetie or half part 
of m}' lot or parcell of meadow that I bought of Cornelius 
ffisher as it lyeth in Fowle Meadow one the Northerly side of the 
River, being the first meadow streame towards the west that is 
yet layed out one the Northerly side of the sayd River. More, 
all my sayd Cow Comon Rights in all Devissions of Lands yet 
layd out or at any time hereafter to be layd out in all the Town- 
ship & bounds in the Towne of Wrentham — Mokk, Twenty & six 
acres of land be it more or less as it Lyeth in the Thousand Acres 
ncir Dedham in the bounds of Rocksbery in the seaventh hundred 
undevided, Lyeing with the widdow Heath, the land formerly 
Arthur Garys Robert Seaver, & Robert Peiier, being the Land 
I purchased of Thomas fTostev, as by a legall Deed thereof may 
more full apeare. All the aforesayd Lotm** and parcells of up- 
lands, meadows, swamp and Comon Rights aforesayd as they are 
described aforesayd, I, the sayd William Avery do avouch and 
declare to be at the day of the date hereof of my owne proper 
estate, & in my owne power all the pr.^mises Lawfully to dispose 
& give. And do hereby further warrant all y'' aforedescribed 
pr.*miscs together with all the buildings, orchards, fences, wood 
Timber, stone, grass, feed profits pr.*velidges, improvements, & 
Comodities thereupon, therein, or thereunto any way appertayne- 
ing, or that may at any time hereafter be procured & atained, 
from all the p.^mesis or any part, or parcell thereof whatsoever 
TO HAVE & TO HOLD to him, my sayd Son William Avery 
as a good inheritance, in fee Simple to him. His Heyers, executo." 
Admiuestrato" & Assignes in peaceable Possession forever, free, 

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Acqnitt & discharged of & from all & all manner of Debts, 
Mortgat^es, Leases, Entayles. Dowrys, Titles of Dowry & nil 
•other Loeall MoUestations & encurnherances whatsoever, from, 
by, or under us or any of us, we the sayd William or my Heyers 
or successers. And I do herewith Render & give Seiznr & Law- 
ful Posession of all the above described j/mises & do further 
promis to do any further Act, or Acts thing or things do, or may 
any way tend to the more full confirmation & Loyall asurance of 
all the above demised p/mises whensoever I am Reasonably 
requestcfti theremito. In Witnes to & for full Confirmation of all 
the above demised p/mises, I the Sayd William Avery Sen^ have 
hereunto svi my hand & afixed my scale in y* year one Thousand 
six hundred Eighty one, the 16^^ of March. 

Read, Signed, ^ -^ 

sealed & Delivered (^^ Oti^^-^^^y^ [s^ 

lu P.*senoe of <J7 \/ ]/ 

Dauiell tiisher seal 

Jn° Woodmansey 

Mr. William Avery acknowledged this Instrume."* to be his 
Act and Deed, this IG^^ March IGSy^. 

Mrs. Mary Avery did at the same time resigue & disclaim all 
her right & Tiile in the p'^mises. 

before Sam^*- Norwell Assist. (Sign**). 

The following is a copy of the 

h\ Probate Office, Bodon, Mass., 15 Oct. 16S3. 

I, William Avery, resident of Boston, in the county of Suffolk, 
of y® Massachusetts Colony in New England, practitioner in 
physick and aged about 61 years, being through God's goodness 
of sound judgment and memory, yet weak in body and expecting 
my great change quickly, do constitute and ordain this my last 
Will and Testament as foUoweth, viz : 

Imjyrhtv That after ray decease my body shall be with decent 
buryal interred, at y* discretion of my executors and that all my 
just debts and funerall expenses shall duly and Seasonably paid. 

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Item. I give mito 1113' dear and loving AVife Mar}', the siimme of 
one linndred pounds of enrrant mon}- of New England as I 
promised upon maniage with her and which is now in her hand. 
Also I do give unto in 3' said Wife during her life the use of y® 
])art of my housing and lands in Dedham in y*" county aforesaid, 
which are served in my sou Jonathan's deed, and the use of halfe 
my Island meadow, reserved in my son Robert's deed, together 
with the use of a bed and furniture. 

Item. I do give and bequeathe to my daughter Mary Tisdale, 
one hundred pounds in mony or goods at mony price to be paid 
within three years after my decease, and my will is y* what she 
hatli already received shall be reckoned as part of it. 

It. I give and becpieath to my two sons-in-law, William Sumner 
and Uenjamin Dyer, twenty pounds ai)iece, accounting that which 
each of them hath received already as a part of this legacy to 
them And further rpy will is, that in case my share in certain 
mines shall i)rove profitable, then yy shall have twenty pounds 
ai)iece more paid them by my Executors at and upon y^' advice of 
my overseers yy judging them to be so profitable as y* there is ^ 
reason for the same. 

It. My Will is y* my son Jonathan shall have my two Stills, 
all my Physick books and instruments, he allowing twenty pounds 
to my Executors for y*' same. 

It. Concerning my part in several mines my Will is, that after 
fill necessary charges laid out or to be laid out upon them be equally 
satisfyed, then the profit or income of them, while my wife lives, 
shall be divided to her and to my four children, William, Robert 
and Jonathan Avery and Mary Tisdale, and after ni}^ wife's 
decease shall be divided among my said children ; and my Will is, 
that in all these divisions my son AVilliam shall have a double 
share and the rest each of them, a single share or equal share. 
Further, my Will is, that a third part of all the profit y* shall arise 
to any and all my children from the said mines imi>roved 
for publick and charitable uses according to their own discretion. 
And my AVill is, that it shall remain with them from time to time, 
their heirs or successors, that all necessary charges deducted, a 
third part of y^' profit of y*' mine aforesaid, shall be for publick 
and charitable use. It. I do nominate and apj)oint my three sons, 
William, Robert and Jonathan, Executors of this my last Will and 
Testament. And do will y* what I have already given them, by 

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deeds or otherwise shall be reckoned as their several portions. Only 
my Will is y* in ease there shall be any estate remaining after all 
debts and legacies above bequeathed be paid, then my sou William 
shall have thirty pounds more to make him up a double share. And, 
if afterward there be anything remaining, it shall be equally divided 
among my four children. Finally, I do nomiuate and request my 
worthy friends Mr. John Wilson of Medfield and Mr. William 
Adams of Dedham, to be my overseers to give advice and their 
help to my Executors as yy shall need in reference to this my last 
Will and I do appoint, y* yy shall have each of them fourty shil- 
lings paid them by my executors, within three months after my 
decease, besides, honest satisfaction for any necessary labor may 
be expended by them hereabout. 

And in testimony of my ordaining and constituting this my 
last Will and Testament. I have hereunto set my hand and seal 
this fifteenth day of October, in y*" year of our Lord, one thousand 
six hundred and eighty three. 

Signed and sealed 

in presence of us f[ '^ H/) ' J I 

Samuel lane (H^^xiJ^^^<-tfV»xi^^ 

Samuel Fearrin. ^ 

Sealed Published and confirmed by Mr. William Avery to be 
his last Will and Testament the 13* of March I68V7 in the 
presence of us 

William Haberfild, 
John Higgs, 
James Woodmanset. 

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T9 TILLIAM AVEEYS eldest son of Dr. William^ and 
^^ Margaret Avery, was in his third year when his 
parents emigrated to America and settled in Dedham. 

Of his personal character history is silent, except that 
he was a deacon of the church which shows him to have 
been a man of Christian principles. 

He married Mary, eldest daughter of Job and Sarah 
Lane, of Maiden, Mass., Sepi 21, 1673. Children were : 

i. Mai7«, b. Aug. 21, 1674, m. Oct. 13, 1698, Eleazer Fisher. 

ii. Sarah«, b. Oct. 9, 1675, m. Nov. 24, 1696, Thos. Metcalf 
& Dea. Jos. Wight. 

iii. Williams b. March 31, 1678, m. June 26, 1700, Esther 

iv. Hannah^ b. Jan. 7, 1679, m. Jan. 15, 1700, Jonathan 

Mary, wife of Dea. WilliamS died Oct. 11, 1681, aged 29 
years. Her broken tombstone, in Dedham, is inscribed 

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He luarried, Aug. 29, 1()82, Elizabeth White, and had 
chiklren : 

i. Samuel^ »). 19^*^ of 3"^ (May) 1G83, died July 10, 10.S3. 

ii. Elizabotli'"', b. IG, 3 (May) 1G84, in. Josiali Fisher, 
Sept. 25, 1707 (ree'ds.) 

iii. Join/', b. 20, 10 (Dec.) 108'), died Fel). 10, IG87., (per 

iv. Joseph", b. A[)r. 9, 1087, m. Sarah Newman (per 

V. Deborah*'-, b. May 5,, died Sept. 3, lOSi) (per 

His wife, Elizal)eth, died Oct()l>er 3, KJDO, and he was 
married Aug. 2o, l(i9S, to Mcdiital)le, (widow of Samuel 
Wordeii and daughter of Gov. Tliomas Hiuckh^y,) by Eev. 
James Allen. He died Dee. l;"), 1708. His slate toml)- 
.stone in Dedluiiii eemeterv is inscribed thus : 

''Here lyes y'" Body of Deacon William Avery, aged 02 years. 
Died December y lo'\ 1708." 

His Avidow, Mehitable, ditnl about 1720. 
An agreement between the widoAV and heirs of William 
Avery', reads as follows : 

'* Sri-ioLK, ss. Dedham, February 23, 170y... 

An agreement betwen the widow and children of W'" Avery 
Late of Dedham aforesaid, lUacksmitii deceased Intestate, 
Touching the Division and settlement of y' said Deceased's Estate. 

Iiup\ That Mehitable Avery his said widow in lieu of her 
Dower and thirds in the said Deceasetl's Estate shall have and 
enjoy to her use during the term of her natural life one halfe 
part of y* uplands and meadows belonging to y'' homestead on 
each side of y'' East Street in Dedham aforesaid with convenient 
room in y*' Dwelling house and Harne of y* said homestead for 
her accommodation. As also sundry moveables and household 
goods delivered into her custody to be at her own free use and 
absolute ilisposai. 

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2'My. That William Avery, Eldest son of y*' said Deceased for 
his double share in said Estate shall have, hold and enjoy to him 
and his heirs forever the other halfe parte of the said uplands and 
meadow of y'' aforesaid Homestead one each side of y*' said East 
street together with the shop and residence of y*' said Housino; 
and buildings standing upon said Homestead, also a piece of 
meadow of eight acres called Rockmeadow and parcel of swamp 
lying by y^' great pond called Wigwam Plain pond, ccmtaining 
about six acres in Dedham. Together with a parcel of moveables 
and shop tooles, delivered into his custody. The said William 
Aver}' being to be accountable to the Estate for what more tliis 
his part amounts unto than his dou])le share, according to apprise- 
ment in y** inventory of said Estate. 

S'^ly. That Joseph Avery, the other son of the said deceased, 
for his single share of the said Deceased's Estate, shall have, 
hold and enjoy to him and his heirs forever. A parcel of meadow 
containing' six acres more or less lymg at y*' westermost fLnd of 
Fowle meadow so called, within the precinct of Dedham or 
Dorchester. Also a piece of meadow and upland, containing by 
estimation thirty-eight acres, be the same more or less, lying near 
unto Mendham, also one cow common right of and in the 
undevided lands in Dedham. Together with a parcel or moveables 
and household goods now delivered into his custody.'' 

ki^thjy »> Mary, the eldest daughter (wife of Eleazer Fisher) 
for her (single) share, received ''a piece of swamp containing 
about twenty-two acres, lying in Purgatory Swamp, soe called 
within the precincts of Dedham. Also one half of a tract of 
land called Medfield Divident, containing in y*' whole about one 
hundred and seventy acres together with a parcel of moveables 
rec'd and taken into her custody, and one cow common right in 
the aforesaid undivided lands." 

;i5thiy »» Sarah, the sec(»nd daughter, for her (single) share 
received " two pieces of land, the one containing thirty acres, the 
other eight acres, be y^' same more or less, lying near unto a field 
called Farrington's field in Dedham aforesaid. Also y*^" other 
halfe of y*' before named Medfield Divident of land, and one 
cow common in y*^ aforesaid undevided lands together with a 
parcel of moveables, rec'd and taken into her custody." 

'• 6*My.'* Hannah, the third daughter (wife of Jonathan 
Metcalf, Jr.,) *^ for her single share," received "a piece of Land 

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containing a])out twenty six acres, adjoining to Mr. Dwight's laud 
within the precinct of Roxborrougb, together with a parcel of 
moveables rec'd and taken into her custody by her husband's 

T^^'ly. Elizabeth, the fourth daughter (wife of Josiah Fisher 
Jr.,) ''for her single share/' received ''a parcel of land con- 
taining about twenty acres, be it more or less, lying near unto a 
meadow called South Meadow and adjoining upon y'^ land of 
Jonathan Metcalf, Sen% in Dedham aforesaid'. Also four acres 
of swamp att y* end of a place called the Ridge, and one cow 
common right of and in the aforesaid undivided Lands together 
with a parcel of moveables rec'd and taken into her custody." 

ugthjy j|. jg fQ,.yiei. agreed that the above named William 
Avery, the said Eldest son, shall have, bold and enjoy to him and 
his heirs forever (as part of his double portion) two cow commou 
rights and three sheep common Rights of and in the aforesaid 
undivided Lands. 

''9*^ly and lastly, it is mutually agred that after y* said 
Mehitable Avery, the part of y®' uplands and meadows &c hereby 
assigned her, as aforesaid out of y® real estate of y® said 
deceased, shall fall into Division among the aforesaid children of 
y® said Deceased or their representatives according to y® aforesaid 
division of said Estate. 

In testimony whereof the aforesaid partners have hereunto set 
then* hands and scales y* day and year first above written. 

Signed sealed and delivered Mkhetablk Avery 

in presence of us William Avery 

Porter Gardner Joseph Aybry 

Joseph piveo Elrazar Flsher 

EIizal)etb butclier Mary Fishkr 

Sarah Metcalfe 

Hannah Metcalfe 

Jonathan Metcalfe 

In behalf of Hanuah my wife." 

Josiah Fisher 

Elizabeth Fisher 

Acknowledged &c Boston Feby 23d 1708. 

J. H. Haddington. 

Mary (Avery*) Fisher, eldest daughter, born 1674, wife 
of Eleazer Fisher of Dedham. 

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Sarah (Ax-ery") Metcalf, secoud daughter, born 1675, 
wife of Thos. Metcalf, by whom she had children: i., Sarah, 
b. 1698; ii., Samuel, b. 1699; iii., Thomas, b. 1701; iv., 
Sarah, b. 1703. 

Mr. Metcalf died Dec. 12, 1704, and his widow married 
April 6, 1709, Joseph Wight of Dedham, by whom she had 
one son, Joseph, b. 1710. 

Sarah (Avery") Wight died June 28, 1748, aged 73 years. 

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fl APT. WILLIAM AVERY«, born 1(578 married June 26, 
^ 1700, Esther Huutin^r ; was the eklest sou of Deacon 
William' and Mary (Lane) Avery, and inherited the largest 
share of his father's estate. No doubt to the same dwelling 
where his father had spent his life from early childhood, 
and where he, himself, first saw the light of day, he must 
have brought his bride, and once more the patter of little 
feet was heard there. Seven children were born to them : 

i. Esthe^^ b. Aug. 7, 1704, m. Dec. 17, 1730, William Deane, 

ii. Mary', b. April 19, 1707, m. Aug. 31, 1727, Samuel Deane. 

iii. Elizabeth', b. May 29, 1709, m. Oct. 30, 1729, HezekiaU 

iv. Rebekah", b. Aug. IG, 1711, unmarried, 

v. Margaret', b. Jan. 25, 171Y4^ "'• Joshua Everett. 

vi. Williams b. Aug. 30, 1710, m. Bethiah Metcalf. 

vii. SybiF, b. Jan. 3, 1720, m. Nov. 16, 1749, Ebenezer Draper. 

His wife Esther having died Jan. 14, 1745, he married for 
his second wife .Mary Fisher, and died May 13, 1750. 

His gravestone (slate) in Dedham, on south side of cem- 
etery, and about thirty yards east of Allyn Monument, is 
inscribed thus: "Here lies buried y' Body of Capt. William 
Avery, who Deceased May 13th, 1750, in the 74th year of his 
age." On the Avery monument, in the Bingham lot in Ded- 
ham cemetery, are inscribed the names, ages and dates of 
deaths of five William Averys. The date of the death of 
the third William is inscribed 1756, and his age 85 ; that of 
Capt. William'' is omitted. Mary, widow of Capt. William 
survived him about twenty years. Her will on file in probate 
office, Boston, bears date Jan. 13, 1770. 

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The seal of William Avery'' is still iu existence, ilr. W. 
T. Avery has in his possession a brass one, which is an exact 
copy of an impression in ?rr^r from the original seal on the 
original (lononvut in the posse ssitm of Mr. Vernon Bingham 
"L'^pham, grandson of Mrs. Jernsha (Avery^) Bingham (de- 
ceased), which belonged to William Avery'', the signer. The 
seal is silver and is mentioned in the will of William Avery', 
Dec. 1, 1791, w^ho gives to his son Joseph' his "seal of a 
w^atch which hath the arms of the family engraved upon 
it." The seal is now in possession of Mr. Thomas White of 
Brooklyn, N. Y., grandson of the said Joseph". 

Another impression in wax from this seal is attached to a 
deed of James Whiting to William Avery^ July 10, 1724. 
It is also mentioned in Whitmore's "Heraldic Journal" as 
being attached to a will of Joseph Dammon, 1721, and as 
belonging to William Avery, one of the witnesses. 

There is yet another impression in wax of the Avery seal, 
now in possession of Mrs. Evelina W. Hatch of No. Truro, 
Mass., descended to her on the maternal side, from Rev. 
John Avery** of No. Truro, who was cousin to William 

Hannah (Avery") Metcalf, third , daughter of Deacon 
William and Mary Avery', b. 1679, wife of Jonathan Metcalf, 
by whom she had : 1, Hannah ; 2, Jonathan ; 3, Mehitable • 
4, William, b. 1708, H. C, 1727 ; 5, Mary ; 6, John ; 7, Abigail; 
8, Margaret. 

Joseph Avery", son of Deacon William and Elizabeth 
(White) Avery', born April 9, 1687, graduated from Harvard 
College 1706, and was first minister of Norton, now Mans- 
field, Mass. He died April 23, 1770. 

Of Rev. Joseph Avery, history has recorded much. It 
appears that the year in which he graduated from college 
(1706) he was engaged in teaching at Rehoboth "within the 

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Ring of the Green," reeeiviug "seveu pounds, ten shillings 
of silver money for a quarter of a year." He graduated 
from the same college, the same year, as that of his cousin 
John Avery*, who became pastor of the first church in Truro, 
Mass. And each began their work of ministry at about 
the same time — a singular coincidence. Rev. Joseph Avery* 
was preaching at Freetown, when he received a call to Nor- 
ton. He had been highly recommended by Rev. Mr. 
Danforth, his particular friend, who was then preaching at 
Taunton, and desiring to have Mr. Avery settle as a near 
neighbor, strongly urged the people to hear him. Accord- 
ingly they consented. On what all-important Sunday 
he appeared before the assembled wisdom and gravit}' 
^)f our Pilgrim Fathers is not known, but it was 
probably in September or October, 1710. His services 
proving acceptable to the people, Mr. Danforth urged them 
to give him a call, which they did "at a meeting of the 
inhabitants of Taunton, North Purchase, Dec. 23rd, 1710." 
But a year went by after Mr. Avery was called to settle and 
no response was received from him ; although the general 
understanding seemed to be that he would finally accept if 
sufficient encouragement was given him. The project of 
building him a house was started, and a tax was levied upon 
the town to assist him in providing a habitation. Accord- 
ingly a building about 46 feet long, by 20 feet wide, was soon 
in process of erection, however, it was not completed for 
some years ; not until they had heard of his frequent visits 
to Rehoboth, (1719) [which led them to suppose a bride in 
the near future was to come among them,] did they awake 
to the importance of completing the parsonage. 

Mr. Avery must have been a very deliberate man, for not 
until Sept. 13th, 1714, did he give his answer of acceptance. 
It was accepted by the town and his salary fixed at £50. 

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Oct. 4, 1714, the pastor elect met with the people and **iu 
solemn, measured tones read over (the covenant) sentence 
by sentence for their acceptance," with few alterations, "it 
was made satisfactory to all." The vote of acceptance was 
then taken, his signature affixed, and all persons present 
walked up to the table one by one, and penned their auto- 
graphs. History states that the first entry made in the 
church records is in the handwriting of the first pastor as 
follows : " A church was gathered in Norton on the 28th 
day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand seven 
hundred and fourteen," followed by "the names of those 
who covenanted as members." The records further state 
that "on the same day, Oct. 28th, 1714, Mr. Joseph Avery 
was ordained pastor of the Church of Christ in Norton. 
(He was first minister in Norton.) "At his ordination Rev. 
Samuel Danforth of Taunton gave the charge, and Rev. 
Thomas Greenwood of Rehoboth gave the right hand of 

Six years later Mr. Avery was united in marriage to Miss 
Sarah Newman of Rehoboth. The date of the publishment 
was Aug. 13, 1720. Mrs. Avery w^as the daughter of Deacon 
Samuel and Hannah Newman ; granddaughter of Samuel 
and Bathsheba (Chickering) Newman, and great-grand- 
daughter of Rev. Samuel Newman, one of the first settlers, 
and the first minister of Rehoboth. She was born Nov. 
20, 1700, being about thirteen years younger than her hus- 
band. They continued their labors among the people to the 
year 1748-9. At a meeting held Nov. 3, 1748, the parish 
voted to pay Mr. Joseph Avery for his salary that j^ear £140, 
old tenor. Two days later a warrant for a parish meeting 
was posted, "to vote that the Rev. Mr. Joseph Avery be 
dismissed from being minister of said Precinct, for reasons 
.given," &c. "The objections against him appeared to be of 

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the most triviil nature, " so tlio historian saj-s, "ami not in 
the least aft'ectin^^ his moral charactc^r." "The real ol)jef- 
tions to the pastor, were without doubt, tirst, his anti-Cal- 
vinistie notions ; seccmtl.his stronj^ and manly opposition to 
the ^reat revival of 1740 in which the celebrated Whitefield 
was the leader." "The testimony of Kev. Pitt Clarke, who 
knew Mr. A very })ersonally, shows him to have been a man 
of respectable literary attainments, for the time in which he 
lived ; and there is abundant ])roof that he was a man of 
energy and decisicm of character, willing, if need be, to stand 
alone, in what he believed to be a righteous cause ; and that 
he was possessed of that manly independence, without 
which every person is a slave." On Monday, Jan. 80, 174Y;», 
Mr. Avery sent in his resignation and ceased to be pastor, 
it having been 84 y(^ars since his ordination. He lived 
nearly twenty-two y(^ars after this, exem])lifvingthe religion 
he taught. He died April 28, 1770, aged 88 years. His 
wife, Mrs. Sarah (Newman) Avery, died Oct. 4, 1708, aged 
(i3 years. She was buricnl in the common graveyard, and 
no doubt her husband was laid beside h(»r, for there are 
indications of a grave close to hers, but no stone marks his 
resting place, the heirs to his property ju-obably caring 
more for his money than his memory. Mrs, Avery never 
had any children, consequently left her property to lier 
neices, Mr. Avery having the use of it while he lived. He, 
h(^wever, soon after his wife's death deeded his farm, woi-th 
£400, over to Dr. Tiffany, whose wife was one of the heirs, 
who after Mr. Avery's death, sold the old parsomige and 
went to Keene, N. H. 

"His autograph, w y y 

"NoKTON, Dec. 12th, 1784." ^ / 

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In the will of Mrs. Sarah, wife of Eev. Joseph Averr'', 
mention is made of property that she owned in Rehoboth 
and Attleboroaj2:h, houses and lands. Also her " negro <^irl 
and lier child Cyrus," which were <ijiyen to Mrs. Tiffany. 
The will bears dat3 July 18, 17()3. 

EsTHEii Avery', eldest daughter of Capt. AVilliain" and 
Esther (Hunting) Avery, l)orn in Dedham, Aug. 7, 1704, 
married Dec. 17, 1780, William Deane, who was born in 
Dedham, Aug. 19, 170*2. Had one son, Jolm Deane', who 
married Abigiul AVhite, and had Rev. Samuel Deane' of 
Scituate. Grjulurited Brown University, 1805, and married 
Stella, daughter of Hon. Seth "Washburn of Raynhain, 
Mass., and died x\ug. 9th, 183-i, aged 50 years, leaving a 
son }ind two daughters. 

Key. Samuel Deane'' had a brother, Jacob" of Mansfield, 
Mass., who in 18-49, was living in the house of his grand- 
father William Deane. 

Mary AyERV', second daughter of Capt. Wm. Avery'', born 
April 19, 1707, m. Aug. 31, 1727, Samuel Deane (a brother 
to the above William.) 

Mary (Aveiy') Deane died before April 20, 1732. Deacon 
Samuel Deane Avas blacksmith in Dedham (1732-45,) moved 
to Norton, Mass., 1745. He married for second wife (per 
Ded. records) April 20, 1732, Eachel Dwight, daughter of 
Kachel (Avery'') and Michael Dwight, and granddaughter 
of Robert' and Elizabeth (Lane) Avery. 

Rachel (Dwight) Deane" died alxmt 1760, aged 45 years, 
leaving six or seven children : 1. Rev. Samuel Deane, b, 
1733, died 1814. 2. Sarah, b. 1735. 3. Josiah, M. D., b. 
1737. 4. Dea. Elijah, b. 1739, died 1830. 5. Ebenezer, b. 
1741, settled at Plymi)t()n, was M, D. (5. John, b. 1743, 
-settled in Standish, Me. 7. Dea. Daniel, b. 1745, died 1805. 
I See Dwight Gen. J 

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Dea. Samuel Deane, the father, died in Norton, Mass, 
March 30, 1775, aged nearly 75 years. 

Elizabeth Avery', daughter of William" and Esther 
(Hunting) Avery, b. 1709, m. Oct. 30, 1729, Hezekiali 
Sprague. He having died, she married Feb. 19, 1746, 
Ebenezer Preseott, of Groton, Mass. They had Ebenezer 
b. 1747, Joseph, b. 1749, and Rebecca. Elizabeth (Avery\) 
Preseott died Dec. 1, 1770, aged 61 years, 7 months. 
Rebecca", b. 1711, unmarried. 

Margaret Avery", fifth daughter of William Avery*, b. 
1714, m. Dec. 12, 1734, Joshua Everett of Dedham. She 
died March 3, 1755, aged 41 years. 

William Avery', sixth child, and only son, of William* 
and Esther (Hunting) Avery, b. 1716, m. Dec. 10, 1741, 
Bethiah Metcalf. They had : — 

i. William^, b. Oct. 3, 1742, married (?) died Feb. 7, 1799. 

ii. Jonathan^ b. Sept. 15, 1744, m. Sarah Farrington and 
Jerusha Neal. 

iii. KathariDe^ b. Aug. 3, 1746, m. Oct. 22, 1766, JoDatban 

iv. Bethiah^, b. Jan. 26, 1747^, m. Jan. 24, 1771, Dr. Samuel 

v. Joseph^ b. Oct. 14, 1751, m. Mary Allen. 

vi. Graced b. Aug. 17, 1755, m. John Howland^. 

vii. Jobn^ b. Sept. 9, 1758, m. Mary Cushman. 

William Avery', died Aug. 5, 1796, aged 80 years. Bethiah 
(Metcalf) Avery, died Dec. 25, 1793. 


Sybil Avery ^, seventh child of William^, b. 1720, m. Nov. 
16, 1749, Ebenezer Draper. Had eight children : — 

i. Sybil^ b. Sept. 21, 1750, m. Fisher, 
ii. Rebekah^ b. Sept. 13, 1751, died Sept. 27, 1751. 
iii. William^, b. Sept. 23, 1752. 

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iv. Rebekah^, b. Ang. 12, 1754, m. John Colburn. 

V. Jemima^, b. Nov. 7, 1756, m. James Turner. 

vi. Mary^ b. April 5, 1760, rii. Ezekiel Kingsbury. 

vii. Catharine^ b. Dec. 5, 1761, died 1775, aged 14 years, 

viii. Anna*^, b. June 15, 1766, died June 18, 1766. 

Ebenezer Draper died Jan. 3, 1784. 
Sybil (Avery') Draper died Feb. 16, 1816. 


William: Avery", eldest son of William', {William% 
WiUiam^, WiUiam*,) and Betliiah (Metcalf) Avery, born 
October 3, 1742, died Feb. 7, 1799, aged 57 years. 

Jonathan Avery*, second son of William', born Sept. 15, 
1744, married Sarah Farrington, May 27, 1766. Had : — 

i. Jonathan^, b. March 24, 1767, died Nov. 1811. 

ii. Sarahs, b. Oct. 26, 1768, died July, 1830. 

iii. William^, b. Sept. 1, 1770, lost at sea, Nov., 1791. 

iv. CalvinS, b. Jan. 8, 1776, died Sept 13, 1778. 

His wife, Sarah (Farrington) Avery, died Jan. 26, 1776, 

and he married Nov. 21, 1776, Jerusha Neal. Had : — 
i. Jerusha^, Sept. 13, 1780, m. 1802, Pliny Bingham, 
ii. Lucy9, b. Aug 12, 1784, d. April 29, 1824. 
iii. Daniel», b. Dec. 5, 1788, d. Sept. 3, 1793. 

Jonathan Avery* died Feb., 1833. 
Jerusha (Neal) Avery died March 25, 1822. 


Jerusha Avery* {Jonathan^, William\ William*, William^, 
Dr, William* of Dedham) daughter of Jonathan* and 
Jerusha (Neal) Avery, born Sept. 13, 1780, married 1802, 
Pliny Bingham. Their children were : — 

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i. Daniel*", b. May ii, 1N03, d. Sept. 14, lS4y. 

ii. Catharine M.>", b. July 2."). 1805, m. Kliab Gilmore. 

iii. Almiia"», b. July 23, l.s()8, cl. Jan. 17, 1810. 

iv. Emeline'*', Aug. 10 (or 7?) 1«10, m. July, 1830, Josiali 
Snell Upliain. 

V. Amanda*'*,]). Feb. 1), 1814, unmarried. 

vi. Jano Jerusha'", b. Feb. 12, 18111, m. Nov. I.s3i>, John A. 

vii. Lucy Avery'", I), :May 27, 1.S22, m. Dec, 1843, John King. 

Jei'usha (Avery") 13iii»^diam died in Dodluun, Doceiuber 1, 
ltS74, at the advanced a^e of \)\ years, 2 mouths, 18 days, 
riiuy Biii«:ham died Jime (>, 1840. 


Catharine Maria'" Bin^diani, born July 25, 1805, married 
July 3, 1828, Eliab Gilmore, born Nov. 5, 1802, died April 
8, 1803. Their children were :— 

i. Almira Theresa", b. May 13, 1821), m. 8. R. Philbrick. 
ii. Emebne Frances", July 21K 1831, m. J. F. Ainsworth. 
iii. Julia Fisher", b. April 22, 1833, unmarried. 


Almira Theresa Gilmore" {Cufharhic M. ni/tf/JaoH'",) 
J('r/(s/i(f {Acer I/") Ih'm/Ii(fm, l)orn ^lay 13, 1829, married 
Aug. 8, 1850, Samuel K. rhill)rick, of Andover, N. H., 
(l)()rn 1822, died Nov. 23, 1859, Portland, Me.) 

Almira Theresa" Philbrick died May 17, 1857, Island 
Trinidad. Their children were : — 

i. Frank'^, b. Boston, Juno 12, 1852, d. May 15, 1853. 
ii. Henry'-, b. Boston, April 29, 1854, d. Feb. 20, 1858. 

All buried at Forest Hill Cemetery, AVest Eoxbury, ISIasR. 

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Emeline Prances Gilmore", born July 29, 1831, married 
Joseph F. Ainsworth (born Bethel, Vi, Aug., 1824) 
Children : 

i. Catharine Fiances ^^^ \y^ March 7, 1855. 

ii. Frank Fessenden^S b. Sept. 5, 1856, m. Oct. 20, 1881, 
Carrie Gilbert of Syracuse (b. April 22, 1856.) 

iii. Samuel Phiibrick»2, b. Dec. 10, 1859, d. March 18, 1864. 

iv. Jessie Amelia^s, b. June 21, 1861, d March 19, 1864. 

V. Mabel Gilmore^^, b. Oct. 31, 1865. 

vi. Robert Averyi^, b. April 3, 1869. 

vii. Gertrude Bingham ^^^ b. Jan. 15, 1871. 


Emeline Bingham", (Jerttsha (Avery^) Bingham) bom 
Aug., 1810, married July 1, 1830, Josiah Snell Upham (bom 
Canton, Mass., Nov. 21, 1802, died Nov. 6, 1843.) Children:— 

i. Victoria, b. Elbenf, France, Feb. 16, 1831, d. April 27, 

ii. Victor^ ^ b. Elbenf, France, April 7, 1832. 

iii. Emeline C.»^ b. Elbenf, France, July 11, 1834. 

iv. Jane Josephine", b. Boston, May 15, 1837, m. Cornelius 
E. Durkee, of Saratoga Springs, Jan. 12, 1859. (No children.) 

v. Josiah Virgin ^ b. Roxbury, Mass., Sept. 29, 1840, killed 
at Gettysburg, July 2, 1863. 

vi. Vernon Bingham", b. Roxbury, Sept. 25, 1845, m. June 28, 
1876, P^lizabeth Theresa Murray. One child: 1, Victor Moreton 
Upliam»2, b. March 17, 1879. 

Mr. V. B. Upham" has in his possession the original 
document on which was the seal belonging to William*. 
Mrs. Emeline (Bingham-') Upham, died Feb. 23, 1878. 


Jane Jerusha Bingham'", born Feb. 12, 1819, married 
Nov. 28, 1839, John Allen Carpenter (born Kehoboth, Mass., 
Sept. 12, 1812.) Children : 

Digitized by 



i. Abba Jane^S b. Aug. 30, 1840, m. E. H. Peters. 

ii. Clarence Allen* S b. Aug. 2(S^ 1840, married A. M. Miller. 


Abba Jane Carpenter", born 1840, married Dec. 10, 1868, 
Elias H. Peters, Saratoga Springs. Children : — 

i. Clarence Carpenteri2, b. Feb. 26, 1870, d. Aug. 15,1870. 
ii Julia Avery*2, b. June 10, 1872. 
iii. Jane Bingliam*^, b. May 26, 1875. 


Clarence Allen Carpenter", b. May 26, 1846, m. April 17, 
1872, Annie M. Miller of Johnstown. Children: — 

i. Allen WadsworthiS b. Feb. 28. 1873. 

ii. Fannie Adams*^ b. , d. Oct. 30, 1879. 

in. Gertrude Bingham", b. Feb. 17, 1882. 


Lucy Avery Bingham^^ b. May 27, 1822, m. Dec. 1843, 
John King. Children: — 

i. Isabel Frances^^, b. Jan. 22, 1845, d. Oct. 17, 1845. 
ii. Grace Avery^^ b. April 21, 1847. 

Mrs. Lucy A. (Bingham**) King died at Saratoga Springs 
on Saturday morning, July 7th, 1888, and was buried at 
Dedham the following Tuesday. Her portrait, as a repre- 
sentative picture of the Avery family, who have always 
lived in Dedham, we are fortunate in being able to present. 

Digitized by 






Grace Avery King", daughter of Lucy Avery Bingham^", 
and John King, married Jan. 28, 1891, Edward S. Steele, 
bom in Oberlin, O., a Congregational clergyman, and more 
especially professor and writer upon the subjects of philos- 
ophy, psychology, etc. 


Katharine Avery^ eldest daughter of William' and Bethiah 
(Metcalf) Avery, b. in Dedham, Aug. 3, 1746, m. Oct. 22, 1766, 
Jonathan Fisher of New Braintree. Children: — 


Jonathan^ b. Oct. 7, 1768, H. C, 1792, d. Sept. 27, 1847. 
Stephen^, b. March 17, 1770. 

Digitized by 



iii. Katharine^, b. March 27, 1771. 

iv. Mar>^ b. Oct. 9, 1772. 

V. Rebecca^, b. April 1, 17.74. 

vi. William-', b. Nov. 20, 1775. 

vii. SamueF, b. Jime 30, 1777. 

Jonathan Fisher died at Morristown, N. J., March 10, 

Jonathan' Fisher, born 1768, H. C, 1792, married (Dedham 
records), "Mr. Jonathan Fisher and Miss Dolly Battle, both 
of Dedham," (intention of marriage), "2nd April, 1796." 
He was ordained minister of Blue Hill, July 13, 1796. 
"Married, Rev. Jonathan Fisher of Blue Hill, and Dolly 
Battle of Dedham, Nov. 2, 1796." (Records.) Children:— 

i. Jonathani«, b. March 12, 1798, died? March 10, 1815? 

ii. Sally »», b. Oct. 22, 1799, m. Nov. 20, 1823, Joshua Wood, 
d. Nov. 27, 1824. 

iii. Betsey^^', b. Jan. 7, 1801, m^ Sept. 6, 1822, Capt. Jeremiah 

iv. Josiah'", b. Oct. 17, 1802, 'm. Oct. 2, 1832, Elizabeth 

V. Nancy^", b. Aug. 19, 1804, ra. Nov. 18, 1830, Hosea 

vi. Willardi", b. April 18, 1806, m. Jan. 16, 1834, Mary 

vii. Pollyi", b. Feb. 12, 1808, m. Nov. 11, 1829, Benjamin 

viii. Dolly^", b. Jan. 7, 1810, m. Nov. 18, 1830, Robert Crossett. 

fx. Samuel*", b. July 12, 1812, d. same day. 

Rev. Jonathan Fisher", died Sept. 22, 1847, (per town 
clerk) and his widow Mary, Oct. 1, 1853. 


Bethiah Avery^ second daughter of William", and Bethiah 
(Metcalfj Avery, born Jan. 26, 174"/.., married Jan. 24, 1771, 
Dr. Samuel Ware of Conwav, jNfass. Children: — 

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i, A son^ b. Jan. 1, 1772, d. . 

ii. Samuel William*-^, b. Jan. 20, 1774, d. Aug. 1775. 

iii. Bethiab^, b. 1780, ra. Rev. Moses Miller, 1806. 

iv. Sarah», b. 1782, m. Rev. Mr. Bonney, 1801. 

V. William^ b. May 1784, m. Sarah Raymond, 1816. 

vi. Mary^, b, Dee. 5, 1785, m. Southworth Howland, 1816. 

Dr. Samuel Ware died Dec. 6, 1829. 

Mrs. Bethiali (Avery) Ware seems to have been a woman 
of superior character. We are able to give the following 
obituary notice of her from the pen of Rov. Josiah Fisher: — 

"Died in Hawley, Mass., at the house of Rev. Moses Miller, 
Dec. 2nd, 1843, Mrs. Bethiah Avery Ware, aged 95. Her remains 
were removed to Heath where her husband, the late Dr. Samuel 
Ware, lies interred. 

The tendency often manifested without discrimination to eulo- 
gize the dead has led me to feel deep solicitude lest I should 
transgress the bounds of propriety when called in circumstances 
like the present to speak of those who are gone. But there are 
reasons in the present case which forbid my being silent as to the 
character of the departed. She tarried among us a representative 
of a by-gone generation. She was in full vigor of womanhood 
when our Nation was born. More than three times 800,000,000 of 
human beings have made their entry upon life's stage, have acted 
their several and checkered parts and have made their exit since 
this veteran pilgrim became a sojourner upon earth. She was the 
descendant of Dr. William Avery, who came to this country from 
England in the year 1650 and settled in Dedham. He brought with 
him three children whose baptisms are found recorded iu the town 
of Barkham, near Oakingham, a market town in Berkshire County, 
England. Our departed friend was born on Jan. 26, 1749, and 
was devoted in infancy to a covenant keeping God in the ordi- 
nance of baptism and was educated for His service according to 
the high and ennobling principles of our Pilgrim Fathers. God, 
who is ever mindful of his covenant, visited her by His renewing 
Spirit while yet in the morning of life, and though she did not at 
first make a public profession of her faith, yet this important duty 
was not neglected when she obtained clearer views of christian 

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My own acquaintance with her did not commence until the dregs 
of life only remained, and 3'ou a'e aware what the young are in- 
clined to expect in those who are far advanced in second childhood. 
We anticipate, and too often with reason, that they will be notional, 
difficult to please, and will almost necessaril}^ show somethinf^ of 
captiousness. But I was happily disappointed. Our aged friend 
furnished a remarkable example of the reverse of this. She always 
manifested the greatest care lest she should give the least unnec- 
essary trouble to those around her. And everything that was done 
to meet her wants wfi^just n'fjht. she seemed constantly to keep in 
view the comfort of others, and thus practically and daily exhibi- 
ted the benevolent spirit of the gospel, and it is particularly' worthy 
of notice in these days of detraction, that she uniformily mani- 
fested great regard for the reputation of others. Said one who had 
been intimately acquainted with her for about forty years, I never 
knew her to speak evil ot a single individual. Untiring industry 
was another prominent trait of her character So long as she 
could possibly render herself useful, her hands were employed in 
some kind of labor. During her last illness, in her lucid intervals, 
she manifested firm reliance upon the merit of her Saviour and 
placed not the least dependence upon a long life of virtue for 
acceptance with God/' 

The following is copied from an old note book of Dr. 
Ware: "May 12tli, 1822, the house of Dr. Samuel Ware, of 
Conway, was burned on the Sabbath day while all the family 

were at meeting." 

Bethiah Ware^ oldest daughter of Bethiah (Avery") and 
Dr. Samuel Ware, born March 17, 1780, married Oct. 13, 
180G, Eev. Moses Miller, born Nov. 23, 1756. Children :— 

i. SamueH", 1). July 18, 1807, d. Aug. 5, 1828. 

ii. Sarah^®, b. Aug. o, 180U, m. Aaron Dickinson, 

iii. Maryi", b. April ID, 1811, m. Mart Leavitt. 

iv. Hannah Billings'^^, b. Feb. 25, 1813, m. Rev. 8. Leanord. 

V. Bethiah Aver3'l^ b. Feb. 14, 1815, m. Rev. W A. Nichols, 

vi. Thomas Spencer^", b. May 24, 1817, d. Aug. 1, 1843. A 
tutor in Amherst Colle2:e. 

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vii. Moses Alexander^", b. Feb. 11, 1819, d. Nov. 9, 1840. 
viii. WilliamJo, b. Jan. 23, 1821, d. Oct. 5, 1822. 
ix. Samuel Fisher*", b. Oct. 5, 1822, m. Charlotte Ilowe. 

Rev. Moses Miller died April 22nd, 1855 ; Mrs. Betliiali 
(Ware) Miller died Au^mst 17tli, 18i8. 


Sarah Ware^ second daii<2;hter of Dr. Samuel and Bethiah 
(Avery') Ware, married Rev. William Bonney of New 
Canaan, Conn. Children: — 

i. Lucy Atwood^o, b. May 29, 1812. 

li. Samuel Ware*", b. March 8, 1815. 

Hi. Sarah Anna*^ b. Nov. 17, 1818. 

iv. Mary Ware^ b. Aug. 30, 1821. 


Dr. William Ware^ son of Dr. Samuel and Bethiah 
(Avery") Ware, born May 22, 1784, married Sarah Raymond. 
Children :— 

i. William, afterward practising phj-sician at Centerville, 
N. Y., and subsequently at Owatonna, Minnesota. 

ii. Mary, married John Benedict, and lives at Ellington, N. Y. 
They have one child, Mary Ware, (now about twenty- five years 

iii. Martha, married Mr. Cooper. They had one son, William, 
who died in 1887. 


Mary Ware^ daughter of Dr. Samuel and Bethiah (Averj'") 
Ware, married (as his second wife) Southworth Howland, 
of West Brookfield; Mass. 

Their son, William Ware Howland, was born Feb. 25, 
1817, graduated at Amherst College, 1841, at Union Theo- 
logical Seminary, 1845, ordained at South Hadley, Mass., 

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Oct. 14, 1845, married the same clay to Susan Reed of 
Heath, Mass. ; missionary of the A. B. C. F. M., in Ceylou, 
India. They had eight children, four of whom are or 
have been missionaries. 


Lucy Atwood Bonney", ohlest daughter of Sarah (Ware) 
and Rev. William Bonney, m. August 22, 1841, William B. 
Sherwood. Children : — 

i. May Anna", b. Sept. 15, 1842. 
ii. Lucy A.", d. March 30, 1857. 


Samuel Ware Bonnev, oldest son of R^v. William and 
Sarah (Ware) Bonney, (afterward a minister and missionary 
of the A. B. C. F. M., at Canton, China), married July 22, 
1856, Catharine Van Rensalaer. Rev. Samuel Ware Bonney 
died July 24, 1864. He adopted at Canton an Engllisli 
girl, Emma Catharine Bonney, who is still living. 


Mary Ware Bonney", third daughter of Rev. William and 
Sarah (Ware) Bonney, married January 30, 1850, Dea. 
Russel R. Pratt, of W. Cornwall, Conn. Children : — 

i. Mary Sherwood", b. Oct. 3, 1855, d. April 16, 1872. 
ii. Helen Rogers", b. July 11, 1858, d. Jau. 20, 1859. 
iii. Elizabeth Russel", b. Aug. 21, 1800, d. April 16, 1865. 

Mrs. Mary W. B. Pratt, died April 11, 1886. 


May Anna Sherwood", only surviving daughter of 
William B. and Lucy (Bonney) Sherwood, married Nov. 17, 
1876, Hon. Peter Esslemont, of Aberdeen, Scotland. 

Digitized by 



(Lord Provost of Aberdeen, and Member of Parliament.) 
Children : — 

i. Alfred Sherwood, b. Aberdeen, Scotland, Aug. 24, 1877, 

ii. Lucy, b. Aberdeen, Oct. 3, 1878. 

iii. Harriet Margaret, b. April 24, 1880, d. Jan. 3, 1881. 

iv. Lillian Kittling, b. Nov. 11, 1881. 

V. Charles Bradford, b. May 6, 1885. 


Sarah Miller", oldest daughter of Bethiah (Ware) and 
Eev. Moses Miller, married Sept. 20, 1821, Aaron Dickensou, 
born July 5, 1802. Children : 

i. William Miller* ^ b. Nov. 9, 1832, poisoned by hemlock, 
d. Sept. 15, 1836. 

ii. Cornelius Evarts**, b. April 23, 1835, now pastor Con- 
gregational Church, Marietta, Ohio, m. Susan. D. Williams, Oct. 
1, 18G3. 

iii. Sarah MilUr*^ b. March 23, 1837, m. Joshua Leavitt and 
afterward Edward H. Leavitt. 

iv. Samuel Fowler*^ b. July 25, 1839, afterward a minister; 
m. Martha Bliss, March 16, 1870, and Ella A. Massey,. Aug, 15, 

V. Mary Esther»^ b. Sept. 19, 1842, d. June 8, 1843. 

Sarah (Miller^'') Dickenson, died July 17, 1843. 
Aaron Dickenson married July 9, 1844, Abigail Temple. 
They had four children. 

Rev. Cornelius E. Dickenson", second son of Sarah 
(Miller"*) and Aaron Dickenson, married Susan D. Williams, 
Oct. 1, 1863. Children :— 

i. Bertha Loomis^^ b. Oct. 13, 18G4, m. Edw. A. Metcalf. 
ii. Howard Williams^^, b. April 30, 18G9. 
iii. Spencer Milleri2, b. May 23, 1872, d. July 27, 1872. 
iv. Susan Belle^^ b. July 2*8, 1873. 
V. Ray Clarki2, b. Aug. 18, 1874, d. July 12, 1875. 
vi. Ethel May 12, b. Dec. 30, 1875. 
vii. Le Roy Austin'^, b. Oct. 20, 1879. 

Digitized by 




Sarali Miller Dickenson", eldest dau<^liter of Sarah 
(Miller'") and Aaron Dick(*uson, married Nov. 28, 1807, 
Joshua Leavitt, born July -1, lS-i2. Had one child, Chloe 
May'% I). March 80, 18()9. A^rain married Aujr. 21, 1870, 
Edw. H. Leavitt, born Nov. 11, 1S38. Children :— 

i. Mary Betliialii-\ b. Feb. IT), IHT'i. 
ii. Sarali Alice^*-^, b. Jan. 2, \H1'). 


Samuel Fowler", third son and fourth child of Sarali 
(Miller'") and Aarcm Dickenson, married March 16, 1870, 
Martha A. Bliss, who died June 9, 1872, leaving one child, 
Martha Bliss'\ b. May 81, 1872. 


Mary Miller"', second daughter and third child of Bethiah 
(Ware') and Rev. Moses Miller, married June 8, 1881, Hon. 
Hart Leavitt, born December 18, 1808, died April 15, 1881. 
Mary (Ware) Leavitt died December 2, 1888. They had 
one child, Mary Miller'\ b. March 11, 1888. 

H(m. Hart Leavitt died April 15, 1881. 

Hannah B.'", third daughter and fourth child of Bethiah 
(Ware'*) and Rev. Moses Miller, married Nov. 19, 1889. 
Rev. Samuel Leonard. Children : — 

i. Abl)ie Bethiali^^ b. Nov. ]G, 1842, m. Horace Haskell. 

ii. Mary Ware'*, b. Sept. 24, 1844, m. Frank Rice, 

iii. Frances Hannah^^ b. Julyir), lS4r>, d. Nov. 4, LSGo. 

iv. William Miller^, 1). Nov." 20, 1848, d. Nov. 2, 1849. 

V. Alice 8arah»i, b. Oct.* 9, 18:.0. 

Digitized by 




Betliiah Avery^", fourth daughter aud fifth child of 
Bethiah (Ware^j and Rev. Moses Miller, married Sept. 25, 
1838, Itev. W. A. Nichols. She died Nov. 11, 1865. 
Childi*eu : — 

i. Thomas Spencer'', b. June 15, 1.S43, d. Sept. 18, 18r)l. 
ii. William Adams", b. Sept. 13, 1845, d. Aii<;. -23. 184G. 
iii. Dwight Miller'S b. July 30, 185-2, d. Sept. 13, 1853. 

Rev. W. A. Nichols married Sarah A. Bouney, May 7, 
1867. No children. 


Samuel Fisher'", fifth son and ninth child of Bethiah 
(Ware'^j and Rev. Moses Miller, married June 18, 1851, 
Charlotte Howe. She died Nov. 25, 18():-3. Children :— 

i. Aunio'', b. July 15, 1852. 

ii. Mary'i, b. April 2, 1854, d. Sept. 11, 1855. 

iii. Walter Howe'*, 1). ISIarcli 11, 1857, m. Rowena P. Fol)es. 

iv. Thomas Spencer**, b. Ai)ril 25, 185*J, m. Hattie M. 

V. Samuel Fisher^*, Jr., b. Sept. 19, 18G1, ra. Marion E. 

vi. Sidney Walkeri\ b. Jan. 23, 1863, m. Ida H. Ketz. 

Samuel F. Miller, m. Alma F. Emerson, Aug. 27, 18G7. 
No children. 


Mary Miller Leavitt", only child of Mary (Miller; and 
Hon. Hart Leavitt, married Feb. 9, 1854, Lory C. Davis. 
Children :— 

i. Hart Cornolius^^ b. April 9, 1855, m. Grace Holmes, 

ii. Dora Augusta^^, b. Dec. 19, 1858, m. Lowell Mason, 

iii. Flora Adalade'-^, b. Dec. 19, 1858, m. Edw. S. Dickenson, 

iv. Lory Leavitt^^, b. Dec. 5, 18G2. 

Digitized by 



Lory C. Davis died on his way home from the army, July 
1, 1865. 

Mary (Miller) Davis married Sej)!. 27, 1870, William 
Hillman. No children. 


Rev. Samuel Fowler Dickenson", third son and fourth 
child of Sarah (Miller'") and Aaron Dickenson, married 
Aug. 25, 1875, Ella A. Massey. Children :— 

i. Ray Massey^'^ h. Oct. 19, 1878. 
ii. p:mma Miller»2, b. Dec. 12, 1880. 
iii. Estlier Harriet^^^ i^. ygpt. 14, 1884. 


Abbie B. Leonard", oldest daughter of Hannah (Miller") 
and Rev. Samuel Leonard, married Nov. 22, 1870, Horace 
Haskell, b. Oct. 20, 1841. Children :— 

i. Hattie Alice^^ b. March 23, 1872, d. Jan. I. 187o. 

ii. Frank F.^^ b. Jan. 10, 1874. d. Jan. 11, 1875. 

iii. Frank Himiphrey^'^, b. July 20, 1875. 

Alice (Leonard) Haskell died May 18, 1877. Horace 

Haskell afterward married Catharine Stickle. One or two 



Mary Ware Leonard", second daughter of Hannah 

(Miller^") and Rev. Samuel Leonard, married Oct. 9, 1866, 

Lieut. Francis R. Rice, and died March 16, 1867, leaving 

no children. 

Walter Howe", first son and third child of Charlotte 
(Howe) and Samuel F. Miller, married October 16, 1879,. 
Rowena P. Fobes. Children : — 

i. Charlotte Rowena, b. Aug. 19, 1880. 
ii. Walter Fobes, b. April 3, 1882. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Thomas Spencer", second son and fourth child of 
Charlotte (Howe^") and Samuel F. Miller, married Jan. 1, 

1885, Hattie M. Euggles. One child : Margarite, born 

Dec. 10, 1888. 


Samuel Fisher Miller, Jr.", third son and fifth child of 
Charlotte (Howe") and Samuel F. Miller, married May 4, 

1886, Marion E. Sleeper. One child, Gladys Edward, b. 
S.ept. 22, 1887, died Dec. 22, 1888. 


Sidney Walker", fourth son and sixth child of Charlotte 

(Howe") and Samuel F. Miller, married July 11, 1883, Ida 

B. Ketz. 


Hart Cornelius*^ oldest child of Mary (Leavitt"j and 
Lory C. Davis, married April 2, 1885, Grace Holmes. 

Dora Augusta", twin daughter of May (Leavitt") and 
Lory C. Davis, married Dec. 28, 1881, Lowell Mason. 


Flora Adelade", twin daughter of May (Leavitt") and 
Lory C. Davis, married Dec. 28, 1881, Edw. S. Dickenson. 
Children : — 

i. A 8on»^ b. Aug., 1882, d. Aug., 1882. 
ii. Bessie May^-S b. May 2, 1884. 


Bertha Loomis^^,. oldest daughter of Susan (Williams) and 
Rev. C. E. Dickenson", married Sept. 4, 1888, Edw. Artel 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 




EV. JOSEPH AVERY", tliird son of Williams bom 
Oct. 14, 1751, married Mary Allou, a neice of Gov. 
Samuel Adams. Children : — 

i. Mary'^ b. Sopt. 12, 1778, m. June 4, 1798, Aaron White, 
Jr., d. May 26, 1860. 

ii. Joseph-', b. Dec. 3, 1779, m. Aug., 1815, Sarah Thaxte^;, 
d. 1822. 

iii. Bethiah^, b. Oct. 13, 1781, m. 1804, Jonathan Grosvenor, 
d. 1833. 

iv. Nancy*, b. May 15, 1783, m. Jan. 1, 1807, William White. 

V. Catharine*, b. Feb. 3, 1788, m. March, 1816, Samuel B. 

vi. Samuel*, b. Feb. 3, 1788. 

Rev. Joseph Avery^ graduated from Harvard College 1771, 
when but twenty years old, and became a minister of 
Holden, Mass. Ordained 1774 He died March 5, 1824, 
after nearly fifty years pastorate, aged 72 years, 4 months. 

His widow, Mary, died April 1, 1842, in her 88th year. 


Mary Avery', eldest daughter of Rev. Joseph and Mary 
(Allen) Avery, born in Holden, Mass., Sept. 12, 1778, 
married Jan. 4, 1798, Aaron White, Jr., son of Aaron and 
Elizabeth (Cheney) White, and had a family of seven sons 
and three daughters, all of whom came to years of maturity. 
Children : — 

i. Aaroni«, b. Oct. 8, 1798. 

ii. Joseph Avery *^\ b. May 15, 1801. 

iii. Thomas^o, b. Feb. 9, 1804. 

iv. Isaac Davis'", b. March 20, 1806. 

Digitized by 


Joseph Avery. Born 1761; Died 1824. 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 



V. Elizabeth^", b. Sept. 27, 1808. 

vi. William James^", b. March. 11, 181 1. 

vii. Mary Avery i», b. Dec. 4, 1813. 

viii. Caroline»^ b. April 8, 1816. 

ix. Samuel Charles'^ b. April 27, 1820. 

X. Francis Adams^o, b. April 19, 1824. 

From "Genealogical Sketches of the White Family," 
kindly furnished by Thomas W^hite, of Brooklyn, N. Y. we 
learn that Mrs. Mary (Avery) W^hite "was an excellent 
housekeeper, and remarkable for an untiring devotion to 
what she believed to be her duty under all circumstances, 
to her family, her church, her neighbors, and society in 
general." She attained the age of 81 years, dying at 
Boylston, Mass., May 26, 1860. 

Mr. Aaron White, Jr., the husband, was born at Koxbury, 
Mass., June 9, 1771. " His father owned and cultivated a 
small farm in that part of the town called Mount Pleasant, 
in Boston Highlands, so near to Boston that during the 
siege in 1775, the place was frequently under fire from the 
enemy's batteries in Boston, to avoid which he removed his 
family to Sherborn. The boy, Aaron, Jr., w^ell remembered 
the battle of Bunker Hill, being at the time four years old, 
from having seen the smoke and flames of the burning of 
Charlestown. For education he had the advantage of attending 
the district school, and afterward the use of books from the 
Boston Library. His father being a market gardner, he 
was employed, when old enough for the business, to drive 
into Boston with loads of fruit and vegetables and retail 
them from his stand in the market every day in the year 
except Sundays and the annual Fast and Thaksgiving days." 
• At the age of twenty-one, young Aaron, " furnished with 
money by his father, opened a country store in Holden in 
the county of Worcester," where " he carried on business 

Digitized by 



About five years, and then removed to Boylston, purchasing 
the farm, store and tavern stand of Col. Jothan Bush, at 
the center of the town." ***** He had the oversight 
of town affairs as town clerk for twenty-two years, was 
selectman most of that time, justice of the peace and 
representative of the town several years in the General 

He died April 7, 1846, aged nearly 75 years. 

AAEON WHITE»^— Thompson, Conn. 

Aaron White", eldest son of Aaron and Mary (Avery*) 
White, born Oct. 8, 1798, ** prepared for college at the 
academies of New Salem and Leicester, entered Harvard in 
1813, graduating in 1817. at the age of nineteen years. He 
taught school for a time in Roxbury, Mass., and in 
Vergennes, Vi, then entered the law oflSice of Hon. Horatio 
Seymour, in Middlebury, Vt. In 1820 he removed to 
Providence, B. I., where he w^as admitted to practice by the 
Supreme Court, September term, 1821. He commenced at 
Cumberland Hill, and continued there until 1829, when he 
removed to Woonsocket Falls, and there took charge, as 
cashier and director, of the Woonsocket Falls Bank." 

Two or three years later he resigned his position and 
devoted himself more exclusively to his law practice. 
** Participating actively in the efforts of his personal and 
political friend, Thomas Wilson Dorr, to establish a con- 
stitional government for Ehode Island, in place of that of 
the old Charter of King Charles the Second, which practi- 
cally lodged all power in the hands of land owners, he 
found it necessary to remove from the state to Connecticut 
in July, 1842, to avoid arrest and incarceration under the 
operation of martial law, then in force in Rhode Island. 
He took up his abode in Thompson, where he married 

Digitized by 



Feb., 1843, Miss Cordelia Parke Barnes. A happy union, 
but too soon severed by the most afflictive and untimely 
death of his wife, March 18, 1844, leaving a son born two 
days before the mother's death." At Washington, in 1844, 
he assisted Hon. Edmund Burke, representative from New 
Hampshire, in preparing his " Report on the Interference 
of the Executive in the affairs of Rhode Island." " At the 
Antiquarian Hall, in Worcester, he studied the question of 
the origin of the American Indians. He was well versed 
in botany and mineralogy, and spent much time at his 
homestead in cultivating a garden and experimenting with 
the tea plant," which proved unsuccessful, "after many 
years of trial, owing to the immense amount of manual 
labor required." " The most absorbing pursuit of his later 
years of life was collecting, arranging, buying and selling 
coins. He died at Thompson, April 15, 1886, aged 87 years. 
By his will he left one thousand dollars to each of the 
eight county treasurers of Connecticut, in trust, for the 
purchase of books of history and moral and political 
philosophy for libraries for the use of judges and clerks of 
courts, members of the bar and their students. 

His son, who still survives, after passing through the 
Freshman and Sophomore years of a class in Williams 
College, and not esteeming the advantages of a college 
education very highly, left that institution, with his father's 
consent, and settled down to the business of a farmer on a 
farm belonging to his father, in the borders of Grafton and 
Westboro, Mass." 

JOSEPH AVERY WHITE'^— Fuamingham, Mass. 
Joseph Avery White'", second son of Aaron, Jr., and 
Mary (Avery®) White, born May 15, 1801, was " educated at 
the common schools and Leicester Academy, and assisted 


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in work on the farm and in the store until his seventeenth 
year, when he took a place as clerk in the store of his 
uncle, Stephen Brigham, in Boston, of the firm of 
Brigham & Bigelow, wholesale grocers. After his uncle's 
death in March, 1820, he continued to act as clerk and 
book-keeper in Boston for several years with intervals, 
which he employed in trading adventures to the French * 
islands of Miquelon and St Pierres, and to North Carolina. 
He afterwards became a copartner with a previous 
employer, William M. Stedman, under the firm of William 
M. Stedman & Co., and taking another partner, the firm of 
William M. Stedman, White & Co. He was also associated 
with other partners, and finally, in 1860, retired from 
mercantile life, and purchased an elegant country seat and 
farm in Framingham. With changes from larger to smaller 
farms, he still continues to have his home at Framingham 

" He married June 10, 1844, Miss Charlotte Partridge of 
Templeton, who died July, 1852, leaving one child, Charlotte", 
who married Jan. 21, 1869, Charles William Kennard, a 
jewelry merchant in Boston. They have three young 

THOMAS WHITE'*,— Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Thomas White", third son of Aaron, Jr., and Mary 
(Avery*) White, was born in Boylston, Mass., Feb. 9, 1804. 
"His father kept a country store, besides cultivating a farm of 
about one hundred and fifty acres, upon which the boys, seven 
in all, had abundant opportunity, excepting the eldest, who 
was sent to college, for physical training, in clearing oflf 
forests, chopping and splitting wood for fires in house and 
Btore,f or which purposes about forty cords were annually con- 
sumed, also in plowing, planting, hoeing and harvesting 

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crops, etc." He received his early education in the district 
school, which was "tanght by a school mistress in the 
summer and a school master in the winter, between two 
and three months each per annum, which was all that the 
town taxes could afford in those days. The farmers in that 
agricultural town, who could spare the money and the labor 
of their boys, sent them from the district schools to the 
incorporated academies, where college graduates for 
teachers could give instruction in the higher branches of 
learning, and fit the lads for college. Young White had the 
privilege of attending three terms at Leicester Academy." 
At the close of which when but seventeen years old, he 
engaged to teach a school in an outside district, for which 
services he was to receive "ten dollars and fifty cents per 
month and board, the last item not being very burdensome 
to the district, as the boarding of teachers was put up at 
auction at a district school meeting and knocked down to 
the lowest bidder," which in this case was "seventy-five cents 
per week." * * * " The fortunate winner of this contract 
was a Quaker farmer with nine children, and the board was 
good and satisfactory to the young teacher." Finishing 
this work in February, 1822, he took charge of another, a 
private school in Smithfield, R. I., there were at that time 
no public schools in Khode Island. In March, he returned 
" to his home in Boylston, on foot, through deep melting 
snows, about thirty miles, taking with him his hard earn- 
ings of about forty dollars and the measles, which in due 
time developed themselves and imparted their virtues to 
all in the numerous family who had not before enjoyed the 
blessing of having them." His father requiring his services 
the young teacher was obliged to abandon the cherished 
plan of getting a college education. In December, 1825, 
he went to Smithfield, R L, studied law with Gen. George 

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Leonard Barnes, and continued his connection with that 
office " until the spring of 1828, (with the exception of a 
few months teaching in the winter 1827,") when "he joined 
the law school at Cambridge," which " was in charge of 
Hon. Asahel Stearns, a very learned lawyer," and an 
excellent teacher. As a member of the law school, the 
privilege of attending lectures was enjoyed — as his lack of 
opportunity as a college graduate to attend such lectures 
rendered them peculiarly interesting and valuable to him. 
Leaving the law school, he was admitted to practice as 
attorney and counsellor by the Supreme Court of Rhode 
Island, March term, 1829. The greater part of the ensuing 
year was passed in travels in the Northern States mostly 
on foot (excepting the winter months, when he resumed his 
old business of school teaching in the western part of New 
York.) In Juno, 1830, he opened his law office in Provi- 
dence, R. I., and pursued his work for ten years, occupying 
a place in the city justice's court four years, also the office 
of police justice, two years. Librarian of Providence Bar 
Library for several years and secretary of the Athaneum 
Board of Directors soon after its organization. 

During the earlier part of his career, while attending 
store for his father, he began the study of stenography, 
and became quite proficient in the art, "which rendered 
his services very desirable as a reporter of proceedings in 
the Rhode Island General Assembly for the Providence 
newspapers." In 18 iO, he removed to New York, and was 
subsequently admitted to practice as attorney and counsellor 
at law and solicitor in chancery. Since '47 a chemical 
manufacturing business has engrossed his attention, and 
since 1852 in company for nearly thirty-five years with the 
late Samuel C. White, a younger bro!;her, who died Nov. 
26, 1886. Mr. White was married June 2, 1841, at Boylston, 

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to Miss Harriet Sawyer of that town, ** and their house- 
keeping was begun the next day in the city of New York. 
They had one child, Salome Elizabeth, born at Port Eich- 
mond, Sfcaten Island, Aug. 26, 1854" 

His family residence " was in Bergen now Bayonne, 
N. J., for thirteen years, near his works at Bergen Point, 
until 1868, when he removed to the present residence, 135 
Hicks Street, Brooklyn, N. Y." Mr. White has in his 
possession the silver seal already referred to in the pre- 
ceeding pages, which was formerly the property of his 
grandfather, the Kev. Joseph Avery" of Holden. 

ISAAC D. WHITE»^— Brookline, ]kLvss. 

Isaac Davis White", fourth son of Aaron, Jr., and Mary 
(Avery®) Whil;i, born March 20, 1816, received a common 
school education at Boylston, and worked with his brothers 
on his father's farm, until sixteen years of age, when he 
went to learn the tanner's trade at Koxbury, Mass. After 
he became of age, he entered into partnership with his 
employer, Samuel Guild & Son, continuing in the business 
several years. He subsequently established business on 
his own account in Roxbury, and continued it with success 
until he retired in 1851, his younger brother, Francis A. 
White, and Mr. Frederick Guild, becoming his successors. 
He married at Paxton, May 18, 1841, his cousin, Elizabeth 
Hall Grosvenor. They settled in Koxbury, where he had 
erected a fine mansion on the Dedham turnpike for his 
occupation. From Roxbury he removed to Enfield, Ct., in 
the year 1853, where he purchased a farm and built another 
fine house, which with the fine garden and lawns about it, 
formed a beautiful country seat. Here he had his home 
for about ten years, when he sold the place and removed to 
Boston in 1863. Two years later " he removed to Brook- 

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line, where he purchased several acres on which he erected 
another convenient dwelling and cultivated the land, largely 
devoted to fruit growing. The great enterprise of making 
a boulevard by widening Beacon Street, on which his place 
was located, compelled him to sell it and remove in 1888 to 
another, which he purchased on Tappan Street, in the 
neighborhood of his late residence." 

Children of Isaac D. and Elizabeth H. White are : — 

i. Isaac Davis White, Jr.", born Aug. 13, 1842, settled in 
business in Worcester as a hardware merchant, married Nov. 16, 
1876, to Caroline E. Gilbert. (They liad three children.) 

ii. Haniet Frances^i, b. Sept. 18, 1844. 

iii. Elizabeth's b. March 7, 1847, d. June 5, 1848. 

iv. Caroline Louisa'^ b. Aug. 5, 1849. 

V. Mary A\e\y\ b. Nov. 27, 1858, 

vi. Grace Grosveuor'S b. July 29, 1865. 

ELIZABETH (WHITE") CONANT,— Framingham, Mass. 
Elizabeth White'", eldest daughter and fifth child of 
Aaron, Jr., and Mary (Avery*) White, was born Sept. 27, 
1808, and married at Boylston, Mass., April 17, 1833, to 
Benjamin Kilburn Conant, son of Eev. Gains Conant of 
Pax ton. They settled in Worcester, Mass., and had seven 
children, five of whom came to years of maturity. The 
children who lived to grow up were : — 

i. Myron^^ b. March, 1834, "migrated to Texas in 1857, 
joined the expedition of the filibustering adventurer, Walker, 
against Nicaragua in 1857, and perished in that ill designed and 
ill fated enterprise." 

ii. Benjamin Whitman", b. Dec. 29, 1835, " settled as a 
druggist in Boston, where he died in 1881. He married in 1865 
Elizabeth Babbitt of Roxbury. Had no children." 

iii. Francis Adams", b. Feb. 28. 1838, d. at Evansville, lud. 
An assistant surgeon in the U. S. army. 

iv. Mary White", b. Oct. 13, 1840. m. Sept., 1868, Charles 
Franklin Harriman, and settled in Somerville, Mass. Mr. 

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HaiTiman died Dec. 27, 1876. Their five cliiluren, all of whom 
are living, (1889) are: — 

i. Edward Avery", b. Dec. 13, 1869, graduate Harx-ard CoUej^e, 1888, when 
in his nineteenth year, said to be *' a remarkably bright youth, became a 
student of law in Boston, and is sufficiently advanced to l)e admitted to 
practice were he of age/' (1880.) 

ii. Mary Adams^^, b. Jan. 17, 1872. 

iii. Frank Whitmaui^, b. Aug. 5, 1874. 

iv. Cora Elizabethi^. i , _ „ ^««i. 
V. Charles Conanti^.r-J'^^^ 2, 1876. 

Mrs. Mary W. (Coiinnt^^) Harriman has her home in Framing- 
ham Centre, Mass. 

V. Edward Davis^S b. May 25, 1846, m. 1872, Anneta 
Chapin, and settled in Worcester, now in business in Boston as 
real estate loan broker. Have four children, now living, two 
having died in infancy. 

Mrs. Elizabeth (White^*) Conant died at Framingham, 
April 4, 1877, aged 68 years. 

WILLIAM JAMES WHITE",— Worcester, Mass. 
William J. White", sixth child of Aaron, Jr., and Mary 
(Avery") White, was born March 11, 1811, graduated at 
Williams College 1839, and studied for the ministry, 
graduating at Andover in the class of 1842, ordained for 
home missionary work in Canada, Sept. 20, 1842, engaged as 
stated supply afterward for societies in Vermont and Maine 
until 1849, when, owing to failing health, he retired from the 
ministry and engaged in business as manufacturer in Wor- 
cester, Mass. He married May 13, 1850 Harriet Keed 
Eames of West Boylston. Children : 

i. John William»2, b. d. 

ii. Aaron Avery^^, b. Aug. 30, 1857, resides with his parents 
and employed by his cousin, I. D. White, Jr., in the haixiware 
business in Worcester, Mass. 

MAKT AVEKY (W^HITE") DAVIS,— Worcester, Mass. 

Mary Avery White", seventh child of Aaron, Jr., and 

Mary (Avery') White, born Dec. 4, 1813, married Bev. 

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Elnathan Davis of Holden, May 26, 1843, " and thereupon 
accompanied him to the West, where he had charge of 
several societies as stated supply in Indiana and Michigan. 
They returned to Massachusetts in 1845. Mr. Davis subse- 
quently became the settled pastor of churches in Ashburn- 
ville, Fitzburg and Auburn. He died at Auburn, April 9, 
1881, aged seventy-three." Children :— 

i. Tluinias White", b. Nov. 1, 1844, '^graduated at Williams 
College. 180G, m. 1872, Amelia Sylvester, and settled in Belmont. 
Mass. At present (1889) is head master of a public school 
in Cambridge, Mass.*' They have; — 

i. Ralph Sylvester", 
ii. Etia Lincolni-^. 

ii. Francis Gordon^', b. March 9, 1851, ** married Carrie 
E. Gossof Worcester, June 3, 1878, now (1889) settled in Water- 
town, N. Y., as superintendent of the large carriage manufactory 
of the H. H. Babcock Company.'* They have : — 

i. Alice Maryi-^. 
ii. Grace Avery i=^. 


Caroline White'", eighth chikl of Aaron, Jr., and Mary 
(Avery') White, born April 8,1816, and "had her home 
with her parents until they died, her father in 1846, her 
mother in 1860. She continued in charge of the old home 
one year longer, when in the Spring of 1861 it was broken 
up, house, land and furniture all sold. She afterward made 
her home principally with her sister, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Conant, until her death in 1877, but assisting always the 
families of brothers and sisters, who by reason of sickness 
or other causes required her care. She now resides in 
Worcester with her sister, MrF. Mary A. W. Davis." 

SAMUEL CHARLES WHITE'-.— Bergen Point, N. J. 
Samuel C. White", ninth child of Aaron and Mary 
(Avery*) White, born April 27, 1820, " was educated in the 

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common schools and in Andover Academy. Entered the 
employment of Henshaw, Ward & Co., wholesale druggists 
in Boston, when sixteen years of age. Left their service 
when twenty-two years old, and opened a store for himself 
in Worcester in 1842, relinquishing the same in 1852 to 
to accept a position as co-partner with his brother 
Thomas, who was engaged in business as a manufacturing 
chemist. The factory was located in Bergen, Hudson Co., 
N. J., on the southern shore of Constable's Hook, opposite 
Sailor's Snug Harbor, on Staten Island. The principal 
business carried on in the factory was the refining of 
sulphur and preparing it for use in various arts, the manu- 
facturing of gunpowder, vulcanizing rubber, bleaching 
purposes, etc., etc., the whole carried on under the firm of 
T. k S. C. White. They had their homes together in the 
same dwelling houses — three years at Port Richmond, 
Staten Island, and ten years at Bergen Point, near their 
works. In 1865, Mr. S. C. W^hite purchased a fine place at 
Bergen Point, fronting on Kill von KuU, to which he 
removed shortly afterwards, and there continued to reside 
until his death of pneumonia, on the 26th of November, 
1886, at the age of sixty-six. 

He married, April 11, 1849, Miss Julia Maria Barrett of 
Ashburnham, Mass., and lived in Worcester until 1852. 

Mrs. Julia M. B. White, born at Ashburnham, March 18, 
1826, died at Bergen Point, Feb. 3, 1889, in her sixty-third 
year." Children : 

i. Julia Maria", b. March 19, 1852, m. George H. Gale, 
Oct. 6, 1880, and settled at Bergen Point, 
ii. Louisa Barrett", b. Dec. 8, 1857. 

iii. Edward Francis", b. April 6, 1862, graduated at the 
Stevens* Polytechnic School of Hoboken. 
iv. Harriet Stone", b. Oct. 21, 1868. 

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rRA:NCIS ADAMS WHITE".— Brookline, Mass. 

Francis A White", tenth and youngest child of Aaron Jr. 
and Mary (Avery*) White, born April 19, 1824, " received 
his education at the town schools and as a private pupil of 
Rev. Wm. H. Sanford, of Boylston, at the Baptist manual 
training-school in Worcester and at Andover Academy." 
When seventeen years of age he went to work for his 
brother, Isaac D., leather manufacturer, in Roxbury, con- 
tinuing there until 1851, when his brother retired and he 
succeeded to his interest and formed a partnership with 
Mr. Frederick Guild, under the firm of Guild & White, 
until 1871, when he relinquished the business. He had 
purchased a very desirable country seat in Brookline, and 
has had his home there for the last thirty years. He has 
made at least seven voyages to Europe for the benefit of 
his health, which has always been greatly improved by 
these travels. His wife has always accompanied him in all 
these tours that have been taken since their marriage. She 
was Miss Caroline Barrett, (sister to his brother Samuel's 
wife,) whom he married at Newport, N. H., June 25, 1851. 
She was born Febi 15, 1828. Children : 

i. Charles Fredcncki\ b. May 27, 1856, graduated at 
Worcester School of Technology, m. June 18, 1883, Louie Dean, 
of St. Louis, Mo., and now resides at Dunkirk, N. X., wlieie he 
has charge of a manufactoty of machinery. 

ii. William Howard", b. Sept. 4, 1858, graduated at Harvard 
1880, studied law and practices in Boston. 

iii. Francis Winthrop^^ b. Dec. 17, 1860, graduated at 
Harvard, 1885. 

iv. Sophia Bucklaud", b. Dec. 16, 1862. 

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avert genealogy. 75 


Grace Avery", third daughter and sixth child of William^ 
and Bethiah (Metcalf) Avery, born August 17, 1755, married 
June 1, 1786, John Howland*. * Children : 

i. Asa9, b. Oct. 25, 1787, died June 24, 1870. 

ii. John^, b. June 8, 1789. 

iii. Graced, b. Oct. 29, 1791. 

iv. William Avery^, b. May 17, 1796. 

V. Timotliy Metcalf*, b. 

vi. Allen®, 

Grace (Avery") Howland died February 12, 1841, aged 
86 years. 

• John Howland^ (Job-*, John*, Joliii'*, Johiii,) was Iwni March .'H. 1757. 
Am will be aeon, he was the fifth descendant of John Howland^ who came 
from England in tlie Mayflower, and died Feliruary 2.'^, lf>72. He was one of 
the forty-one signers of the Compact, in the cabin of the Mayflower, while that 
ship la> in Provincetown Harbor, November 11, 1<)20. 

His tombstone in Plymoatli readH as follows: "Here ended tlie pilgrimage 
of John Howland and Elizabeth, his wife. She was the daughter of (lovernor 
Carver. They arrived in the Mayflower, l)eceml>er, IH'JO. They had four sons 
and six daughters, from whom are descended a numerous posterity." 

**1672, February 2:*<1. John Howland. of Plymouth, deceased. He lived 
to the age of eighty years. He was the last man that was left of those that 
came over in tiie shipp called tlie Mayflower, that lived in Plymouth." 

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JOHN AVERY^ fourth son of William' and Bethiah 
(Metcalf ) Averv, born Sept. 9, 1758, in Dedliam ; married 
May 2(5, 1784, Mary Ciisliman, born June 24, 1755. 
Children : 

i. Jolin'-*. h. Jon. i), 178r,, m. Ann P:iine, Nov. 14, 1827. 

ii. Marj9, I). Sept. 29, 1787, d. Dec. 8, 1829. 

iii. Joseph^, b. Aug. 30, 1789, ni. Sylvia Clary, Dec. 5, 1817. 

iv. Lendeniine**^. b. April 7, 1791, m. Jaiies Bond. 

V. Rebecca'\ b. Nov. 80, 1793, m. Silas Hawks, Nov. IG,. 

vi. William'-*, b. Sept. 16, 17'Jo, m. Maria Howland, d. April 
25, hSoS, 

vii. Hcthiall^ b. Feb. 20, 1800, m. lienj. Bond 1825, d. Jan. 
13, 1834. 

Mary (Cushman) Avery died May 25, 1825, Dea. John 
Avery*^, married for second wife Beulah Bri<^gs (born April 
9, 17^1.) She died 1862, aged 91 years. 

Dea. John Avery' moved from Dodham to Conway, Mass. 

Joseph Avery^, second son of Dea. John and Mary 
(Cushman) Avery, b. 1789, married Sylvia Clary, December 
5, 1817. Children : 

i. :MaryJ«, b. Dec. 13, 1818, m. Rev. R. M. Loughridge, 

Dec, 1«47, died Jan. 1850. 

ii. Joseph Clary^^ b. Feb. 1, 1823, d. 18G2, aged 39 years. 

iii. Caroline^", b. Jan. 20, 1825, m. Norton A. Halbert, Jan. 

1850. Had one child, Frank^S b. Sept., 185G, d. 

iv. William Fisher^o, b. Dee. 4, 1826, m. Eunice Smith 
Wright, Sept. 19, 1854. One child: 

WlHiam Gwlell", b. May 31, ia'50, in. Elizabeth Benson Hall of Rock- 
land, Me., Nov. 1, 1882. Had Willinin Frwlerickia, b. Not. 2T, 1887. 

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V. Ameliai«, b. July 22, 1829, d. Aug., 1829. 

vi. Pauline*", b. Jan. 14, 1831, in. Rev. O. L. Woodford and 
bad Pauline", b. Jan. 13, 1858, adopted by Norton A. Halbert. 
Mrs. Pauline (AveryJ«) Woodford, d. Feb., 18o8. 

vii. John*", b. Sept. 18, 1837, m. Cornelia M. Curtiss. One 
ch ild : John W h itn ey * ^ 

John Avery'", became a celebrated Oriental scholar and 
professor in Bowdoin College. He died at North Bridgton, 
Me., September 1, 1887, aged 50 years. The following 
notice, which appeared in a Boston daily at the time of his 
death, will be of interest : 

The funeral of Prof. John Avery, LL.D., of liowdoin College, 
was held at Brunswick, Me., September 4, 1887, being conducted 
by W. De Witt Hyde, D. 1)., president of the college, and Rev. 
William P. Fisher, pastor of the church. Prof. Avery was born 
at Conwa5% Mass., in 1837, and was graduated at Amherst 
College in 18G1. He was professor of Greek in Bowdoin College 
and assistant editor of tlie American Antiquarian and Oriental 
Journal. He was familiar with the numerous languages of 
Hindostan, and had prepared to write the coming season a work 
on the aboriginal tribes of India. He leaves a widow and one son. 

Sylvia (Clary) Avery died Sept. 5, 1851, aged 48 years. 

Rebecca Avery^ third daughter of Dea. John' and Mary 
(Cushman) Avery, born Nov. 30, 1793, married Nov. 16, 
1826, Mr. Sila:i Hawks. Children : 

i. Cushman Wright^", b. Dec, 1828, d. April, 1832. 
ii. Cushman Wright^", b. April, 1832, d. March, 1833. 
iii. William Avery^o, b. Jan. 1, 1834. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



T^OBERT AVERY*, second son of Dr. William* and 
'*'\ Margaret Avery, baptised in Barkham, Berks, Eng- 
land, December 7, 1649, as before stated, came to America 
with his parents. He was, at the time, an infant, con- 
sequently could recollect nothing of the change which had 
taken place in his home. Of his boyhood we know nothing. 
Probably at an early age he became quite expert in the use of 
the hammer and anvil, learning the trade of his father. At 
the age of twenty-seven he married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Job and Sarah Lane of Maiden, Mass. Job Lane was a 
wealthy and prominent citizen and Representative at 
General Court. 

According to the Dedham town records their children 
were : 

i. Elizabeth^, b. 10^*' (Dec.) 21, 1677. 

ii. Rachels b. 1 day, 7" (Sept.) 1679. 

iii. Robert^, b. 28 day, S*", (Nov.) -1681 ; was killed by the 

falling of a tree, Aug. 21, 1723. 

iv. John«, b. 4 day, 12»\ (Feb.) I68V5. 

v. Jonathan^, b. Jan. 20*\ 16976. 

vi. Abigail*, b. May 8»\ 1699. 

Robert Avery* died (per records) Oct. 3, 1722. 
His stone in Dedham cemetery is inscribed thus : 

'* Here Lyes Buried y* Body of Ensigne Robert Avery, who 
Dec^ Oct. y" 4*'* 1722 in y* 73* year of his age." 

His widow, Elizabeth (Lane) Avery, died in 1746, leaving 
five children, thirty grand-children, and fifty-two great 

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grand-children and two great, great grand-children. Her 
tombstone reads as follows : 

*' Here lyes Buried y* Body 

of Mrs. Elizabeth Avery 

Widow of Ensign Robert 

Avery. She died Oct 

y* 21't A. D. 1746 

in y* 91»* year of 

her age." 

The inventory of Robert Avery's estate was as follows : 

Personal, £189 18 11 

Real 36 acres, 

4 do., 
and saw mill divided, ) 163 


£352 18 11 

Inventory of personal estate of Robert Avery*, taken 
December 27, 1722. 

Smith's tools, Anvill, Vice, Grindstone and crank, Great Seal 
Beam, three great hammers, a number of tongs, shears, 3 small 
hammers. Mandrill old tools Bellows. £22.15. 

Cattel — 2 Oxen, a mare, 2 HetTers coming 4 years old, 2 more 
coming 3 years, 5 cows, 2 young hetf, a sow, a pigg, 12 piggs. 

Michael Dwight, his son-in-law, was administrator of the 

Robert Avery", in his deed of gift of most of his property 
to his eldest son Robert*, mentions " two parcels of Land 
both lying within the township of Dedham— one parcel 
contains eighteen acres," etc., " bounded upon the swamp 
commonly called the Dead swamp towards the South," etc 

"The other contains fourteen acres and a h'alf," etc., etc., 
" and is bounded w'^ land of Benjamin Onion * towards the 
South ; land of said Robert Avery, Jr., East and West ; and 

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with the church land and land of Joseph Wight towards 
the North, or however otherwise bounded," etc., etc. The 
deed, from which the above are only extracts, bears date 
(Feb. 13, 17173) "thirteenth day of February, Anno 
Domini 1712, in the tenth year of the Reign of our 
Sovereign Lady Ann, of Great Britain, Queen." 

The Historical Society of Dedham, Mass., has many 
relics of the Avery family. Among them an Ensign's flag, 
of silk, probablj' belonging to Ensign Robert', also an 
ancient anvil, documents and books, which have belonged 
to the family for years. 

Children of Robert^ and Elizabeth (Lane) Avery : 


Elizabeth Avery^ eldest daughter of Robert" and 
Elizabeth (Lane) Avery, born December 21, 1677, married 
August 6, 1697, Mr. William Bullard of Dedham, Mass., 
born May 19, 1673. Children : 

i. William', b. May 10, 1698, d. Sept. 19, 1737, aged 39 

ii. Elizabeth^, b. Nov. 8, 1G99, m. Dea. Nathaniel Kingsbury, 
and died Dec. 29, 1751, aged 52 years. 

iii. Jcminia", b. March 4, 1702, m. March 8, 173^3, S. 

iv- Anna", b. May 28, 1705, m. Jan. 27, 172^61 Jonathan 

v. Isaac^, b. April 4, 1709, m. August 6, 1847, Grace Deaue. 

Elizabeth (Avery^) Bullard died Jan. 28, 1747;. 
William Bullard died Feb. 9, 17477. 

Thus within a few days was the hand of Death laid upon 

^' In death they were not divided.'* 

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Near to the tombstone of Mrs. Elizabeth (Lane) Avery 
is the stone of the daughter, with that of her husband and 
son, which read as follows : 

'^ Here Lyes interred y* Body 

of Mrs. £lizabetb BuIIard 

y* wife of Mr Williara 

Bullard. Aged 69 years 

1 month and 7 days. 

Died Jan. 28, 1746." 

The next one reads : 

" Here lyes Interred 

the body of 

Mr William Bullard 

Aged 73 years 8 mos. 

and 21 days. Who died 

Feb*-, y'9, 1746." (17477.) 


Bachel Avery®, second daughter of Robert Avery", bom 
Sept., 1679, married May 14, 1702, Michael Dwight of 
Dedham, son of Capt. Timothy and Anna (Flint) Dwight 
Children : 

i. SamueF, b. 1703, d. about 1771, aged about 68 years. 

ii. RacheF, b. June 17, 1715, m. April 20, 1732, Dea. Sam'l 
Deane (see page 14,) and died about 1760, leaving six or seven 

iii. DanieF, b. Oct. 28, 1707, H. C. 1726, d. July 12, 1747, 
unmarried, aged nearly 40 years. 

iv. John', b. Feb. 25, 1705, died in early manhood. 

v. Anna"^, b. about 1711, m. Dec. 21, 1742, Benj. Lyond, 

vi. Lydia, b. June 10, 1712, m. (as per record) Jona. H, 

Rachel (Avery*) Dwight is said to have been " a woman 
of piety and strong powers of mind." She died 1775, aged 
96 years. 


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Mr. Michael Dwi^ht, died 17H1, aged 82. He was 
administrator of Robert Avery's estate, and " as an incident 
of the times," the record says : "cm May 2, 1723, Michael 
Dwight, administrator of estate of Robert Avery of Ded- 
ham, deceased, paid for gloves for the funeral of said 
Avery, to Benj. Fitch of Boston £7. 13s. ($38.) 


Second son and fourth child of Robert Avery', born in 
Dedham, Feb. 4, KiS'/s. 

Jonathan Avery*, third son of Robert' and Elizabeth 
(Lane) Avery, born in Dedham, Jan. 20, 169*/5, married 
Feb. 1, 172Vi, Lydia Healy. Children : 

i. Jonathan", b. Sept. 18, 1722, (settled in Ashford, Conn., 

per Mrs. L. A. King.) Probably he is the same Jonathan that is 

mentioued in the records of Lebanon, Ct. Died Jan. 15, 1749-50. 

Jonathan', m. (by Rev. John Bass) Hannah Humphrey, Dec. 6, 

1749, in Warrenville, Conn. Child : 

Jonathan^ b. , d. July 2, 1750. 

ii. Robert^, b. Nov. 21, 1723, (went to sea.) 

iii. David", b. May 13, 1726, (went to sea, probably.) 

iv. Lydia"^, b Jan. 6, 172"/^. m. Deacon Medina Fitch, Dec. 
19, 1744. Had one son Jonathan\ 

V. Elizabetii", Aug. 6, 1729. 

vi. John", b. April 21, 1731, (died in Ashford.) 

vii. Mary7, b. Nov. 23, 1732, d. Jan. IG, 17375. 

John Avery', {J(mathan\ lioberf', Dr. William^,) born in 
1731, married Dec. 11, 1751, Sarah Bicknell. Children : 

i. Sarah^ b. July 23, 1753, d. Aug. 21, 1753. 
ii. Hannah^, b. Aug. 3, 1754. 
iii. John'*, b. March 5, 1750. 

* As the liinit.s of this Geueah^gy were originally intended to include only 
the family and descendants of John Avery*', who l)ecame the first settleii 
minister m Truro, Mass., and the progenitor of a larj^i' and intelligent jxxs- 
terity, it has heen thought hest to place the record by itself as Part II of this 

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iv. Lydia*^, b. March 20, 1757, ) Twins, Jonathan d. June 

V. Jonathan**, b. March 20, 1757, ' 12, 176 1. 

vi. Robert^, b. Aug. 6, 1758. 

vii. David% b. Aug. 4, 1760, d. Jan. 1, 1764. 

viii. Jonathan^, b. June 26, 1762. 

ix. Sallj^ b. Sept. 6, 1765. 

X. Matilda^ b. April 13, 1767. 

xi. MelUlda^ b. Feb. 7, 1769. 

John Avery', died June 5, 1772, Ashford, Ct. 
Sarah (Bicknell) Avery, died Dec, 1771. 

Jonathan Avery married Nov. 29, 1773, Chloe Wales, per 
Warrenville records ; (?) what Jonathan ; had Elisha Avery, 
born Feb. 21, 1774 ; Hannah, born Feb. 22, 1777 ; Polly, 
born Feb. 21, 1779. 

Avery Deeds of Land, Warrenville records : 

" Ephraim Avery, from John Avery, (^) Rev. 
Ephraim', and Rev. John''. 

Ephraim Avery from John Avery, 55 acres, 
i^phraim Avery from Jacob Eliot. 
John Avery from Jacob Parker. 
" *' *' Isaac Pierce. 
'' '' " Jonathan Avery. 
" *' '' John Smith. 
1758. *' " '' William Little. 

1762. *' *' '' Medina and Lydia Fitch. 

1763. '* " " Jacob Preston. 

1766. '' '' " Sarah Kendall. 

1767. '' '' '' Amos Babcock. 
Jonathan Avery from Elsander Ewing. 

• " "" '' Oxenbridge Davis. 

'' '* '' Ephraim Bemis. 

1773. Jonathan Avery, Jr. from Jonathan Avery. 
1773. '' "• "• John Bass. 

1762. Hariah & Solomon Avery from Eben Penderson. 
1769. Hannah and Lydia Avery from John Avery.*' 

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KICHAKDS.— Dedham, Mahs. 
Abigail Avery*, youngest daughter of Robert^ and 
Elizabeth (Lane) Avery, born May 8, 1699, married June 5, 
1722, John Richards. Children : 

i. John', b. March 19, 172*^8^ m- Nov. 27, 1746, Rebecca, 
daughter of Thomas and Rebecca Herring. Had six daughters 
and two sons. He died June 13, 1772. 

ii. Edward', b. Oct. 16, 1724, m. July 21, 1756, Mary, 
daughter of James and Hannah Fisher, and had four son8 and 
two daughters. 

iii. Nathan', b. Nov. 26, 1726, m. May 4, 1752, Mehitable, 
daughter of James^, (Nathanier^, Edward^ who was one of the 
proprietors of Dedham, 163^y7») Richards. He died Sept. 27, 
1798. She died May 6, 1785. They had tliree sons and six 

iv. Job", b. 1729 (?), m. May 10, 1757, Mary Gay, d. April 
2, 1798, age 69. She died June 7, 1797, in 66th year. 

V. Abiathar^, b. 1730, m. May 31, 1753, Elizabeth (b. Nov. 
9, 1730, with twin brother) daughter of James*^ and Hannah 
(Metcalf) Richards and had five sons and four daughtere. He 
died Sept. 30, 1803. She died Aug. 3, 1814. 

vi. AbeF, b. June 1, 1738, m. Jan. 5, 1764, Hannah, 
daughter of P^benezer and tllizabeth Newell. They had one son 
and four daughters. His wife died Dec. 6, 1775. He married 
1777, Mary, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah White. They had 
five sons and two daughters. He died Jan. 18, 1832. His 
widow, Mary, died May, 1845. 

vii. Nabby^, b. , m. Dec. 2, 1762, Dr. Josiah Dean, of 

Upton, and probably removed to Petersham. 

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JONATHAN AVEEY', third son of Dr. William^ and 
Margaret Avery, was born May 26, 1653, in Dedham, 
the first child born in their new American home. He 
became a physican, like his father. He married, July 22, 
1679, Sybil, daughter of (Sec'y) Nath'l and Patience 
(Newman) Sparhawk, of Cambridge, Mass., born about 
1655. Children : 

i. Margarets b. Nov. 9, 1681, d. Nov. 27, 1681. 
ii. Sybil", b. Aug. 11, 1683, m. Dr. Thomsis Graves. * 
iii. Margaret", b. August 20, 1686, d. Nov. 10, 1694, as per 
toraV>stone in Bell Rock Cemetery, at Maiden, Mass. : 


Avery died 

November 10 

1694 & in y 

9 year of 

her age." 

iv. t Dorothy", b. July 4, 1688, (record says 1687) m. 

• Mr. W. R. Deane says: " There was a large Parchnieut Deed of Thomas 
Graves of Charlestown, Physician, and Sybil (Avery) his wife, and Dorothy 
Avery, Spinster, the only two dauj^hters of Jonathan Avery, of Dedham, 
deceased, who sell to Wm. Avery of Dedham, blacksmith, for £250, house and 
land in Dedham, 4th April, 1710. 

Witnesses. Signed. 

Eleazer Thos. Graves, 

William Bullard, Sybill Graves, 

Rol)ert Ward. Dorothy Avery." 

Recorded, Suffolk, 1765, book l(Xi (or LW,) page 2m. 

t Mrs. Dorothy Angier*, after the marriage of her daughter, Dorothy, to 
Rev. Gad Hitchcock, D. D., of Pembroke, now Hanson, Mass., went to reside 
with them. Her slate stone bears the following inscription: 
'* Here lies Buried 

ve body of 
. Do • 

. Mrs. Dorothy Angier, 

ye wife of 

Mr. Samuel Angier 

of Cambridge, who 

Died at Pembroke 

September 14th 1759, N. S. 

Aged CA years 

and 2 months." 

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Samuel Angiei"*, of Cambridge, (son of Rev. Samuel Augier 
and grandson of Rev. Urian Oakes, President of Harvard College, 
1675 to 1681, when he died. He was considered by Prof. Tyler, 
we are told, to have been one of the most wonderful writers of 
his day, or of almost any day. Cotton Mather's Magnolia has 
a long account of him, and in Tyler's American Literature there 
are two accounts. Children : 

i. Dorothy", h. 171;^, d. IV.ri. 

ii. Hannah', b. 1715, m. Rev. EVM3nezer (Jay, of Hin^ham, and diet! .\pnl, 

iii. S^'bir, b. 1718, m. 174<J, Daniel Farnliam, of Newbury. 


Dorothy Angler", eldest daughter of Sjirnuel aud Dorothy 
(Averv') Angier, boru 1718, married 1748, Rev. Gad 
Hitchcock, D. D., b. 17(iO, who, while a student iu college, 
boarded with her mother. 

Rev. Gad Hitchcock, who was pastor of the Second 
Parish of Pembroke, (now Hanson, Mass.,) for about fifty- 
tive y^ars, was son of Capt. Ebenezer and Mary (Sheldon) 
Hitchcock of Springtield, Mass., and a descendant of Hon. 
William Pj-nchon, the founder of Springfield, and one of 
the patentees of th(» Mass. Colony, and c^f Gov. George 
Willis, Conn. 

Rev. Gad and Dorothy (Angler) Hitchcock had one child, 
who became a physician. Rev. Gad Hitchcock, D. D., 
was one of the members who framed the Constitution of 
Massachusetts and the preacher of the famous election 
sermon, delivered in the Old South Church, in Boston, May 
25, 1774, just previcms to the outbreak of the Revolution. 
An interesting sketch of this sermon, with the attendant 
circumstances, which we copy from the Rockland (Mass.) 
Stoiuhinl, kindly furnished by Mr. Calvin T. Phillips, of 
Hanover, a descendant, will not be ina])propriate here : 

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*'One hundred and fifteen years ago today, May 25tb, 1774, 
Rev. Dr. Hitchcock, of Pembroke, west parish, now Hanson, 
stood in the Old South Churcii in Boston, to deliver the annual 
election sermon. Tiie fierce excitement and spirit of resistance 
that preceded the outbreak of the Revolution had reached its 
height ; the tea had already gone overboard in Boston harbor, and 
blood was soon to flow at Lexington. Pembroke had been among 
the foremost towns in indignant protest and tlireats against the 
tyrannical action of the royal government, and the preacher's 
whole heart was with his piM)[)le in the struggle for their rights. 

Imagine the time and scene. The peoi)lo had been educated in 
such feelings of respect for, and loyalty to, the crown, tliat it 
must have seemed almost sacrilege to think of open resistance. 
but the time had come when they could endure no longer. 

The minister had cliosen for his text, Proverbs xxix, 2 : 
''When the rigliteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but 
when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn." It is said that 
Dr. Hitchcock's friends who knew uf the bold language of the 
sermon, as prepared, advised him to change it and moderate its 
tone when they learned that Gov. Gage intended to be present, 
but he said, '* My sermon is written and it will not be altered." 
Headley, in his ''Chai)lains of the Revolution," says. "'Gad 
Hitchcock was selected to preach the opening sermon. The very 
text was like a trumpet call to battle. Fresh from the people, 
whose excitement and indignation he shared,' he arose in the 
j)resence of the liushed assemblage, and launched full on the 
liosom of the astoni^shed Governor, ' When the wicked bear rule, 
the people mourn.' " 

He went on, " Our danger is not visionary, but real ; our con- 
tention is not about trifles, but about liberty and property, and 
not ours only, but those of posterity to the latest generation. 
* * * * If I am not mistaken in supposing plans are formed 
and executing, subversive of our natural and charter rights and 
privileges, and incompatible with every idea of liberty, all 
America is mistuken with me.'* lioldly defending the right of 
revolution, he said that whether the distress and sufifering of the 
country was caused '* by the operation of ministerial unconstitu- 
tional measures, or the public conduct of some among ourselves, 
is not for rue to determine ; it is, however, certain that the people 
monryi,** The inference was plain. 

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The Rev. S. I. Prime writes of this sennon that it " filled Gov. 
Gage, who was present, with great wrath, on account of the 
boldness of the positions, not to say the air of defiance that 
pervaded it.*' Dr. Hitchcock's own characteristic comment on it 
in later yeare was that ** it was doubtless a most moving dis- 
course, inasmuch as it moved many of the congregation from the 
house." Referring to some of the governor's party leaving the 
church in their indignation. 

Tradition says that Samuel Adams, then Clerk of the House, 
was particularly pleased by the sermon, and we can readily 
believe in the satisfaction it gave to that fiery patriot, who. in his 
own Harvard thesis, a few years before, argued the affirmative of 
the question, '* Whether it is lawful to resist the supreme magis- 
trate, if the commonwealth cannot otherwise be preserved." 
There was no '* uncertain sound " in the preacher's answer to 
the question. 

To quote a^ain from Headley, '* Such sermons had something 
to do with the Revolution, as well as the appointing of committees 
and the drawing up of resolutions." 

Rev. Gad Hitchcock, D. D., died lvS03. 

Dorothy (Angier') Hitchcock, died 1792. 

Gad Hitchcock, M. D.", son of Eev. Gad and Dorothy 
(Angier") Hitchcock, born Nov. 2, 1749, married July 4, 
1778, Sage Bailey, born 1758, daughter of Col. John Bailey, 
an officer in the Revolutionary War, and lived on the old 
place in Hanson, Mass. They had five sons and seven 

Dr. Gad Hitchcock", died Nov. 29, 1835, his wife. Sage 
(Bailey) Hitchcock, having preceded him twenty-five years 
before, dying in 1810. 

Their first son, Gad', fifth child, was born April 10, 1788, 
and also became a physician. He married Mary Lincoln 
Thaxter, a great granddaughter of Major Gen. Benj. 
Lincoln, who received Lord Cornwallis' sword at Yorktown, 
and settled in Maine. He died Nov. 17, 1837. 

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Catharine Hitchcock", the third of the seven daughters, 
born June 8, 1783, married December 23, 1804, Dr. Calvin 
Tilden, of Marshfield, a descendant of Elder Nath'l Tilden, 
who came from Tenterden, Kent, Eng., in 1634. They had 
six sons and five daughters. 

Catharine (Hitchcock") Tilden, died Sept. 22, 1852. Dr. 
Calvin Tilden, died 1832. One son, Hon. Junius Tilden* 
born 1813, married 1838, Zeruah Rich, (b. 1813, died, 18o4,) 
and died 1861. 


Catharine Hitchcock Tilden®, eldest daughter and second 
child of Dr. Calvin and Catharine (Hitchcock) Tilden, born 
October 1, 1807, married Ezra Phillips, Jr., Nov. 27, 1834. 
Resided first in Hanson, then in Hanover, Mass. 

Mr. Phillips died May 15, 1882. 

Children, (all born in Hanson) : 

i. Calvin Tilden^o, b. March 3, 183(), m. Oct. 31, 1865, 
Maria Evelyn Josselyn. No children. 

ii. Catharine*®, b. May 14, 1842. d. Dec. 30, 1843. 

ill. Morrill Allen»«, b. Feb. 27, 1844. 

iv. Charles Follen»», b. April 21, 1846, d. Jan. 30, 1885. 
Graduate of Boston University Law School. 

V. Alfred Tilden*", b. Nov. 16, 1849, d. March 5, 1850. 


Morrill Allen Phillips'", married July 7, 1879, Sophia 
Richmond Simmons, daughter of Perez Simmons, Esq., of 
Hanover. Children : 

i. Catharine Tilden^*, b. Aug. 13, 1880. 

ii. Adaline Simmons", b. Nov. 7, 1881. 

iii. Sophia Richmond", b. July 11, 1785. 

iv. Fanny Hitchcock", b. Sept. 18, 1888. 

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Cathariue HiteluMick Tildeii'", eldest daughter of Hon. 
Junius Tilden, of Monroe, Michigan, who married Zeruah 
Rich, married July 2, 1870, Elrov McKendree Avery, Ph.D., 
of Cleveland, Ohio. By this marriage the houses of Dr. 
William Avery, of Dedham, Mass., and of Christopher 
Avery, of Gloucester, Mass., were united probably for the 
first time in America, Elroy Avery being a lineal descendant 
of 'the family of Christ oi)her. They have no children. 

As Dr. Avery occupies a prominent j)osition in literature, 
a brief sketch will not Ix^ uninteresting to the reader. 
W. Scott Robinson, in his " History of the City of Cleve- 
land," says: Dr. Elroy McKendree Avery " is a self-made 
man in all that such a term implies. His early life was 
wanting in all that is derivcnl from wealth, and his every 
upward step has been made by his own unaided efibrts." 
He s(^rved in the civil war until his servictss were no longer 
needed, during which time he was corn^spcuident of the 
lh'tr(fit TrihfUK', and his articles were widely quoted. He 
was graduated from Michigan University in 1871, and 
has since advanccMl rapidly, from one position to another 
in the field of natural philosojn' and scientific research. 
His "Elements of Natural Philosophy," is the leading 
American text book of its .class. He has also published 
leading works on chemistry, modern electricity and magne- 
tism, technics and physics. He is the author of " Words 
Correctly Spoken," which has a wide circulation. He has 
been of late years extensively engaged in studies in 
American History, in which field he intends to occupy most 
of the remaining years of his literary life. 

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Augusta Lovia Tildeu'", seroiul daughter of Hon. Junius'" 
and Zeruah (Rich) Tilden, born Feb. 21, 1849, at Dundee, 
Mich., married George William Hanchett, Oct. 31, 1870, at 
Wayland, Mass. Reside at Hyde Park, Mass. Children : 

i. George Tildeii", b. Sept. 4, 1871, soi)homore at Boston 
Institute of Technology, 18iM). 

ii. Junius Tilden", h, Aug. 28, 187:5 ; passed his examinations 
for Boston University, 1890. 

This closes the record which we have been able to ol)tain 
of the family and descendants of Dr. Jonatlian Ayery', th«^ 
first child of our ancestor, Dr. William*, who was born on 
American soil. He died in early life, j)robably Sept. 14, 
1600, (although Dedham records say Sept. 14, 1684,) not 
having passed much beyond his thirty-fifth birthday. His 
will was proved, and ** Inventory of Estate of Jonathan 
Avery, lately deceased," taken May 18, KiOl. We give the 
will below : 

Copy of Will of Jonatlian Avory', in his own hand- 
writing, on file Probate OlKce, Boston : 

I, Jonathan Aveiy, resident in Dfdhani in the county of 
Suffolk of tlie Massachusetts Colony in New England, Practitioner 
in Physick and aged al>out 3o years. Being through God's 
goodness of sound judgment and memory yet weak in Body 
and expecting my great change (juickly. Doe constitute and 
ordain this my last Will and Testament following, viz : 

Imprinds. That after my decease my hody shall he with 
decent huriall interred, at the discretion of my Executrix and all 
\uy just debts and funeral expenses shall he dul}^ and seasoiiably 

Item. I give unto my dear and loving wife Syhill that twenty 
pounds which her father willed to her, also the use of and 
improvement of all my housings Lands, Cattell and all moveables 

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for her and the bringing; up of my three chihlren by her, or sucb 
as may be their guardians till they shall come of age. But if she 
should marry again then y* whole estate be improved to y** sole 
benefit of y' children. 

Item. I do give to my daughter Sybill one third of ray hous- 
ings and lands also one third of y*' cattell and moveables and the 
same to my daughter Margaret and Dorothy each and if either of 
the three children die before coming of age the Estate be divided 
equally- between the survivors. My whole estate of Housing and 
Lands, shall be kept entire and not divided nor sold, nor any 
Alienation made, but improved together for the benefit of each 
child until the youngest come of aue. Item. I appoint my Dear 
Wife Sole Executrix and my brother William Avery, luid 
Jonathan Metcalf, Overseers, to give their advice and help as the 
P^xecutrix shall need. I have hereto sett my hand and Seal this 
eighteenth day of fifebruary in the year of our Lord one thousand 
and six hundred and eighty-nine (1689.) 
In presence of us (Signed) Jonathan Avery. 

Daniel F'isher 

Amos Eisher 

John Fisher. 

The Inventory of the Estate of Jonathan Avery, as it 
was made and taken on the 13th day of May, 1691. 

Total, £371.11.00 

Book debt (difficult) 29. 4. 6 % 

Other, 20.00.00 

By Dr. Jonathan's death Mrs, Sybil Avery was left a 
widow, quite young in years, with three young children to 
care for. Situated as she was, one would scarcely expect 
an oflfer for her hand and heart at an early date, but such 
was the fact. In less than six months, the Eev. Michael 
Wigglesworth sent her a letter desiring to know whether 
a visit in person would be welcome. Her answer was 
favorable to his suit, and the progress of the courtship was 
the occasion for more letters, so peculiarly interesting in 
sentiment and style that we are sure we shall be doing our 

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readers a favor by inserting them. They are taken from 
New England Hist, and Genealogical Register, vol. xvii. 

Rev. Mr. Wigglesworth was the celebrated author of the 
"Day of Doom." He was born Oct. 18, 1631, graduated 
Harvard College 1651, and was then (1691) minister in 
Maiden, Mass. The following are extracts from the letters 
which he sent to Mrs. Avery : 

*' Therefor bis esteemed friend, Mrs. Avery, widow at her house 
ID Dedham. 

Mrs. Avery : I lieailily salute you in the Lord, giving you 
many thanks for your courtesies, when I was at yo' house last 
October, (her husband died Sept. 14,) since which time I have 
had many thoughts of you and desires to speak to you. But not 
judging it seasonable, I have been still thus long. And I now 
make bold to visit you with a line or two desiring to know how it 
fareth with yourself and children this sickly time. 21y. Whether 
you still continue in yo' widdowhood and be at Liberty or free 
from any engagements, that a man may visit you without offence. 
Sly. And if you be free, whether a visit from me in order to some 
further acquaintance would be welcome to you. To which queries 
if you please to return me a brief Answer by this bearer, I shall 
take it for a kindness and shall better understand what God calls 
me to do, being ready to wait upon you by a visit y*' first oppor- 
tunity if you encourage me so to doe. Not else at present but 
with my hearty Prayers for yourself and yours. I respectfully 

Yo*^ loving Friend, 

Michael Wigglesworth." 
" Maiden, Feb\ ll**^ 1697»i." 

'' If you cannot conveniently return an answer in writing so 

speedily, you may trust the messenger to bring it by word of 

mouth, who is grave and faithful and knows upon what errant he 
is sent," etc. 

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A speedy answer must have been returned with an invita- 
tion to pay her a visit, which he accepted, as will be seen 
by the following letter : 

'' Mrs. Avery and my very kind friend : I heartily salute you 
in y*' Lord witli many thankn for yo*" kind entertainment when I 
was with you March 2\n\. I liave made bold to visit you once 
more with a few lines in y*' enclosed paper, not to prevent a 
personal visit but rather to make way for it which I fully intended 
the beginning of next week, if weather and health Prevent not, 
craving the favor that you will not be from home at that Time 
yet if yo' occasions cannot comply with that time I shall 
endeavor to wait upon you at any. other time, that may suit you 
better. Not further to trouble you at this Time, but only to 
present y* enclosed to yo"^ serious thoughts. I commend both it 
and you to y® Lord and wait for an answer from Heaven in due 
season. Meanwhile I am and shall remain 

*' Yo' true Friend and well wisher, 

Michael Wiggles worth." 

''Maiden, March 23, 1691.'' 

He writes again : 

" I make bold to spread before you these following considera- 
tions which Possibly may help clear up yo' way before y* return 
an answer unto v* motion w*^** I have made to you,** etc., etc. 
''21y. Be pleased to Consider that although you may Peradven- 
ture have offers made you by Persons more Eligible you can 
hardly meet with one that can love you better or whose love is 
built upon a surer foundation, or that may be capable of doing 
more for you in some respects than myself,** etc., etc. * * * * 
'' lOly. As my Late wife was a means under God of my recover- 
ing a better state of health ; so who knows but God may make 
you instrumental to Preserve and Prolong my health and life to 
do him service. Obj. As to the main objection in respect to my Age 
I can say nothing to that." (He was sixty and she was thirty-six.) 
" But my Times are in the hands of God,** etc., etc. " And in 
y* mean time if God shall please and yourself be willing to Put 
me in that Capacity, I hope I shall do you as much good in a 
little time as it is possible for me to do,** etc. " Ob. And for 

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y* other objection from y*" number of children (he had six and she 
three,) and difficulty of guiding such a family — Ist, the Number 
may be lessened if there be need of it/' etc., etc. '' Finally 
that I be not over tedious I have great hope that if God shall 
perswade you to close with this motion * * * » We shall 
enjoy much of God together in such a Relation without which no 
relation can be truly sweet.'* '' In the course of his wooing,'* 
says Dr. Peabody, '' a silver locket in the form of a heart was 
presented to the lady by her lover. This locket, not larger than 
a fourpence, is curiously wrought. On the front is a heart with 
wings on each side, on the back the words, ' thine forever,' are 

Soon after the above correspondence, Mrs. Avery became 
the wife of Rev. Michael Wigglesworth, " a man of culture 
and great versatility of talent, and although feeble in body, 
his. wonderful energy engaged him early in the triple 
pursuits of minister, physician and poet" * * * * 
He was familiarly called by his brethren, Orthodoams 
MauMonatiis. His most celebrated poem, entitled "The 
Day of Doom," is said to have passed through seven 
editions in this country and two in England. 

The late Bishop Haven, in his bi-centennial poem, 
(Maiden,) thus facetiously refers to him : 

••^ This famous poet could, with equal skill, 
Wield harp or scalpel, form a rhyme or pill. 
He wove in sickness, on dark fancy's loom 
The varied aspect of ' the day of doom,' 
Which wandering down the ages yet remains 
Fair sample of our Father's kind of brains." 

After a pastorate of nearly fifty years, his long and useful 
life came to a close. His stone in Bell Rock cemetery 
bears the following inscription : 

" Memento Fugit 

Mori Mora." 

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'* Here l^^es buried y*' body of 

that faithful servant of 

Jesu8 Christ, y*" Reverend 

Mr. Michael Wiggles woith, 

Pastor of y^- Church of Christ 

at Maulden years, who 

finished his work and enter'' 

Aix)n an eternal Sabbath 

of rest on y** Lords day June 

y** 10 1705 in y'* 74*** year of h" age. 

Here lies intei*** in silent grave below, 
Maulden's physician for soul and body too." 

A street in Maiden perpetuates his memory. 

Kev. Edward, sou of Rev. Michael and Mrs. Sybil 
Wigglesworth, was the first HoUis professor of Theology 
in Harvard College. 


Rachel Avery*, the fifth child, but first daughter born in 
their American home, was daughter of Dr. William* and 
Margaret Avery. She was born Sept. 20, 1657, in Dedham. 

Of her character, history is silent. We only know, that 
at the age of twenty, she married (May 22, 1677,) Mr. 
William Sumner, and died before Oct. 15, 1683, as she is 
not mentioned in her father's will. 

Mr. Sumner married again and moved to Middletown, 
Conn., and was Lieut., Deacon, and Deputy to General 
Court, 1701-2-3. Died in Middletown, July 20, 1703. Had 
four sons and two daughters. 


Hannah Avery*', daughter of Dr. William* and Margaret 
Avery, was born in Dedham, Mass., Sept. 27, 1660, (per 
records) married May 22, 1677, on the same day as her 
sister, Rachel, to Mr. Benjamin Dyar, of Boston. 

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How full of promise did the future look to these two 
sisters, Kachel and Hannah, just starting out into life's 
active duties ! Life for them, took on a rosier hue. They 
had grown up together, sharing each other's joys, and now 
together they were to leave the dear old home-nest for 
homes of their own. 

Boston became their future home. No doubt these 
sisters, with their husbands, were very happy together, but 
alas ! the Angel of Death came and called Hannah. We 
can seem to see through the mist of gathered years the 
scene that followed. She, who only a little over a year 
before went out from that home a youthful, happy bride, is 
now borne back to be laid at rest with her kindred. How 
sad the contrast ! Then so full of life and hope, now in 
the cold embrace of Death, cut down in the bloom of youth. 
With streaming eyes and aching hearts she is tenderly laid 
away in the village churchyard to await the resurrection of 
the just. Her tombstone is the oldest in Dedham cemetery, 
and is inscribed as follows : 

*' Here lyes y*^ body of 

Hannah Dyar wife to 

Benjamin Dyar of Boston 

aged 18 years. Died 

Sept y« 15, 1678.'* 

And the sister, to whom, no doubt, she was so dear, 
returns to her own home. But in less than five years, 
(exact date unknown,) she, too, is sleeping 'neath the silent 
sod. Thus were the lives of these sisters, which promised 
so much, cut down so early in life by the mysterious hand 
of Providence. 

Ebenezer Avery ^ the youngest son and seventh child of 
Dr. William^ and Margaret Avery, was born Nov. 24, 1663. 
He must have died young,^as he is not mentioned in his 
father's will, 1683. 


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An interesting letter from Mr. Henry R. Howland ( whose 
record should have appeared in our pages as a descendant of 
Capt. William Avery^, but which we were unable to trace) 
informs us that he possesses interesting relics, descended to him 
from his great-grandmother, Katharine (Avery^) Fisher, born 
1746, among which are the gold lace worn by Capt. William 
Avery^, as an officer of the Governor's Life Guard, and the old 
ink-horn and sun-dial of William Avery''. 

Katharine Avery's Bible and Day Psalm Book, given to her on 
her sixteenth birthday, were given by Mr. Howland to his daughter 
on the sixteenth anniversary of her birth, one hundred and twenty- 
five years later. A clock reel, made in 1772, with other articles 
of interest are also in his possession. 

Mr. Howland is a grandson of Mary Fisher^, born 1772, (see 
page 52), who married Job Howland, of Conway, Mass., 1792, 
and had ten children. His father was Job Fisher Howland, bom 
in Conway, 1808. 

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We received too late for insertion in its proper place (page 47) , 
a brief continuation of the record of Jemima Draper®, fourth 
daughter of Sybil (Avery') and Ebenezer Draper, born Nov. 7, 
1756. She married, (date unknown), James Turner. They had 
four children : Joel^, who died unmarried ; Danford®, died when a 
small boy ; Ebenezer^, who married Sally Draper, of Roxbury, 
Mass. ; Nancy^, who married Nathaniel Sumner ; and Eliza^, who 
married Col. Luther Eaton, of Dedham, Mass. 

Mi's. Jemima (Draper®) Turner lived to a great age, lacking 
only about seven weeks of being one hundred years old at the 
time of her death. Sybil, her mother, lived to be ninety-three, 
and one of her (Mrs. Turner's) daughters, Nancy, attained to 
ninety-one — remarkable instances of longevity for three succes- 
sive generations. Mr. Geo. Fred Sumner, of Canton, Mass., her 
grandson, says, ^^ My grandmother told me of having shaken 
hands with Gen. George Washington, whose headquarters were 
then in the vicinity of Court Street, Boston. She was a young 
woman then, about twenty years old, and did the marketing for 
her father's family, riding on horseback and carrying the produce 
of the farm on Pillions.*' Eliza (Turner^) and Col. Luther Eaton, 
(date of marriage unknown), had one child, Luther Augustus^^. 

Nancy (Turner^) and Nathaniel Sumner married in May, 1816, 
had three children. — James Turner*^, born Feb. 10, 1820, 
Nathaniel, Jr.^^, who was drowned April 30, 1853, (year of birth 
not given), and George Fred^®, born June 7, 1830. 

James Turner^® married in May, 1843, Sarah E. Gerold. They 
had four children, — Sarah Draper^^ Laura Wentworth^^, Eliza 
Ann^J and Alice Maria^^. He died Sept. 8, 1884. 

George Fred^^^ married Oct. 27, 1853, Maria Tucker, of Canton, 
Mass. They have had five children: George Nathaniel*^, born 
Sept. 6, 1854, Fred Walter", born Oct. 29, 1855, Charlesi^ (date 
of birth not given), Helen Maria", born March 21, 1860, and 
May Avery", born June 21, 1865. 

Fred Walter^^ married Eliza R. Noyes, of Canton, Mass. 
Charles" married Dec. 31, 1884, E. R. Kelley, of Haverhill, Mass. 
They have two children, — Annie May^^, born in Nov., 1885, and 
James Batchelleri^, born Oct. 18, 1887. 

Helen Maria" married William Otis Dunbar, of Canton, Mass. 
She died July 9, 1882. 

Mr. Geo. Fred Sumner is a prominent manufacturer at Canton 
Junction, Mass. 

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BUrcductory to Part II of these Records, and dedicated more 
especially to the Descendants of Bev, John Avery^. 
By Jane Greenough Avery Carter. 

If we could stand upon some hight sublime 
And backward k»ok adown the stream of Time, 
If, as the throng of ancient life passed by, 
We could upon them gaze with searching eye. 
Could scan each figure, note each feature well, 
And whether fair, or brave, or mean, could tell, 
Think you we could, by wisdom's aid, divine 
Who 'mong them trod in our ancestral line? 
Could choose them out, by sign in face or form ? 
And re-invest with life and color warm ? 

I trow not, yet by Nature's fixed decree. 

What in them lay, may be in you or me ; 

What turn of mind, what trick of hand or speech, 

Down through our modern line unchanged may reach? 

What base or lofty sentiments that swayed 

Some ancestor, may be in us displayed? 

What heritage of dullness or of wit. 

May e'en have reached this rhyme to fashion it? 

Methinks I call the long-since-dead to rise 
From times remote, and pass before mine eyes ; 
Who* is this moves with firm and sturdy tread? 
With air that might befit a kingly head? 
He boasts not royal blood, but better far 
The head and heart whence noble actions are. 
See now upon the tossing ship he stands 
With life and fortune bound for distant lands, 
Lands where th' untitled man the right may claim 

* Dt. William Avery^. 

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To pure soul freedom aud an honored name. 

And who is this beside, with gentle air? 

So modest, yet so brave, so truly fair? 

Fair in that sweet pure nature that outshines 

The grace tiiat only dwells in outward lines. 

Fit helpmeet she, for him on whom she leans 

As on they sail toward a New World's scenes ; 

Fit mother she, for children who shall be 

Defenders of its faith and liberty ; 

And if toward Albion's cliffs she sends a sigh. 

As fast tiiey fade before her longing eye, 

With spirit high she hails the favoring breeze 

Which bears her onward o'er the billowy seas ; 

Hope's white wings flutter o'er the laud that waits, 

And Fortune smileth at its city gates ; 

''Farewell ! dear Piingland !" — Thus her young heart cries- 

" My youth's sweet home, so lovely in mine eyes ; 

Thy fair, green fields ! Thy still, reposeful hills ! 

The softened sunlight on thy babbling rills ! 

Thy cottage homes, with gardens set between — 

With color all aglow, — like rainbow sheen ; 

I love thee I O I love thee ! Yet afar 

There lies a land 'neath Freedom's guiding star! 

For its new, quickening life 1 leave e'en thee ! 

And choose my home — America ! the free" ! 

Such were the fathers, such the mothers true. 
From whom our name and varied natures grew. 
From whom sprang men of sturdy zeal and might. 
Well armed for conflict in our country's night ; 
Who led the people on in faith and prayer, 
Yet slackened not in thrift nor homely care ; 
Who held in hand the Bible and the sword, 
And wielded either, as the law of God ; 
Who tyranny denounced with scathing tongue 
The while with vigorous blows the anvil rung ; 
Shrank not from warfare in a righteous cause. 
Yet left their children mild and peaceful laws ; 
Gave them broad acres, trades and schools as well, 
A heritage whose value none may tell. 

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Here must we write of liim* who pitched his tent 
Beside the sounding sea, with grave intent ; 
His youthful feet the sands of Truro pressed, 
While high desire inspired his youthful breast; 
As airs from heavenly depths o'er ocean stole, 
Diviner airs breathed through his earnest soul ; 
How often, musing by the boundless sea, 
Th' o'erwhelming sense of God's immensity 
Gave richer glow to thoughts already clear. 
And brought the great and holy Presence near ; 
He must have loved the sen ! For years two score 
He led his flock beside its barren shore ; 
Pastor beloved ! Physician, teacher, friend. 
In joy and grief, *' in labors without end" ; 
And now where Truro's hill overlooks the wave, 
Where haunts he loved th' advancing waters lave, 
He sleeps ; and sweet his sleep for aye shall be, 
Soothed by the breathings of the deep-toned sea. 

A worthy race have followed in his line. 

Whose well-kept record needs no praise of mine ; 

Whatever their faults — and faults there must have been, — 

They slip from sight beneath my willing pen ; 

Whatever their virtues, these we emulate. 

What service theirs, in nation or in state. 

What deeds of enterprise on sea or land. 

Whatever they wrought, by aid of brain or hand, 

What works of love for God and human race. 

These in our pages find a welcome place. 

We boast no wondrous wit, nor wisdom ripe. 

Our men have been of sturdy, homely type. 

Firm and unyielding, save to reason's rule, 

Well nurtured both in Art's and Nature's school ; 

Our women, — keen to feel and strong to bear, — 

With spirit true have shared life's daily care. 

Some have been known in other lands than ours. 

And some for home have kept their busy powers. 

And sons and daughters from that hallowed shrine 

Have shed through earth their influence benign. 

♦ Rev. John A very 6. 

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One name we may not pa^s, 80 many yet 

Remember him wliose sun not long has set, — 

Our aged *Grandiiire, — hero of the days 

When Indian war-tramp shook our peaceful ways ; 

Who harrowing tales could tell of fire and fight, 

Of wild pursuit and panic-stricken flight ; 

Of the long march, — on either side a Brave, — 

Thirsting to send him to a sudden grave , 

Of years of captive toil, of want and pain, 

The breaking out of hope's bright sun again, 

The sweet release, the welcome home once more 

As unto one brought back from death's dark shore. 

How often, as the thrilling tale he told. 

The tears adown his aged cheek have rolled, 

Then, with bis face aglow with inward fire. 

He told the wakening of his high desire 

To consecrate, in memory of that time, 

To God his future days, his manhood's prime. 

Better to die, and be remembered not. 

Than live to leave on mem'ry's page a blot. 

A terse old saying, but how many a sigh, 

Had thus been saved, and tears to many an eye. 

Yes, better die, ere one scarce seems to be. 

Than live to m\v the soul's high destiny ; 

Better to die, obscure, unknown to fame. 

Than leave the record of a tarnished name ; 

Better to be the man that daily strives 

Though humbly poor, to uplift human lives. 

Than he whose hand, though heaped with shining gold. 

Is reached to shield no outcast from the cold ; 

Who drags out life in dull and dark unrest, 

And leaves the world unblessing, and unblest. 

Such was not he, who from that trial hour 

Walked humbly, as before a Higher Power ; 

On Hampshire's hills his ardor daily grew. 

And Hampshire's rills his deep soul-yearnings knew ; 

♦ George Avery«». 

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There lived he till life's weary, setting sun, 
Well nigh a hundred years had smoothly run, 
And when the villagers, with softened tread. 
Bore him to rest among his kindred dead. 
They whispered, as they gave back earth to earth, 
" The world is better that this man had birth." 

On and still on, speed swift th' increasing years ! 

Their freight — our lives, — bound up with smiles and tears I 

Who may set bounds to Time ? Who reach his hand 

To measure augiit once set by God's command? 

Or who bring up the Past, and wake again 

The echoes of the centuries that have been ? 

O Time 1 Unwearied agent of that Power 

Whose hand hath stayed not since earth's primal hour^ 

All-conquering Time ! We launch on thy wide sea, 

We smile, we love, we weep, and cease to be ! 

But stay ! Live we not countless lives in one? 
And does life cease when this brief race is run ? 
He who has given the reins to man's weak hand, 
To use his powers at his own command, 
Has he not given more? Who can define 
The limit of transmitted force? Divine 
How far some light, enkindled ages back 
Shall send its gleam along the future's track? 
Here flashing out in gleams of wisdom's gold, 
And there displayed in fancy's lighter mold? 
In sweet-strung measures from the poet's lyre. 
Or love of art with its ambitious fire ? 
In these our fathers have not died, nay, still 
They breathe in every breath of ours, their will 
Reanimates the scions of their race. 
And shows 'tis potent yet, in form and face. 

Ah, could we summon our ancestral dead. 
And reinstate the times so long since fled, 
Sit with some household by their fireside bright. 
While happy cheer shuts out the somber night. 
While mirth goes round, in its provoking flow. 



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And wit, — no stranger in the " long ago,** 
While with wild tales the very rafters quake, 
Or peals of laughter slumb'ring echoes wake. 
What links of " auld acquaintance ** might we find ! 
What sweet, familiar touch of mind with mind ! 
What quickoned currents through the pulses fly ! 
What flash of kindred thought from eye to eye ! 
What thrill that wakes some chord of answering fire, 
And bids it recognize its ancient sire ! 

Call not the Past a dead Past, nay, its powers. 

Its hopes, its stiength, its weakness too, are ours, 

Ours to engraft upon the future mind. 

Or ours to check as harmful to our kind. 

Be this our care, to pave life's ways with cheer, 

For they no victory win, who yield to fear ; 

'J'o bind the Truth right closely to our heart 

And leave no space for Error's poisoned dart ; 

So shall we live the happiest while we live, 

So shall we gain the best earth has to give, 

And then, beyond the storms and wreck of Tune 

Shall rise serene, at last, where spreads sublime 

In all its calm infinity of rest. 

The ocean of eternal light, whose breast 

Unruffled, and whose waves unmoved shall i)ear 

The tranquil spirit freed from mortal care. 

There shall no tale be kept of changeful days ; 
There shall no landmarks stand along the ways ; 
There Present, Past and Future all shall be 
Lost in the space of one Eternity, 
One grand, unlimited, and deathless age. 
Where none but God may keep the record page. 

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As we have before intimated iu a note on page 82 of Part 
I, the scope of this Avery Genealogj' was at first intended 
to be confined wholly to the direct lineal descendants of 
Rev. John Avery*, so lon^ the honored minister at Truro, 
Mass., grandson of Dr. William Avery', of Dedham, Mass. 
In extending our limits, we have given considerable space 
to other branches from Dr. William, and our work, though 
occupying much more time than we had expected to give 
to it, has been rendered very pleasant to us through the 
many courtesies by letter, and otherwise, received from those 
remotely related, but whom we have almost come to regard 
as very near to us. If, in some cases, we seem to give 
especial prominence to some ancestor, we ask that it be 
remembered that this is in cases w^here the subjects of the 
extended notice were personally so dear to many who still 
remember them, that it seemed we could do no less than 
dwell at some length upon their life and character. 

We can lay no claim to the title of " Genealogists," it is 
but one of the incidents of our busy lives that we should 
have a work of this kind on our hands, and we must bespeak 
the charitable criticism of those of our readers who have 
given far more attention to genealogical research than we. 

As Rev. John Avery became so identified in his long 
ministry with that part of Massachusetts known as Cape 
Cod, familiarly " The Cape," it will be interesting to give a 
short historical sketch selected from diflferent authorities 
on the subject. The name of Rev. John, for forty years 
the beloved pastor, and tender physician for the body as 

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well as the soul, is still spoken among the people. And not 
only did they look to him for guidance in spiritual matters, 
but in questions of law as well. He was also expert in 
cabinet work, if we may judge from an excellent specimen, 
a mahogany bureau, still in good preservation in the home 
of one of his descendants, and an industrious worker on 
the anvil, this latter fact calling to mind the facetious 
remark of a Dedham lady, a descendant, that the early 
Averys were ministers, doctors, lawyers, and hlaclcsmiihs. 
A remark very true in the case of our Truro ancestor. 
We will here give a sketch of the scene of his long and 
varied labors : 


Cape Cod, the south-eastern extremity of Massachusetts,, 
is a long irregular peninsula of sixty-five miles in length 
(seventy-five on the south shore route) by from five to 
twenty in breadth and embraces the entire county of Barn- 

History states that Cape Cod was dicovered by Bar- 
tholomew Gosnold, an intrepid mariner from the west of 
England, who sailed from Falmouth in Cornwall, on the 
26th March, 1602, in a small barque, the Concord^ with 
thirty-two men, for the coast known at that time as North 
Virginia. Instead of proceeding as was usual, by way of 
the Canaries and West Indies, he kept as far north as the 
winds would permit and was, for aught that appears to the 
contrary, the first Englishman who came in a direct course 
to this part of the American continent. In fact, it is not 
certain that any European had ever been here before. 
Bancroft confidently asserts that Cape Cod was the " first 
spot in New England ever trod by Englishmen." On the 
14th of May, Gosnold made land and the next day found 

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himself " embayed with a mighty headland " which at first 
appeared " like an island by reason of the large sound that 
lay between it and the main." Near this Cape, " within a 
league of the land, he came to anchor, in fifteen fathoms " 
and his crew took a quantity of cod-fish, from which circum- 
stance he named the land C(tpe CocJ. 

The Captain and four of his men landed and were met by 
a young Indian, with a bow and arrow in his hand, who 
came to him and in a friendly manner offered his services. 
Gosnold left the next day coasting southerly. 

Cape Cod is next brought to public notice as the first 
landing place of the Pilgims, who sailed from Plymouth, 
England, Sept. 6, 1620, in the May[flotver, commanded by 
Capt. Jones, and arrived in Cape Cod harbor, Nov. 11, 1620, 
(O. S.) This has made the old right arm of Massachusetts 
historic. It is said that the first act of the Pilgrims after 
their arrival was to " fall on their knees and offer thanks- 
givings to God, who had brought them safe, and delivered 
them from so many perils." After solemnly invoking the 
throne of Grace, they next proposed that all the males that 
were of age should subscribe to a written compact, which 
was probably the first instrument the world ever saw, recog- 
nizing true republican principles, and entrusting all powers 
in the hands of the majority, thus laying the foundations of 
American liberty. 

The Compact reads as follows : — 

" In the name of God, amen. We whose names are under- 
written, the loyal subjects of our dread sovereign IoikI, King James, 
by the grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, king, 
defender of the faith, &c., having undertaken for the glory of 
God, and advancement of the christian faith, and honor of our 
king and country, a voyage to plant the first colony in the northern 
parts of Virginia, do by these presents, solemnly and mutually, 

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ill the presence of God and of one another, covenant and combine 
ourselves togetiier into a civil body politic, for our better ordering 
and preservation, and furtherance of the ends aforesaid; and by 
virtue hereof, do enact, constitute, and frame such just and equal 
laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to 
time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general 
good of the colony, unto which we promise all due submission and 

'' In witness whereof, we have hereunder subscribed our names, 
at Cape Cod, the 11th day of November, in the year of the reign 
of our sovereign lord, King James of England, France, and 
Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth, anno 
Domini 1620/' 

This was agreed to and subscribed in the following order : — 



tNO. IK 




Mr. John Carver, • 



John Turner, 



Mr. William Bradford, * 



Francis Eaton, * 



Mr. Edward Winslow, • 



James Chilton, * 



Mr. William Brewster, • 



John Crack»ton, 



Mr. Isaac Allerton, * 



John Billington, * 



Capt. Miles Standish, * 



Moses Fletcher, 



John Alden, 



John Goodman, 



Mr. Samuel Fuller, 



Degory Priest, 



Mr. Christopher Martin, • 



Thomas Williams, 



Mr. William Mullins, • 



Gilbert Winslow, 



Mr, William White, * 



Edmund Margeson, 



Mr. Richard Warren, 



Peter Brown, 



John Howland, 


Richard Butteridge, 



Mr. Stephen Hopkins, • 



George Soule, 


Edward Tilley, * 



Richard Clarke, 



John Tilley, 



Richard Gardiner, 



Francis Cooke, 



John Allerton, 



Thomas Rogers, 



Thomas English, 



Thomas Tinker, * 



Edward Dotey, 


John Ridgdale, * 



Edward Leister. 


Edward Fuller, • 


After signing the Compact they proceeded to an election 
of officers. Mr. John Carver had the honor of being unan- 
imously elected to officiate as governor for one year. The 

t Those marked * brought their wives; those in italics were in their graves 
before the end of March. Of the one hundred and one English settlers, were 
twenty females accompanying their husbands, and forty-two children and 
servants. — FreemaWs Hist, Cape Cod, Vol. 1, page 65. 

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next day being the Sabbath they observed it as a day of rest. 

On Monday, Nov. 13, says BradfonVs Jounial, "our people 
went ashore to refresh themselves, and our women to wash 
as they had great need." Thus was Monday duly inaugu- 
rated as the washing day of New England by the matrons 
and maidens of the Mayjioicer. 

Wednesday, Nov. 15, "sixteen men were sent out, with 
every man his musket, sword, and corselet," under the 
command of Captain Miles Standish to explore the country. 
They marched about a mile by the sea when they saw several 
Indians, with a dog, coming towards them. The Indians 
discovering their approach, whistled for the dog, and then 
disappeared in the woods. They followed after them for 
about ten miles by their tracks, and perceiving the Indians 
had circuitously returned "to the same way they went," they 
gave up the chase and encamped for the night not far from 
"Stout's creek" probably opposite "Beach Point." 

The next morning, at early dawn, they resumed their 
march through woods and meadows of "long grass." Soon 
after being "sore athirst" they canie to a deep valley (East 
Harbor) in which they found springs of fresh water, and 
"sat down and drank the first New England water with as 
much delight as we ever drank in all our lives." 

Going through another valley they found a fine clear pond 
of fresh water. This pond now gives the name to the prin- 
cipal village of Truro. 

They passed on farther south and found baskets of corn 
which was a welcome sight to them. They also found a 
large kettle, which they filled with the corn and took with 
them, on their return to their vessel. They made other 
explorations, but not deeming the place good to settle in, 
they sailed to Plymouth, landing there Dec. 20, 1620, and 

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began a settlement which has become famous to the world 
as the "first landing of the Pilgrims." But Cape Cod has 
the honor of being the first spot touched by Pilgrim feet ; 
the place that gave birth to the first written instrument of 
civil and religious liberty ; the place (Cape Cod Harbor on 
board the Mmjifloicer) where the first child on record in 
America, was born* ; and the place also (Cape Cod Harbor) 
where the first death occurred (Dec. 7) that of Dorothy 
May, wife of Mr. (afterward Gov.) William Bradford, who 
had fallen overboard from the ship, and been drowned, 
while her husband was absent. The harbor is now known 
as Provincetown harbor. 

The place where the Pilgrims encamped the first night 
was known as Pamet, or Pawmet, named by the Indians. A 
settlement was commenced here about 1700. It was allowed 
municipal privileges October 29, 1705, and was then called 
DaiKjerJiehh July 16, 1709, it was incorporated by the name 
of Truro, its present name, making at that time the seventh 
township on the Cape. " The length of the township, as 
the road runs, is about fourteen miles ; in a direct line, 
eleven miles. The breadth, in the widest part, is three 
miles ; and in the narrowest, not more than one-half mile. 
It is bounded N. W. by Provincetown ; S. by Wellfleet ; the 
Atlantic washes it on the E. and N. E. ; and Barnstable Bay 
and Provincetown Harbor on the West." — History Cffjjf 
Cod Vol. 2, p. 535. 

The following is the original Act of Incorporation of the 


Province of the Massachusetts Bay, SS. An act for making 

Pawmet a District of Eastham, within tlie County of Barnstable, 

a township to be called Truro. 

•Percjfrino Wliite, sou of Mr. William and Susannah White, ** the first 
€hil(l Ijorn of Enjjlish parents in New England," died at Marshlield, Mass., 
July 20, 1704, agod HAyrn., 8 mos. 

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Whereas^ tliere is a certain tract of land known by the name of 
Pawmet, at present a District of Eastbam, and under the con- 
stanlerick of that town, consisting of about forty families, and 
daily increasing — the said land extending about fourteen miles in 
length from the Province lands at the extremity of Cape Cod 
reserved for the Fishery, and the lands of Eastbam on the South, 
and running nortlierly as far as tlie lands called the Purchaser's 
lands, extends over the harbor named the Eastern harbor ; accord- 
ing to the known stated boundaries thereof — the breadth thereof 
running from sea to sea across the neck of land commonly called 
Cape Cod. And whereas the inhabitants of said district by their 
humble petition have set forth that they have built a convenient 
liouse to meet in for the public worship of God, and have for 
some time had a minister among them ; humbly praying that they 
may be made a township, and have such necessary officers within 
themselves, whereby they may be enabled to manage and cari'y 
on their civil and religious concerns and enjoy the like powers and 
privileges as other towns in this Province have and do by law 
enjoy. Be it therefore enacted, by his Excellency the Governor, 
Council and Representatives in General Court assembled, and by 
the authority of the same, that the tract of land called Pawmet, 
described and bounded as before expressed, be and hereby is 
erected into a township and made a distinct and separate town, 
and shall be called by the name of Truroe, and that the inhabitants 
thereof have use, exercise, and enjoy all the powers and privileges 
by law granted to townships within this Province ; and the 
constable of the said place, for the time being, is hereby 
empowered and required to warn the inhabitants to assemble and 
meet together to choose selectmen and other town officers to 
manage and carry on their prudential affairs until the next anni- 
versary time for election of town officers, and the said inhabitants 
are enjoined to assemble and attend the said work accordingly. 

Provided^ that the inhabitants of the said town do procure and 
settle a learned orthodox minister to dispense the word of God to 
them, within the space of three years next after the passing of 
this act or sooner. 

Provided also^ that they pay their proportion to the present 
province tax, as it is apportioned among them respectively by the 
selectmen or assessors of Eastham. 


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Boston^ July 16«/i, 1709. This bill having been read three 
several times in the House of Representatives, passed to be 
enacted. John Clark, Speaker. 

District. — This Bill having been read three several times in 
Councils, passed to be enacted. 

IsA. Addington, Sec'y. 

By his Excellency the Governor, I consent to the enacting of 
this Bill. J. Dudley. 

It will be seen in the Act of the Incorporation of Truro, 
reference is made to having a place of worship, and having 
had for some time a minister among them. 

Rev. Mr. John Avery was the first minister settled there. 
His name is first mentioned in this connection as follows : 

"At a meeting of the inhabitants of town of Truro Feb. 23, 
1709, in order to take care about a settlement of y* public worship 
of God amongst them, it was unanimously agreed \x\Yyn and voted 
to invite Mr. John Avery (who had for some considerable time been 
employed in the work of the ministry among them) to tarry with 
and settle amongst them in said work of ministrie, and for his 
encouragement and support in said work it was also agreed upon 
and unanimously voted to offer him sixty pounds per annum, and 
twenty pounds towards bis building when he shall see cause to 
build himself a dwelling in the said town, and a committee was 
chosen to inform Mr. Aveiy of the town's desire and offer in the 
matter, who accordingly forthwith went and delivered their 
message to the aforesaid Mr. Avery, who gave good encourage- 
ment of his acceptance, but left the result till he had advised 
with his friends. Attest^ Tho: Paine, Clerk.'' 


"At a meeting of the proprietors of Truro, convened and held 
at Truro, May 8, 1710, it was agreed by said proprietors, that if 
Mr. John Avery shall proceed to the now proposed agreement of 
the inhabitants into an orderly and regular settlement and oixlina- 
tion in the work of the Gospel, and shall so continue for the space 
of ten years next ensuing, after settlement and ordination, he 
shall have five and thirty acres of land at Tashmuit alias Clay 
Pounds. Tho: Paine." 

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It was voted at the same meeting that there should be an 
addition made to the thirty-four acres of meadow at 
Tashmuit, formerly laid out for the minister who should 
settle among them in the work of the ministry. 

It was also voted — same date — " to give to the first settled 
minister in the town of Truro, six acres of land on the north- 
easterly side of East Harbor;" and "four more acres to 
make up ten acres, which is reserved to be given to Mr. 
John Avery provided he settle in the work of the ministry." 

Three weeks later, at a meeting of the inhabitants Mr. 
Avery accepted the call and a committee was chosen to 
draw up the following agreement : 


Whereas^ The inhabitaDts of the town of Trnro did, at a meeting 
of said town convened and held at Truro, February 23, 1710-11, 
by unanimous vote, call and invite Mr. John Avery to a settle- 
ment in the work of the Gospel Ministry among them ; and for 
his support and encouragement in said work, did offer him sixty 
pounds a year salary, and twenty pounds toward his building, 
when he shall see cause to build him a dwelling-house in said 
town, and sent by a Committee to inform the said Mr. John 
Avery of their desire and offer in that matter, as by a record of 
said town, bearing date February 23, 1710, may more fully 
appear ; but the said Mr. John Avery defeiTed his answer until 
another meeting of said town convened and held for that purpose, 
May 29, 1710, where said town did again show by unanimous 
vote, their earnest desire of the said Mr. Avery's settlement 
among them in the work of the Gospel Ministry ; and the said 
Mr. Avery being then present, did accept of said call : Where- 
upon said town chose Thomas Mulford, John Snow, and Thomas 
Paine, a Committee in the name and behalf of the town of Truro, 
to make a full arrangement with the aforesaid Mr. John Avery 
pursuant to their vote at their meeting, February 23, 1710, as by 
the record of said town, dated May 29, 1710, may more fully 

June 21, 1710, the aforesaid Mr. John Avery, for himself and 
the above named Committee, in the name and behalf of the town 

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of Truro agreed as followeth : that is to say, the above named 
Mr. John Avery doth agree for himself that he will, God assist- 
ing him thereto, settle in the work of the Ministry in the said 
town of Truro; and the above named Thomas Mulford, John 
Snow, Thomas Paine, in the name and behalf of the aforesaid 
town of Truro, do agree with the said Mr. John Avery to allow 
him for a yearly salary during the time of his continuance in the 
work of the ministry, in the aforesaid town of Truro, sixty 
pounds per annum in money as it shall pass from man to man iu 
common dealings (or in other merchantable pay as it shall pass 
with the merchant in common traffic) at or upon the twenty-ninth 
day of March annually ; and twenty pounds of like money 
toward his building, to be added to his salary, on that year, that 
he, the said Mr. Avery, shall see cause to build himself a dwelling- 
house in the town of Truro, aforesaid. In witness whereof, the 
above named Mr. John Avery for himself, and the above named 
Committee, in the name and behalf of the town of Truro, have 
hereunto set their hands. 


Committee, ) THOMAS MULFORD, 

''June 27, 1710.*' 

"Aug. 13, 1711, the town granted ten pounds to defray the 
expenses of entertainment of elders, messengers, scholars and 
gentlemen, at Mr. Avery's ordination, and Lt. Constant Freeman, 
Ilez. Purington and Thomas Paine were appointed to superintend 
the arrangements, and agree with a meet person to provide. It 
was also ordered that Mr. Thomas Paine shall have three pounds 
to reimburse him for money spent in securing the Act of Incor- 
poration, and the services of a minister." 

Mr. Avery was ordained November 1, 1711, as pastor of 
the First Church in Truro. 

The charge was giv«n l)y Eev. Mr. Nathaniel Stone, of 
Harwich ; the right hand of fellowship by the Eev. Mr. 
Ephraim Little, of Plymouth, (brother-in-law to Mr. Avery), 
who was prolocutor ; hands imposed by Mr. Little, Mr. 
Stone, and Mr. Joseph Metcalf, of Falmouth, (who was also 

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a family connection of Mr. Avery) ; the ordination sermon 
was preached by Mr. Avery, from " That text, 2d Cor. 2-16, 
who is sufficient for these things." It appears to have been 
the fashion for the learned orthodox ministers to preach 
their own ordination sermons. 

Rev. John Avery', who we see was the first ordained 
minister, in the historic town of Truro, the son of Robert* 
and Elizabeth (Lane) Avery, of Dedham, Mass., and grandson 
of Dr. William* and Margaret Avery, who emigrated from 
England 1650, and settled in Dedham, was born Feb. 4, 
1685-6, and baptized Apr. 27, 1686, by Rev. Mr. Danforth, 
at Dorchester. He graduated from Harvard College in 
1706, and began his work as a Gospel Minister in Truro 
soon after. The exact date we cannot fix, but it must have 
been earlier than Feb. 23, 1709, as his name first appears 
then, at a town meeting, held upon that day. How he 
chanced to receive a call from a town so remote from his 
own home we are unable to say ; but he settled there, as 
their pastor and remained as such throughout his life. 

He married, Nov. 23, 1710, (the bride's twenty-fourth 
birthday), Ruth Little, youngest daughter of Mr. Ephraim 
and Mary (Sturdevant) Little, of Marshfield, and great- 
granddaughter of Mr. Richard Warren who came in the 
Mayflower y 1620. 

Ephraim Little, of Marshfield, was the son of Thomas 
Little, of Plymouth, and Ann (Warren) Little, who . was 
daughter of Richard Warren, the Mcajfloicer pilgrim, whose 
wife, Elizabeth, and five daughters came three years later in 
the Ann. They afterwards had two sons, Nathaniel and 
Joseph, born in Plymouth, who married, and had families. 
The five daughters married respectively, Bartlett, Little, 
Cook, Church and Suowe. It will be seen by referring to the 
" Compact," that Richard Warren, was one of the ten desig- 

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nated, by Bradford, by the title of " Mr." of the forty-one 
signers. The Journal of the Pilgrims says " Richard Warren 
was one of three from London and one of the ten principal 
men who, with Capt. Standish, two mates, one gunner, and 
three Saylers, set out in the Shallop 6"' Dec, 1*620, on their 
final trip of discovery, and who first lajided on the Rock in 
Plymouth, Monday, Dec. 11^" 

Prince in his Chronology says : " 1628. This year dies 
Mr. Richard Warren, a useful instrument and bore a deep 
share in the difficulties attending the first settlement of 
New Plymouth." His widow Elizabeth died 1673. Plymouth 
Colony Records say : " Mistress Elizabeth Warren, an aged 
widdow, aged above 90 years, deceased on the second day 
of October, 1673, whoe haveing lived a Godly life, came to 
her grave as a shoke of corn fully ripe. She was honorably 
married on the 24'*' of October aforesaid." 

It would seem, coming from such ancestors as did Mrs. 
Avery, (who were among the founders of our Commonwealth,) 
and Mr. Avery from an ancestry equally as intelligent and 
honorable, that the union of these two, so well suited to 
each other by birth and station, might be productive of 
great good to the church ; and not to the church only, but to 

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the comnjunity as well ; their influence tending toward the 
spiritual, as well as the intellectual and moral, elevation of 
the people ; and we believe, from what we have been able to 
gather from the records, that this was true. With such 
parents as these, it is not surprising that their children 
should have filled many important positions in later life. 

The church of which Mr. Avery became pastor, was an 
offshoot from the Eastham church, and was organized Nov. 
1, 1711, the day of Mr. Avery's ordination, with seven male 
members beside the pastor. The first admitted to the church 
was Ruth Avery, wife of the pastor ; and the first baptism 
was that of John, son of the pastor, Nov. 11, of the same 
year, being at that time three months old. Around this 
small band of Christians centred all the moral power and 
religious influence of the new town. 

"Just where the first meeting-house was built or where it 
stood, does not clearly appear ; but tradition says it stood 
in the neighborhood of the present Union Church in Pond 
Village, North Truro. The ancient grave-yard is supposed 
to have been around the first meeting-house, the county road 
now passing through the location. The surveyor of roads, 
some few years since, in following out the course marked 
out by the County Commissioners, was under the necessity 
of disturbing the bones of some of those first buried here." 
— Freeman 8 Hisfonj of Cdjje Cod. 

Eich in his History of Truro, says : " The history of the 
first meeting-house in Truro is only known indirectly. It is 
remarkable that while the records of the town are generally 
quite full, they are silent as the grave touching positively 
the first house of worship. Hence Mr. Freeman, and others, 
have accepted the tradition that the first meeting-house 
stood in the Pond Village, near the present church, where 
several graves have been discovered, and which gave ground 

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to the report. We have been informed by people now living, 
that these graves were well known by people of the last 
generation, and that there has always been a tradition that 
they were of persons who died before the public yard was 
laid out on the hill." 

The first reference to the meeting-house is in the Act of 
Incorporation July 16, 1709. And the next is : " May 29, 
1710, it was agreed upon by said town, that the town- 
treasurer should as soon as he can with conveniency, buy a 
cushion for the pulpit in the meeting-house, and an hour 
glass, and a box to put them in, and to pay for them out of 
the Town Treasury, and the selectmen are hereby ordered 
to add to the next town rate so much as they shall come to." 

The third reference is nearly two years later : Feb. 12th 
and 13th, when a road was laid out from the north-east 
corner of the meeting-house, to go near north-east through 
the woods and to come into the road that led through Tash- 
muit neighborhood where Ilev. Mr. Avery resided. 

" At a meeting May 22, 1713, voted that the selectmen should 
take care to have a convenient piece of ground cleared on the 
north side of the meetinjy-house in Truro, for a burying place, and 
the charge be paid out of the Town Treasury." 

The following is the last reference to the first Truro 
meeting-house : — 

" At a meeting convened and held for the choice of town officers 
and other business notified in the warning for said meeting in 
March 23, 1719, said town granted liberty to Nathaniel Atkins, 
Thomas Smith and Jeremiah Bickford, and such others as shall 
go in with them, to build upon their own cost and charge, three 
galleries in the meeting-house, in said town, over the old galleries, 
and for so doing to be admitted to the same privilege in the whole 
house with the first builders. 

Witness^ Tho : Paine, Clerk for the time/' 

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Thus it will be seen by these references, that " a meeting- 
house was built as early as 1709 and was situated south- 
west of Tashmuit (which proves the original locality) and 
that the grave-yard was on the north side. That in 1713 
(which is the earliest date found on any grave-stones in the 
yard) it was cleared and prepared for making interments, 
and that in 1719 the congregations had so increased as to 
deem it neces.iary to build more new galleries." It is evident 
then that this church was the one in which Mr. Avery was 
ordained. The next year, 1720, they agreed to build a new 
meeting-house, to be " twenty-two feet in the height of the 
walls and forty feet in length and thirty-six feet in breadth," 
for which object the town appropriated three hundred and 
fifty pounds, the " house to be built and finished within the 
space of one year next ensuing.'* No reference is made to 
the site of the new building, which is conclusive evidence 
that it was built on the original site, or where stood the 
first house. Aug. 14, 1721, the town voted to sell the sites 
for pews in the new meeting-house ; also voted " liberty to 
Mr. John Avery to build a pew in the new house on the 
left hand of the going up of the pulpit stairs." 


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The cut on previous page represents the outward appear- 
ance of this meeting-house built in 1721. It stood for one 
hundred and nineteen years, a conspicuous landmark to 
mariners of Cape Cod. Mr. Rich, in his History, says : " It 
stood near the south-west corner of the present graveyard, 
facing the south, according to the customs of those days. 
The hea\'y white-oak frame was cut on the spot, and when 
the old meeting-house was demolished in 1840, the timber 
was as sound as when raised." When this house was taken 
down, the Congregationalists and Methodists residing at 
North Truro, then more familiarly known as Pond Village, 
united in building a house of worship there, the pulpit to 
be supplied alternately by a Congregationalist and a Meth- 
odist pastor, and the oflScial board to be composed equally 
of members from the two societies. It received the name 
of Christian Union Church, and is a neat little building. 
The communion service was presented to the church by 
Mrs. Ruth Avery, wife of the pastor, a portion of which is 
still in use by the Christian Union Church at North Truro ; 
also the Congregational Church at South Truro. Through 
the courtesy of the official members of the Church at North 
Truro, we were permitted to obtain a photograph of it, 
including the old Bible which the Rev. Mr. Avery used 
while dispensing to the people the bread of life. The 
following cut is from the original photograph. 

On the handles of the tankards which are of pewter is 
inscribed: "Ruth Avery to Truro 0'\ 1721." The cups, 
which are of solid silver, are inscribed : " This belongs to 
y*" Church in Truro, 1730." There are six of these cups, but 
when the Congregational Church at South Truro was organ- 
ized, they took four of them as their share. The pewter 
plates are very large, thirteen inches in diameter, and heavy, 
bearing the stamp of " AV. EUwood, London," but no date. 

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!No doubt the whole service was imported, as nearly every- 
thing was at that early period. Mrs. Joanna Paine, widow 
of Deacon Samuel Paine, in whose possession are the Bible 
And plates, can remember when both were heaped with 
bread, there were so many communicants in the church. 
They are not in use at the present time. 

The Bible is bound in calfskin. It is fifteen and a half 
inches long, nine and a half wide, and three thick. It has 
been rebound once, but the original fly leaf is preserved, 
upon which is written in a bold, business-like hand, the fol- 
lowing words : 

'' The gift of Mr. Johu Trail 

Merchant in Boston, to tiie 

Cliiirch of Christ in Truro 

whereof the Rev. Mr. John Avery 

is pastor. 

Dated in Boston N. E. 

April 27, 1738." 

The inscription on the outside of the Bible, seen in the 
cut, is the same as is on the fly leaf. The Bible is printed 
in the style common in those days, the s's resembling f *8. 
** Printed in the year 1708, London," bearing, the stamp of 
the Lion and Unicorn. Various passages are marked with 
pencil. 1 John 4, 16 was heavily marked. In fact the leaves 
bore marks of much usage, in this part of the book. It is 
evident that the New Testament and the Psalms were used 
more than any other portion of the Scriptures. The Bible 
was in use until some forty years since when the young 
ministers, not used to the ancient style of printing, made so 
many mistakes, it was laid aside and a new one purchased. 
At one time, a minister accustomed to the present style, in 
reading his text from this Bible, instead of saying, "Now 
when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he girt his 

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fisher's coat unto him — " said, "he girt his/aYAer*^* coat," kCy 
which called forth the remark from one of his hearers, " It 
is the first time I ever knew Peter wore hi& father's coat" 

It was with a feeling of reverence that we took the sacred 
volume in our hands. Aside from the fact that the "Word 
of God should ever be handled reverently, it gave us a new 
sense of veneration to realize that this was the very book 
which our remote ancestor had handled also ; from which 
he had often. read to his people. Then we fell to wondering' 
what was his character as a preacher ; whether he w^ere 
talented and powerful, or so moderate and lengthy in his. 
discourses, as to preach his hearers asleep,, which was often 
done by some of his successors in the same pulpit. But of 
this, history is silent. All the records touching his long,, 
active life are very meagre, not a scrap from his pen ; he 
evidently was too busy and too modest to leave any diary 
that unknown posterity in the future might read, but Kev., 
James Freeman, D.D., of King's Chapel, a native of Truro,, 
and for many years Secretary of the Massachusetts Histor- 
ical Society, in 1796 wrote, in his description of Truro, o£ 
Rev. Mr. John Avery, the following : 

"The inhabitants of Truro tiiat personally knew Mr. Avery 
speak of him in very rcspeccful terms. As a minister he was. 
greatly beloved and admired by hi& people, being a good and 
useful preacher, of an examplary life and conversation. As phy- 
sician he was no less esteemed. He always manifested great 
tenderness for the sick, and hi& i)eople very seriously felt their 
loss in his death." ^ 

Minister Avery's residence was at Tashmuit, now known 
as Highland, near the well-known spring from which the 
" ten principal men " whom the Pilgrims sent out to explore 
the land "drank their first New England water." This, 
then, was the home to which the young pastor brought his 

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"bride. A singular coincidence that brought this young lady 
to this historic spot, where the feet of the Pilgrims had 
trod, and she herself a direct descendant of Richard Warren, 
one of that band of heroic people. 

This land at Tashmuit, which in Indian language signifies 
a spring, had been reserved ten years before for the min- 
istry, as we learn from the following record : 

" At a meeting of the proprietore of Pamet lands on October 
5, 1700, said proprietors taking into serious consideration the 
great inconveniency that doth and yet may further accrue to the 
inhabitants of Pamet, by reason /of their living so remote from 
the place of the public worship of God" (which was at Eastham) 
" and also having a desire lo have the name of God preached in this 
remote place (according to the rules of tiie Gospel) as soon as it 
will please God to open a way for the same, and also knowing that 
whatever person shall be employed in that good work must be 
accommodated and supported for a considerable substance here, 
Have therefor for that purix)se laid out a parcel of upland at the 
back side of said Pamet, at a place commonly called Tashmuit, 
alias Clay Pounds, containing thirty and four acres, be it more or 
less, bounded viz. (here follows description.) Only a highway 
four poles wide is to go through across the land at the best water- 
ing place at Tashmuit, where it may be most convenient tor 
watering and least damage to the land. This above tract of land 
is by the above said proprietors of Pamet preserved for the use of 
the ministry of Pamet, or to be exchanged for other land there that 
may be more convenient, for the use aforesaid, to be kept and 
preserved for the use of the ministry forever. Voted by the said 
proprietors Oct. 31, 1700. Attest, Tiio : Paine, Clerk. 

*'The ^.astern boundary of this lot was 561 feet by the bank, 
and 2871 feet (more than half a mile) east and west." 

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This first record found soon after their settlement, 
making provision for the support of a minister, tends to 
show the great regard these early settlers had for a minister 
of the gospel, that they should set apart for his use the best 
of the land. 

Mr. Avery's house is said to have been a two-story build- 
ing, with an L. A few years since some of the old plaster, 
hard as granite, and bits of thick English glass could be 
found on the spot. The smithy, " where the good minister 
clad in leather apron, shaped the glowing iron with muscu- 
lar arm," stood just southwest of his house by the road. 
It is a fact, that has been handed down from one generation 
to another, that Minister Avery, if busy at work when 
parties came to be married, would take oflf his leather apron, 
wash his hands and perform the ceremony. How unlike the 

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clergy of this nineteenth century! He was not only a 
blacksmith, but lawyer, doctor and farmer. His must have 
been a very busy life. He belonged, as has already been 
stated, to a race of blacksmiths, physicians, and clergymen ; 
who, though they held high positions in society, did not 
think it beneath themselves to perform hard, manual labor 
in connection with their higher duties. He was a subscriber 
in 1729 to Prince's Chronology, a popular and expensive 
work at that time patronized only by men of learning or 
wealth, which is sufficient evidence to show that he was a 
man of more than ordinary intellect, even for a minister. 
His house was situated a few rods east of the house of the 
late Mrs. Bebecca Paine, an Avery descendant, and a short 
distance north of the Highland house. 

To this quiet home, with the music of old ocean near, 
came one by one a group of children to fill the parson- 
age with their merry glee, who, in after years, were to leave 
it and go forth to meet the responsibilities of life, as 
as noble men and women, whom future generations might, 
and do, delight to honor. There were ten children : 

i. John7, b. Aug. 24, 1711. H. C. 1731, became "the 

Boston Merchant." 

ii. Ephraim^, b. Apr. 22, 1713. H. C. 1731, settled in the 
work of the ministry at Brooklyn, Ct. 

iii. Ruth'', b. July 26, 1715, m. Rev. Jonathan Parker, 

iv. Elizabeth'^, b. Mar. 5, 1716-7, m. John Draper, of Boston. 

V. Robert^, b. May 26, 1719, removed to Lebanon, Ct. 

vi. Job^, b. Apr. 6, 1721, d. May 9, 1722. 

vii. Job'', b. Jan. 14, 1722-3, inherited the homestead. 

viii. Mary^, b. Jan. 19, 1724-5, m. West. 

ix. Abigail, b. June 1, 1727, m. Elisha Lothrop, Norwich, Ct. 

X. Ann?, b. July 6, 1729, d. Aug. 25, 1747. 

It is remakable, that of these ten children, but one died 
in infancy, and one daughter at the age of eighteen. Of 

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tlie^ eight remaining, we have been fortunate in tracing the 
records of seven. That of Mary, who married Mr. West, 
we cannot trace. 

Mr. Avery's salary as a preacher, was sixty pounds a 
year ; this with land for farming, meadow, plenty of wood- 
land — which has been known for over a century as the 
"Ministerial Woods" — together with his services as lawyer, 
doctor and smith, must have yielded him a large income 
considering the times in which he lived. 

In July, 1723, the town voted to add ten pounds to his 
salary — making it seventy pounds. 

Two years later (1725) they increased it to ninety pounds 
a year, and this continued to be his salary for the next five 

"At a church meeting Oct. 1725, it was proposed to the 
church by the pastor, whether a confession of faith was not 
more agreeable to the rules of the gospel, to be required of 
those that desired to be admitted to full communion, than a 
relation of experiences ? It was answered in the affirmative, 
and voted henceforward to be the practice of the church.'* 

"At a church meeting Dec. 29, 1725, it was proposed to 
the church, whether adult persons owning their Baptismal 
Covenant, and putting themselves under the watch and 
government of the church, should have their children bap- 
tized tho' they through fears, did not come up to the com- 
munion ? Answered in the affirmative, and voted to be the 
practice for the future. The church had six weeks' consid- 
eration before y" vote," showing that they were not hurried 
in voting upon important measures." 

"At a meeting of the church in 1726, it was proposed to 
the church, whether such persons, being members of the 
church, that made practice of selling strong drink, contrary 
to the good laws of the Province, without license, should 

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not be looked upon by the church as offenders and accord- 
ingly dealt with. (Being left several months to the church's 
consideration.) It was answered in the affirmative and so 
voted." This serves to show some of the evil customs of 
the times and the means taken to remedy them. 

At another church meeting, the question was submitted 
before the church, whether it was not according to gospel 
rule to choose Ruling Elders according to the practice of 
the Presbyterian Church in Scotland. After six weeks' 
consideration an answer was defined by the pastor and was 
given in the affirmative. 

June 21, 1730, the town raised Mr. Avery's salary to one 
hundred pounds. 

Two years later Mr. Avery was called to mourn the loss 
of the wife of his youth, and the mother of all his children. 
Eev. Benjamin Webb, of Eastham, preached the funeral 
sermon, which was afterward printed in Boston, in pam- 
phlet form. The following is a copy of the title page : 

The present Scope and future Gain 
of the Christian Life. 



Delivered at Truro, October 8, 1732, 

OcGa.sioned by the uiuch lamented Death 


Tlie virtuous and pious Consort 


the Reverend 

Pastor of the Church of Christ there; 

Who deceased October 1, 1732 

In the 46^*^ year of her Age. 


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By benjamin WEBB, M.A. 

And Pastor ol the secoiul Cliurcli of Christ 
ill Eastham. 

PsAL. XXXVII : 37. Mark the perfect man and beliold the Upright, 
for the end of tliat man is i)eace. 

Printed at Boston iu New England 

The following are extracts from the sermon : 
(( « « « ^^^ iijjg jjj particular, may serve to correct or 
prevent any excessive Sorrow ou the Account of that Handmaid 
of the Lord, the lately deceased Yoke-Fellow of my Reverend 
Father and Brother, your Pastor ; Since we have a great deal of 
Reason to think and say, she was one in and with whom, the 
Christian Life took place. Indeed there are other things belonging 
to her Character. * * * As, that she was a person of bright 
Parts, considerable Knowledge, a steady and agreeable temper, 
uncommon Prudence, Aptness and Industry in governing her 
Household. * * • But what I principally Aim at is, that she 
was a Person of serious Piety. I may say without Flattery or 
Partiality, that in my acquaintance with her and the Discourse I 
have divers times had with her, upon things of a Spiritual and 
Divine Nature, I have found her one that had not only a consider- 
able Historical Acquaintance with such things, but the most 
serious and solemn View of Ihem ; tliat she was one that had the 
true Fear and Love of the Divine Majesty within her ; that Christ 
dwelt in her Heart by Faith and was in her the Hope of Glory ; 
and that she was truly concerned to promote his Honour. This I 
take to have been manifest iu her Life and Conversation ; for she 
was one who was very observably careful to mind the Duties of 
Religion in a Serious and Solemn manner ; to enter into her 
Closet and Pray to her Father which sees in secret as our Saviour 
has commanded. Matt. 6 :6, as well as attend upon it in the Family 
in a most becoming Christian manner ; she was very visibly a Lover 
of Publick Worship and Ordinance of GOD ; was very careful to 
prepare for them and give a serious and solemn Attendance upon 

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them ; was very loth to lose opportunities for it ; and would put 
herself to considerable Hazards and Difficulties for the enjoyment 
of them. Herein she sufficiently manifested a deep and serious 
Concern for the Eternal Good of her own Soul. And she was no 
less concerned for the spiritual Welfare of othera ; especially those 
of her own House and Family ; whom she took great care to bring 
up in the nurture and Admonition of the Loi*d. She was also one 
that kept close to the Rule of Righteousness in her management 
and Dealings with men ; and was distinguishable by Acts of 
Charity in cases that were proper for them ; and faithfully endeav- 
ored to keep a Conscience void of Offence upon all Accounts. * * 
All these things conspired to make her a most agreeable and 
delightful Yoke-Fellow, a tender, useful and lovely Parent, a 
good neighbor, a pleasant and profitable Companion upon all 
occasions ; An ornament in every Station and Relation in every 
Circumstance and condition wherein the Providence of GOD 
plac'd her. * * ♦ " 

We regret to say that this sermon contains all that relates 
to Mrs. Ruth (Little) Avery's life ; nothing further could be 

Mr. Avery married July 3, 1733, for his second wife Ruth, 
third daughter of Samuel and Mercy (Freeman) Knowles, 
of Eastham, grand-daughter of Hon. John Freeman, and 
great-grand-daughter of Gov. Prince. Hence his second 
wife, as his first, was of Pilgrim stock. She was born 
November, 1694 Of her life and character we know 
nothing. Only the dates of her birth and death. She 
died Nov. 1, 1745, in the fifty-first year of age. 

The year 1747, by a vote of the town, Mr. Avery's salary 
was raised to two hundred pounds old tenor ; but owing to 
the depreciation in old tenor, the advance of his salary was 
more apparent than real. 

To better understand the value of old tenor, we quote a 
Sandwich record from '^Rich's History :'' 

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'•lu 1749 it was voted ia Sandwich to extend a call to Mr. 
Abraham Williams, at a yearly salary of 400 pounds O. T., or 
the payment in mill dollars of £2.5 per dollar. So in 1749. one 
hundred pounds were worth about 844.00, or eleven per cent." 

June 24:th, 1748, Mr. Avery married Mrs. Mary Eotch, 
widow of William Rotch, late of Boston, formerly of 
Proviucetowu. The ceremony was performed in Boston, by 
Rev. Mather Byles. 

"Mather Byles, Sen., was minister of Southernmost 
Church, in Hollis St., Boston, from his ordination, Dec. 
22, 1733, to 1776." (Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll., vol. 3, p. 262.) 
He was son of Josiah and Mrs. Elizabeth (Greenough) 
Byles, daughter of Rev. Increase Mather. "It has been 
said that this facetious old Divine used to amuse his 
friends by occasionally repeating this epitaph on himself : 
* Here lies the renowned Increase Mather. Here lies his 
son Cotton, much greater. Here lies Mather Byles, greater 
than either.' " 

About this time Mr. Avery began to feel somewhat the 
infirmities of age, and it was thought advisable to procure 
some suitable minister to assist him in preaching the 
gospel during the winter of 1752. 

*' A committee was chosen to converse with Mr. Avery respect- 
ing an assistant* and it was agreed to give him £10 old tenor for 
the present year, he giving up the right to the parsonage property, 
both wood and improvement.*' 

The months slipped by and still Mr. Avery was without an 
assistant. In those days, it is evident everything was settled 
after great deliberation. ** July 30, 1753, it was agreed to give 
a call either to Mr. Charles Turner, Mr. Caleb Upham or Mr. 
Samuel Angier, to preach the gospel on probation.'' 

''Aug. 13, 1753. Voted by the Church to give Mr. Charles 
Turner a call to the pastoral work." Also to give £80 per 
annum, cither in money or merchantable pay as it shall pass with 
the merchant, in common traffic and the improvement of the 

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parsonage lands, for the support and encouragement of an 
orthodox minister regularly called and settled in the Gospel 
Ministry in this place, provided he allow Rev. Mr. Avery £13.68 
yearly from his salary." — Rich's History, 

Mr. Turner declined this call. When at another meeting 
they reconsidered their former vote and agreed to give him 
X80 lawful money, with the same provision regarding Mr. 
Avery, Mr. Turner accepted the offer. 

Mr. Turner was a graduate of Harvard College, 1752, and 
the next year engaged as schoolmaster in Truro, " his pay 
to be forty pounds and diet for three months." " He soon 
commenced preaching in connection with teaching, which 
led to his engagement as Mr. Avery's successor." It is 
recorded he preached his first sermon in Truro, after his 
call, May 26, 1754. 

Rev. Mr. Avery was failing in health, and April 23, 1754, 
he died of paralysis after an uninterrupted ministry of forty- 
four years. In the old graveyard near where stood the 
meeting-house, stand three well-preserved slate stones with 
the following inscriptions : 

'' Here lie the Remains of 
ye Rev'd Mr. John Avery, 
Who Departed this life y^ 
23'* of April 1754: iu the 
69^^ year of His Age, and 
44*^^ of His Ministry, and 
the first Pastor Ordained in 
this Place.'' 
"In this dark Cavern, in this lonesome Grave 
Here lays the honest, pious, virtuous Friend ; 
Him, Kind Heaven to us as Priest & Doctor gave, 
As such he lived ; as such we mourn his end.'* 

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Next to it, is one inscribed thus : 

*' Here Lyes Buried 
the body of Mrs. Ruth 

Avery, Wife to the 

Rev*d Mr. John Avery 

She deceased Oct the 

!•' 1732; iu the 

46*^ year of her Age.'* 

And another, next to the latter, inscribed : 

" Here Lyes Buried y* Body 
Of Mrs. Ruth Avery y" 

Second wife of j* 

Rev'd Mr. John Avery : 

She died Nov. 1, A. D. 

1745 iu y* 5P* 

year of her age.*' 

"Mr. Walter T. Avery, of New York," already mentioned 
in these pages, " has re-consecrated the graves of his ances- 
tors, by enclosing the lot with granite posts and heavy iron 
rails. Mr. Avery has also generously encouraged other 
improvements in connection." — Rich's HiHtory, 

It is a fitting place here to insert the Will of Rev. John 

By the Will of God, Amen, the eighteenth day of January, in 
the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and forty-four, 
I, John Aveuy of Truro, in the County of Barnstable, in the 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, in New England, Clerk, 
being in a weak and low condition as to bodily health, yet thanks 
be to God, for that measure of understanding and memory that I 
yet enjoy, therefore calling to mind what the servant of God says ; 
Job 30 : 23 — I know that thou wilt bring me to Death, and to the 
house appointed for all Living. T think it therefore proper for 
me to settle the affairs of my body and soul, that when my great 
change cometh, I may have only this to say, viz., to resign my 
soul into the hands of God, whose I am, and with whom I Desire 

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to dwell forever, I do therefore make and ordaiu this raj Last 
Will and Testament, that is to say, In the first place I give and 
recommend my Immortal Soul into the hands of the Great God, 
my Creator and Redeemer, hoping through the Active and Passive 
Obedience of Christ ray Redeemer, to Obtain forgiveness of all 
my sins, the Justification of my person, and an Inheritance among 
them that are sanctified by the Holy Spirit; and as to my body I 
desire it may be decently buried at the discretion of my Executors, 
hereafter named, to remain in the dust till the General Resurrec- 
tion, at which time, I believe it will be seminally raised again by 
the Mighty Power of God and through Grace appear like unto 
Christ's glorious body ; and as to my lawful heirs of the Worldly 
Estate with which God has been pleased to favor me with on 
Earth, My Will is that ray beloved wife Mary Avery still wait 
upon God (as I hope she hath long done) to order all things for 
her who hath always been the Widow's God, as well as Judge in 
his holy habitation ; Psal : 68, 5 ; and as to my beloved children 
my will is that they take care above all things to get ready for a 
dying day ; that they don *t cumber themselves so about worldly 
things, as to neglect the better part, but Labour to get durable 
Riches and Righteousness, so that they may upon good ground be 
able to apply that word of Comfort to themselves in Psalm 27-10, 
When my Father and my Mother forsake me then the Lord will 
take me up. And as to my Worldly Estate my will is that all 
those debts and duties as I do owe in Right and Conscience to any 
person whatsoever, be well satisfied and paid in convenient time, 
after my decease, by my Executors hereafter named, and as to 
the Remainder of My Estate after Debts and funeral Charges 
paid, I give and bequeath as followeth ; In the first place I give 
and bequeath to my well beloved wife Mary Avery, (over and 
above what she is to have out of my Estate by my agreement with 
her before marriage) the use and Improvement of my westerly 
bedroom and my Study appertaining thereto and the use and 
Improvement of my Woodland on the Easterly side of the High- 
way that leads from Neighbor Eldreds to the Meeting-house in 
said Truro, these privileges for her so long as she Continues to be 
my Relict or Widow, and shall think fit. 

2"'">'. I give and bequeath to my beloved son John Avery, to 
him, his heirs, and assigns forever, my Silver Tankard, and forty- 
three pounds sixteen and eight-pence lawful money, which he has 

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already received, as may appear by a note, uuder bis baud, to him, 
bis beirs and assigns forever, said Note of band in Old Tennor is 
three hundred twenty -eight pounds fifteen shills : and 4d. 

3"">'. I give and bequeath unto my beloveil son Epbraim Avery 
the note of hand he gave uie before the year 1739, and also all 
the money he has received of me, to him, his heirs and assigns 

4thiy J Qive and be(|ueath to the children of my beloved 
daughter Ruth Parker, deceased namely, Ruth Bishop, Jonathan 
Parker, and Avery Parker, all the Goods and household stuff 
together with my Negro Girl named Phillis, all which their 
mother received of me in her life time, to them, their heirs and 
assigns forever, to be equally divided among them. 

5ihiy J gjyg jjjj^j bequeath to my well beloved daughter Eliza- 
beth Draper, all the goods and household stuff she hath already 
received together with my Indian girl Sarah, who now lives with 
her, to her, her heire and assigns forever. 

gthiy ^Q my gQQ Robert Avery I have aire idy given by deed 
of Gift my interest in tiie Town of Lebanon in the Colony of 

jihiy^ To my son Job Avery I have already given by deed of 
Gift my Lands in this Town of Truro my Dwelling-house and 
buildings appertaining thereto, my Pew in the meeting-house, as 
also my young negro man named Lamed, nevertheless it is my 
will that my son Job take care to make out to Mary, my beloved 
wife, the Priviledges expressed to her in this my last Will and 

8**'^>'. I give and bequeath to my well beloved Daughter Mary 
West, forty pounds lawful money which she hath already received ; 
and my will is that Six pounds thirteen shillings and four pence 
lawful money to be paid to her out of my personal estate, to her, 
her heirs and assigns forever. 

gthiy^ I give and bequeath unto my well beloved Daughter 
Abagail Lothrop, forty pounds lawful money which she hath 
already received, and six pounds thirteen shilliugs and four pence, 
to be paid to her out of my personal Estate, to her, her heirs and 
assigns forever. 

Finally. And all the remainder of My Personal Estate I Do 
give to my children above named, to be divided into nine shares. 

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and my will is that my son John Avery have two shares, and that 
the children of my daughter Ruth Parker (deceased) have one 
share in unequal partnership among them, namely, that my 
Grandson Jonathan Parker (who has an impediment in his sight) 
receive one half of said Share, and that my other two grand- 
children, namely Ruth Bishop and Avery Parker, receive the other 
half share, equally between them, and my other six shares to my 
other children, above named, in Equal Divisions. Moreover I do 
constitute and appoint my well-beloved sons John Avery and Job 
Avery, to be my Executors of this my last Will and Testament, 
and hereby do utterly disallow, revoke, and disannul all and every 
other former Test' rats or Wills, and bequests and Executors by 
me in any ways before this time named, willed and bequeathed, 
Ratifying and confirming this and no other, to be my last will and 

In Witness thereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this 
Day and year above Written. 

Signed, sealed, published Further it is My Will that 

pronounced and declared by my two negroes Jack and Hope 

the said John Avery, as his have the Liberty to chojse their 

last Will and Testament, in Master among all my children, 

presence of us the Subscribers. and they with whom they choose 

Samuel Eldredg, to live, give nothing for them, 

Moses Paine, and that they shall not be sold 

Nathaniel Breed, from my children to any person 

Barzillah Smith. whatsoever, and this was added 

before I signed this Will and 



The following is the " Inveiitory of the Estate of Rev. 
John Avery of Truro, in Probate Office, Barnstable." 

Inventory and Appraisments of Sandries belonginjij to the Estate o( the Rev'd 

John Avery taken at Truro — May 3, 1754 : 

£ s. d. 
3 Feather beds, 5 bedsteads, 2 Suits, Curtains, J) Coverlids, 

Rugs &c 17 

Pewter 40 l-iT-^ 12 old brass, a brass kettle, bell mettle skillet 3 19 8 

() Silver Spoons, 4 Teaspoons, 3 porringers, buttons, buckets, 

broken silver 11 11 10 

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1 Eight Day Clock 

"2 tables, 1 Joynt Stool, 1 pr. worsted — combs, hechel & tin ware 
3 lookiug glasses, 2 Giinnes, 1 Cutlass, Caues, Scrap'-^ & Spear 
An old box with Drama, a pr. Spurrs, lanthorn, painted box, 6 

Mugs, Spoon mold 
18 old chairs, 2 arm chairs, pr. Andirons, tongs, fenders, Cafiing 

dish & Ci*ane 

1 pr. Tobacco Tongs, 1 pr. Flat Irons, Grate, a toaster, pr. 

bellows, &c 
Earthern ware, 1 oval table, a pr. Dogs, a warming pan, 3 butter 

tubbs, a ckxsG bottles 
25 Sheets, 15 Pillow Cases, 7 table cloaths, 9 toweltJ, 6 napkins 
6 shirts, 3 neck cloaths, 5 necks, 7 bands, 5 caps, 2 handkerchiefs 
6 leather chairs, (i caine chairs, 1 large ditto, chest Draws & 

A pr. brass top Andirons, Shovell & tongs 

3 wheels, 1 Reel, 1 swift asaster loom, a cutting Knife & 13 lbs 

feathers 115 

A Malt Mill, Lamp mortars^, house 1)ell, Some old Cask & Lum- 
ber — 11 
9 bushels Rye. 248. ; 20 bushels Corn :34s. 4d. 3 14 
A frying pan. Iron bason, 2 Iron Skillets, a dish kettle — 1 large 

ditto, 15 4 

2 Iron potts, 1 Iron pudding pan. Skewers, Choping Knife, 5 

Wood Ware, Earthern Ware, a Spit, hoe ( ?), Pestles, 2 half bushels 
2 mortars & pestles, 3 boxes, to nails & lumber 
A crane & hooks, tongs, Andiron, 1 lamp, 
2 pillions, part of a side saddle, a saddle and two bridles — 
1 old Great chain, a be(lstea<l, and Straw ( ?) bed, lObroomes, abed 


1 pr. Steelyards, 1 pr. brass Scales, 2 old Scale beams & old Iron 

4 lbs. Window lead (?), 2 caggs, 1 wood bowl, 3 Stone Juggs, 2 doz. 


2 pr. old Cards, 1 chest, boxes, and Cash, remnant of bedtick, 35 

lbs. logwood, 
4 powdering tubbs, 3 old bags sheeps wool, powder & horns, shot 
& bullets 

3 Razors, a hone & Straps, pep|)er mill, Tooth drawers & Sundries 
2 penknives, 3 lancets, soap, 2 tinder boxes, 1 Dial, a brass lock 

and Hints. 
A box, 3 brushes. Ivory ( ?), boox beeswax, lead, waits and fishing 

Small scaiU & nails, Iron pipe, Reed, pipe, Knives and forks 
2 pair saddle bags. Tow yarn, a small tramaell ( ?), 2 chests, soap, 

tubbs, &c 
2 hats and Cue(?), 2 greatcoats, a cloak &, a gown 

4 l)oats, 4 jackets, 2 pr. breeches 
A Doctor's chest. Case Drawers, Instruments, bottles & Medi- 

2 Riding caps, 2 caps, 7 pr. Hose, 3 wigs & box 





































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A Riding chair 

4 hogs, 29 sheep & lambs 

3 oxen, 4 cows & calf, 5 steers & heifers 

A mare 

The Library 


H 1<> 


10 14 








3 10 


1 4 

Appraised by us i:148 5 2 

Moses Paink, ) 

Isaiah Atkins, > 

Daniel Paine. ) 

Through the kindness of Mr. Walter T. Avery, we are 
furnished with a copy of the original deed of gift of land 
by Rev. John Avery, of Truro, to his son, Bev. Ephraim 
Avery, of Brooklyn, Conn., written by himself, and the 
fac simile of the reverend gentleman's signature, together 
with that of his son Job, one of the witnesses, who at that 
time was but seventeen years of age, taken from the 
original document which was found among some old family 
documents left Mr. Avery by his father, John Smith Avery, 
who was grandson of Rev. Ephraim, to whom the deed was 
given. Mr. Avery has since presented the valuable docu- 
ment to the Dedham Historical Society, at Dedham, Mass. 
It is the only specimen of the minister's handwriting in 
existence, that Mr. Avery knows of, although he has tried 
in vain to obtain some of his manuscript sermons in Truro. 
The handwriting is very fine, and is written on parchment, 
and bears date 1739. The deed reads as follows : 

" Know all men by these Presents that, I, Johu Avery of 
Truro in the County of Barnstable in the Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay in New Englau<i, Clerk, for Divers good causes me 
thereunto moving l)ut more especially for the love I bear to my 
son, Ephraim Avery of Pomfret in the County of Windham in 
the Colony of Connecticut in New England, Clerk, do hereby 
Quit Claim and Release unto my said son his Heirs and assigns 
forever, all my right, Title and Interest in and unto a Certain 

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Tract aud Parcel of Land which I have a Right too in the Town 
of Ashford in said County of Windham by Vertue of a Deed of 
Sale under the Hand and Seal of Isaac Pierce ( ?) of Eastham in 
said County of Barnstable ; which said Deed is Recorded in said 
town of Ashford that is to say all my right which I ought lo have 
by said Pierce ( ?) Deed except two pieces of land which I have 
already taken up bv vertue of said Pierce ( ?) Right and is Recorded 
to me in Records of said Ashford all the Remainder of said Right 
I do here Dy Quit Claim and Release unto my said son. To Have 
and Hold to Him the said Fiphraim Avery his Heirs and Assigns 
forever and in Confirmation of the Premises, I, the said John 
Avery, do for myself, my Heirs, Executors and Administ"* hereby 
Engage to stand by and Defend my said sou, his Heirs and 
Assigns in the Quiet and Peaceable Possession of ray said Right 
as abovesaid from all Law full Claims aud demands whatsoevev 
from all Persons by and under me. 

In Testimony whereto I do hereby set my hand and Seal this 
first day of November anno Domini 1739 and in the twelveth year 
of George by the Grace of God of Great Britain King etc. 

Signed, Sealed aud ^ 

Delivered in Presence of Q^r^ , ^/7 ^ 

J0J5 ovcru I 

On the back of the foregoing deed is endorsed the follow- 
ing in the handwriting of Rev. Ephraim Avery : 

" By virtue of this Deed I got 300 acres of land laid out and 
Recorded and sold to y*" Rev. Jacob P^liot of Lebanon, but found 
afterwards that about 100 acres of it was laid upon another 
man*s Lot and accordingly I satisfied him y*' said Eliot for it and 
he by an Instrument acquitted me from warranting of it, which is 
Recorded in Ashford, after this I sold the Remainder of my 
Right and gnve a Deed of Quit Claim of it to John Bugbee of 
Woodstock w^'^ was Dated Jan 24, 1748/s». 

(Signed) Eph"' Avery.'' 

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It may be interesting to give here the list of Harvard 
students of the Avery line : — 




Jolin^ of Tniro, 



Josei)h^ of Holden, 



John^ of Boston, 



Ephraim' of Brooklyn, Ct., 



John^, Sec'y of Mass., 



Joseph^ of Holdeu, 



John**^, Sec*ys sou, 



Jolin»« of Lowell, 



John^^of Yonkers, N. Y., 



John A.^^ of Somerville. 

Four others of the name of Avery appear on the list, but 
we have no proof that they belong to our branch of the 

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JOHN AVEEY', eldest son of Kev. John'' and Ruth (Little) 
Avery, was born in Truro, Mass., Friday, Aug. 24, 1711, 
three months before his father's ordination as pastor. His 
childhood days were spent within the sight and sound of 
the beautiful ocean. In his youth he was sent to Harvard 
College, from which he graduated in 1731, at thie age of 
twenty. He then went into business, and became well 
known as one of Boston's merchants. At the age of twenty- 
three, (June 13, 1734), he was married in the Old South 
Congregational Church, by Eev. Thomas Prince, to Mary 
Deming, of Boston, (born 1706). Children : 

i. Mary® b. Apr. 13, 1735, (Sunday), m. John Collins. 

ii. Ruth« b. Oct. 26, 1737, (Wed.), m. Pince. 

iii. John® b. Sept. 2, 1739, (Sunday), m. Mary Cusbing. 

iv. Hannah* b. May 10, 1742, (Monday), m. Jackson, 

and had a daughter born betweeu Nov. 9th and 16th, 
1765, as per letter of Elisha Avery^. 

V. b. Dec. 6, 1743. 

vi. Samuel® b. Dec. 1, 1746, (Monday), died Aug. 4, 1751. 

Mrs. Mary (Deming) Avery died of paralysis Friday, 
December 2, 1763, aged 57 years. 

John Avery' died 1796, aged 85 years. 
The following is an extract from the original will of John 
Avery^ January 29, 1789, (Probate office, Boston.) 

" Being also desirous that my children may enjoy my estate in 
such mauner as I judge is according to their different circum- 
stances in life, not making distinction for the different love or 
esteem I bear to one more than to the other, as they are all equally 
dear to me.'* He names his daughter Mary Collins, his 
daughter Ruth Price, his daughter Hannah Jackson, and his only 
son, John Avery, whom he makes residuary legatee and sole 
Executor. (Signed,) 

Will proved Apr. 12, 1796. io^iw^ xA- 


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JOHN AVERY^ third child and only son of John' and 
Mary (Deming) Avery, of Boston, and grandson of Eev. 
John* and Ruth (Little) Avery, of Truro, was born Septem- 
ber 2, 1739. He graduated (1759) at the age of twenty, 
and ^married April 18 or 20, 1769, Miss Mary Gushing, 
daughter of Hon. Thomas Gushing (born 1749. *) Ghildren : 

^ ♦ Elisha Averyf* to bis brother Samuel wrote, April 22, 1709: *' Cousin John 
Avery, of Boston, was last Tuesday evening married to Polly Gushing.*' 

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i. Mary^, b. April 21, 1770, ni. Luke Baldwin 
ii. Sarah^, b. Oclober 4, 1771, m. .Inly, 1795, John A. 
Collins, and died|January 12, 1802. 

iii. Deborah^, b. July 19, 1773, m. Robert Moody, and died 
Jan. 7, 1848. 

iv. John^, b. Feb. 13, 1775, ra. Harriet Williams. 
V. Betsey^, b. Aug. 6, 1777, ra. Thomas Williams, 
vi. Lucy^ b. Oct. 25, 1781, died 1782. 
vii. Peggy Cushingi*, b. April 27, 1783, died May 27, 1783. 
viii. Lucy^, b. April 1, 178G, died Oct. 12, 1831, unmarried, 
ix. Mary A. Smith'-^, b. Oct. 17, 1788. m. Isaac Mansfield. 
X. Thomas Hancock-», b. Aug. 10, 1792, died Feb. 15, 1793. 

John Avery" after serving acceptably as Deputy Secretary 

of Massachusetts for a number of years, and Secretary 

twenty-six years, died June 7, 1 806, at the age of 66 years. 


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By will (in Probate Office, Boston) of May 13, 1806, gives 
to his " wife Mary the use and improvements of all his Real 
and Personal Estate including Bonds, Notes, Debts funded 
or other stock " for her life, also his household furniture ; 
and after her decease, the same to be equally divided among 
his children, or the representatives of such as may be now 
deceased or may hereafter decease. He appointed his wife 
Mary, and his son-in-law Luke Baldwin, executors. Bond 
to will signed by Mary Avery and Luke Baldwin. The fol- 
lowing is an inventory of his property condensed : 

6 Mahogany hair bottom chairs 818.00 

2 do. card Ubies 7.00 
1 Piano forte and music books 50.00 

1 Large looking-glass 30.00 

3 Prints, Washington &c 6.00 

2 Kidderminster carpets 21.00 

1 Sideboard and Painted floor carpet 30.00 

2 Mahogany bedsteads and curtains 75.00 
Chairs, cabinet, Lamps &c &c 129.20 
Beds, carpets, chairs &c 210.50 
Bed and table linen 150.00 
China, crockery, glass ware $70 and books $15 85.00 
141 o?. 7 pwts Plate, at $1.10 cts 155.51 


House, out houses and land in Marlborough 

St., Boston ' $10,000.00 

2 parcels of land in Northborough containing 

27 acres $1,200.00 

Amount of household goods 967.21 

Boston, Aug. 11, 1806. 


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A Malacca cane, with ornamented gold head, about four 
feet long, which belonged to Secretary John Avery^ is now 
in possession of young John Avery^-, of New York, a lineal 
descendant. On the head is inscribed, " Coll. Littlehales 
to Thos. Hancock," and "The gift of Gov. Hancock to 
J. Avery, Jr." 

Mrs. Mary (Gushing) Avery, widow of Secretar}'^ John 
Avery*, died October 23, 1823, at the age of 76 years. 

Mr. Samuel P. Avery, of New York, has in his possession 
an ancient document, drawn up in the House of Represen- 
tatives, July 10th, 1766. The instrument ordered the 
raising of two regiments, and provided the manner thereof, 
for the defence of the northern frontier, and that " each 
man be furnished with a good Firearm, and bayonet fitted 
thereto, a Cartouch box, knapsack and blanket, or instead 
of a bayonet, a Hatchet or Tomahawk." 

Passed in concurrence, July 11th, 1776, and consented to 
by major part of ye Council, and attested by 


Mrs. Elroy M. Avery has a document with the signatures 
of John Hancock, and John Avery, Secretary of Mass. 
From her we have the following item : 

"John Avery, Jr., was one of the famous Sons of Liberty, 
who had their place of meeting on Washington Street, near 
Boylston Market, under the famous " Liberty Tree." A 

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store stands on the place, and a large picture of the tree is 
on the front of the store. They hung effigies of British 
stamp officers on the tree, and when the British took pos- 
sesion of Boston they cut it down." 


Mary Avery", eldest daughter of Secretary John' and 
Mary (Gushing) Avery, born April 21, 1770, married at the 
age of nineteen (September 8, 1789,) Luke Baldwin. 
Children : 

i. Mary Avery^", b. Nov. 25, 1790, m. Phineas Uphara. 
ii. Luke*^\ b. Feb. 27, 171)2, died young, 
iii. John Avery^**, b. Dec. 20, 1793, m. Sarah Collins, 
iv. Lucy Parknaau'", b. Sept. 17, 1795, died September 5, 

.V. Luke'^, b. June 5, 1797, m. Elizabeth Orne, daughter of 
Thomas and Catharine S. P. O. Cushiug, had four 
vi. Eliza^«, b. June 6, 1799, died Aug. 22, 1800. 
vii. Henry>», b. Feb. 5, 1801, m. June 25, 1835, Julia A. 

Bowes, of Cincinnati. He died April 7, 1872. 
viii. Sarah Collins^", b. Maich 12, 1803, m. June, 1823, 
Samuel Stillman. She died leavina; two children. 

ix. Thomas Williams'^, b. March 18, 1805, m. Nov. 13, 
. 1834, Margaret J. Bacon. Had two or three children. 
He died Nov. 1, 1874. 
X. Elizabeth AVilliams*^*, b. June 11, 1807, m. Dr. Amos 

Stevens, Oct. 17, 1849. 
xi. Samuel Parkmani% b. Oct. 31, 1809, died Sept. 7, 1832. 
xii. Lucy Ann^", b. Nov. 17, 1811, m. Aug. 27, 1837, John 

xiii. Edward^", b. Jan. 26, 1815, m. Aug. 8, 1815, Ellen W. 

Mary (Avery") Baldwin died in Eoxbury, May 31, 1837, at 
the a<i:e of 67. 

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Mary Avery Baldwin'", eldest daughter of Luke and Mary 
(Avery') Baldwin, born Nov. 25, 1790, m. Jan. 24, 1811, 
Phineas Upham. Children : 

i. George*', b. died young. 

ii. Charlotte'', b. m. Dr. William Cutter, died . 

iii. Mary A.*', b. m. Dr. Charles Gordon, — three 


iv. Harriet", b. m. John P. Putnam. 

v. Lucy", b. m. Henry Tooke Parker. Two children. 

vi. George Phineas", b. m. Sarah Sprague. Two 


Mary Avery"* (Baldwin) Upham died in Boston, May 28, 
1872, aged 81 years. 


Harriet Upham, third daughter of Phineas and Mary 
Avery'" (Baldwin) Upham, married John P. Putnam. 
Children : 

i. Mary*'^, b. m. Charles Fearing, N. Y. 

ii. Harriet''-^, b. m. Horace J. Hayden. 

iii. Sally'2, b. . 

iv. John P.''^ b. . 


John Avery Baldwin'", second son (third child) of Luke 
and Mary (Avery") Baldwin born December 20, 1793, mar- 
ried October 16, 1826, Sarah Collins"\ (grand-daughter of 
Secretary John' and Mary (Gushing) Avery, and daughter 
of Sarah (Avery®) and John A. Collins. Children : 

i. Mary A.", 

ii. Lucy", 

iii. John Avery '^ 

iv. Marion". 

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John Avery Baldwin" died in Nashua, N. H., Apr. 10, 
1873, in the 80th year of his age. 


Edward Baldwin'", seventh son (thirteenth child) of Luke 
and Mary (Avery") Baldwin, born Jan. 26, 1815, m. Aug. 8, 
1839, Ellen Watson White, dau. of Miles W. and Marcia 
White, born in Brighton, Mass., Sept. 21, 1818. Children : 

i. Edward D.^^ b. 1840, 8t Franeesville, •La., died 1841. 

ii. Mary Ellen ^^ b. Aug 13, 1841, St Frances vi lie, La. 

iii. Sarah D.*S b. Jau 24, 1844 in Bostou, m. Charles, son of 
Wm E. and Caroline (Carter) Laight of N. Y. Had 
i. Ellen Baldwin*'-^ Laight, b. Vevey, Switzerland, 
Nov 10, 1880. 

iv. Alice W.", b. Boston, Aug 27, 1845. 

v. Edward", b. Milton, Mass. May 31, 1847, m. Oct 22, 1874, 
Ella, dau. of John and Angelina Combe of Philadel- 
phia. Had i. Edwal■d»*^b. Sept 11, 1876, Riverdale- 
on-Hudson, N. Y. 

Edward Baldwin'", died Dec. 24, 1870, aged 55 yrs, 11 mos. 
Ellen W. (White) Baldwin, died*July 31, 1875, aged nearly 57 yrs. 


Betsey Avery*, fourth daughter (fifth child) of Sec'y John" 
and Mary (Gushing) Avery of Boston, born Aug 6, 1777, 
married 1803, Thomas Williams. Children : 

i. Mary Elizabeth^", b. May 3, 1808, ra. Oct 28, 1845, Rev. 

Amos Smith, 
ii. Harriet Ardelia^o, b. Mar. 13, 1810, m. Oct 13, 1831. Henry 
Howell Williams Sigourney. They had four children : 

1. Henry H. W. JrJS b. Aug 28, 1832. 

2. Harriet Avery>>,b. Feb 16, 1834, died Dec. 6, 1884. 

3. Eliza Williamsii, b. Oct 24, 1838. 

4. Thos. Williams' >, b. Oct 3, 1840, d. June 12, 1853. 
iii. Thomas Henry»^ b. Feb 10, 1812, m. Sept 1, 1836, Emily 

F. Beach. They had one child, Andrew Sigourney*^ b. 
1840. Thos. H.'«, died June 7, 1873, aged 61. 

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iv. Nancyio, b. Nov 1, 1816, m. July 10, 1845 Joseph R. Gordon. 
Betsey (Avery^) Williams died in Leominster, Mass, Aug. 
12, 1851, aged about 74 years. 


Mary A. Smith Avery*, eighth daughter (ninth child) of 
Sec'y John' and Mary (dishing) Avery, born Oct. 17, 1788, 
married Isaac Mansfield (July 9, 1812.) Their only child, 
had Mary Mansfield'", b. Apr. 7, 1818, m. Joseph Patterson. 

Mrs. Mary A. S. (Avery*) Mansfield died in Belmont, 
Mass., June 5, 1878, aged nearly 90 years. 

Mr. Isaac Mansfield, born Dec. 6, 1786, died Apr. 26, 1850, 
aged 63 years. 


Mary Mansfield'", born Apr. 7, 1818, m. Apr. 4, 1842, Joseph 
W. Patterson, the Treasurer of Inst. Savings, merchants clerk 
(1877). Children: — 

i. Caroline Homans", b. Feb 9, 1843. 

ii. Albert Man8tieldl^ b. Mar. 24, 1845. m. June 3, 1869, 
Elizabeth Tracy Brown. Had 

1. Albert Mansfield Jr.»^ b. Oct 20, 1874. 

2. Francis Gordon»2, b. July 7, 1876. 

3. Eleanor'2, b. Sept 19, 1878. 

iii. Alice Mary", b. Aug 15, 1848, m. Apr 26, 1871, William 
Greeuougb, and had 

1. Alice*-^ b. Mar 24, 1872. 

2. William^'^ b. July 15, 1874. 

3. Marian'^ b. Oct 17, 1877. 

4. Edithia, b. Sept 13, 1881. 

5. CarrolP2, b. Jan 30, 1883. 
iv. Josie^*, b. Jan 1, 1857. 

Joseph W. Patterson died June 8, 1881. 

Mrs. Mary (Mansfield^") Patterson of New York, has a 
singular mourning ring in her possession, (having a coffin 
containing a skeleton on it), inscribed, " Mary Avery obit. 

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Dec. 2, 1763, Mi. 5ir (She was the wife of John Avery', 
the Boston mercliant, and great grandmother to Mrs. Pat- 
terson.) A similar ring was made and is in possession of the 
Gardiner family, on the occasion of the death of John Lyon 
Gardiner, the second husband of Deborah (Lothrop) Avery, 
and fifth Proprietor of Gardiner's Island, who died May 19, 
176-4, as per "Magazine of American History," Jan. 1885. 



JOHN AVERY^ the only son who grew to manhood, of 
Sec'y John' and Mai-y (Gushing) Avery was born Feb. 
13, 1775, two months before the battle of Lexington and 
Concord. Like his father, grandfather, and great-grand- 
father, he graduated from Harvard College in 1793, being 
at that time but eighteen years old. 

Six years later (April 9, 1799,) he married Miss Harriet, 
daughter of Henry Howell Williams, who hired and farmed 
Noddle's Island (now East Boston) where he had a large 
manor house and lived in a very hospitable way, keeping 
open house with a large establishment and entertaining 
many prominent people of the day. This house, however, 
was burned during the Revolution to prevent its falling 
into the hands of the British, and Gen. Washington gave 
Mr. Williams the barracks, which, it is thought, were at 
Cambridge, out of which he built another house on the 

About a year after their marriage, John Avery® sailed in 
a new vessel of his own, named "Ardelia," for Ardelia 
Williams, accompanied by his wife. They sailed from 
Norfolk, October or November, 1801, for England, leaving 

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John Av€ry. Bor« 1776. Lost at 8ea 1801. 

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their only child John'", then ten months old, to the care of 
their parents. Nothing was ever heard of the ship or any 
one on board of her. 

The child was brought up by the Williams family, the 
Secretary dying soon after. He married, and settled in 
Lowell, Mass. 

Through the kindness of Mr. John E. Sanborn, of New 
York City, a great grandson of John Avery*, we are able to 
give copies of a few of the original letters, written nearly 
a century ago, which passed between the Secretary and his- 
son John, the original of which are in his possession. 

The first is a copy of a letter from John Avery, Secretary 

of State, Mass., to his son, John Avery, while at Harvard 

College : 

Boston, Junk 17, 1791. 
My Dear Child : 

When a Parent hears of the good Conduct of a child, the most 
agreeable sensations arise in his breast, and they are better felt 
than expressed, as was the case yesterday, when I had the agree- 
able pleasure of hearing the report of the Hon'ble and Rev'd 
Committee who were appointed to examine tlie Scholars in the 
several branches of Literature and among the number of those 
who excelled, I heard the names of Paine, 2nd, and Avery, and 
what gave me additional pleasure, the President came up to me 
and spoke of you in the most agreeable terms. I told him that 
it was very flattering to me and thanked him for his politeness, 
and hoped that your Conduct would be, during your stay at 
College, such as to merit his approbation, and I have not the 
least doubt from your filial Conduct to me, and the Goodness of 
your Disposition that you will deserve the encomiums given you, 
and may you go thro' College with reputation to yourself, is the 
prayer of an aflfectionate parent. 

This leaves our family, thro' Divine Goodness, in good health 
— if your hoarseness should increase, you will be at liberty to 
come home — however, 1 hope to hear that it is better. 
I am your affectionate Father, 

Mr. John Avery. John Avery, Jun. 

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Copy of a letter in answer to the foregoing one by the 
Secretary, written by his sou, from Harvard College : 

Cambrid<;e, June 25, 1791. 
Honored Sir : 

The narrowness of my genius will not permit me to express 
words adequate to pleasure that arise in my breast upon reading 
your last letter. 

I assure you that nothing could afford me happiness than meet- 
ing with the approbation of a parent, whom I am bound, by all 
the ties of nature and affection, to please for the great care and 
tenderness he has always shown to me. 

My heart was never formed to repay with ingratitude the cares 
and anxieties of a tender parent, and it has always been my 
chief aim in endeavoring to meet with your approbation, to gain 
your esteem, and as I have done it, I feel a happiness arising in 
my breast which I am not able to express. It would be great 
ingratitude in me, after the care you taken in giving me a genteel 
education, not to behave well. I know it must cause great un- 
happiness in the breast of a parent to see his child leading a dis- 
sipated life and running headlong to destruction, after all the 
advice he has given him and the endeavours taken to make 
him a gentleman — which I have always considered, and accord- 
ingly have endeavoured to please you, and as I have met with 
your approbation I think myself well rewarded, and I hope I shall 
never give you an occasion to alter your present oppinion con- 
cerning Your dutiful Son 


My cold is much better than it was, and I have been led to 
believe what I could never believe before, that my cough was 
partly owing to habit, but with great difficulty I have restrained 
myself, and I think it is much better by it. My love to all the 

The next letter is dated, Neicport, Sept. 5th, 1795, written 
to his sister, from which we give a few extracts. The spell- 
ing and punctuation are like the original : 

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"Dear Sister: 

It is witli great pleasure I embrace this opportunity, by Mr 
Williams wbo sets out today or tomorrow. I really wisb you had 
been with us as we have had rare fun ever since we left home — 
yesterday I was invited to dine with the officers of the militia who 
paraded & made a most noble appearance, three out of fifty had 
guns the rest Broomsticks and some of the officers with scyths 
instead of swords, in fact if yoii ever had any Idea of Falstaf's 
ragged regiment you will have a clear Idea of that of Newport." 

He goes on to speak of a toast tliat was drank to the 
health of the President (George Washington,) to which all 
were not agreed, causing a good deal of excitement, which 
was not eapily quieted. One of them called him a 
" powder'd headed stranger." He continues : 

** This has afforded me more fuu than I have seen this long 
time. Our friends here cannot think of parting with us till Mon- 
day. I do not know how it will be so you need not expect us till 
we enter the House. Our family here are all well send theire love 
to grandpapa" (John') '*papa" (John**), ''and each & all of your 
•worthy family — accept my wishes for your health & happiness & 
believe me your affectionate Brother John Avery Jr.'* 

Copy of a letter from John Avery^ son of Secretary Avery, 
to his father : 

Liverpool, Aug. 7, 1797. 
Dear Father : 

8mce writing to 5'ou from London, I have been with my friend 
Mr. Wainwright thro* many of the manufacturing towns, where I 
have been able to make many agreeable acquaintances — I have 
nearly accomplished the whole of my business in regard to loading 
the Brig sent me from Carolina. I shall leave this in a few days 
for Loudon where I shall hand Mary Ann nn board the first ship 
for Boston, & unfurl our sail for a prosperous wind to waft me to 
those friends whose absence I now more than ever regret. 

Considering the many difficulties I have had to encounter, I 
must say I have been more fortunate than I expected. Times 
have been unpleasant indeed, & though surrounded by all the 

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gaieties and follies of Europe, I have been iu a continued state of 
anxiety. But I hope affairs are now coming round, & that Amer- 
icans will endeavor to retrieve their former Character which their 
Wild unmeaning Speculations have almost lost them. 

Whenever I should recouuiiend a man to ruin, I shall advise 
him to take an American Speculation for a pattern, & he is sure 
of gaining his end. In fact, I am heartily sick of the hue and cry 
against the American Credit, which reverberates from shore to 
shore, from one end of Europe to the other, & the Cause is easily 
pointed out. Men infatuated with extension Credit, & blinded by 
the glittering pros[)ect before them thought not of misfortune, but 
drowned in the sweets of their imagination iiave gone headlong to 
ruin, deranged every system of regular negotiations and deviated 
(some thro' necessity, and others voluntarily) from those rules of 
honor upon which mercantile transactions entirely depend. 

On board the ship Hope I have shipped to the Care of friend 

the ware which 1 promised to send my mother & which I 

hope will be agreeable to her mind. 

This I think will be the last letter you will receive from me 
dated iu Europe, for 1 hope not many months after this reaches 
you, to be safely landed on my native shores. Should this ship 
not sail till Sunday, I shall be able to send you my representative, 
which I hope you will know. 

With best love to my mother, sisters, brothers & friends, 

believe me 

Your Ever Affectionate Son 

John AveHy. 




JOHN AVERY"\ only child of Jolin'^ and Harriet Howell 
(Williams) Avery, born Jan. 5, 1800. At the age of nine- 
teen (1819) he was graduated from Harvard College. Nine 
years later (Mar. 6, 1828), he married Sarah, dau. of Samuel 
G. Derby of Weston, and settled in Lowell, where he engaged 
largely in manufacturing. Children : 

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i. Harrietts b. Nov 2G, 1828, m. Dr. Ehen K. Sanborn, 
ii. John", b. July 15, 1830, m. Anna C. Hodges, 
iii. Sarah Derby»i\ b. Nov 2, 1831, d. Sept 17, 1848. 
iv. Ardelia", b. Jan 6, 1835, d. May 8, 1838. 
John Avery»« died 1864. ' 

Harriet Williams Avery", eldest daughter of John'" and 
Sarah (Derby) Avery of Lowell, Mass., was born Nov. 26, 
1828, married in Lowell, Oct. 10, 1855, Dr. Eben Kimball 
Sanborn, Surgeon U. S. A. Children : 

i. Charles Derby ^^^ \^^ ^ug 8, 1856, died in Webster, Colorado, 

Oct. 13, 1880. 
ii. Emily»2, b. Oct 8, 1858, d. scarlet fever, Jan 17, 1863. 
iii. John Ebeu'^, b. Sept 29, 1860. 

Mr. John E. Sanborn is book-keeper in the N. Y. Mutual 
Gas Light Co., and lives with his widowed mother at No. 
36 Union Square, N. Y. city. 

Dr. Eben Kimball Sanborn was Surgeon of the Slst Mass 
Regiment, under Gen. B. F. Butler, also served as Surgeon 
of 1st Vermont Regiment from April 1861, to Sept. 6, under 
Gen. John Phelps, at Newport News, (as Post Surgeon). 
He died of typho-mania at Ship Island, near New Orleans, 
April 3, 1862. He was a son of Dr. John Hilton Sanborn, 
of New Hampshire. 

(JOHNio, j(>HN», JOHN^ JOHN^ RKV. JOHN«.) 


JOHN AVERY*', only son of John'" and Sarah (Derby) 
Avery of Lowell, Mass., was born July 15, 1830, gradua- 
ted from Harvard College (as his ancestors before him), at 
the age of twenty, (1850), and became a Civil Engineer in 
New York. He married Anna Corinne Hodges. Children : 

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i. Johu»2i3. gept 11, 1870. 

ii. Robert Livingston ^*'^, b. died soon. 

iii. Stanley Robertas b. Dec 14, 1879, bap. May 15, 1881. 

John Avery" was run over by a locomotive Jan. 30, 188i, 
being at that time 54 years of age. The following is an 
extract from a N. Y. daily at the time : 


Jan. 31, 1884. 

John Avery, of the Public Works Department of this city, but 
who lived at Yonkers, started from his residence at a little before 
9 o'clock yesterday morning, to walk down the tracks of the New 
York Central and Hudson River Railroad to Ludlow station to 
take a train to the city. The distance to be traversed was about 
a quarter of a mile and the morning was very foggy. He had 
gone but a little way when he met an up freight train, and he 
stepped on the down track. At the same instant the Poughkeepsie 
special, due in New York at 9.20, struck him and he fell under 
the locomotive, where his body was all cut up and strewn along the 
tracks for several hundred feet. The engineer of the Poughkeepsie 
special did not know that he had struck any one until he was 
looking over his engine at the Grand Central Station and found it 
besmeared with blood. The fireman, on whose side Mr. Avery 
must have been struck, thought they had run over a dog at Lud- 
low, but the fog was so thick he could not say positively. Mr. 
Avery was Assistant Engineer of the Sewer Bureau of the Depart- 
ment of Public Works, having been in the employment of the city 
for twenty-four years. His great-grandfather was the first Secre- 
tary of Massachusetts. After being graduated from Harvard at 
an early age, he devoted himself to civil engineering. He was 
for a time First Assistant Engineer in the Lowell Water-works, 
and afterward he held a similar position during the construction 
of the Brooklyn Water- works. He was also for a short time Chief 
Engineer of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, 
and since then he has been employed in the Public Works Depart- 
ment of this city. Under his superintendence a complete survey 
of the sewers has been made. He was one of the oldest members 
of the American Society of Civil Engineers, and at one time was 

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President of the Blooming Park Association, whieli owns a large 
reserve in Pike County, Penn. Among those who knew him best 
he was esteemed a thorough and trustworthy engineer, and socially 
he was a genial and pleasant gentleman. He was 54 years of age 
and leaves a widow and two children/* 

He was the sixth John Avery of direct line who have been 
graduated from Harvard College. John A. Avery", son of 
John Avery*" of Somerville, Mass., is a graduate of Harvard, 
class of '91, who is also a descendant in the direct line 
from Job, the fifth son of Bev. John Avery". 

His son John", sixth in descent from Rev. John Avery* of 
Truro, is a promising young man of 20, has a good position 
in the office of Mr. Meyers, City Engineer, who was a friend 
of his father. He is the young man referred to as now pos- 
sessing the Malacca cane presented by John Hancock to 
Sec'y John Avery. 

Stanley Robert", his brother, is also spoken of as a 
promising boy. 

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rV. EPHRAIM AVERY^ second son of Rev. John* and 
Ruth (Little) Avery, was born in Truro, Mass., Apr. 
22, 1713, graduated from Harvard College at the age of 
eighteen, (1731.) He settled in Brooklyn, Ct., was the first 
minister ordained there, Sept. 24, 1735. 

He married Miss Deborah Lothrop (born Jan. 9, 1716-7, 
daughter of Samuel and Deborah (Crow) Lothrop. In 
Chandler's copy of Records in Pomfret, Conn., is recorded : 
** A marriage was solemnized between y' Reverend Ephraim 
Avery and Miss Deborah Lothrop, Sep. 21, 1738." Children : 

i. John^ b. July 14, 1739, (Sat.) m. Ruth Smith, 
ii. . I Ephraim^, b. Apr 13, 1741(Mon.)m. Hannah Pratt, 

iii. ' I Samuel'^, b. " *' *' *' died soon, 

iv. Samuel^, b. Nov. 7, 1742, (Sun.) m. Mrs. Mary (Filiis) 

Ackincloss, N. S. 
V. Klisha^, b. Dec. 3, 1744, (Mon.) m. Eunice Putnam, 
vi. Elizabeth^, b. Dec. 5, 1746, (Fy'w) m. Rev. Aaron 

vii. Septimus'*, b. July 21, 1749, (Fri.) died Oct. 10, 1754. 
viii. Deborah^, b. July 5, 1751, (Fri.) m. Dr. Joseph Baker, 
ix. Ruth*^, b. Jan. 13, 1754, (Sun.) m. Dr. John Brewster 

Of his call to settle in the work of ministry, we learn from 
Miss Larned's "History of Windham County," Conn.: 

"The church now (1734) encouraged the Westlake society in 
its renewed efforts to seek for a minister, and pursuant to the 
advice of the ministry it succeeded in securing Mr. Ephraim Avery 

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of Truro, Mass.. then residing in Cambridge, who was graduated 
from Harvard, 1731. The difficulties and differences now vnnisiied 
and all parties were satisfied with the gifts and abilities together 
with the conversation of the young candidate (in his 22nd 5'ear) 
and gladl}' united in calling him to settlement. Capt. Joseph 
Cleveland, I)eacoi» Williams and Henry Cobb were ap[)ointed by 
the society to treat with Mr. Avery who in view of the fluctuations 
in currency then prevailing, agreed ''To pay him yearly six pence 
upon the list of all the polls and ratable estate, until it amounts 
to one hundrtd and twenty pounds in money or bills of public 
credit to be fixed with respect to the following commodi- 
ties viz: wheat, lye, Indian corn, beef, pork, sheep's wool or flax ; 
or that the salary vary according as the price of them shall rise or 
f ill from the j)resent year. These terms being accepted by Mr. 
Avery the prices of the commodities were thus settled June 17, 
1735: wheat ten shillings per bushel, rye-seven, Indian corn 5, 
beef 4 pence, flax Is. wool 3 shillings, i)ork 6 pence half penny. 

The church concurred with the call given by the society. The 
work on the Meeting-house was now hastened. It was voted to 
build a pulpit and have pews all around the house, only the place 
for the pulpit and the doors and the stairs excepted ; some years 
passe(i before these were completed." 

(The site of this Meeting-house in Hrooklyn, Conn., was a few 
rods west of the present (1874) Cong, house of worship). Mean- 
while a body of seats was set up and the house made ready for the 
ordination of Mr. Avery (Wednesday) Sei)t. 24, 1735. All the 
neighboring ministers i)articipated in the service on the occasion. 
The Rev. Mr. Coit of Plainfield gave the charge, Mr. Wadsworth 
the right hand of fellowship, Mr. Cabot the last prayer. The ser- 
mon was preached by the father of the young divine — Rev. John 
Avery of Truro, from 2 Tim. Ic, 11 v — '^Whereunto I am appointed 
a preacher and an apostle and teacher of the Gentiles." The ord- 
ination dinner was prepared at Mr. Jonathan Cady*s, two miles 
westward over BlackiceWs Brooke which being still bridgeless was 
forded on this occasion by (dl of the ministers and messengers." 
'" The prosperity of the Parish was greatly checked by i)revalent 
sickness and mortality. A i)leuratic distemi)er in 1753 was fol- 
lowed in 1754 by a malignant dysentery especially fatal to children. 
Scarcely a family in Windham County escai)ed the scourge. ♦ * * 

I I 

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Ill Brooklyn wliere it raged with great violence about seventy 
deaths were reported. Rev. Mr. Kphraim Avery still apparently 
the only medical practitioner in the vicinity, night an<l day minis- 
tered to the sick and dying till he was prostrated and overcame 
and fell a victim to the disease. The death of this excel'ent min- 
ister was greatly monrued." * * * * ''He left a widow and 
seven chiMren'* (his son Septimus having died Oct. 10th, only ten 
days before his father.) 


Extracts from sermon at the fuueral of Rev. Ephraim 
Avery : — 


" At Brooklyn in Pomfret, at the funeral of Rev. Ephraim 
Avery, Oct. 22nd, 1754, by Ebenezer Devotion, A. M. Printed by 
John Draper, Boston 1755.'* 

" Job XVI 1-13 — '• The grave is mine house." 

'•Concerning him the Rev. Mr. Ephraim Avery, formerly of 
Truro, Mass., Pastor of this flock." 

" During the time of his public ministry which was the time of 
ray very intimate acquaintance with him. he appeared with a pecu- 
liar lustre in the various relations of life which he sustained " * » 
"As to his natural endowments, he was calm, peaceable, patient, 
open hearted, free of access, sociable, hospitable, cheerful, but not 
vain, capable of unshaken friendship — not a wit, but very judicious, 
not of the most ready and quick thought, but very penetrating, 
capable of viewing the relation of things, comparing them and 
drawing just conclusions from them. In a word, the Author of 
Nature had dealt out with a liberal hand to hi n, humanity and 
good sense. As to his acquirements in learning : he was esteemed 
of the best judges of his acquaintances, a good scholar, a good 
Divine and no small proficient in several of the liberal sciences. 

In private life, he was a hearty, fast undisguised friend, no less 
so in adversity than prosperity — not capable of dissembling 
friendship, equal and just to all. In his family he was the cour- 
teous, obliging, tender husband, the kind provident and exemplary 
father. As a Christian, those who have been most intimately 
acquainted with him, are witnesses of that humanity, temperance, 

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sobriety, gravity, sincerity, o[)enness, honesty, benevolence, and 
charity whicli have appeared in him. As a minister of Christ, he 
was an example to his flock. His preaching was judicious and 
pnnirent, well adapted to enlighten the understanding, convince 
the judgment and reform the life. It was his study and his care 
to feed his people with knowledge and understanding.*' 

It is a singular fact, that father, son and grandson all 
died the same year. Rev. John Avery' died in Truro, Mass., 
April 23rd, 1754, aged 69. Rev. Ephraim Avery', died in 
Brooklyn, Ct., Oct. 20, 1754, aged 41, and Septimus Avery", 
died Oct. 10, 1754, aged 5 years. 

In the southwest corner of the old cemetery in Brooklyn, 
Ct., is his tombstone inscribed thus : — 

"In memory of y*^ Rev'* 
Mr Ephraim Avery 
Pastor of y^ Church of 
Brooklyn in Pom fret, 
Who departed this life 
Oct 20^»» 1754 in y« 42"'» 
year of his age and 20"' 

of his ministry. 
''The poor worm calls us 
for his inmates there 
and round us Death's inexorable 
hand, Draws y^' dark 

Curtain close." 

An inventory of the Estate of Kev. Mr. Ephraim Avery, 
taken by the appraisers under oath, Jan. 2"', 1755, shows him 
to have been worth £8,984, 8s. 8d. 

The following are a few extracts from the Inventory : — 

'' Case of Drawers & Desk & Dressing table £66. 00. 

'' Library £271. 2. 8. Bed & furniture £323. 5. . 594. 7. 8 

'' Wearing apparel 244. 5. 

'* Silver vessels 60. 0. 

"' 2 Brass Kittles 33. 0. 

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0. 0? 



















*' Fire slice ; Toun<is 30s. 

'• a watch 

*' 3 looking glasses 

'•27 CMiairs 

'" 3 spiuuiiig wheels 

'' Saddle Baggs 

"Chair & Furniture & Runners 

'' 1 yoak of oxen £120, 4 Cows £170 

'' 4 Heiffers £120, 3-2 years old £60 

'' 2 year old £20, 6 Swine £39 

'' 20 bheep £55, Ox yoak. Clevis & Pin £3 

" Cart £50, Sled £8, & wedae GOs 

" 2 Mairs & Colt £220, 1 young horse £40 
" Horse taklin £3, Drags £43. Rakes 20s. 
'' House land and other buildings 
'' WoodLott 

Mrs. Deborali (Lothrop) Avery, who was left a widow Oct. 
20, 1754, at the age of thirty-eight, with seven children, mar- 
ried, Nov. 21, 1755, for her second husband, Mr. John 
Gardiner, 5th Proprietor of G.irdiner's Island. The cere- 
mony probably took place at the house of his brother-in-law 
(her cousin) Dr. Joshua Lothrop, (Mr. Gardiner's first wife 
having died the next day after Mrs. Avery's first husband). 
This union was blessed with two children : Hannah, V)orn 
1757, who married June, 1781, Sam'l Williams. She died in 
1800, — and Septimus, born 1759, who died June, 1777, while 
in the army at Poekskill, N. Y. 

Soon after Mrs. Avery's marriage to Mr. Gardiner, she 
was called upon "to provide for the ordination, council and 
other ministers and the friends of Eev. Mr. Josiah Whiting," 
who had been called to be pastor of the church, over which 
her late husband. Rev. Ephraim Avery, had presided, "at 
the society's charge, receiving a hundred pounds for this 
service." " Mr. Whiting was a native of Windham Co., born 
in Plaiufield, Aug. 11, 1731. Yale 1752." 

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Feb. 4, 1756, was the day appointed for the ordination, — 
** The day being very fine and the congregation much too 
large for the- meeting house, the ordaining services were 
held on the Green, ladies using their fans as freely as at 
mid-summer. All the neighboring ministars were present 
on this memorable occasion." 

Mrs. Deborah Avery Gardiner was living at Gardiner's 
Island, Sept. 1764, as will be seen by her daughter Eliza- 
beth's' letter to her brother John". 

She was soon after called upon, for the second time to 
mourn the loss of a companion. She married for her 
third husband, Col. Israel Putnam, June 3"', 1767. (He had 
by his first wife Hannah, who died Apr. 6, 1765, six daugh- 
ters and four sons, but none by his second wife). On p. 419 
Chandler's copy of Pomfret Records, is found: "A marriage 
was solemnized between Col. Israel Putnam and Mrs. Deb- 
orah Gardiner, June y- 3, 1767." Miss Larned, in her 
" History of Windham County," Vol. 2, p. 6, says : " This 
marriage gave new dignity to his social position, bringing 
him into connection with many prominent families and with 
the ecclesiastical element so potent in Conliecticut at this 
period. Mrs. Putnam had a large circle of friends and 
much social experience. Her husband was the most popular 
man of the day. Their hospitable home drew throngs of 
visitants. Every soldier passing through Windham County 
wruld go out of his way to call upon his beloved Colonel." 
Cutler in his "Life of Putnam," says "his wife Deborah 
accompanied him in most of his campaigns till her death." 
On p. 316 he says: "It was in the midst of these stirring 
scenes (1777) when burdened with public cares, that Gen. 
Putnam was called again to experience the heaviest of 
domestic afflictions in the loss of his wife. She died at his 

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quarters about a week after his removal to Fislikill" (and 
about ten days after the loss of Forts Montgomery and 
Clinton), " and it is not improbable that her death was has- 
tened, if not caused by the exposure and fatigue incident to 
this sudden change." In recounting Putnam's evacuation 
of West Point and the cause, viz : his forces having been 
greatly reduced, and by a division of a council of his officers 
that it would be impossible to maintain the Post against 
superior numbers, Cutler says, " it was determined to retire 
with the troops to Fishkill, a Post twelve miles up the river 
and to commence immediately the removal of the stores." 
Gen. Putnam, in his letter to Gen. Washington, writes that 
his wife "died last Tuesday night," (which was Oct. 14, 1777) 
the letter being dated at Fishkill, Oct. 16, 1777, (which was 

Gen. Washington in his reply to him, dated Oct. 19, 1777, 
writes : — 

'* I am extremely sorry for the death of Mrs. Putnam, and sym- 
pathize with you upon the occasion. Remembering that all must 
die and that she had lived to an honorable age,*' (her Gl** year) 
" I hope you bear the misfortune with that fortitude and compla- 
cency of mind that become a man and a christian. I am Dear Sir 
with great esteem Yours &c 

Geo. Washington." 

Cutler says: "In the same dispatch which communicjited 
these afflicting tidings to the Commander-in-Chief, Gen. 
Putnam announced the surrender (Capitulation signed Oct. 
14, 1777, at 8 P. M., as per Gov. Clinton's letter to Gen. 
Putnam, dated Albany, 15th Oct., 1777), of Burgoyne, and 
the retaking of Peekskill and the Highland passes on the 
east side of the river." 

"Bolton in his "Hist, of the Prot. Epis. Church of West- 
chester County, N. Y., says, "Mrs. Putnam died at the 

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Highlands, North River, and was buried in Col. Beverly 
Robinson's family vault." 

Gen. Putnam died May 9th, 1790. 



JOHN AVERY^ eldest son of Rev. Ephraim" and Deborah 
(Lothrop) Avery, was born in Brooklyn, Ct., July 14, 
1739. Graduated from Yale in 1761. Studied Divinity, but 
relinquished it on account of ill health. Taught school in 
Rye, N. Y. Bolton, in his "Hist, of Prot. Epis. Church in 
Westchester Co., says : " The name of Mr. John Avery occurs 
on the Society's list as schoolmaster of Rye in 1770, with a 
salary of £10 per annum." He also taught in Huntington, 
L. I, New York. He married June 26, 1769, Ruth Smith, 
daughter of Jehiel and Kesia (Wood) Smith, who was born 
May 5, 1741, and baptized by Rev. Ebenezer Prince, May 31, 
1741. Children: — 

i. Son^. h. Feb. 3, 1774, died in infancy, 
ii. SallyS, b. Jan. 24, 1776, died Sept 4, 1776. 
iii. John Smitli^, b. Dec. 28, 1777, hap. by Rev. Kbenezer 

John Avery" died Aug. 20, 1779. His widow, Ruth (Smith) 
Avery, soon followed, she dying Oct. 4, 1779. 

The will of John Avery" bears date Feb. 10, 1773, and 
reads as follows : 

" In the name of God Amen. I, John Avery of Hnntingtcn, 
in Suffolk County, this tenth Day of February Anno Domini one 
tiiousand seven hundred and Seventy Three, being weak in Body 
but of Perfect mind and memory, and calling to mind the Mortality 
of my Body and Seeing that I must shortly yeald to Death, I do 
make and Ordain this my last will and testament in the following 
manner and form : 

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''^ Ini prhniit. I will & order that all my Just Debts & Fiiueral 
Charges be first paid, out of my Estate, by my Executors, Here- 
after named and to Receive all my Just Debts. Item. I give 
and bequeath unto my Loving Wife, Ruth, the whole of my Estate, 
to be at her Disposal as she thinks Propper, and I do constitute 
and appoint u\y Brother, P^phraim Avery, my Wife Ruth Avery 
and my friend Joseph Lewis to be my Sole Executors of this my 
Last Will and Testament, giving and Granting unto them, or 
Either of them, full power and authority to Execute this my Last 
Will and teaitament, and Every Article and Clause therein Con- 
tained the Day and year above Written." 

Signed, Sealed (Signed) John Avery. [«^a/] 

Published, Pronounced 

and Declared lo be my 

Last Will and Testament 

In the Presents of 

Thomas Brush Ju^ 

Elizabeth Brush. 

The following shows the disposal his wido\v, Mrs. Ruth 
(Smith) Avery, made of her property and child : 

"Personally appeared Before me, Mrs. Hannah Piatt, and 
maketh oath on the Holy Evenjalis of almighty God : that on the 
23** of Sept. 1779, as She was With Mrs. Ruth Avery: she heard 
Mrs. Avery tell her sister, Kessiah Smith, that it Was her desire 
she Wood take her Child and Bring it up and to inabie her to do 
so, she Gave her all that she left, after Paiug her dets. 
Sworn the 9th of October 1779. 
Before me Zophar Piatt, Justice. 

(Signed) Hannah Platt." 


John Smith Avery*, the only son (who came to years of 
maturity) of John" and Ruth (Smith) Avery, born Dec. 28, 
1777, was left an orphan in the second year of his age, (as 
stated above) and was brought up by his aunt, Mrs. Kesia 
(Smith) Titus, the wife of Joseph Titus of New Yurk. He 

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married Feb. 11, 1813, (by Rev. Edward Mitchell), Amelia 
Titus, daughter of Israel and Temperance (Norton) Titus, of 
Huntington, L. I, New York, (born Dec. 8, 1774). They 
had one child : Walter Titus Avery*", born Jan. 18, 1814. 

John Smith Avery' was a merchant in dry goods, in part- 
nership with his brother-in-law Walter Titus, under the firm 
of "Titus and Averj-," at 319 Pearl St., New York, from 1807 
to 1816, when they were joined by Robert D. Weeks at 312 
Pearl St., under the firm of "Titus, Avery <fe Weeks." 

He retired from business in 1824. He resided at 62 Oliver 
street in 1813 ; at 52 Oliver .street in 1818 ; at 6 Market street 
in 1820; at 31 Market street in 1826. He died Apr. 14, 1857, 
in the 80'" year of his age. His widow, Amelia (Titus) Avery, 
died Jan. 6, 1863, in the 89''' year of her age,— both at Old 
Mill, near Bridgeport, Conn., at the house of their adopted 
daughter, Mrs. Mary Amelia (Avery) Ireland, (dau. of 
Walter and Mary Titus), wife of Joseph Norton Ireland. 

Mr. and Mrsf. Avery are buried in Greenwood cemetery, 
where there is a substantial granite monument erected to 
their memory. 

Regarding his personal appearance, Mr. Avery was of 
light complexion. 

Mrs. Avery was of dark complexion, of fine personal 
appearance even in old age. The following lines, in refer- 
ence to her, were written soon after her death, by her friend, 
Mrs. Lathrop, and published in the Bridgeport Staiuhmf: 



It Stands in the cosiest corner. 

In the cimrmiug family room, 
Wliere Christmas wreaths, books, and pictures, 

Cheat the winter days of their gloom. 


'71! ■ "': 

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It faces the western window. 

Where age-bediinmed eyes could see, 
Tlirongh tlie bars of sunset splendor, 

A glinii)se of the glory to be. 

Old age it was not unlovely, 

With itp furrows and silver hair, 
As her liands were folded symbolic, 

The guest of the cushioned Arm Chair, 
The center of love and duty, 

She graciously took what was due, 
One who had worthily traveled. 

Almost a century through. 

Still in its cosiest corner. 

The chair has no tenant to-night, 
We miss the charm of a presence. 

As we draw round the evening light. 
We talk as on other evenings, 

Hut voices take tenderer tone. 
And eyes are tearfully glancin«: 

At the chair in the corner alone. 

Round it how many memories, 

How many fond thoughts will entwine ; 
For friends who sit in the silence, 

I venture to weave one of mine. 
I think of her fav'rite lily. 

That lay on her uiot ion less breast. 
As folded down in her casket. 

Sublimely she entered her rest. 

One of the royal old painters 

Placed a lily in Mary's hand. 
As she announced her glad tidings 

To one of the angelic band. 
Next to the message of Mary, 

What welcome news could one bear. 
Than almost a cycle of duty. 

Well done, to the angel of i)rayer. 

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Mr. Walter T. Avery'", Esq., of New York, the only son of 
John Smith" and Amelia (Titus) Avei y, was born in that oit}' 
Jan. 18, 1814. 

Mr. Avery is a gentleman greatly interested in the gene- 
alogy of the Avery family, and has spent both time and 
money in searching for the same ; not only in all parts of 
this country, but in England as well, the home of our first 
ancestors. These records, which he has taken such infinite 
l)ains to gather, he kindly placed at our disposal, without 
■which, it would have been an impossibility to present any- 
thing like a complete record. 

As the success of this book has depended so much on 
him, we thought it proper his portrait should appear, but, 
we regret to say, he declined to be so represented. There- 
fore we must be content to present but a brief sketch of his 

In features and comT)lexion he resembles his mother, 
possessing the Avery firmness of expressi(m. He was 
brought up by very indulgent parents. At the age of 
eighteen, (1832), he graduated from Columl)ia College, and 
commenced civil engineering in 183G, on the location of the 
Croton Aqueduct, and in 18-4 T was Assistant Engineer in 
the survey, location and completion of the upper part of 
the New York division of the Hudson River Railroad. In 
the spring of 1850 he went to San Francisco, Cal., and the 
next year went to Stockton, remaining there five years, sell- 
ing supplies for the miners, under the firm of "Avery and 
Hewlett." Returned to New Y'^ork in 185() and formed a 
partnership with an old fri3nd, as Importers and Commission 
Merchants, under the firm of H. E. Blossom k Co., and at 
his death in 18G3, continued the business with a former 

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clerk of his, uutler the firm of "Avery and Lockwood," till 
January, 1885, when he retired. Mr. Avery spends his 
Winters with his cousin, Mrs. Dr. Emerson, 81 Madison 
Avenue, and his Summers at a quiot village just out of New 
York. He was never married. 



KYE, N. Y. 

l^EV. EPHRAIM AVERY-, second son of Rev. Ephraim', 
-^ \ and Deborah (Lothrop) Avery, of Brooklyn, Conn., was 
born Monday, April 13, 1741, graduated from Yale in 1761, 
the same year as his brother John'. 

By a singular coincidence, John^ and Ephraim', the two 
eldest sons of Rev. John'', of Truro, were graduates from 
Harvard in 11 Sh And John"* and Ephraim", the two eldest 
sons of Rev. Ephraim Avery" of Brooklyn, Conn., from Yah' 
in 7767. 

R3V. Ephraim Avery' married Hannah Platt(?). Chiklreu : 

i. Hnnnjih Platt'\ 1>. Apr. 16, 1703, m. StepluMi Hfirritt. 

ii. Elizabeth Drapii^ b. X\\%. -29, 17G;"), m. Chiircli(?)^ 

who died in West Indies, per letter of Elissha L.^ to 
S:lmM^ Dec. 15, 1799. 
iii. John Wil'iiani^, b. May 24, 1767, lived in Stratford, Conn, 
iv. Elisha Lothrop'^, b. Nov. 27, 1768. 
V. Joseph Platt», b. Mar. 24, 1771. 
vi. Deborah Putnam'^, b. Jnne 1, 1773. 

Bolton, in his "Hist, of Prot. Episcopal Church" in West- 
chester County, N. Y., says: — 

'*Soon after the Rev. Ephraim Avery*^ left college, he went to 
New Jersey and langht school, at a ph\ce called Second River, in 
the township of Newark. Rev. Isaac Hrown, Newark, in his let- 

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ters of Oct. C, 17G2, aiul Apr. 0, 1703. wiiUs, ''that Mr. Avery, 
a young gentleman graduated from Yale College, lias taken care 
of the school at Second River fron) Dec. 1, 1761.** While there 
he turned his attention to theology, and was considered a very 
promising 5'onng man. He then went to Kngland, and was 
ordained Deacon and Priest hy Dr. Hinchman, Hishoi) of London, 
1765, being well recommended l»y the clergy of New Jersey and 
others, and found worthy by the Lord Bishop of London, was 
appointed to the vacani mission oi Rye, N. Y., by Gov. Cadwal- 
lader Golden, Sept. 9, 1765, Rector of Grace Church of the Parish 
of Rye, including Mamaroneck and Bedford. 

In 1767, Mr. Avery received the degree of Master of Arts from 

King's College, N. V., a literal y honor which he richly deserved.'* 

* * * 1774. '' Soon after this, the Clergy of the Church 

of England fell upon trou])lous times, which tried to the utmost 

the firmness of men. 

The Revolutionary War broke out, threatening an utter disrup- 
tion of the ties which had so long bound the Colonies and the 
Mother countiy together. The relations of the Clergy with the 
latter, were of a more close and enduring character than those of 
almost any other class of men" * * * » « ii x\\Qy went on 
steadily with their duty in their sermons ; without touching on 
l)olitics, using their influence to allay political heats and cherish a 
spirit of loyalty among their people. This conduct, however 
harmless, gave great offence. They were everywhere threatened, 
and often reviled, and sometimes treated with brutal violence.'* 
* * * * ''At Rye, Mr. Avery was a [)rincipal 

sufferer. His horses were seized, his cattle driven off, and his 
property plundered. His death, supposed by some, to have been 
occasioned by these losses, happened soon after.'* The Society*s 
Abstracts for 1776 say: "By a private letter received from Mr. 
Ingles, it api)ears that Mr. Avery was murdeied in a most barbar- 
ous manner, on the fifth of last November, for refusing to pray 
for Congress, his throat having been cut and his body shot through 
and thrown in the public highway.*' » * "Tradition, however, 
reports that Mr. Avery was murdered by one Hains, an Irish 
Jesuit, who kept v [)rivate school which stood upon or near the 
site now (1855) occupied by a carriage shed, directly opposite the 
Church at Rye. It is said that frequent discussions on religious 

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topics had taken place between them ; on these occasions Mr. 
Avery was always observed to maintain his argument with great 
coohiess and moderation, while his antagonist, who was of a vio- 
lent temper, would betrny the worst feelings. Under the garb of 
liberty, the murderer waylaid and shot the innocent and defence- 
less victim, cut his throat and dragged his body into the highway. 
But the conscience stricken murderer found no rest, and finally 
removed to Ohio. Not long after he was tried for a second mur- 
der, and condemned to the gallows. According to an account of 
his execution, published in one of the Ohio papers of the day, — 
on the bolts being drawn, the rope broke and the unfortunate man 
fell to the ground. Then he entreated the officers to spare him a 
few moments; when he declared that he lirst shot Mr. Avery and 
then cut his throat.'' '' Related on the testimony of Mrs. Wetmore 
and other aged inhabitants of the Parish, who have heard their 
parents speak of Hains, and remember to have seen tlie account 
of his execution in the papers of the day.'' '• The remains of Mr. 
Avery, with those of his wife, repose in the burying ground 
belonging to the church, on the opposite side of Blind Brook." 

The inscription on her tombstone is as follows : 

'* Sacred 

to the memory of Mrs. Hannah 

late Consort of 

the Rev. Ephraim Avery 

who having lived, greatly 

beloved. Died universally 

lamented, after six weeks 

excruciating pain on y*^ 13th 

Day of May, A. D. 1776 in y^' 

39th year of her Age. 

Blessed are the dead 

wdio die in the Lord." 



JOHN W. AVEKY^ eldest son (third child) of Rev. Ephraim'' 
and Hannah (Platt(?) Avery, was born in Rye, N. T.(?), 

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May 24, 1767, m. Sarah Faircliikl of Stratford, Conn. 
Children: — 

i. Jolm William'", b. 179-. In early life was lost at sea in 

the Jeaniieffe. 
ii. Samuel Putnam^", b. Jan. 171)7, m. Hannili Parke. 

iii. Sarah Elizabeth (Betsey)'", b. , m. E. R. Diipignac. 

iv. Elisha Lothrop'", b. 17U9, m. Jane Gmining. 

John William Avery" died in 1799, aged 32 years We 
have been unable to gather anything touching his life and 
character. A grand daughter remembers of having been 
told that he was a clergyman. It is probable that he was, 
as he was the eldest son and a descendant, in a direct line, 
of three generations of Episcopalian clergymen. It is to be 
regretted that the records are so scant concerning his life. 

Mrs. Sarah (Fairchild) Avery is remembered as a fine 
looking old lady. She lived during the later years of her 
life with her daughter, Mrs. Sarah B. Dupignac, New York, 
until her death several years ago. A marble stone in the 
yard of the Episcopal church at Stratford, Conn., marks her 
resting place, 





^AMUEL P. AVERY^", b. Jan. 1797, son of John William* 
^ and Sarah (Fairchild) Avery, m. Jan. 1, 1821, Hannah 
Ann, (b. Apr. 24, 1805), dau. of Capt. Benjamin Parke, (who 
died Aug. 5, 1807, aged 41 years, as is inscribed on his 
tombstone, yet standing in good preservation in old Trinity 
church yard, New York city). Children : 

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i. Samuel Putnam'', h. Mar. 17, 1822, m. Mary A. Ogdeii. 
ii. Hannah Stanton'', h. Oct. 12, 1824, m. Charles R. 

iii. Susan Jane", b. Dee. 11, 1826, m. Stephen Avery, 
iv. Benjamin Parke", h. Nov. 11, 1828, m. Mary A. 

V. Mary Rebecca Halsey", b. Aug. 10, 1830, m. Rev. 

T. De. AVitt Talmage. 
vi. Charles R. Cornell", b. Oct. 1832, d. Aug. 5, 1833. 

Mr. Sam'l Putuum Avery'", soon after learning the shoe- 
maker's trade, went from Stratford, Conn., early in life, to 
New York city, and opened a shoe store in Catharine street, 
in a building yet standing. He afterwards became the pro- 
prietor of a hotel, called the "East River Mansion House,'' 
where he died of cholera, in 1832, aged 35 years. 

Hannah A. (Parke) Avery was but two years of age when 
her father died. Her husband dying when her children 
were small, their training devolved upon her, and it is evi- 
dent that she must have been a woman of noble character, 
in her influence upon her children, one of whom, Beuj. 
Parke, often referred to her as the "polar star" of his life, 
and to the high principles of honor which she inculcated in 
her family. After the death of Mr. Avery, she married John 
N. Coyne, — and after his death, married in 1858, Johii Owen 
Rouse, of Jersey city, who survives her. She died June 26, 
1888, at Jersey City. She was a member of the Episcopal 
Church in her earlier years, but cm her third marriage, 
became connected with the Methodist Church, — of which 
her husband was a member. 

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Samucl p. Avery. Born 1822. 

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^AMUEL PUTNAM AVERT", eldest son of Samuel P." 
p^ and Hannah (Parke) Avery, was born in New York 
city. Mar. 17, 1822, m. Nov. 24, 1844, Mary Ann, (b. Dec. 1, 
1825), dau. of Henry Aaron and Katharine (Conklin) Ogden, 
of New York. Children : 

i. Mary Henrietta^a^ b. Oct. 4, 1845. 

ii. Samuel Putnumi^, b. Oct. 7, 1847. 

iii. Fannie Falconeri^, b. Nov. 3, 1849, m. Rev. M. P. Welcher. 

iv. Henry Ogden^S b. Jan. 31, 1852, d. Apr. 30, 1890. 

V. p:mma Parke^S b. Aug. 29, 1853, d. Aug. 31, 1857. 

vi. Ellen Waltersi^, b. Jan. 1, 1861. 

Samuel P. Avery" is so widely known from his connection 
with art, both in America and in the Old World, that an 
extended notice of him here, will be of great interest to our 
readers. He began engraving, as a mere boy, in a bank-note 
engraving company. He must have had a genuine art 
inspiration, for he soon passed without a teacher, into wood 
engraving, and during the Mexican war engraved portraits, 
plans of battle fields, &c., for the "Herald." Then he 
worked for the Harper's, Putnam, Appleton, Robert 
Carter Bros., Dick and Fitzgerald, and other publishers, 
occasionally editing and illustrating compilations of his own 
selection. Thus he became intimate with artists and art 
lovers, and was the means of bringing them into intimate 
relationships. In the meantime, he was forming a collection 
of cabinet pictures at his residence in Brooklyn, which were 
freely displayed. But these collections interfered with the 


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regular pursuit of his profession, and in 1865 he removed 
his engraving rooms from down-town to the corner of Broad- 
way and Fourth street, and pursued the business of engrav- 
ing, art publishing, and dabbling in pictures. In 1867 he 
was appointed Commissioner to go abroad in charge of the 
American Art department, at the Paris Universal Exhibi- 
tion, where, in his double capacity of artist and oflScial, he 
made extensive acquaintance with the artists of all countries, 
and studied the merits of all schools. He also made pur- 
chases on his own account, and for American collectors. 
Returning to New York in 1868, he opened business at 88 
Fifth Avenue, where for twenty years he continuously 
improved the class of works in which he dealt, and whence 
he has distributed all over the country, the best examples 
of the most noted names in foreign and domestic art. Dur- 
ing this period he has made public exhibitions of paintings, 
water color drawings, etchings, porcelains, bronzes, &c., <fec., 
— thereby doing much to elevate the public taste, and to 
increase knowledge in works of art. In addition to the 
management of his own gallery, Mr. Avery's knowledge, 
sound judgment, and correct business principles, have 
caused him to be called upon as an expert in various ways, 
in the forming of private collections of art, (notably that of 
the late Mr. Wm. H. Vanderbilt), and in the conduct of 
important sales at auction. He has always been active in 
all public enterprises appertaining to the arts, was long the 
Secretary of the Art Committee of the Union League Club, 
and was one of the founders of the Metropolitan Museum 
of Art, to which institution he has made various gifts, of 
which he still remains a Trustee and active member. He 
was also one of the committee for the erection of the 
Bartholdi "Statue of Liberty" in New York harbor. 

He is a member of the Century, Union League, and the 

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Grolier Clubs, is a life inember of the Historical, Geo- 
graphical, Free Library, Archeological and other societies, 
also being connected with charitable institutions. Although 
now retired from business, he still keeps up his interest 
in art matters, and is a free lender to exhibitions of various 
kinds, from his fine ^collection of pictures, etchings, rare 
books and fine bindings and bric-a-brac of various kinds. 
Mr. Avery is so distinctly a product of the American taste 
for art, that it will prove interesting to the general reader, 
to learn of his achievements, for it is the story of a man 
who has done much for the Art advancement of the country. 
He is the author of "Some notes on the history of the 
Fine Arts in New York City, during the past fifty years," 
prepared for a "History of New York City," and a full 
account of its development from 1830 to 1884, by Benson 
J. Lossing, L. L. D. When Mr. Lossing's book was issued, 
Mr. Avery's article was largely copied in the various art 

Mr. Avery is succeeded in his business by Samuel P. 
Avery, Jr., at 368 Fifth Avenue. The Avery collection of 
Oriental porcelain, purchased and presented by his friends 
to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, — now 
removed to Central Park, — is said to be' one of the most 
complete that has ever been brought together in this coun- 
try. Among the more than twelve hundred pieces, there are 
very few inferior pieces to be found, and "to collect these 
took more than twelve years, and nearly as many trips to 
all the collecting centres of Europe, not to speak of the 
exceptional opportunities which the knowledge, experience, 
and exquisite taste of the collector, to unite these speci- 
mens." A number of fine pieces were purchased in Pekin 
by Mr. Avery's brother, then U. S. minister to China. 

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Mr. Avery is a modest, unassuming man, generous and 
public spirited. He has, since his son Henry's death, made 
a munificent endowment to Columbia College, N. T., of 
which mention will be made later. He with his estimable 
wife and family, live quietly at their residence, No. 4 East 
38th St., New York city. Mrs. Avery is a most excellent 
lady, of refined and gentle manner, a worthy companion and 
true friend ; is devoted to charitable deeds, and a regular 
contributor to many worthy societies. Much interested in 
the educational advancement of the Indians and negroes, she 
has aided this cause in various ways. She recently gave 
the sum of five thousand dollars to endow a free bed in the 
hospital for relief of ruptured and crippled children in New 
York, and in memory of her son Henry. In early life she 
was a Methodist, but since her marriage has been a member 
of the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church, of which Rev. 
John Hall, D. D., is pastor. 


eldest daughter of Samuel P." and Mary A. (Ogden) Avery, 
born at Brooklyn, Oct. 4, 1845 ; is a member of Dr. John 
Hall's church, and President of the "Loan Relief Society," 
and engaged in other charitable work. 


eldest son (second child) of Samuel P." and Mary A, (Ogden) 
Avery, born at Brooklyn, Oct. 7, 1847. Received a good 
commercial education, and assisted his father in his business 
until he succeeded him. Has traveled abroad, and is now 
recognized as an expert in fine art matters. Is a member of 
the Manhattan, Athletic and other clubs. 

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Henry Ogden", the second son of Samuel P." and Mary 
(Ogden) Avery, was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., Jan. 31, 1852, 
died April 30, 1890. His rare character and attainments, 
lost to the world in his early manhood, are worthy of an 
extended notice in our pages. 

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He early developed a strong interest in art, and entering 
the Cooper Union Art School while quite young, his atten- 
tion was especially turned to architecture. In 1870 he was 
admitted as a student to the office of his father's friend, 
Mr. Russell Sturgis, honorably known as a professor of 
architecture. In September, 1872, he entered the the £cole 
des Beaux Arts, where he applied himself with great zeal 
to master his chosen profession, and not only to that, but 
to " the study of languages, of music, of political economy, 
the history and laws of the land of his birth, for which he 
always manifested a fervent patriotism and to the strength- 
ening of his general education." This was his life up to 
August, 1879, when he returned to his native country, and 
soon after entered the office of Mr. Richard M. Hunt, then, 
as now, one of the best known and strongest of American 
architects. Here he assisted in executing most important 
commissions. In 1883, he opened an independent office in 
the building containing his father's art gallery. No. 86 Fifth 
Avenue. During the years that followed he executed many 
successful designs, notably among these being the fire 
monument, erected by the city of Milwaukee, in memory of 
those who lost their lives at the great fire, the pedestal of 
Mr. Launt Thompson's equestrian statue of Gen. Burnside 
at Providence, R. I., and the pedestal of Mr. Charles 
Calverley's statue of Robert Burns in the Park at Albany. 

He prepared the plans for the building and art galleries 
at No. 368 Fifth Avenue, where he opened a new office in 
December, 1887. " It was at this office in the closing years 
of his life that he made his thoughtful drawings for the 
Grant Monument competition, and for the Soldiers' Monu- 
ment at Indianapolis, besides many other elaborate designs 
for monuments pioposed (but not erected) at New Haven, 
Nashville, and Cleveland. 

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''Meantime, his professional zeal was too ardent to be 
contented with ordinary routine. He delivered lectures 
before the Architectural League and the Gotham Art 
students, and wrote for Scribner's Magazine for October, 
1887, a history of the Paris School of fine arts, also other 
articles for several periodicals on topics connected with 
art * * * * He achieved much, and it must be that 
greater achievements lay before him. But the end followed 
quickly. From December until the last day of April there 
was a brave, unavailing struggle for life. But disease con- 
quered, and on April 30, Henry Avery passed away calmly 
and peacefully at his home, with the members of his family 
beside him.'* 

** The funeral services were held at his father's residence. 
No. 4 East 38th Street, on Friday, May 2. They were con- 
ducted by his pastor and friend, Dr. John Hall, whose 
church he had attended for many years. He had been a 
most dutiful and loving son ; as a child his disposition was 
singularly sweet and winning; as a man, he was tender 
hearted, always ready to aid the distressed." His early 
death is not only a loss to art, but to the community. Such 
a man's place is not easily filled. The various societies of 
which he was a member, passed resolutions, honorable 
tributes to his character. 

" In memory of this son, his parents have founded for 
he benefit of Columbia College Library, an architectural 
department, which is to bear his son's name. The " Avery 
Architectural Library " will consist of Henry O. Avery's 
own fine collection of works in architecture and art, largely 
augmented from the matchless private library of his father, 
and further fortified and completed by many rare and costly 
works, for which Mr. Avery's orders to the bookseller are 
now being filled. To further provide that the collection 

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may be kept up to date, Mr. Avery has sent to the treasurer 
of Columbia $15,000, the income of which will be used to 
purchase new publications bearing upon architecture. The 
value of the whole gift is about $50,000." Each volume 
will contain an engraved book plate stating the cause of the 
endowment. A memorial stained glass window has been 
put in as a friendly offering by the late Daniel Cottier, an 
artist distinguished in London and New York. A bronze 
tablet is on the walls bearing this inscription — " In memory 
of our beloved associate, Henry Ogden Avery, and in recog- 
nition of the generous provision made in his name, here and 
elsewhere, for the more thorough study of the art he loved 
and served. We, the members of the Architectural League 
of New York, have set up this tablet on the first anni- 
versary of his death, April 30, 1891." Later on, a bronze 
memorial will be erected in the librarj', bearing his like- 
ness and a figure emblematic of architecture, modeled by 
the celebrated sculptor. Chaplain, of Paris. 

second daughtv^r (third child) of Samuel P." and Mary A. 
(Ogden) Avery, was born Brooklyn, Nov. 3, 1849, married 
Feb. 15, 1881, Eev. Manfred P. Welcher. Children : 
i. Emma Parke A very ^^^ b. Nov. 26, 1881. 

ii. Alice Leei-\ b. May 17, 1884. 

iii. Lester Groome'^, b. July 1, 1885. 

iv. Amv Ogdeni^, b. March 26, 1887. 

Eev. Mr. Welcher is a native of Newark, Wayne Co., 
N. Y., where his parents now live, and a graduate of 
Williamstown College, Massachusetts. Is now pastor of 
the Presbyterian Church, at South Salem, Westchester Co., 
N. r. 

Mrs. Welcher is devoted to the work in which her hus- 
band is engaged ; she has musical and literary talent. 

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youngest daughter of Samuel P." and Mary A. (Ogden) 
Avery, was born at Brooklyn, Jan. 1, 1861, died March 25, 
1893. She was of a singularly modest and retiring nature, 
and possessed rare musical and intellectual gifts, being not 
only deeply read in English literature, but in the best 
French and Germau writers. Many of her published 
translations have been said by critics to possess in a high 
degree the spirit of the original. To the N. T. Home 
Journal she has also for some years contributed original 
poems, marked by a delicate and tender sentiment, one of 
which from the issue of Feb. 10, 1892, we give below : 


Thou far off spring, O coming spring, 

I long for thee tliro' wintry hours, 
How can it be hut thou wilt bring 

My heart her olden share of flowers? 

When thou dost call to every tree 

Its bird that sin^rg in sun or rain, 
Then to my heart, how can it be 

But thou wilt give her birds again ? 

O dark foreboding thought, be still ! 

Thou rihalt not rouse this ghostly fear. 
How can it be but joy shall fill 

My life as erst when spring was here? 

longed-for season, lovely spring ! 

Shall I no more rejoice with thee? 
How can it be but thou wilt bring 

My old delight again to me ? 


Hannah Stanton", daughter of Samuel P.*^ and Hannah 
(Parke) Avery, born Oct. 12, 1824, married May 2d, 1854, 
Charles Eussell Cornell, of Troy, N. T., who died Sept. 12, 
1866. They had one child, Eleanor Maria", b. April 22, 

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1858, who married Calvin Rae Smith, Dec. 23, 1886, an 
artist and art professor in the college of the city of New 
York. They have one child, Cornell Rae Smith", born at 
Saratoga, N. T., July 4th, 1890. 

Hannah Stanton (Avery") Cornell died at Belleville, N. J., 
June 25, 1885. 


Susan Jane", daughter of Samuel P." and Hannah (Parke) 
Avery, born December 11, 1826, married Stephen Avery, of 
Taghconic, Columbia Co., N. T., Dec. 5, 1850. They had 
one child, Stephen Avery", born June 29, 1852, who has for 
a number of years occupied a responsible position in the 
New York house of the Waltham Watch Co. 

Mr. Stephen Avery died January 1, 1853, and Mrs. Avery 
married a second time, William Robinson, February 14, 
1807. They had one child, Benj. Parke Robinson", born 
June 14, 1869, who is engaged in the leather business in 
New York. Mr. Robinson died Feb. 25, 1887. 

Mrs. Robinson has always resided in New York city. 


REV. EPHRAIM7, rev. JOHN^.) 


jnENJAMIN P. AVERT", second son, (fourth child) of 
^ Samuel P." and Hannah (Parke) Avery, was born in 
New York city, Nov. 11, 1828. His father dying during the 
cholera epidemic of 1832, his mother was left with a large 
family to care for, and with small means at her disposal. 
Young Avery enjoyed limited opportunity for study, but his 
mother sought to instil into his mind the idea that " honor 
should be dearer to a man than life itself," which principle 
he carried with him to the hour of his death. The follow- 

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ing, with slight additions, is an extract from a notice which 
appeared in Harper's Weekly at the time of his appointment 
AB Minister to China: — 

''As a boy, Mr. Avery manifested a taste for literature and the 
arts. He went into the establishment of Rawdon, Wright and 
Hatch, engravers. When gold was discovered in California, he 
was among the first of the pioneers, sailing for the promised land 
aroand Cape Horn, in the ship Orpheus^ arriving in California, July 
-8, 1849, and soon after went up the Sacramento river, and from 
there joined the great army of gold seekers, spending five years in 
the mines with varied foitunes ; at one time so sick and poor from 
continued ill-luck, that he selected his place of burial under the 
shade of a sequoia tree. But with the love of poetry and worship 
of nature, he took from his kit his old and battered miner's pan, 
and wrote a short poem so full of exquisite sentiment and purity 
of diction, that the stranger editor to whom he sent it, sent to him 
a sum of gold dust, telling him to call as soon as he was well, and 
he would try to show him that literature paid bettei than diggmg 
gold. At anotlier period, he was so reduced by continued ill-luck, 
that he pawned his best book, a choice London edition of the 
immortal bard, Gentle Will of Avon^ fiU(\ with the proceeds bought 
bread. The copy, however, he afterwards redeemed, and money 
could not have purchased it. There was nothing to be ashamed 
of in this poverty. The East sent to the West the flower of her 
youth, her best blood, bone and muscle. The gentle and ungentle, 
the men of kindly rearing and the roughs of the slums of New 
York, jostled one anothjir in the search for gold, and the pauper 
to-day was the millionaire to-morrow During tliis time he pur- 
sued his studies in literature, frequently contributing to the press 
of the state. He first attracted public attention as the editor of 
the Hydraulic Fiess^ published at North San Juan, Nevada Co., 
Cal., raising this paper to a leading position among the weeklies 
of the state. In 18G0, he removed to Marysville, Yuba Co., and 
with Noah Brooks (now editor of the Newark Dally Advertiser^) 
founded the Marysville Appeal^ the first daily paper published out 
of San Francisco, and the first interior Republican paper in the 
state, which he controled until 1863. Being an earnest anti-slavery 
man and a Republican, he did good service to the cause, when it 
was unpopular and dangerous to do so. During his residence at 

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Marysville, he was elected state printer, on the ticket with 
Lelaud Stanford as governor, but the field of politics was 
not congenial to his tastes. In 1864, on his retirement from 
the Marysville Apx>eaU he removed to San Francisco and became 
editor of the Bulletin. He was one of the foundere of the San 
Francisco ** Art Association and School of Design,*' in the inter- 
ests of which he wrote and lectured freqnentl3\ His health failing 
through the severe labor attending the editing of a daily, he- 
retired from that post in 1878, and assumed the editorship of the 
Overland Monthly^ a Californian magazine, and was thus employed 
when he received, unsought, the ai)pointment of United States- 
Minister to China, in 1874. With the exception of a visit to the 
East in 1866, he has never left his adopted state, where the news- 
of his nomination has been received with cjreat satisfaction.*' 


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Mr. Avery is said to have had "a refined, sensitive face," 
as will be seen by the accompanying cut, "and rare conver- 
sational qualities." In 1861 he married Miss Mary A. 
Fuller, of Michigan, then a resident of Marysville, Cal. This 
union was not blessed with children. Mrs. Avery accom- 
panied her husband to Pekin, China, where, after a fifteen 
months' residence, she was called to mourn the loss of her 
companion, he dying Nov. 8, 1875, at the age of 47, cut 
down in the prime of his years. His last words were, "My 
poor, dear mother," and his last poem was addressed to his 
wife, most fittingly in accordance with his thought of all 
pure and delicate things as belonging to woman, "God's last 
and best gift to man." His body was embalmed by the 
surgeon of the Eussian Embassy in China, and placed in 
caskets for removal to San Francisco, Cal., it being Mr. 
Avery's dying wish, that his body "might be laid amid the 
classic shades of the University at Berkeley." His remains 
were twken on board the U. S. ship Monocacy, and the same 
honors extended as to a Major-General in the army, or a 
Rear- Admiral in the navy; this, too, in accordance with 
diplomatic usage. The funeral procession was composed 
of the various members of the Legation and men of note, all 
under the escort of "a battalion of one hundred and fifty 
men from the Monocacy, with muffied drums and colors 
draped; the bier on two gun carriages headed by twelve 
seamen, four on each side and two in the rear of the car- 
riage." ***** "A. detachment from each foreign 
man-of-war was drawn up on the main avenue, and saluted 
as the bier passed. All flags, public and private, were at 
half-mast, and nineteen minute-guns were fired from the 
Monocacy when the bier left the Consular gate and fronted 
the escort. The blending of the colors of the different 
nationalities, the bronzed faces of the sailirs, — English, 

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American, French, Russian, and Chinese, — the strange cos- 
tume of the Chinese troops, the crowd of Chinese notaries, 
the many sedan chairs, formed altogether a most picturesque 
crowd of nearly four hundred persons." 

The Chinese officials presented a very beautiful testimo- 
nial or memorial tablet, — an elaborate blue satin scroll, 
emblazoned in Celestial art and beauty, with the inscription 
in gold letters of which this is a translation : " The Middle 
Kingdom grieves with the Western nation." As Mr. Avery 
had an intense love for everything American, it was fitting 
that one of our Pacific Mail Steamers, the City of Tokio, 
should bear his remains to his native land and to his home 
in his adopted state. 

The San Francisco "Art Association and School of 
Design," of which Mr. Benj. P. Avery was one of the foun- 
ders, and for a time its Secretary, passed a series of resolu- 
tions in regard to his death, of which we append two : — 

Resolved, That as a public officer, without blemish ; as a jour- 
nalist, always seeking to advance the public good ; ka a man 
endeavoring to exalt himself by intellectual culture ; as an art 
lover, desiring to extend its high aims ; as a friend, honest, 
unselfish and true, the death of Benj. P. Avery is a puDlic loss. 

Resolved, That as a memorial of the estfeem and gratitude enter- 
tained by us for him, and as commemorative of his efforts in behalf 
of the Association and School of Design, the medal to be hereafter 
distributed for the highest excellence in art by the School of 
Design, shall be called the Avery Medal. 

In addition to the above tribute to the character of Ben- 
jamin Parke Avery, we append the following extract from a 
notice which appeared on the news of his death, in the 
Overland Monthly, the magazine which he at one time edited : 

"Just as our last form goes to press, news comes of the death 
of Hon. Benjamin P. Avery, United States Minister to China, and 

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late editor of the Overland. The shock is so sudden, we can 
hardly realize our friend has gone from our gaze forever. Have 
the cruel wires lied, or has his gentle spirit passed from this world 
of care and pain, to •' the land where all is peace?*' 

'' Mr. Avery was in many respects a remarkable man. He 
typified the ripest fruitage of our We&tern thought and culture. 

* * * * Perhaps no one person did so much to educate the 
people of the state in the right direction — 1« lift the thoughts of 
men above the sordid interests of the hour, and the mean ambition 
of personal gain. * » * His capacity for work was marvelous. 
His well-stored mind poured fourth its treasures in a rapid-flowing, 
copious stream. He was equally ready in all departments of jour- 
nalistic activity. His editorials were models of clear statement, 
and strong, but elegant English, while all that he wrote was per- 
vaded by a certain spirit of candor, and a power of moral con- 
science, that compelled attention and carried conviction. While 
the prevailing tone of his mind wa& serious, few writers could be 
more delightfully playful, more charmingly humorous." 

He had held his office as Minister to China hardly more 
than a year, but was held in high esteem by the diplomatic 
corps at Pekin, and his service there could not have failed 
to be highly acceptable to both the country which sent him, 
and that which received him, and which latter showed him 
such honor at his death, that a letter written from China 
said, "It was impossible that any greater honor could have 
been paid to the President of the United States." His love 
of poetry and art was intense and broad, reaching out to 
bless others with its refining influence. He had partially 
completed an elaborate work on "Art and its Uses." It was 
said of him, that "with his refined and cultivated tastes, 
he was enabled, wielding as. he did a vigorous pen, to 
nourish the beautiful, the graceful, the aesthetic and the 
refined in letters, in art, in architecture and science." 

But with refinement and delicacy was combined strength 
and power in literary work, — as evidenced in many of hi& 

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writings. From his "California Pictures,'* we take some 
extracts which are of rare descriptive beauty : 

"But before day closes let us descend to an intervale lying far- 
ther west, and thence climb the ridge which is crowned by the 
Monumental peak of Lone Mountain, around whose slopes, looking 
both towards the city and the sea, ail the worry and passion and 
pride of the hard metropolis, sink at last into the grave. The 
noisy town on one side, and the still blue Pacific on the other, of 
these thousands who have gone before, are apt emblems of the 
lives they led, and the peace they have found. The city thins into 
scattered hamlets that are lost in dnfting sand ; and beyond, one 
sees the ocean, hears the faint roar of its surf, and, when the air 
is clear enough, catches glimpses of the Farallon Islands, thirty 
miles away, where the imagination pictures the sharp, gray cliffs, 
populous with seals, gulls and murres. Among the sand on every 
hand, are hillocks of green shrubbery, with intervals of grass, 
hollows filled with ceanothus thickets and groves of stunted live 
oak, and even a lakelet or two where a great park is in progress 
of creation. The mists that often roll in over the seaward slope, 
maintain an olive-tinted verdure through the long, rainless Sum- 
mer ; but the landscape, except on the sunniest days, when little 
or no wind blows, is sombre and melancholy. After the rains 
begin, in October or November, and thence until May or June, 
extensive thickets of lupin and ceanothus, encroachmg on the 
drifting sands, take on a brighter green, and burst into profuse 
bloom, blending their tints of lemon and purple and blue, and 
scenting the air with honeyed sweets for miles. Orange-colored 
poppies contest the open spaces with shining buttercups ; the 
grassy slopes of the San Miguel mountains are dotted with cattle, 
the far ocean is blue and sunny, creeping slowly upon the beach 
of white sand." »♦***»»» 

''The city landscapes have their moods, as though they were 
human. When the atmosphere is transparent and still, the town 
glows with a mild heat ; the bay is like blue satin, with shadings 
of pink ; the mountains on every side are wonderfully bold and 
near, revealing every detail of their sculpture, as well as the 
strength of their local color ; the sand-dunes lie still against the 
bluest sky ; and the ocean wears an expression exquisitely dreamy 
and gracious." 

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Following this, we give one of his delightful word-paintings 
in a poetic garb : — 


Beyond the town, the busby mounds between, 

Roll drifts of yellow wrinkled sand — 
Uncrested waves, that dash against the green 

Like ocean billows 'gainst the strand ; 

But when the Spring is soft, and winds are low, 

The shifting masses lie as still 
As frozen banks of crusted moonlit snow — 

That hide the hollow in the hill. 

One way, a mountain lifts its verdant crest 

Along a blue and cloudless sky ; 
On sloping pastures cattle feed or rest, 

And swallows twitter as they fly. 

Below, around, the lusty lupin blooms 

In purple color, honey sweet ; 
The poppy's deep and golden cup illumes 

Each plat of grass or chance-sown wheat. 

On rounded hillocks, lustrous leafage shoots 

From laurel and from thorny oak. 
And sprawling vinelets clutch with thirsty roots. 

The soil no rain can ever soak. 

A deep-set lakelet, greenly ringed about, 

Gems with its blue and open space. 
Where yellow buttercups their beauty flout, 

And insects flutter o'er its face. 

Through scenes like this, the red and winding way 

Gives glimpses of the gusty town. 
Throned on its maay hills along the bay, 

Where far Diablo looketh down. 

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But we8twai*d, over saod-duDes ribbed and hoar, 

That deepen Heaven's azure hue, 
Are lines of snowy surf that faintly roar, 

Edging a sea that melts in blue — 

A Summer-shining sea, that slides and slips 

In silent currents through the Gate, 
Where glinting sails of slowly moving ships 

For pilot, or for breezes wait. 

Northward, beyond a ridge of yellow sand 

That hides the narrow harbor-way. 
Rise headlands brown and bluff, whose summits, grand, 

Are islanded in vapors gray. 

Below a line of arrow-headed firs. 

That stretches 'neath a strip of cloud. 
The slope is softly greened, and nothing stirs 

But shadow of the misty shroud. 

Peace broods where winds are fiercely wont to rave 

To drive the sand-like sleet before ; 
No sound disturbs the vernal stillness, save 

The surf upon the distant shore. 

The faintly sighing surf, or linnet's song, 

Or music of the friendly voice. 
Which gives to Nature as we go along, 

A charm that makes the day more choice. 

The funeral services of Mr. Avery were solemnized at San 
Francisco with impressive ceremonies, the eulogy on his 
life and character being pronounced by Eev. Horatio Steb- 
bins. Thus passed away one of Nature's noblemen, who 
was an example of what can be achieved by perseverance, 
patience, and, above all, purity of character and lofty aims. 
Though gone, he is not forgotten, and the name of Benjamin 
Parke Avery will be known in the future, as it has in the 
past, as one of honor and integrity. Mrs. Mary A. Avery, 
his widow, still survives and resides at her home in San 

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Mary Eebecoa Halsey", daughter of Samuel P." and 
Hannah (Parke) Avery, born Aug. 10, 1830, married June 7, 
1856, Eev. T. De Witt Talmage, D. D., then pastor at Belle- 
ville, N. J., now preaching at Brooklyn, N. Y. Children : 

i. De Witt^^ b. Aug., 1860, d. Jan. 6, 1881, aged 20 yrs, 5 mos. 
ii. Jessie^^, b. Oct. 18, 1858, m. Warren Smith, a jeweler of 
New York city. They have a daughter. 

Mrs. Mary R. H. (Avery) Talmage was drowned June 7, 
1861, in Schuylkill River, at Philadelphia, where her hus- 
band was stationed at the time. Her body was recovered 
and interred in the cemetery there, but on the removal of 
Dr. Talmage to Brooklyn, her remains were removed to 
Greenwood cemetery. Her age was 30 years. It is said 
"she was a lovely character, possessing many of the traits 
which distinguished her brother, Benj. Parke Avery, and 
was the counterpart of her mother in all that appertained 
to womanly graces. She was long lamented." 

Eev. Dr. Talmage is a native of Bound Brook, N. J. (bom 
1832|, graduated from New Brunswick, N. J., Theological 
Seminary in 1856. He was pastor at Belleville, N. J., in 
1857-9 ; at Syracuse, N. Y., 1859-61 ; at Philadelphia, 1861-69 ; 
from 1869 to the present, 1892, has been pastor of the 
church at Brooklyn, N. Y. The name of T. De Witt Talmage 
is so universally known, and his sermons so widely pub- 
lished and read by thousands upon thousands of people all 
over the land, that no comment from our pen is necessary. 


Sarah Betsey Avery", daughter of John William* and 
Sarah (Fairchild) Avery, bom 1798, married in 1817, 
Ebenezer R. Dupignac. A chair manufacturer, and a well 

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known citizen of the east side of New York. He erected 
in Grand Street " Columbian Hall," long devoted to public 
assemblies. He was born Dec. 16, 1794, and died in New 
York, November, 1864 Children : 

i. Sarah Betsey", b. Feb. 22, 1819, m. in 1840, Garniss E. 

ii. Ebenezer R., Jr"., b. Aug. 14, 1821, m. Jane A. Clay, 
iii. Almira^S b. ia 1826, d. 1880. 
iv. Delia", b. 


Sarah B.," daughter of E. R and Sarah B. (Avery") 
Dupignac, born Feb. 22, 1819, married in 1840 Garniss E. 
Baker, born June 17, 1817. Children : 

i. John Garniss^^^ b. about 1844, m. , and has a 

ii. Jacob SalteH^ b. in 1846( ?). 

iii. Ella Louisa^^^ b. in 1852(?), m. Andrews. Have two 

iv. Thomas CauldwelP^^ b. . 

V. Eliza Ann^2^ (Alida) b. , died young. 

vi. Garniss Elias^S b. in 1859 (?). 

Mrs. Baker died Sept. 21, 1888 ; her husband died Dec. 
17, 1887. 


Ebenezer E.", son of Ebenezer R. and Sarah B. (Avery") 
Dupignac, born Aug. 14, 1821, married Dec. 16, 1847, Jane 
A. Clay. Children: — 

i. Henry Clayi^^ b. Mar. 19, 1849, d. Apr. 5, 1882. 

ii. Delia^S b. Aug. 14, 1851. 

iii. Ebenezer Robertas, b Oct. 15, 1853. 

iv. William Avery ^^ b. Mar. 21, 1856. 

V. Jennie^S b. Dec. 27, 1858, d. Jan. 22, 1888. 

vi. Mary Kingi^, b. Nov. 10, 1864. • 

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Mr. Ebenezer R Dupignac was a manufacturer of var- 
nishes. He died March 16, 1885. Mrs. Dupignac is still 
living in New York. 


REV. J0HN6.) 


ELISHA", son of John William^ and Sarah (Fairchild) 
Avery,* born in 1799, married first, 1822, Jane 
Gunning. Children : — 

i. John Williamii, b. Nov. 24, 1824, d. Nov., 1862. 
ii. Janets b. Sept. 4, 1826, 
iii. Elisha", b. Jan. 10, 1832, died May 10, 1882. 

Mrs. Jane (Gunning) Avery having died, Sept., 1837, he 
married for his second wife. Miss Sarah Coit, daughter of 
David Coit, of New London, Conn., April 12, 1839. Children: 

i. Sarah", b. April 12, 1842, m. Dr. J. Lester Keep, 
ii. Odgen", b. in 1844, d. Nov., 1845. 
iii. Charles F.", b. Mar. 25, 1847, m. Florence Adelaide 

Topping, b. Oct. 8, 1850. 
iv. Harriet^*, b. in 1850, d. Oct., 1852. 

Mr. Elisha L. Avery" was born at Stratfc rl. Conn., and 
passed his early life there ; was a shoemaker, but with his 
brother Samuel P., while yet young, went to New York city, 
where he became a school teacher (1832,) and was princi- 
pal (1851) of Grammar School 42, then Ward School 27, in 
Allen Street, from which he resigned in 1862 ; afterward 
removed to Brooklyn, where he had a private academy, 
continuing his chemical and other scientific pursuits until 

* Sarah Fairchild, daufirbter of John C. and Rath Fairchild, of Stratford, 
CoDn. Bom February 28th, 1773; died May 6, 1837. (See pages 174-^.) 

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his death. He was awarded a prize by the American 
Institute for inventions in Hydrautic matters. Beside 
being an accomplished scholar and teacher, he was a 
remarkable linguist. He died in Brooklyn, N. T., August 
3, 1879. 

Mrs. Sarah (Coit) Avery died in Brooklyn, N. Y., Feb. 
12, 1892. 



Sarah Coit Avery", daughter of Elisha L." and Sarah 
(Coit) Avery, was born April 12, 1842, and married Dec. 
25, 1865, Dr. John Lester Keep. Children:— 

i. John S. Bassett^^^ b. Q^t. 20, 1866. A graduate of Yale 
College, class of '87, and also of the New York 
Homeopathic College. 

ii. Jay Lestei^^, b. Aug. 19, 1874, died Aug., 1875. 

ill. Averyia, b. Nov. 18, 1878. 

iv. Marian Lavinia^^ b. Aug. 30, 1881. 

Mrs. Keep and family reside at Brooklyn, N. Y., where 
her husband is one of the leading homeopathic physicians 
of the city, and she a highly esteemed lady. 



Charles F.", son of Elisha L." and Sarah (Coit) Avery, of 
N. Y., born March 25, 1847, married Nov. 12, 1877, Florence 
Adelaide Topping. Children : — 

i. Elisha LothropiS b. Jan. 19, 1879. 

ii. Charles Henryi^, b. Mar. 5, 1880. 

iii. Helen Ogdenia. b. May 2, 1881. 

iv. Lester Hobart^^, b. Mar. 10, 1884. 

V. Florence Gladys^^ b. Jan. 25, 1885. 

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Mr. Avery is a prominent wool merchant in New York 
city and Boston. Besides in Boston. 


Hannah P. Avery", eldest daughter of Bev. Ephraim' and 
Hannah (Piatt) Avery, bom Apr. 16, 1763, married Stephen 
Burritt. Children : — 

i. Charlotteio, b. Jan. 28, 1797, d. Aug. 18, 1837. 
ii. Mary Ann^o, b. Feb. 14, 1799, d. 1820. 
iii. Stephen Elisha Avery*®, b. Nov. 8, 1804. Graduated from 
Yale College in 1825. 

Stephen Burritt died in 1815, aged 62 years. His widow 
Hannah, died Oct. 25, 1843, aged 80 years. 




OAMUEL AVEBTS fourth son of Bey. Ephraim', and 
f^ Mrs. Deborah (Lothrop) Avery, of Brooklyn, Conn., 
was born Nov. 7, 1742, (Sunday). Early in life he went to 
Halifax, N. S.. became a prosperous merchant, and had a 
large family. He married Sept. 27, 1784, Mary Boach 
(FiUis) Ackincloss, widow of John Ackincloss (bom Mar. 
27,1760). Children: 

i. Thomas^, b. Aug. 19, 1785, drowned at Halifax, aged 25. 

ii. Mary Roach», b. July 26, 1786, m. William White, 

iii. Elizabeth®, b. Sept. 6, 1787, m. Abiel Brown, 

iv. Samuel*, b. Oct. 17, 1788, m. Jane M* Alpine. 

V. Sally Best», b. June 28, 1791, m. William Millet and 

second, Williain De Wolf, 

vi. Charlotte Louisa®, b. July 6, 1792, m. James Noble Crane, 

vii. James Fillis®, b. May 22, 1794, unmarried, 

viii. George®, b. Apr. 28, 1796, died three days after. 

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ix. Matilda Susanua^, b. Apr. 4, 1798, in. in 1838, Hugh S. 

Dickey, of Cornwallis. 
X. Harriet Caroline^, b. Sept. 9, 1801, died July 2, 1840, in 

her 89th year, unman ied. 

Samuel Avery* died Jan. 30, 1836, aged 93 years. Mary 
(Fillis) Avery, (his widow), died Aug. '25, 1848, aged 88 years, 


Mary Boach Avery', eldest daughter of SamueP and Mary 
(Fillis) Avery, was born July 26, 1786, married Nov. 21, 
1816, William White, of Amherst, N. S., (a widower with 
five children). Children : 

i. Hannah Carbline^o, b. Aug. 26, 1817, died Jan. 11, 1879, 

ii. Samuel Avery^^^, b. Dec. 13, 1818, m. Apr. 30, 1878, Mrs. 

Mary Ann Veitch (Reid) Campbell, (age 30), widow 

with one daughter, 
iii. Ruth'®, b. May 19, 1820, m. John Woolner, (widower with 

two children), 
iv. Sarah Matilda'o, b. Nov. 26, 1822, died Oct. 1, 1880, 

v. Edward Piers'", b. Jan. 12, 1826, m. July 5, 1853, Bessie 

Hall ; has one boy and other children. Lives in 

Grand Pr^. 


Elizabeth Avery', born Sept. 6, 1787, married in 1808, 
Abiel Brown, of Horton, N. S. Children : — 

i. Mary Avery^*^, b. Jan. 1809, unmarried. 

ii. Thomas Averyio, b. Sept. 1811, m. Aug. 16, 1853, Catha- 
rine Boggs ; he had two daughters^' living in 1884, 
the youngest m. May 6, 18^14, Rev. John Crisp. 

iii. Louisa'o, b. June 8, 1813, m. Feb. 9, 1843, Alex. M'Dougal, 
and had two daughters, (one Matilda^^ b. in 1845, 
died July 21, 1884). She was living with her sister, 
Mary Brown^®^ at Grand Pr6, in 1884. 

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Samuel Avery', fourth child, but second son of 
SamueP and Mary (Fillis) Avery, was born Oct. 17, 1788, 
married March 7, 1824, Jane M. Mc Alpine (born 1800). 
Children : — 

L Mai7 Filli8l^ b. Dec. 29, 1824, m. Jan. 30, 1862, J. B.Bowser, 
(widower with four children) ; had Samuel Avery^' 
Bowser, b. July 21, 1866, m. 1891. [She was living 
on the old homestead at " Grand Pr6," Horton, N. S., 
(June 16, 1883), to which homestead farm Samuel 
Avery® moved from Halifax in 1791, and which is now 
owned by the descendants of Dr. James Fillis Avery^. 
The family Bible was in the possession of Mrs. 
Bowser, from which Mr. W. T. Avery took these 

ii. Sarah Milleti®, b. Nov. 1, 1826, m. June 10, 1857, Capt. 
William A. Curry, and died Jan. 7, 1858. 

iii. Jane^o, b. Nov. 27, 1828, died aged 11 days. 

iv. Catharine Susanna*®, b. Dec. 22, 1829, died Feb. 20^ 
1867 (consumption). 

v. Rev. Samue^^ b. Mar. 18, 1832, m. in 1858, Annie 
DeWolf Campbell, (dau. of Hon. Jno. Campbell); and 
died Oct. 13, 1861 ; one dau,, Sarah Mitlet Avery^i,. 
b. June 21, 1859, m. in 1881, Andrew Cowie, Jr., (born 
in Liverpool, N. S., Oct. 20, 1853. Had Alex. Roy 
Cowie^^ b. Jan. 25, 1884, and Annie DeWolf Averyi^ 
Cowie, b. Sept. 7, 1885. 

vi. Johnio, b. July, 1834, died Oct. 2, 1835. 

vii. . ( Susan Ingles*®, b. Oct. 16, 1836, died Apr. 12,'39. 

viii. * ( Louisa Crane*®, lives with Dr. A. 

ix. James Fillis*®, b. Feb. 28, 1841, m. Nov. 6, 1884, Louisa 
Falkener (b. 1851). 

X and xi. Twins — soon died. 

xii. Died soon. 

Samuel Avery* died May Slst, 1875, in his 87th year. 
Jane M. Avery died June 23, 1866, aged 66 years. 

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Sally Best Avery*, fifth child of Capt. Samuel* and Mary 
(Fillis) Avery, born June 28, 1791, married first, William 
Millet, of Halifax ; married second, William De Wolf, of 
Wolfville, N. S. Had one child, died in infancy. She died 
in August, 1840, in her fiftieth year. 


Charlotte Louisa Avery^ sixth child of Capt. SamueP and 
Mary (Fillis) Avery, was born July 6, 1792, married in July, 
1815, James Noble Crane, of Horton, N. S. Children : 

i. Rebecca AUisonio, b. Dec. 16, 1817, m. Dr. A. F. Sawer; 

second, Geo. H. Starr, 
ii. William'®, b. Apr. 30, 1824, m. . 

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DR JAMES FILLIS AVERY* was born at Grand Pre, 
Nova Scotia, May 22, 1794. 
"After three years' study of the medical profession at 
Halifax, N. S., he was three years at Edinburgh College, 
where he graduated in 1821. Then spent six months in 
the Hospital of the Royal Guard at Paris, under the super- 
intendence of the celebrated Baron Larrey, the first 
Bonaparte's principal adviser. He followed an active 
practice in Halifax for thirty years, and retired — spent 
several years in travel in Europe." 

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He resided at Halifax. He never married. As will be 
seen by his obituaries, he died Nov. 28, 1887, at an advanced 

" The following obituaries of Dr. James F. Avery hardly 
do him justice. He was an eminent surgeon, and studied 
surgery under the celebrated Baron Larrey, in Paris, 
France. He gave me very interesting accounts of some of 
his skilful and successful operations, after long horseback 
rides at night, without assistance, and before the discovery 
of anaBsthetics." — Letter of W, T, Avery, 

{Acadian B^corder, Nov. 28th, 1887.] 
The demise of James F. Avery, M. D., aged 93 years, carries 
us back into the last century. The family of the deceased came 
to Kings Co., N. S., among the loyalists who left the U. S. after 
the termination of the Revolutionary war, and the Averys among 
others, having obtained grants of land, settled in the neighborhood 
of Grand Pre, where the deceased was born. The late Dr. was 
educated for the medical profession at the University of Edin- 
burgh, and commenced life as a medical practitioner and druggist 
in Halifax, and eventually his practice as a ph3'8ician w^as relin- 
quished for the other branch, and was the founder and head of 
what became the leading drug establishment in Halifax, and pro- 
bably in the lower provinces. The firm of Brown & Webb, 
Apothecaries Hull, and the retail establishment of Brown Brothers 
& Co., are all otfshoots of the original business establishment of 
Dr. Avery and for a long time conducted by himself on George 

The deceased was a gentleman of couiteous manner and blame- 
less life, an elder, we believe, and a consistent member of the 
Presbyterian Church, and a promoter generally of religious and 
charitable enterprises. He was connected with the Crane family 
of Kings Co., and as such, was an uncle of the widow of the late 
Geo. H. Starr. Dr. Avery was never married and leaves consid- 
erable wealth. 

[Eoening MmI, Nov. 28th, 1887.] 
To-day (Monday, Nov. 28th), one of the most prominent char- 
acters in the history of Halifax, passed away, in the person of 

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James F. Avery, M. D., the founder of the exteusive drug firm of 
Brown & Webb, and Brown BroB. & Co. Dr. Avery was of Loy- 
alist descent, and his parents settled in Lower Horton at the close 
of the Revolution. Early in life he began the study of medicine, 
and graduated at the University of Edinburgh when yet a young 
man. After practising medicine for a number of years, he started 
a drug business where Apothecaries Hall now is, and was actively 
engaged in business until nineteen years since, when he retired for 
a more quiet life than the cares of so large a business required. 

The late Dr. was unmarried, and was an uncle of the widow of 
the late Geo. H. Starr. He was an early Governor of Dalhousie 
University, of which he was a pronounced friend, having given 
many substantial prizes ; a director of the British-American Book 
and Tract Society, and faithful friend and adviser of many other 
charitable institutions. The Presbyterians of the city and country 
lose a valuable friend, the deceased having been for many years a 
staunch supporter and liberal contributor to all church objects, 
and for a long time had been an elder of St. Matthew's church. 
His demise, though not unexpected, will be keenly felt. The 
remains will be taken to Grand Pr6 Station for interment. 



ELISHA AVEEY-, fifth son of Rev. Ephraim' and Deborah 
(Lothrop) Avery, was born in Brooklyn, Ct., Dec. 3, 
1744. Married Eunice Putnam. He was a merchant in 
Boston, Mass. He died Jan. 4, 1782. His tombstone in 
Brooklyn burying ground, (next easterly to that of his 
father's), is inscribed thus : — 

*^In memory of Mr, Elisha Avery, who died Jan'y 4, 1782, 
in the 38th year of his age,'' 

** Why so much worth condemned to die so soon? 
Why should thy sun, we cry, go down at noon? 
But grief alone thy death untimely calls. 
For ripened virtue ne'er untimely falls." 

The}" had a son Elisha^ who was a merchant in Boston. 

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Elizabeth Avery', sixth child, but first daughter, of Rev. 
Ephraim' and Deborah (Lothrop) Avery, was born Friday, 
Dec. 5, 1746. TVe have no reminiscences connected with 
her childhood days, but a letter she wrote to her eldest 
brother, when in her eighteenth year, may be of some 
interest to the reader. The following is a copy : 

**IsLE Wight, Sept. 20, 1764. 
*'Dear Brother (John®) : I have bad no eouvenunt opper- 
tunity of writing to you since I recev*d your Letter before now, 
therefore I need make no apology for not writing before, but let 
it suffice that I have all along bore you in strict Remembrance 
and should have been very glad of an opportunity of Testifying 
the same to you ; 'tis with pleasure I embrace the present, to 
send you this £s8ay of my affection for you, which, tho afaint 
one is Sincere ; I find by your Letter to Brother Sam that you 
have met with a happy ehaing, which I heartily rejoice to hear ; 
and beg your prayers to God for me, that he would open my eyes 
to see my undone condition by Nature, and of the nead and 
Necessity of a Portion in the Blood which alone cleanses from 
all Iniquity, and without which we must be eternally miserable ; 
wee are all well at presan, except Septi, [Septimus Gardner^, 
in his fifth year, a half brother,] (who has got a swelling 
under his throte, and I am afraid it is the King's evil. Brother 
Sam has been to Cascobay and wo heard that he is returned to 
Sag-harbor. Mother Debbe (Deborah Avery®, in her 13th year,) 
Ruthy (Ruth Avery**, in her 11th year,) and hanah Squire giv 
there Love to you. I had a Leter from Aunt Draper (Elizabeth 
[Avery'] Draper, widow) week before last. She is very desirous 
that I should return e to Boston, which I shal do, by the furst 
opportunity. I have nothing further to subjoin, but best wishes 
for your Happiness both here and hereafter. 

and am with great Sincerity, Your truly 
Affectionate Sister, 

Elizabeth Avert.'* 

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She married (May, 1777,?) Eev. Aaron Putnam (his 
second wife) of Beading, son of Eev. Daniel Putnam,) who 
was second cousin to Gen. Israel Putnam. 

Eev. Aaron Putnam was bom 1733, graduated from H. C. 
(1752) at the age of nineteen, and four years later (March 
10, 1756,) was ordained minister of the first church of 
Pomfret, Ct, it being just five weeks after the ordination 
of Eev. Mr. Whiting in Brooklyn, Ot., the successor of the 
late Eev. Ephraim Avery^ his wife's father. Cfhildren : 

i. Deborah®, b. Feb. 13, 1778, in Pomfret, m. Matt. 

ii. Hannah®, b. Feb. 14, 1780, unmarrifed, died Sept. 1, 1857, 

at Cherry Valley, 
iii. Ruth®, b. Oct. 31, 1782, unmarried, died March 14, 1864, 

at Cherry Valley. 
iv. Sally®, b. Oct. 13, 1784, m. Samuel P. Storrs, died in 

March, 1821. 
V. Aaron Jr.®, b. Oct. 26, 1786, died Dec. 20, 1831. 

Elizabeth (Avery") Putnam died in Cherry Valley, N. Y., 
Dec. 7, 1835. Her tombstone there is thus inscribed : — 
" Departed this life Dec. 7, 1835, Elizabeth, widow of the 
late Eev. Aaron Putnam, of Pomfret, Conn., Aged 90." (It 
should be 89 years, 2 days). "ViTe believe she will have 
part in the first resurrection." 

The tombstone of Eev. Aaron P., the husband, is in Pom- 
fret, Conn. He died twenty-two years before his wife, and 
the fact that he died in Pomfret, Ci, while she lies in 
Cherry Valley, N. T., shows that after his death, the widow 
must have gone to live with her children, and died thete, as 
did two of her daughters, and possibly the others. 

Cherry Valley, located in central New York, we learn 
from history, was the scene of a terrible massacre in the 
Autumn of 1778. In a single day the whole village was 

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destroyed. All the houses were burned and about fifty 
inhabitants were tomahawked and scalped, without regard 
to age or sex, by a party of Tories and Indians, led by 
Joseph Brant, (an educated Mohawk sachem), who was a 
member of the Episcopal Church, and engaged in mission- 
ary work among his race of people, but left all and took to 
the war-path, with the zeal of his tribe, though was far less 
ferocious than they — and Walter Butler, son of Colonel or 
Major, John Butler, a barbarous Tory. Among the victims 
were many refined gentlemen and ladies well known in 
Northern States. 

After peace was declared, the village was rebuilt, and we 
see by the records that Mrs. Elizabeth (Avery*) Putnam and 
her children had their home there in later years. 


Deborah Putnam', eldest daughter of Bev. Aaron and 
Elizabeth (Avery') Putnam, was born in Pomfret, Ct., Feb. 
13, 1778, married Matthew Campbell, of Cherry Valley, N. Y. 
Children : — 

i. Jane^o, b. Apr. 23, 1797, m. Henij Smith and had one 

daughter, Lucy L* Smith^^, who in 1871 was living in 

Cherry Valley. Jane (Campbell^^) Smith died Aug. 7, 

1872, in her 76th year. 

ii. Putnaml^ b. Aug. 24, 1800, died Mar. 1857. 

iii. Elizabethio, b. Jan. 10, 1803, m. Hiram Flint, and died 

Dec. 28, 1871, in her 69th year, 
iv. SamuePo, b. Jan. 6, 1806, d. Nov. 28, 1870. 
V. DeWitt C.JO, b. May 9, 1808. 
vi. Sarah A.^o, b. Mar. 5, 1813, m. F. E. Goodsell. 
vii. Brayton A.i<^, b. June 4, 1816, d. June 19, 1857. 
viii. Deborah P.l^ b. Feb. 20, 1818, m. Franklin Grozier. 
ix. Matthew^^ b. Apr. 29, 1822, died June 1, 1860. 

Mrs. Deborah (Putnam*) Campbell died April 16, 1850, 
aged 72 years. 

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Aaron Putnam', Jr., youngest child and only son of Rev. 
Aaron and Elizabeth (Avery*) Putnam, born Oct. 26, 1786, 
married Miss Mary Green, of R L, in Oct, 1815, and had 
one child, Elizabeth Avery", born Aug. 23, 1816, married 
Cleveland. Mrs. Mary (Green) Putnam died Oct 17, 1820. 

Rev. Aaron Putnam, Jr*., married second wife, Mary Abel, 
of Philadelphia. Children : 

i. Sarah*® ; ii, Aarou^® ; iii, Louisa*^, died in infancy, 
iv. Lucretia^®, b. , m David Winton, (living 1885.) 

Rev. Aaron Putnam, Jr*., graduated Brown University, 
Providence, R L, 1806-7. 

Elizabeth Avery Putnam", daughter of Rev. Aaron and 
Mary (Green) Putnam, Jr'., born Aug. 23, 1816, married 
Benjamin Franklin Cleveland, March 31, 1836, (his second 
wife.) Children : 

i. Lucy Green^^ b. April 7, 1837, m. Eben H. Moore. 

ii. Sarah Louisaii, b. March 10, 1839, m. C. W. Mott, 

iii. Aaron Putnam^^ b. June 29, 1841, m. Harriet W. Bacon. 

iv. Catharineii, b. Oct. 26, 1843, m. Oct. 17, 1867, J. J. 
Eddy, of Boston (no children.) 

V. Henry G.^, b. Sept. 1, 1846, m. Mary B. Niles. 

Mr. B. F. Cleveland died Jan. 25, 1851, aged 48. Mrs. 
E. A. (Putnam'*) Cleveland married, second, (1877) Mr, 
Morton Eddy, of Fall River, Mass. 

Lucy Green Cleveland", eldest daughter of B. F. and 
Elizabeth A. (Putnam") Cleveland, b. April 7, 1837, married 
Sept. 29, 1857, Eben H. Moore, (born 1834.) Children: 


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i. Henry^S b. Oct. 24, 1860, d. Oct. 6, 1881, Columbus, O- 
ii. HeleiX b. Aug. 24, 1862. 
iii. Bessie^S b. Jan. 22, 1865. 


^ Sarah Louisa Cleveland", second daughter of B. F. and 
E. A. (Putnam") Cleveland, born March 10, 1839, married 
March 24, 1859, Charles Williams Mott. Children : 

i. Avis WilHamsi2, b. Dec. 21, 1859, d. Dec. 23. 

ii. Kate Elizabeth^^^ b. Dec. 8, 1861, d. Feb. 1, 1869. 

iii. John Franklinia, b. Aug. 16, 1864, d. Nov. 26, 1865. 

iv. Arthur Cleveland*^, b. Nov. 24, 1866, d. Jan. 30, 1869. 

v. Alice Williams^^^ ij, Dec. 13, 1869. 

vi. Lucy Cleveiand^^^ b. Qct. 28, 1873- 

vii. Charles Earle^^^ b. March 12, 1879. 


Aaron Putnam Cleveland", eldest son, (third child) of 
B. F. and E. A. (Putnam^'') Cleveland, born June 29, 1841, 
married October 14, 1868, Harriet Williams Bacon. Children: 

i. Jessie Bacon^^ b. Nov. 15, 1869. 

ii. Cornelia Williams Bacon^*-^, b. Aug. 14, 1871. 


Henry Gaylord Cleveland", born Sept. 1, 1846, married 
June 25, 1874, Mary Belle Niles. Children : 

i. Walter Avery^^, b. Dec. 17, 1875. 
ii. Mary Elizabeth*^^ b. April 3, 1881, d. Oct. 22. 



DEBOEAH AVEET^ eighth child and second daughter 
of Kev. Ephraim Avery', of Brooklyn, Ct, was bom 
Friday, July 5, 1751. She married March 4, 1773, Dr. 

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Joseph Baker, son of Samuel and Prudence Baker, (born 
Dec. 17, 1748). They had one child, Elisha', born June 1, 
1774, died Nov. 8, 1775. Deborah^ died 1777. Her tomb- 
stone in Brooklyn, is thus inscribed : 

''In memory of Mrs. Deborah, wife of Doct. Joseph Baker, 
who departed this Life, Feb>' 13th, A. D. 1777, in y« 26th year of 
her Age. Virtue not Rolling suns Compleats our Age." 

Dr. Baker married Lucy, daughter of Kev. Ebenezer 
Devotion, for his second wife, and she survived him thirty- 
eight years. 



lUTH AVEET^ youngest child of Eev. Ephraim Avery', 
was born Jan. 13, 1754, was but nine months old at her 
father's death. She married (as his second wife) Dr. John 
Brewster, of Hampton. They had two children, a son and 
a daughter — the son. Dr. William Brewster', born (?). 

Dr. Brewster had by his first wife, a son named John, 
who was a mute. " He acquired very creditable proficiency 
in the art of painting (portraits), and followed it through 
life as a profession." 




iXJTH AVEKT^ eldest daughter (third child) of Bev. 
John* and Ruth (Little) Avery, was born in Truro, 
Mass., July 26, 1715. At the early age of eighteen she was 
married, by her father, to Rev. Jonathan Parker, of Plymp- 
ton, (Sepi 6, 1733,) the fourth son of Judge Daniel Parker, 



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of Barnstable, Mass.* Eev. Jonathan was second minister 
of Plympton. Children : 

Ruth®, b. (?), m. by her father to John Bishop, of Noi-wich, 
Ct., Oct. 18, 1753. She is mentioned in her grandfather's (Rev. 
John Avery) will. 

ii. Jonathan®, b. Aug. 16, 1736, m. Abigail Loring. 

iii. John Avery®, b. Dec. 10, 1738, d. Sept. 25, 1740. 

iv. Elizabeth®, b. April 6, 1741, d. May 7, 1743. 

V. Avery®, b. July 19, 1743, married, had a family of child- 
ren, and died in New Bedford, Mass. 

Mrs. Ruth (Avery') Parker died May 17, 1745. Her hus- 
band married again, and had several children. " He died 
April 24, 1776, in his 71st year, and 45th of his ministry." 


Jonathan" Parker, son of Rev. Jonathan and Rnth 
(Avery*) Parker, born Aug. 16, 1736. "When he was a 
l>oy, by a wound (with a knife) in his eye, he lost his sight, 
and was totally blind till his death," (as per town clerk of 
Plympton, Mass.) He is mentioned in his grandfather's 
will as having an " impediment in his sight." and was 
bequeathed a double share on that account. He married, 
raised a family, and died at a good old age. He married 
Dec. 5, 1765, Abigail Loring. Children : 

i. Oliver^ b. Aug. 29, 1766. 
ii. Polycarpus^, b. Oct. 9, 1767. 

iii. John Avery^, b. Sept. 25, 1769, d. in New Bedford, Dec. 
31, 1853, aged 84 years. 

iv. Rutli9, b. Dec. 14, 1771, d. Nov. 2, 1772. 
V. Jonathan^, b. July 17, 1774, m. Silence Soule, Grst, and 
Polly Sherman, second. 

vi. Jacob^, b. July 10, 1776. 
vii. Abigail, b. Aug. 17, 1778. 

*Tlie children of Judi:e Parker were: Daniel''^, Nehemiah*, Samuer'^, Kev. 
Jonatliau'^, boru 1705 (?), David-^, Teinperauce^, Rebekah'*, MoUy^. 

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Jonathan® Parker was a member of the Plympton church. 
He died Sept 1, 1822, aged 86 years. 

His widow, Abigail (Loring) Parker, died March 23, 1840, 
aged 97 years (born Feb. 11, 1742-3, O. S.) "She was the 
oldest person living in Plympton at the time of her death, 
and the oldest person, except the widow Abigail Bryant, 
who ever died in Plympton up to this date. For about a 
year before she died, she had lost in a great measure her 
mental faculties. The Eev. Elijah Dexter attended her 
funeral, March 26, 1840." 


Jonathan* Parker, born July 17, 1774, married in 1804, 
Silence Soule. She soon died, and he married (publishment 
Nov. 22, 1807), Polly, daughter of Asa Sherman, of Plymp- 
ton, (born Sept 15, 1786). Children : 

i. Polly Stephen8l^ b. Mar. 13, 1809. 

ii. Zaccheusi®, b. May 26, 1810, m. Betsey Bartlett, Dec. 10, 
1834, (by Rev. Elijah Dexter), dan. of Capt. Ansel 
and Elizabeth Bartlett. Zaccheus Parker, died May 
11, 1888. For more than forty years be was post- 
master at Plympton. Mrs. Betsey Parker died Feb. 
16, 1889. Children: 

1. Lewis Bartleitii, b. Apr. 9, 18:16, m. Rebecca Perkins, 

in March, 1872, and died April 28, 1883. Children : 
i. Jacobia, b. Dec. 10, 1872. 
ii. Ethel Sherwoodi2, b. July 2, 1875. 

2. Zaccheus Theo.n, b. Jan. 29, 1842. 

3. Elizabeth Bartlettn, b. Oct. 31, 18«. \ ,^, ^ , , , 

4. Jona. Shermanii. b. Apr. 30, 1848. } ^'"^ ^"^ ^"'*"^y- 

ill. Silence^o, b. June 17, 1812. 

iv. Lucy^o, b. Aug. 22, 1816. 

V. Betseyio, b. Mar. 9, 1818. 

vi. Abigail Loring^o, b. July 16, 1822. 

vii. Hannah Stephens^^^, b. Feb. 15, 1824. 

viii. Jonathan^®, b. Feb. 14, 1826, m. Helen M. Parker, 
They had three children, all of whom died in childhood. 

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Jonathan died in Washington from a gunshot wound, 
July 2, 1864. His name will be found, with those of his 
comrades, inscribed on the Soldiers' Monument, which was 
dedicated at Plympton, Nov. 20, 1889. 



ELIZABETH AVERY', second daughter (fourth child), 
of Eev. John" and Ruth (Little) Avery, of Truro, Mass., 
was born in that town, Tuesday, Mar. 5, 1716-7. Of her 
youth we know nothing. The records of her life even are 
very scant. She married John Draper, a printer in Boston, 
but at what time we cannot learn. She was mentioned in 
her father's will of 1754. 

They had one son named Richard' Draper, who was 
mentioned in his father's will. 

Mary Avery', third daughter (eight child) of Rev. John® 
and Ruth (Little) Avery was born in Truro, Mass., Jan. 19, 
1724^5. Very scant, indeed, are the records touching her 
life. She married a Mr. West, and is mentioned in her 
father's will. When or where she died we have no record. 


(REV. J0HN6.) 


I^OBERT AVERT', third son (fifth child) of Rev. John* 
•^ \ and Ruth (Little) Avery, was born in Truro, Mass., 
May 26, 1719. He is mentioned in his father's will as 
having received lands from him in Lebanon, Conn., where 
he settled when quite young. 

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In Lebanon (Conn.) records, we find " Children of Robert 
and Anna (Cushman) Avery, (daughter of Josiah and 
Susanna Cushman,") as follows : 

i. Robert^ b. Nov. 25, 1742. 

ii, John®, b. Jau. 29, 1744-5. 

iii. Anna^, b. June 25, 1747. 

iv. Josiah®, b. Aug. 15, 1749. 

V. Susanna®, b. Oct. 15, 1751. 

vi. 8arah®, b. Oct. 25, 1753. 

vii. Ruth®, b. March 6, 1756. 

Whether these have left any descendants we cannot say. 
Robert Avery' was admitted a member to full communion 
in 1763, to second church in Lebanon. (The second society 
was incorporated into a Township in 1805 by the name of 
Columbia.) In Lebanon church, record of " Bill of Mort- 
ality," 1775, " Robert Avery, killed in battle at sea." 

Letters of administration were granted on the estate of 
Robert Avery, Sept. 13, 1775, to Elisha Lothrop (his 
brother-in-law,) who on Sept. 6, 1783, represented the 
estate insolvent. The court ordered to creditors Is. lOd. on 
the £. 

Jan. 28, 1724. (Lebanon Land Records, vol. 3, pa^e 581.) 

Jedediab Lombart, of Truro, Mass., conveyed to John Avery, 
clerk, for £250, two tracts of land, ^' one containing at least 116 
acres, and the other at least 52 acres, which lauds were formerly 
in partnership with myself (Walter G. Kingsley, town clerk, 
Lebanon,) and Daniel Smalley." 

Noah Dewey conveyed land to Robert Avery for £900 in bills 
of public credit, old tenor, 40 acres, March 16, 1750. (Land 
Rec, vol. 7, p. 306.) 

John Aveiy®, by deed May 26, 1747, conveyed to '' his son," 
Robert^, all his lands in Lebanon, ^^for love and affection." 
(Land Rec, vol. 8, p. 351.) 

" Robert^ conveyed to " his brother, John Avery', of Boston," 
116 acres purchased by his father, Rev. John^, of Lombard, 

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March 16, 1750, for sixty-six pounds, '* silver money." (Vol. 8, 
p. 172.) 

Robeit Avery^ bought 20 acres of John Little (an uncle ?) for 
£120. Bills of credit, Nov. 19, 1755. (Vol. 8, p. 188.) 

Robert Avery^ sold his farm to N. Cushman, Jan. 15, 1759, for 
£755, lawful money. (Vol. 9, p. 123.) 

Lebanon formerly belonged to Windham Probate District 
This is all we have been able to gather concerning 
Robert Avery'. 




nnrBIGAIL avert', fourth daughter (ninth child) of 
/ ^ Rev. John* and Ruth (Little) Avery, was born in Truro, 
Mass., June 1, 1727. At the age of eighteen she was mar- 
ried to Elisha Lothrop, who was a brother to her brother's 
(Rev. Ephraim Avery^, of Brooklyn, Ct.,) wife. The follow- 
ing is a copy from Norwich, Ct., records : 

"Elisha Lothrop, of Newent, in Norwich, and Abigail Avery 
were married to each other on the 28th day of May, 1745.'* 

He was the son of Samuel* and Deborah (Crow) Lothrop. 
He came from good, old, Puritan stock, was great grandson 
of Rev. John Lothrop, who, tradition says, was the first 
of that name in New England. Children : 

1. Elisha®, b. 1745, m. let Lydia Kirkland ; 2d, Mrs. Lydia 
Huntington, who died Jan., 1816, aged 75. He died in 
Demerara, South America, Sept. 23, 1790, as per tombstone in 
the burial lot. Had five children, Lydia®, Henry®, Jame8®,Henry®, 

ii. Deborah^ b. June 22, 1747. 

iii. Anna®, b. June 5, 1749. 

iv. Solomon®, b. Nov. 5, 1751. 

V. Mary®, b. March 17, 1755. 

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vi. Septimus®, b. 1756, married twice. He died Oct. 12, 
1819, as per tombstone, aged 63. Children : 
i. Wealthy^, b. — , m. Ralph Manning, of Windham, 

settled in Scoharie Co., N. Y. Five children, 
ii. lucy®, b. — , m. Elisha Kimball, of Preston. Eight 

iii. Septimus^, b. Aug. 3, 1784, m. May 1, 1811, Judith 
Greenleaf Salisbury. Children : 

1. Samiieiw, b. 1812, in Providence, R. I. In 1834 he 

went to Chicago, 111. Two years later he moved to 
Bristol, II]. » m. Nancy McClellan. 

2. Henry Adams^^, b. 1813. In 1884 was a manufactarer 

of woolen j^oods at Hopedale in Qrlswold. Was 
married twice. 

3. Hiram Bementi<>, b. Jewitt City, 1816, m. Charlotte 

Barritt. He died Jan. 28, 1856. 

4. Elizabeth^, b. Jewitt City in 1818, died there in 1842. 

5. Richard Salisbury^, b. 1820, m. in Providence, R. I., 

in 1848, Jane F. Thompson, of Warwick, R. I. She 
died in Plainfield, Ct., in 1857. He married again 
— Emily Mason Fuller, of Sterling, Ct. In 1873 he 
was a reed manufacturer in West Killingly. 

6. George Cady^o, b. in 1822, d. in 1842. 

7. Josiah O., b. in 1825, m. in 1846, Caroline Bigelow, 

who died in 1847. He soon moved to Illinois, and 
married, second, Ann Pearson, of Bristol, 111. In 
1884 he resided in Mendota, lU. 

iv. Solomon^, b. Aug. 3, 1784, m. Asenath Partridge. 

of Griswold. Had three children : Mary Maria^^, 

Elizabeth^® and Jane^®. 
V. Henry Bishop®, b. in 1794 at Lisbon, Ct., m. Sarah 

Preston. They have lived in Albany, 
vi. Abigail Adams®, b. — , m, twice. Two children, 
vii. Nelson Perkins®, b. — , died in Albany, 
viii. John Elisha^, b. in 1802, m. in Schenectady, Mary 

(Curry) Wilkie — was living in 1864 — no children. 

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JOB AVEET^ fifth son (seventh child), of Eev. John' and 
Euth (Little) Avery, was born in Truro, Jan. 14, 1722-3. 
His life was spent in his native town, on the old homestead, 
which had been bequeathed to him by his father. He was 
the only one of the minister's children who settled in 
Truro, consequently was the progenitor of all the Averys in 
Truro and Provincetown. He, doubtless, was a prominent 
citizen, identifying himself with the town's interests. 
Among the records, we find that, at a meeting of the inhab- 
itants of the town of Truro, held Jan.. 9th, 1758, it was 
"voted to choose a committee to consider the business 
inserted in the warrant respecting the soldiers." A com- 
mittee of six was chosen, and Mr. Job Avery was a member 
of that committee. This was when England and France 
were at war over their possessions in America. France 
fitted out a large fleet of armed ships of war, which were 
destined for New England, and as Truro was much exposed 
and entirely unguarded, a petition had been sent to the 
General Court for arms and military assistance; and 
measures were taken for furnishing the town's quota ; the 
sum of fifteen pounds being voted from the treasury to be 
paid to each of the town's quota, in addition to the Provin- 
cial wages. 

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In 1759 money was again raised to encourage men to 
enlist in His Majesty *s service for the invasion of Canada. 
Twenty men were required from this town, and to eacli of 
them was voted i!15. This shows that Truro, although so 
isolated, took an active interest in everything pertaining to 
the success of the American colonies. This year brought 
complete triumph to the English arms. That Mr. Job 
Avery was a participant in the town's affairs, is seen by the 
records, and we regret that they are not fuller and more 

Another item among the records is : "April 17, 1749, gave 
leave to Barnabas Paine and Job Avery, to open the hedge 
by the old Try Yard, on the southerly part of the Indian 
Neck." Another: "Sept. 25, 1749, three gentlemen were 
chosen as a committee to take care of the ministerial wood- 
land." "Also to bequest of Mr. Avery a power of attorney 
to sue any person or persons that shall presume to cut wood 
from said ministerial.^^ Mr. Avery owned at least two 
slaves, one a young negro man named " Lamed," whom he 
received as a gift from his father ; the other a negro woman. 
Among the records is the following : 

August 24, 1766. 
" Violet, a i>egro wornan, a slave of Mr. Avery, made her peace 
with the Church by a(;knowledgment, and so was qualified to 
receive the ordiQation of baptism. 

Attest, CALEB UPHAM, Pastor.'' 

Mr. Avery was a member of the Board of Selectmen, 1763 
to 1766, and town clerk and treasurer from 1767 to 1770. 
Of his private life we know nothing, but conclude it was an 
honorable one, and he an example of the old proverb, "train 
up a child in the way he should go, and when he is old he 
will not depart from it" 

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Dec. 30, 1742, he married Miss Jane Thatcher, of East- 
ham, then the adjoining town, and which before the incor- 
poration, included Truro (Pawmet) in its territory. Eev. 
Benjamin Webb, the bride's pastor, officiated at the wed- 
ding. This union was blessed with nine children, all of 
whom, with one exception, arrived at years of maturity^ 
leaving many descendants : — 

i. John^, b. Oct. 27, 1743, m. Hannah Snow. 

ii. Ruth^, b. May 22, 1745, m. Aquilla Rich. Second,. 

Daniel Snow, 

iii. Elizabeth^, b. Jan. 25, 1747, m. John McAlpine. 

iv. Job®, b. Jan. 7, 1749, ra. Jerusha Lombard. 

V. Samuel®, b. Aug. 31, 1751, m. Mary Weston, 

vi. Jane®, b. Aug. 25, 1755, died soon, 

vii. Thatcher®, b. Feb. 15, 1757, m. Hannah Atkins, 

viii. George®, b. Jan. 23, 1759, m. Mary Sanborn, 

ix. Jane®, b. Feb. 9, 1761, m. John Atkins.. 

Mr. Avery died Jan. 2, 1785, the slate stone in the old- 
cemetery at North Truro, reading as follows :: 

" In memory of 

Mr. Job Avery 

of Truro, 

Who died Jan. 28, 


Aged 63 years." 

Mrs. Jane (Thatcher) Avery, after her husband's death,, 
made her home with her daughter, Mrs. Jane Atkins, in 
Natick, Mass., where she died, and was interred in the fam- 
ily tomb there, built by her son-in-law, Capt. John Atkins. 


'' In the name of God, Amen. I, Job Avery, of Truroy 
Gentleman ; being infirm in Body but of perfect sound disposing 
mind and memory knowing it is appointed unto all men once to* 
die and being desirous to set my house in order^ befk>re I go> 

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hence to be here no more, do make and ordain this my last Will 
and Testament, in manner and form following : 

First of all, I give and recommend my Soul into the hands of 
Almighty God who gave it, and my body to the eartli from 
whence it was taken, and as far as the wordly estate wherewith it 
hath pleased God to bless me, I do dispose thereof as followeth : 

Imprimis. My will is my just debts and funeral charges and 
the charge of settling my estate be first paid out of my personal 
Estate, by executor hereafter named in this my last Will and as 
to the residue of all my Personal Estate, I give as followeth. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my well beloved wife Jane 
(Thatcher) Avery, the improvements of one third part of all my 
Real Estate, so long as she shall remain my Widow, in lieu of 
her right of dower, and power of thirds in my Estate. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my grand daughter, Elizabeth 
Avery, daughter of Samuel Avery, deceased, one seventh part of 
two thirds of all my household goods and furniture in my dwell- 
ing house, and the remainder of the two thirds of my household 
goods and furniture, I give unto my three Daughters, Ruth 
Snow, Elizabeth McAlpine and Jane Atkins, to be divided in 
equal shares among them. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my four sons, John, Job, 
Thatcher and George Avery, all the remainder of my whole 
Estate, both real and personal which I have not before disposed 
of, to be in equal shares divided among them (^that is to say) one 
fourth part to Each of them, my said sons, excepting my Black- 
smith tools. 

Item. I give to my Son, John Avery, my Blacksmith tools. 
It is my Will that what I have given to my four sons, be to them, 
their heirs and assigns forever. Lastly. I do hereby constitute 
and appoint my son, John Avery, the sole executor of this my 
last Will and Testament, hereby revoking all and any former Will 
or Wills by me made, and confirming this to be my last Will and 
Testament, in witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and 
seal this 28th day of October, in the year of our Lord 1784. 

Witnesses, Jo£ OVCrU [seal] 

Susannah Foster ^^/ 

Hannah Dyer 
Silvanus Snow. 

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To all his wearing apparel 
" the household furniture 
" all the neat Cattel 
*' One Horse 
" Nine sheep 
*' All the Farming Utensils 

Real Estate 
To all the Woodland 

" " clear land above the road 

" " do. below the road 

^' '« Buildings 

" " the Meadow 
Eleven hundred Rails 

Barzilla Smith, £385. 11. 

Samuel Hopkins, 
Ephraim Harding. 

One third of Jane (Thatcher) Avery's Dower of Real Estate, 
was viz : 

Five acres woodland, 18 acres brush (?) land (bounded by the 
land of Thankful Eldredge), 16 acres Clear Land above the 
road. One acre of Land adjoining the House and Barn, 10 acres 
of Land below the Road. One third of Dwelling House. One 
third of Barn, IJ acres of Meadow Land by edge of meadow of 
Nathaniel Atkins, thence Southerly to the Creek, thence Easterly 
by said Creek to Paine's meadow. Another piece of meadow 
lying in East Harbor about IJ acres. Oct. 11, 1785. 






























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JOHN AVEEY^ eldest son of JoV and Jane (Thatcher) 
Avery, born Oct. 27, 1743, married Dec. 3, 1771, Hannah 
Snow, (b. 1750). Children : 

i. John^, h. Oct. 1, 1775, m. Rebecca Knowles. 

ii. Elizabeth^, b. Feb. 10, 1777, died . 

iii. Elizabeth^, b. Nov. 29, 1778, m. Benj. P. Lombard, 
iv. Hannah^, b. Oct. 8, 1781, m. Benj. Eaton. 
V. Ruth^, b. Aug. 5, 1783, m. Elkanah Paine, 
vi. Jane^, b. July 28, 1785, m. Ephraim Atkins, 
vii. Emma^, b. June 9, 1788, m. David Elliot, 
viii. Job9, b. Feb. 11, 1790; ''lost overboard Oct. 7, 1810, 

on the homeward passage from Touniugeu. A steady 

young man.*' 
ix. Ambrose^, b. Dec. 3, 1793, " lost on passage from 

Europe, April, 1812." 

John Avery* died April 24, 1819, aged 75 years. Mrs. 
Hannah (Snow) Avery died Oct. 27, 1834, aged 84 years, 
(per stones in North Truro cemetery.) 

An abstract from the will of John Avery% dated May 2, 
1818, gives " to wife Hannah (Snow) Avery, the whole of 
his Beal and Personal Estate, so long as she remains my 
widow, to sell, convey and give it by wills to whom she 
pleases. To his grandson, John Avery Paine", all his 
wearing apparel, his gun, cutlass and bayonet, — to his 
daughter Emma Elliot, the use of one room in his house, so 
long as she remains a widow." 

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JOHN AVEEY», eldest son of John^ and Hannah (Snow) 
Avery, born Oct 1, 1775, married July 2, 1799, Rebecca, 
daughter of John and Thankful (Hall) Knowles of Orleans, 
Mass. Children : 

i. Jane^*, b. Dec. 24, 1801, m. James Hughes, 
ii. Hannah^*, b. Nov. 20, 1803, Samuel Coan. 

Capi Avery's life was a sea-faring one. All that can be 
learned now is he had returned from a voyage, was sick 
and died at Charleston, S. C, June 21, 1804, at the age of 
28 years. Cut down in the bloom of youth. 

Mrs. Bebecca Avery was thus left a widow, at the age of 
twenty-two, with a babe in her arms, and the eldest less 
than three years of age ; but nobly and faithfully she 
performed her duty, and her daughters became hotiored 
members of the church and society, one of whom, Mrs. 
Hannah Coan, is mentioned elsewhere. 

Mrs. Avery is remembered as a very good woman, and 
earnest Christian, who delighted to converse of heavenly 
things. For many years she was a member of the Con- 
gregational Church, and later of the Union Church at North 
Truro. She died Dec. 30, 1860, aged 78 years. Inscription 
on the stone erected to her memory : " I have fought 
the good fight, I have kept the faith, bright is my crown of 



Jane Avery***, eldest daughter of Capt. John* and Bebecca 
(Knowles) Avery, b. Dec. 24, 1801, married Dec. 2, 1819, 
James (born Oct. 12, 1793,) son of John and Rachel (Dyer) 
Hughes, of North Truro. Children : 

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i. Sylvanus Nj-e", b. Aug. 31, 1820, m. Hannah Sparrow. 

ii. Jojin Avery^S b. Aug. 31, 1822, m. Tarasiu Harding. 

iii. James^^ b. July 25, 1825. He was first officer on the 
barque Pauline^ and lost overboard Sept. 2d, 184G, while on the 
voyage from Mantaugas to Gibraltar at the early age of 21 years. 

iv. Atkins", b. August 14, 1828, m. Betsey L. Paine. 

V. Albert Eaton^*, b. Dec. 22, 1831, m. Anna M. Magoun. 

vi. Asa Sellew^S b. Sept. 14, 1834, m. Jane Emma Malloy. 

vii. Mary Ann^S b. July 16, 1837, m. Smith K. Hopkins, 
viii. Samuel Nye'^ b. April 30, 1840, died unmarried in Port- 
land, Oregon, May 15th, 1873. 

ix. Sally Coan", b. March 11, 1843, m. John G. Thompson. 

Mr. James Hughes was a prominent citizen of North 
Truro, and for thirteen years a member of the board of 
selectmen. He died Sept. 13, 1872, aged 79 years. 

Mrs. Jane (Avery*®) Hughes was well educated, receiving 
her early education in Boston, and is said to have been 
very expert in needle work, especially of wrought lace. 
An elaborate piece of fancy work in Kensington stitch, 
which she did at the age of thirteen, is in possession of the 
family, and said to be a fine piece of hand-work. At the 
age of eighteen she married and reared a family of seven 
sons and two daughters, all of whom have filled and are 
filling honorable positions in society. An energetic, 
generous hearted lady, well remembered for her kind deeds. 
Was long a worthy member of the Congregational Church. 
For several years before her death was in feeble health, 
but was tenderly cared for by her granddaughter, Mrs. 
Amelia*- (Hughes) Rich, who was unremitting in her service 
to the aged one. She passed away Sept. 11, 1886, aged 84 
years, and was buried beside her husband in North Truro 



Silvanus Nye**, eldest son of James and Jane (Avery*") 

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Hughes, born Aug. 31, 1820, married first, Mary S. Collins, 
daughter of Sylvanus Collins, of Truro, who died in Nov., 
1848, leaving one son, Oullen Ayers Hughes", bom Aug. 12, 
1845, married Maggie A Matheson. Children : 

i. Silvanus Nye>3, b. Oct. 27, 1878. 
ii. John Avery*3, b. Aug. 17, 1886. 
Hi. Infant son^^ b. April 25, 1892. 

Mr. and Mrs. C. A Hughes reside in North Truro. Capt 
Silvanus N. Hughes" married, second, Mrs. Hannah (Ste- 
vens) Sparrow, daughter of John and Polly (Coan) Stevens, 
of North Truro. Capt Hughes began a sea-faring life at 
the age of ten, which was continued until 1886, a period of 
fifty-six years. Forty-four years of the time he was master. 
In 1866, he and his estimable companion removed to Prov- 
incetown, where they have since continued to reside. Capi 
H. is an upright citizen, kind-hearted neighbor, and true 
friend, of quiet, unassuming manner. Mrs. H. is a member 
of Center M. E. Church, and highly esteemed by her many 




John Avery", second son of James and Jane (Avery") 
Hughes, born Aug. 31, 1822, married Aug. 12, 1847, Tamsin 
S., (born Aug. 13, 1826), daughter of Jeremiah and Mary 
(Coan) Harding, of Truro. Children : 

i. James Albert^^, died in infancy, 
ii. Lizzie Paine^^, m. Mark L. Steere. No children, 
iii. John Avery^^^ died in infancy, 
iv. Ada Florence^, resides at East Somerville, Mase. 
v. Mary Louise^'^, m. Thomas A. Swords. Have one child, 
John Avery^^, b. in 1890, and resides at East Newton, 
vi. Nellie^^, died young, 
vii. Edith Gertrude^^, died young, 
viii. Annie Tamsin^^, resides at East Somerville, Mass. 

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ix. Fred Everett^^, graduated from Harvard in 1888, at the 
age of twenty-three. Since then has been traveling ; 
at present (Nov., 1890) is in Canada. 

X. Amy Madeline^^. Since June, 1889, has been in Germany. 

Mr. John Avery Hughes" went to Boston when a young 
man, engaged in manufacturing show cases, in whi<jh busi- 
ness he was very successful. Later his brother Albert was 
associated with him. At one time he was a member of the 
Legislature. He resided at East Somerville, where he died, 
Jan. 18, 1885, at the age of 62 years. 

Mrs. Tamsin 8. (Harding) Avery, his widow, died March 
30, 1889, aged 62 years. 



Atkins", fourth son of James and Jane (Avery") Hughes, 
bom Aug. 14, 1828, married in March, 1850, Betsey L., 
(bom Aug. 2, 1830), daughter of Jesse and Betsey (Hopkins) 
Paine, of Truro. Children : 

i. Amelia Ellen^S b. in Dec, 1850, m. in 1876, Michael A. 
Rich, (b. in 1849), son of M. A. and Betsey L. (Snow) 
Rich, of Truro. Children : 
i. Nellie A.i3, b. Oct. 24, 1878. 
ii. Emma T.^a, b. Nov. 12, 1882, died July 27, 1883. 
iii. Alton E.i3, b. Mar. 23, 1885. 

Mrs. Rich was educated in North Truro and at Brad- 
ford Academy. Is a highly esteemed lady and a 
Methodist member of the Union Church at North 
ii. Phebe Anna^^^ b. Jan. 26, 1852. Was educated at North 

Truro and Bradford. Resides with her parents, 
iii. Idella Lewis", b. May 18, 1855, m. in 1882, William L. 
Lombard, of Truro. Mrs. Lombard was educated at 
North Truro and Bradford. She with her husband 
reside at North Truro. Both are members of the M. 
E. Church. 

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iv. Georgianna W.12, b. Feb. 23, 1857. Educated at North 
Truro, and for a time was engaged in teaching. 
Resides with parents. 
V. Nellie^2^ b. Mar. 1, 18G2, d. Jan. 29, 18G4. 

vi. Bessie Jane'*^, b. April 25, 1867, m. in 1888, Irving King, 
of Truro. One child, Ralph Stone^^^ b. in Mar., 1889, 
d. in Dec, 1889. Mrs. King was educated in North 
Truro, where with her husband she still has her resi- 

vii. Nelliei2, b. June 18, 1863, d. Jan. 21, 1869. 

Capt. Atkins Hughes" began a sea-faring life at the age of 
twelve years, and continued it until 1879. During these 
thirty-nine years, spent at sea, except the first seven, he was 
master, and most of that time, of ships engaged in foreign 
trade, in which business he was veiy successful. Since 
1879 he has been owner and agent for fish weirs. In 1881 
and 1882 he was a member of the General Court. Of a 
retiring disposition and unassuming manner, he is, however, 
a prominent citizen, and widely known in business circles 
as a gentleman of integrity ; also a friend to the poor. He 
with his estimable companion reside at North Truro. 



Albert E.", fifth son of James and Jane (Avery^*) Hughes, 
born Dec. 22, 1831, married Nov. 29, 1855, Anna M, Magouu, 
of Charlestown, Mass. No children. Mr. Hughes went to 
Boston and engaged in business with liis brother, John 
Avery Hughes, as manufacturer of sliow cases, which busi- 
ness he still continues. He is said to be a generous hearted, 
public spirited gentleman, and true friend to the unfortu- 
nate. He, with his w^orthy companion, reside at East 
Somerville, Mass. 

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Asa S.", sixth son of James and Jane (Avery") Hughes, 

born in 1834, married July 1, 1860, Jane Emma Malloy, of 

Philadelphia. Children : 

i. Emma Jane^^, m. Dr. Edwin Rosenthal. Have one child, 

Emma Rosenthal ^^, Reside in Philadelphia, 
ii. John Atkinses. Sailed from New York Ang. 13, 1884, in 

the schooner Annie D, Merrit^ as officer, bound for 

Cayenne, South America. The vessel and crew were 

never heard from after leaving port, 
iii. Albert Nye^S m. June 18, 1890, Mathilde Stephania Heck. 

Mr. H. is in the office with his father, 
iv. Asa Willis^^, — a carpenter by occupation. 
V. James Ed ward ^^, attends school. 

Mr. Asa S. Hughes in early life followed the sea, going 

foreign voyages as master of ships Retiring from the sea, 

he went into business at Philadelphia, where he married 

and has since resided. He is owner and agent of steam 

tugs. He is a genial, unassuming gentleman. 



Mary A", daughter of James and Jane (Avery'") Hughes, 
born July 16, 1837, married Feb. 20, 1855, Smith Knowles 
Hopkins, (born 1831,) son of William C. Hopkins of Truro. 

Children : 

i. Anna Albertina*^, b. at North Trnro, Dec. 21, 1857. 
Attended schwls in North Truro and Soraerville. 
Died at North Truro, November, 1868. 
ii. James Hus^hes^^^ b. North Truro, Feb. 20, 1861, ra. Oct. 
29, 1890, Annie Kiltredge, youngest daughter of Hon. 
James and Mrs. Rebecca (Nickerson) Gifford, of 

Mr. Hughes was educated in the schools of Truro, 
also of Somerville, graduating from Prescott Gram- 
mar School at Somerville, June 1874, and the Somer- 
ville High School, June, 1878. p]ntered Harvard 

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College for the study of law, graduating 1882. Taught 
school at North Eastham the winter of '82 and '83. 
From August, '83, to February, *84, taught school 
at West Barnstable. Was admitted to the practice of 
law October, 1883. Practiced at New Bedford, 
February to June, 1884. Since June, 1884, at 
Provincetown, Mass. Has been trial justice, commis- 
sioner of insolvency, special county commissioner, 
etc. Is a trustee of the public library, and 1890 was 
elected Judge of the Second District Court of Barns- 
table county. Mrs. Hughes is a graduate of the 
Provincetown High and the Bridgewater Noi*mal 
schools, and for a time was successfully engaged 
in teaching at the Perkins Institution for the Blind 
at South Boston, Mass. Mr. and Mrs. Hughes reside 
at Provincetown, Mass. 

iii. Howard Fenwick»2, b. North Truro. Feb. 6, 1864. Re- 
ceived his education in the schools at North Truro and 
Barnstable. Learned the printer*s trade at Barns- 
table. December, 1886, he became proprietor and 
editor of the Provincetown Advocate^ which (1892) 
he still continues to publish. 

iv. Alton Raymond^2^ b. North Truro, Feb. 10, 1867. Re- 
ceived his education in the schools at North Truro 
and Barnstable, also ^^ Bryant and Stratton's Com- 
mercial College," at Boston. Is employed as book- 
keeper at Boston, Mass. 

V. Ethel Blanchardi2, b. North Truro, Jan. 25, 1873. Edu- 
cated at Barnstable, and " Dean Academy," at 
Franklin, Mass. 

vi. Winthrop StowelUS b. North Truro, Oct. 23, 1874. Was 
educated in the public schools at Barnstable. His 
youth gave promise of a bright future ; he was about 
to enter upon a course of study at Dean Academy 
when he died, Sept. 23, 1889. 

Mrs. Hopkins is said to be a lady of quiet, unassuming 
manner, and highly esteemed for her excellent qualities by 
a large circle of friends. 

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Sally C", youngest daughter of James and Jane (Avery") 
Hughes, born March 11, 1843, married Aug. 28, 1864, John 
Grozier Thompson, (born Aug. 29, 1837), son of Alexander 
and Bethiah (Grozier) Thompson, of North Truro. — 
Children : — 

i. Emma Hughes^s, b. May 30, 1865, d. Sept. 10, 1880. She 

was a patient sufferer for years, 
ii. Mary Alexander^®^ y,^ ^ay 4, 1869. Educated in North 
Truro, also in the Soraerville High school, of which 
she was a graduate. At present is a student at the 
Normal school in Framingham, Mass. 
iii. Albert Hughesi^, b. April 3, 1882. 

Mr. Thompson, the husband of Sally C. Hughes", in early 
life followed the sea. Since 1866 he has been a merchant 
and a prominent and energetic citizen of North Truro. Mrs. 
T. is well educated and highly esteemed. 



Hannah", second daughter of Capt. John' and Eebecca 
(Knowles) Avery, born Nov. 20, 1803, married Dec. 24, 1822, 
Capt. Samuel Coan, (born 1792), of North Truro. Children : 
i. Benjamin'i, b. Mar. 15, 1824, ra. Sally K. Small, 
ii. Betsey Dyer", b. June 26, 1825, m. D. D. Smith, 
iii. Rebecca A.", b. July 6, 1827, m. Jeremiah Hopkins, 
iv. SamueP*, b. Nov. 16, 1829. For several years he was 
engaged in teaching. An intellectual and highly 
esteemed gentleman — resides with his aged mother ; 
V. Emily", b. — , died in infancy. 

vi. Mary A.", b. Nov. 5, 1834, d. Feb. 3, 1853, aged 18 yrs. 
vii. Sally Smith", b. April 2, 1837, d. Jan. 9, 1841. 
viii. Ezra Finney", b. Oct. 28, 1841, went to California. 
ix. Laura Ann", b. Dec. 2, 1844, m. John E. Sofield. 

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Capt. Samuel Coan, the husband of Hannah Avery", was 
drowned by the upsetting of a boat at the Pond landing, 
April 26th, 1847, at the age of 54 years. He is said to have 
been an old, successful skipper, and highly respected citi- 
zen. His vessel, the Brenda, was all fitted for a trip mack- 
ereling, at Provincetown, and he with his crew, all of whom 
were young — between the ages of thirteen and, perhaps, 
twenty -three — were going home to spend a day or two 
before sailing, when they sailed to "that unexplored shore." 
His two sons, Benjamin and Samuel, and two others, suc- 
ceeded in clinging to the overturned boat, in spite of the 
rough sea, until taken off by friends who saw their perilous 
condition from the shore. Tliese were the only survivors. 
This sad event cast a gloom over the whole community, and 
is still remembered by the citizens of Truro and Province- 


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Mrs. Hannah (Avery^®) Coan was a worthy member of the 
M. E. Church for many years, arid although confined to the 
house by age and infirmities, retained an interest in the 
prosperity of Zion. Her life was an uneventful one, having 
passed it almost wholly in North Truro, where she was 
highly esteemed for her many kind deeds. We are particu- 
larly fortunate in being able to present her portrait, she 
being the last survivor of the Avery family in Truro. She 
died Jan. 9, 1892, aged 88 years. A local paper speaks of 
her as follows : — 

" She with her husband, Samuel Coan, were among the mera- 
bei"8 of the Methodist class organized in 1820, Rev. Frederick 
Upham being their pastor. Mrs. Coan was a widow 45 years. 
Her husband was drowned with five of his crew, on his way from 
Provincetown, not many miles from his home. She mourned for 
him, not as one witliout hope, for her trust was in God, whom 
they both loved and served. Mrs. Coan loved the church of her 
choice, and held sacred to its doctrines, although, as the infirmi- 
ties of years increased, she was compelled to stay away from the 
public means of grace. Her faith was strong in her Savior. As 
long as she could reply, when asked if it was light as she neared 
the valley, replied with eM*nestness, * Light? it's all light. My 
lamp is trimmed and burning.' " 



Benjamin", eldest son of Capt. Samuel and Hannah 
(Avery'') Coan, born March 15, 1824, married in 1851, Sally 
K., daughter of Francis and Annie Small, of Truro. 
Children : — 

i. Benjamin Willis^^^ died in infancy. 

ii. Sarah Anna^'^, died at the age of six years. 

Capt. Coan followed the sea forty-one years (1833-1874), 
twenty years of the time as master. Has been clerk and 
treasurer of Christian Union Church for several years ; also 
a member of the board of Selectmen. 

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Betsey D.", daughter of Capt Samuel and Hannah 
(Avery'") Coan, bom June 26, 1825, married April 15, 1847, 
David Dyer Smith, (son of Isaac and Sally (Dyer) Smith), 
of North Truro. Children : 

i. Emily Franklin*^. Educated \u public schools of North 
Truro and Provincetown. A graduate of "Boston 
School of Oratory/' is engaged as teacher of Elocution 
in the "Wesleyan Female College," at Macon, Georgia, 
ii. David Austin^^. Educated in schools of North Truro and 
Provincetown. Married Mary, daughter of Charles E. 
and Maria Dalton, of Bloomingtou, III. One daughter, 
Helen BrownelPa, b, 1885. 
iii. Isaac Finuey^^. A graduate of Provincetown High School 
and of Amherst College. Engaged in teaching. 

Mr. and Mrs. D. D. Smith and family removed from North 
Truro to Provincetown, in April, 1864, where Mr. Smith 
established the dry goods trade, in which business he is 
still engaged. 



Kebecca A.", second daughter (third child) of Capt. 
Samuel and Hannah (Aveiy") Coan, b. July 6, 1827, married 
Dec. 2, 1847, Jeremiah Hopkins, of North Truro. Children: 

i. Samuel Coan^'^ b. Aug. 5, 1849, m. Anna Rich, of Truro. 
One child : Mary BelP^. Mrs. Hopkins having died, 
he married second, Julia Goslene, of Boston, 
ii. Mary Coan^^, b. October 28, 1850, m. John F. Havender, 
of Provincetown. Child, Ada BelP^^ Mother and 
child not living, 
iii. Jeremiah Franklinl^ b. July 24, 1854, m. Annie Battle, 
of Boston. Child, James Franklin^^. 

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iv. Betsey Smith^^, b. Dec. 4, 1855. 
V. Albion Leslie^^ b. April 6, 18G2. 
vi. Edith Laural^ b. Dec. 5, 1864, m. Jan. 1, 1888, William 

?. Paine, 
vii. Fred Johuson^^ b. Jan. 1, 1866, m. Oct. 25, 1891, Ethel 

M. Boucher, 
viii. Ezra Finney Coan^S b. Dec. 30, 1866, m. Nov. 2, 1891, 
Sadie A. Nolan. 



Laura A.", youngest daughter of Capt. Samuel and 
Hannah (Avery") Coan, born Dec. 2, 1844, married 1872, 
John E. Sofield, of Perth Amboy, N. J. Children : 
i. Emily Austin^^, 

ii. Agnes Blanch^^ 

iii. Edith Laura'2. 

iv. Henrietta Mand*^. 

V. Bessie Coan ^ 2. 

vi. Beccie Avery^^, d. Sept. 24, 1887. 

Mrs. Sofield was educated in the public schools of North 
Truro. At the age of seventeen began teaching in Royal- 
ston, Mass., and for seven successive years taught in the 
public schools of this state. In 1869, she accepted a 
position as teacher in Perth Amboy, N. J., which position 
she held until her marriage three years later. 


Elizabeth', daughter of John" and Hannah (Snow) Avery, 
bom Nov. 29, 1778, married Benjamin Parker Lombard, 
of Truro. One child : 

i. Rebecca Lombardl^ b. Sept. 8, 1801. m. Dec. 4, 1828, 
Elislia Paine, Jr., (b. 1802,) son of Elislia and Sarah 
Paine, of Truro. Cliildren : i. Sarali^^ b. Nov. 19, 
1829, d. Nov. 29, 1846, of consumption, ii. Parker 
Lombardi', b. July 31, 1832, d. April 17, 1862, also 
of consumption. 

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Mr. Elisha Paine was drowned Oct. 2, 1833, while 
attempting to rescue a shipwrecked crew (all of whom were 
saved,) off the back of the Cape. He had just come into 
his house from a fishing trip, when the cry, " Ship ashore !" 
was made. He with others immediately went to the rescue, 
but the boat was capsized in the breakers, and he lost his 
life. This was forty years before the present efficient 
system of life saving service as now conducted, and when 
all such service was voluntary. 

At the time of his death, Mr. Paine was 31 years of age. 

Mrs. Rebecca (Lombard") Paine, the widow, was a highly 
esteemed Christian lady, with the characteristic intelligence 
and energy of her race, and well informed in the genealogy 
of the Aveiy family, of whom she was a worthy descendant 
"Nobly and faithfully she discharged her duty to her 
children, who preceded her to the better land, and, like a 
true warrior, laid heir armor down at the last command," 
quietly passing away, Nov. 20, 1878, aged 77 years. Her 
residence at Highland, a few rods from the spot where 
stood the home of Rev. John Avery*, is now owned by a 
party from the city, who occupy it as a Summer residence, 
and who have given it the name of "Pilgrim's Rest." 


Hannah', daughter of John" and Hannah (Snow) 
Avery, born Oct. 3, 1781, m. 1798, Benjamin Eaton, of 
Boston, and reared a family of fourteen children, most, if 
not all, of whom have filled prominent positions in social 
and business circles. Among them we may name : Hannah", 
Margaret", David", Elizabeth", Charles", Frederick". 

Charlotte", who married Faxon, of Boston, William O.", 

John Avery", and Benjamin Avery". 

John Avery Eaton, of Cliftondale, Mass., and Benj. Avery 
Eaton, of Brighton, Mass., are widely known, and the 

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ivriter regrets very much that the records of these gentle- 
men, as well as of the other members of the family, were 
not available. It is probable that all are now dead. Mr. 
John A. Eaton was living in 1885, a venerable looking old 
gentleman. Early in 1890 the death of John Aybtj Eaton 
was recorded in one of the daily papers, and is supposed to 
have been the one referred to. 

Mrs. Hannah (Avery*) Eaton died Nov., 1834, aged 53 



Ruth*, daughter of John' and Hannah (Snow) Avery, 
born August 5, 1783, m. May 25, 1802, Elkanah Paine, 
(born Aug. 14, 1780.) Children : 

i, Rutli^®, b. June 27, 1803, ra. Enos Nickerson. 

ii. John Avery 1^, b. Sept. 7, 1805, ra Betsey Harding, 

iii. SamueP, b. Nov. 28, 1807, m. Joanna Dyer, 

iv. Sarahio, b. Sept. 21, 1811, m. Edward Larkin. 

Mrs. Ruth (Avery) Paine, died Sept. 30, 1843, aged 60 
years. Her husband, Elkanah Paine, died Feb. 21, 1860, 
aged 79 years. The^^ were buried in North Truro cemetery. 
Their residence was in that part of Truro known as East 
Harbor. Both were members of the Congregational 


Ruth^°, daughter of Ruth (Avery*^) and Elkanah Paine, 
b. June 27, 1803, married Oct. 6, 1853, Enos Nicker- 
son, (born Jan. 30, 1796,) son of Enos and Lucy (Nickerson) 
Nickerson, of Provincetown, Mass. 

Mrs. Ruth (Paine'") Nickerson, died at Provincetown, 
Oct. 1, 1861, aged 58 years. 

Mr. Enos Nickerson died at Provincetown, Feb. 27, 1867, 
aged 71 years. 

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Mrs. Nickerson was a worthy member of the Congrega- 
tional Church. 



John Avery", son of Elkanah and Ruth (Avery*) Paine, 
born Sept 7, 1805, married Sept. 27, 1832, Betsey Harding, 
(born June 6, 1811,) daughter of Lot and Deborah (Hopkins) 
Harding, of Truro. He began early in life to follow the 
sea, and continued to do so without interruption for nearly 
fifty years. Beginning at the lowest round of the ladder, 
he rose rapidly step by step. While yet young, and later, 
he was master of vessels engaged in foreign commerce with 
India, China, Japan, and other ports. In 1839 was master 
of barque Binney, During his later voyages, he was in 
command of a ship, and was accompanied by his wife. A 
few years since he retired and settled in East Somerville, 
Mass., and was appointed to the office of port warden, in 
the city of Boston. 

Sept 27, 1882, Capt. and Mrs. Paine celebrated their 
golden wedding at their home, where, amid most comfort- 
able surroundings, they received the congratulations of 
relatives and friends. May 29, 1885, he was called upon to 
part with his companion. They who had travelled the 
journey of life together for over half a century, were 
separated, but were soon reunited, before the close of the 
year (Dec. 6, 1858.) Mrs. Paine, at the time of her decease, 
was nearly 74 years of age. Capt. J. A. Paine was aged 
80 years. Both were worthy members of the Congrega- 
tional Church at East Somerville. Their remains rest in 
Woodlawn cemetery. They had no children, except an 
adopted daughter, who married Capt. John Avery Hughes. 

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SamueP*, son of Elkanah and Euth (Avery*) Paine, 
b. Nov. 28, 1807, married April 17, 1834, Joanna, (born Aug. 
28, 1809,) daughter of James and Esther (Paine) Dyer, of 
Truro. Children : 

i. James Dyer^^ b. Oct. 29, 1836, m. first wife, Mary A. 
Hopkins, of Truro; second wife, Anna Hempstead. 
He is engaged in foreign commei*ce, at present (1890) 
as master of ship Rembrandt. His wife accompanies 
him on his voyages. 
11. Samuel H.^S b. Oct. 4, 1840, sailed from Boston Feb. 11, 
1865, for Calcutta, in ship Eagle Wing, and was 
never heard from, supposed to have been lost on the 
passage out. 

Samuel Paine" for nearly forty years was deacon of the 
Congregational (known as Christian Union) Church, at North 
Truro. An examplary Christian gentleman. He was 
engaged in the coopering business at Provincetown for 
several years, while his residence was at Beach Point. 
Later he removed to the home at North Truro village, 
where his aged widow now resides. He died there Dec. 
12, 1876, aged 69 years. 

Mrs. Joanna (Dyer) Paine, the widow, is an intelligent 
lady, well posted on the current events of the day. Has 
been a worthy Congregational member of the Christian 
Union Church for many years. She is the widow of the 
descendant of Rev. John Avery*, already referred to, in 
whose home is the ancient mahogany bureau, made by him, 
and in her care are still the Bible and pieces of the old 
communion set, of which we have already given a 

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Sarah*", youngest daughter of Elkanah and Euth 
(Avery^) Paine, of Truro, born Sept. 21, 1811, married Dec. 
2, 1830, Edward Larkin (born Apr. 28, 1808.) Children : 

i. Mercy Currant*^, b. Oct. 30, 1831, d. Sept. 5, 1856, aged 

24 3'ears, 10 months, 
ii. Hannah Eaton^^ b. Dec. 7, 1834, m. Samuel Kuowles. 
iii. Mary Jane^^ b. Sept. 12, 1840, m. Henry S. Hutchings. 

Mr. and Mrs. Larkin resided in North Truro. Mr. 
Larkin was a nfitive of Charles town, Mass. The only 
<5hild of his parents, he was early in life bereft of his 
father, and while a mere child taken into the family of 
Capt. Stephen Mills, of North Truro, and made his home 
there until his marriage with Miss Paine. His mother, 
Mrs. Mercy (Manly) Larkin, afterward married a Mr. 
•Currant as second husband. 

Mr. Edward Larkin died at North Truro, Feb. 1, 1856, 
aged 47 years. 

Mrs. Sarah (Paine*") Larkin was a lady of great force of 
character, indomitable industry, and great executive ability. 
A kind neighbor and friend. Was a Congregationalist, 
member of the Christian Union Church at North Truro, 
and was identified with all its interests. She died April 29, 
1888 aged 76 years. Interred in the North Truro cemetery.. 



Hannah K", daughter of Edward and Sarah (Paine*") 
Larkin, born Dec. 7, 1834, married 1852, Samuel Kuowles, 
(born Feb. 26, 1831,) son of John and Zeriuah (Atkins) 
Knowles of Truro. Children : 

i. Virgenia Cooki'^, b. Mar. 12, 1853, at Truro, m. Oct. 7, 1874, 
Joshua F. Atkins, (b. Jund, 1853,) son of Joshua and 
Rebecca CWhorf) Atkins, of Provincetowu. Children : 

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i. Frank Knowlesis, b. Feb. 8, 1877. 
ii. Grace Evans^^, b. July 12, 1878. 
iii. Leroy Siebert^^, b. Oct. 19, 1880. 
Mr. Joshua F. Atkins, died at Provincetown, Jan. 
18, 1882, aged 31 years. Mrs. Virgenia C. 
(Knowles'2) Atkins died at Provincetown, 
Sept. 27, 1884, aged 81 years. 
Thus did this couple so lovely and pleasant in 
their lives, an ornament to society, and 
beloved by a large circle of relatives and 
friends, come to an untimely death. Their 
three children are tenderly cared for by their 
grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Knowles. 
ii. Carrie Eaton i«, b. Sept. 17, 1860. Resides with her 

iii. Emma BelP^, b. Mar. 26, 1868. Resides with parents. 

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Knowles reside at Provincetown. 
Mr. Knowles was in our late war, a member of Co. A., 33d 
Mass. Vols. In 1865 removed to Provincetown. From 
1873 to 1888 acted as agent for the Cape Cod, Boston and 
New York Express Companies. He is an enterprising 
business man. Mrs. Knowles is a highly esteemed lady ; 
a member of Center ^. E. Church. 



Mary Jane", daughter of Edward and Sarah (Paine") 
Larkin, born Sept. 12, 1840, married Jan. 8, 1860, Henry- 
Stevens Hutchings, (born Jan. 6, 1838,) son of Capi Wm. 
S. and Sally (Atkins) Hutchings, of Truro. Children : 

1. Mertie Larkin^^, b. Aug. 16, 1861, m. 1882, William E,, 
son of James M. and Susan E. (Avery^^) Small, of 
North Truro. One child, Grace Linwood^^, b. Mar. 
17, 1883. Residence, North Truro. 

ii. Bessie Stevens^*, b. July 16, 1865, d. June 23, 1866. 

iii. Herbert Leslie^^^ jj. ^ug. 28, 1867, m. Nov. 30, 1890, 


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Hattie F. At wood, daughter of Joseph Atwood of 
Truro. Mr. and Mi's. Herbert L. Hutehiugs reside at 
Biddeford, Me., where he is proprietor of a fish 
iv. Freddie Ashton^S b. June 18, 1881. 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry S. Hatchings reside at North Truro. 
Mr. Hutchins is a prominent citizen, while Mrs. Hutchings 
is no less esteemed by her many friends. 


Jane*, daughter of John' and Hannah (Snow) Avery, born 
July 28, 1785, married Ephraim Atkins, of Truro. Children : 

i. Ruth^^, m. Thomas N. Stevens, 
ii. Joanna^®, m. Peter I. Baker, 
iii. Charlotte*^, m. Joseph S. Paine, 
iv. Ambrose Avery*'*, m. Susan L. Avery*®, daughter of Job* 

and Margaret Avery. 
V. Sophia^*^, m. David Doble. Descendants are living in 

Charlestown, Mass. 

Mrs. Jane (Avery*) Atkins and husband died many years 

The above record of children is regardless of the order 
in which they occur. 


Ruth*-', daughter of Ephraim and Jane (Avery") Atkins, 
born June, 1811, married Thomas N. Stevens, (born 1809,) 
of Truro. Son, Jeremiah", married Paulina Lee. They 
have one daughter, Rebecca Stevens*^ Reside at North 
Truro, Mass. 

Mrs. Ruth (Atkins",) Stevens and husband reside at 
North Truro. 


Joanna", daughter of Ephraim and Jane (Avery*) Atkins, 
married Peter L Baker. Children : 

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i. Ambrose A.^^ m. Mary E. Mclntyre. Several children, 
amoDg them : 

i. Elmer E.^S m. Ada Rich, of South Truro, 
ii. William^^. Resides in North Truro. 
Ambrose A. Baker^^ and wife not living. He 
was lost at sea with his uncle, Ambrose A. 
Atkins^®, in the schooner Bion, March 23, 
1864, aged 28 years, 
ii. James". Resides in Boston or vicinity, 
iii. Joseph^i, m. Lizzie Garrick, of Provincetown. They have 

several children, and reside in Maiden, Mass. 
vi. Sophia". Died young. 

Mrs. Joanna (Atkins'",) Baker died in North Truro, 1875. 
Mr. P. L Baker died a few years later. 


Charlotte'", daughter of Ephraim and Jane (Avery") 
Atkins, born June 12, 1807, married March 24, 1825, Joseph 
Small Paine. Children : 

i. Mary Small", b. Sept. 4, 1826, m. Ezra V. Rich, 
ii. Ephraim Atkins", b. Oct. 4, 1828, m. Matilda A. Atkins, 
iii. Joseph Small", b. Dec. 10, 1832, d. April 9, 1839. 

Mr. Joseph S. Paine died Dec. 6, 1835, aged 32 years. 
Mrs. Charlotte (Atkins''') Paine died April 21, 1882, aged 
74 years. 


Mary S.", daughter of Joseph S. and Charlotte (Atkins") 
Paine, married Dec. 4, 1845, in Truro, Ezra V. Eich. 
Children : 

i. Mary Franceses, b. December 14, 1849, d. Jan. 21, 1851. 
ii. Mary Frances^^^ h. Sept. 7,^ 1852, m. first, Henry J. 
Merrill ; second. Rev. E. T. Cumick. 

Ezra V. Kich died Oct. 30, 1868, aged 44 years. 
Mary S. (Paine") died Feb. 23, 1881, in Charlestown, 
Mass., aged 54 years. 

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Mary F.", daughter of Ezra V. and Mary S. (Paine") 
Eich, born 1852, married first, June 29, 1871, Henry J. 
Merrill, of Charlestown, Mass., who died in Charlestown, 
Sept. 15, 1884. One child, Henry Byron", born April 
28, 1873, died Sept. 14, 1873 ; married second, Feb. 18, 1886, 
in Boston, Rev. E. T. Curnick, a member of the New 
England M. E. Conference. Children : 

i. Wesley Theophilusia, b. May 12, 1887, d. July 29, 1888. 
ii. Arthur Rich^^ b. in Medford, Mass., June 29, 1889. 


Ephraim A", son of Joseph and Charlotte (Atkins") 
Paine, born Oct. 4, 1828, married Nov. 27, 1855, Matilda 
Ann (born March 8, 1834,) daughter of Jonah and Matilda 
K. (Pike) Atkins, of Truro. Children : 

i. Matilda Atkins^^ b. Jan. 27, 1863, m. Nov. 26, 1844, 
Herbert A. Berry, (b. Jan. 9, 1861.) Children : 

i. Herbert Warren^^^ 5. Oct. 24, 1888, d. June 

30, 1889. 
ii. Harold Paine^^, b. Dec. 26, 1889, d. July U, 
Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Berry reside at No. 12^ Thorpe Place, 
Somerville, Mass. 
ii. Charles Augustus^^^ b. Aug. 28, 1865, m. Nov. 22, 1886, 
Susan Winslow Coleman, (b. Oct. 23, 1865.) Children : 
i. Helen Atkinses, b. Oct. 24, 1887. 
ii. Arthur Winslow^^, b. June 15, 1889. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles A Paine reside in Somerville, Mass. 

Mr. Ephraim A Paine" died May 19, 1890, in East 
Somerville, aged 61 years. 

Mrs. Matilda A Paine, the widow, resides with her 
children in Somerville. 

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Emina', daughter of John' and Hannah (Snow) Avery, 
bom June 9, 1788, married first, Capt David Eliott 
Children : 

i. David^^, b. d. young. 

ii. Sarah Augusta^®, b. m. Jonah Stevens, Jr., who 

died July 26, 1885. One daughter, Augusta^^ resides 
in East Boston, 
iii. Daughter^®, died young. 

Capt David Eliott, lost at sea, 1812. Emina (Avery*) 
Eliott married, second, Capt Thomas Watkins. One 
daughter : Evelina T.", born in Provincetown, Sepi 28, 1831, 
married July 29, 1885, Benj. L. Hatch. They reside at 
North Truro. Mrs. Hatch is an intelligent lady, well 
informed in Avery genealogy, and has aided us in our work. 

Capt Watkins died Sept. 25, 1855, and Mrs. Watkins 
married, third, Capt. Noah Young, who died Sept. 23, 1863. 

Mrs. Emina (Avery*) Young died July 6, 1864, aged 76 


Ruth% eldest daughter, (second child) of Job' and 
Jane (Thatcher) Avery, born in Truro, May 22, 1745, mar- 
ried, first, Nov. 23, 1761, Aquilla Rich, who, according to. 
tombstone, died March 15, 1767. Children: i. Aquilla, Jr*., 
bom Nov. 30, 1762, died Dec. 13, 1782. ii. Bethiah, bom 
Jan. 4, 1765; died. Married second, Daniel Snow. 
Children : 

i. Daniel Jr.^, b. Aug. 16, 1769. 
ii. Elizabetli^, b. July 29, 1771. 
iii. Ruth», b. Sept. 22, 1773, m. Nov. 28, 1793, Daniel Barker, 

and died (per stone) June 22, 1794, in her 21st year, 
iv. Jane^, b. in Oct. 1775, m. Jesse Small. 

v. Anna^, b. — , m. Gamaliel Collins, resided in Hardwick, 

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Mass. Children :. Gamaliel*®, Betsey'®, Daniel*^ and 
Martha^®. These have children and grandchildren. 
DanieU®, m. Thirza Cliaffee, of Wilbraham, Mass. Of 
their four children, two, Frank'^ and Eliza*^ died in 
youth, and two are living : DanieH^ m. Eva Knights, 
and has a family of several children — reside in Hard- 
wick. Maria**, m. Oscar South worth, and has one 
daughter, Mary*^. They reside at South worth's Mills, 
Greenwich, Mass. 

Mr. Daniel Collins'" died in Oct., 1888, aged 70 years. 
Mrs. Thirza (Chaffee) Collins died a few months previous. 
Mrs. Ruth (Avery") Snow died in 181(5. The inscription 
on tombstone in North Truro cemetery, is as follows : 

In memory of 

Mrs. Ruth Snow, 

who died March 19, 1816, 

JEt 71. 

Relict of 

Capt. Daniel Snow, 

who was lost at sea 1779, 

used 42. 


Jane*, daughter of Daniel and Kuth (Avery") Snow, bom 
in Oct., 1775, married May 14, 1792, Jesse Small. Children : 

i. Betsey ^^, b. Nov. 22, 1797, m. John Roberson. One 
daughter, Elizabeth^^ b. — ^ m. Bela Fisk, lives in 
Brighton — had several children. 

ii. Ruth*®, b. Dec. 7, 1799, ra. Edward Pendergrace. 

iii. Daniel Snow*®, b. Aug. 31, 1802, m. Mary H. Thomas. 

iv. Thomas^o, b. May 10, 1804, d. in Truro, Oct. 28, 1843. 
Mr. Jesse Small died June 5, 1804, aged 34 years (per 
stone). Mrs. Jane Small, wife of Jesse Small, died 
Aug. 25, 1852, aged 74 years, (per stone in Nor th 
Truro cemetery). 

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Kuth", daughter of Jesse aud Jane (Snow®) Small, 
"born Dec. 7, 1799, married Edward Pendergrace. Children : 

i. Edward T.^i, b. June 10, 1826, m. Dec. 12, 1850, Sarah 

Dyer, of Truro. Their five children are : 

i. Edward H.^^ b. July 28, 1854, m. Jennie Helter. 

They have Nina^^^ Sadie Raymond^^, and Berince^^, 

b. in 1889. 

ii. Sarah M.12, b. Nov. 28, 1857, m. W. C. Mansfield — 

two children : Winnie^^, and Grace^^, b. in 1889. 
iii. ThomasF.i^ b. June 30, 1860, unmarried, 
iv. Jessie B.^^, b. Aug. 18, 1862, m. Albion Nichols. 

Two children : Blanche^^, and Elsie^^, b. in 1889. 
V. Georgie FA% b. May 13, 1865, m. Arthur Mott — 
one child, Lottie^i, b. Aug. 5, 1889. 
Capt. Edward T. Pendergrace^^ for a number of 
years commanded a ship engaged in foreign trade. 
In 1875 he retired and moved with his family from 
North Truro to Reading, Mass., their present 
residence. Mrs. Sarah (Dyer) Pendergrace died 
in Oct., 1883, aged about 50 years. 
ii. Jane S.^S b. Nov. 28. 1828, died May 13, 1833. 
iii. DaniePS b. Oct. 10, 1830, was one of the crew who were 
drowned with Capt. Samuel Coan, by the upsetting of 
the boat almost in sight of home, Apr. 10, 1847, at the 
age of 16 years. 

IV. Infant, died in 1833. 

V. Jesse S.'S b. May 25, 1835, unmarried. Mr. Pendergrace 

enlisted in the War of the Rebellion, Nov. 18, 1861, 
24th Mass. Volunteers, and was in several battles, 
among them being the battles at Goldsboro, N. C, 
Morris Island, S. C, Bermuda Hundred, Va., and 
Wyer Bottc^m Church, Va. At the latter, June 17, 
1864, be lost his right arm and part of left hand, and 
received other wounds by a shell. He was honorably 
discharged Nov. 22, 1864, Corporal Co. F. Mr. 
Pendergrace is a genial gentleman, and has been a 

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member of the Legislature. He resides in Reading, 

vi. Jane A.*^ b. June 10, 1837, unmarried, 
vii. Ruth EHzabeth»i, b. July 16, 1889, m. Robert Ford, of 

Cbarlestown, Mass. He died there Aug. 12, 1889. 
viii. John F.^S b. Mar. 27, 1841, died June 4, 1852. 

Mrs. Ruth (SmalP") Pendergrace died in North Truro, 
Dec. 9, 1872, aged 73 years. Hers had been a life of toil 
and sorrow. Just before the birth of her youngest child, 
her husband, who had arrived at Norfolk, Va., from a voy- 
age, left his vessel there, and took passage for Boston in the 
schooner America, Samuel Cook, Jr., of Provincetown, mas- 
ter, but neither vessel nor men were ever heard from. One 
son was drowned a few years later while in the morning of 
life ; another she gave to the country's cause, to see him 
return crippled for life. 

" But weary spirits rest at eve, 
When the long, long day is done." 



Daniel Snow*^", third child, but eldest son of Jesse 
and Jane (Snow*) Small, was born in Truro, Aug. 31, 1802, 
and married Nov. 29, 1825, Mary Harding Thomas, daughter 
of John and Susan Thomas, (bom Nov. 18, 1801). Children : 

i. Susan Jane»», b. Oct. 11, 1826, died May 5, 1861. 

ii. Elizabeth T.^S b. Oct. 16, 1828. 

iii. John T.", b. Nov. 8, 1831. 

iv. Mary T.", b. Dec. 8, 1833. 

V. Ruth S.i^ b. May 6, 1837, died June 5, 1838. 

vi. Ruth S.i», b. July 3, 1839, died Dec. 3, 1839. 

vii. Annie C.^S b. Sept. 27, 1840, died May 24, 1842. 

viii. Daniel W.^S b. Dec. 30, 1842, died Oct. 3, 1844. 

Mr. and Mrs. Daniel S. Small had their residence for 
years at the place known as " High Head," North Truro, 

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but Nov. 10, 1849, they removed to the adjoining town of 
Provincetown, where Mr. Small established an extensive 
business, which he was subsequently obliged to relinquish 
on account of failure of his eyesight With the assistance 
of his wife, he kept a small variety store, until her death in 
1877. Both, with their children, were worthy members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, and their hospitable home 
was ever open to the itinerant, who always received a cor- 
dial welcome, as well as the people of God, who often met 
there to engage in religious services. The memory of those 
meetings still lives in the minds of many. 

Mr. and Mrs. Small celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of 
their wedding on Nov. 29, 1875, at their home, where a large 
circle of friends and relatives gathered to pay their respects 
to this worthy couple. It was a touching sight to see this 
aged gentleman leaning on his companion, while unable to 
recognize his friends, except by their voices, yet withal 
always cheerful. 

Mrs. Mary H. Small, the companion for more than fifty 
years, was summoned to " come up higher," April 25th, 
1877, at the age of 75 years- 
Mr. Daniel S. Small lingered a few years longer, and he,, 
too, was called, and gladly laid down his weary life, to take 
his crown, July 17, 1883, aged 80 years. They were buried 
in the old cemetery at Provincetown. 



John T.", eldest son of Daniel S.", and Mary H. 
Small, born Nov. 8, 1831, married Nov. 21, 1854, Euth C. 
Eyder, of Provincetown, who died Feb. 20, 1868. He mar- 
ried second, Rebecca A., daughter of Enoch and Eliza 
(Cook) Nickerson, of Provincetown, Apr. 7, 1870. Children : 

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i. Bessie A.^'-^, b. Aug. 17, 1871, in Proviocetown. 
ii. Lydia T.^S b. Oct. 3, 1874, in Boston, 
iii. Hattie H.^?, b. Apr. 26, 1877, in East Boston. 

Mr. Small enlisted in the War of the Kebellion, Aug. 20, 
1861, Co. A, 19th Mass. Volunteers. He was " promoted to 
Commissary Sergeant, April, 1863, to First Lieutenant, 
Oct., 1864, and to command of Co. A, March, 1865. Was 
discharged July 20, 1865. The regiment was in the Army 
of the Potomac from its organization until disbanded, June, 
1865, at Munson's Hill, Va. Was never wounded nor in the 
hospital, and never absent from duty. Was with the regi- 
ment in forty-nine battles and skirmishes ; the most impor- 
tant of which were, Yorktown, and all the battles of the 
Peninsula, second Bull Kun, Antietam, first and second 
Fredericksbui'g, Gettysburg, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, and 
the battles under General Sheridan on Lee's retreat and 


• Elizabeth T", second daughter of Daniel S.^" and Mary H. 
(Thomas) Small, born Oct. 16, 1828, married Jan. 6, 1859, 
John G. Cooey, of Kingston, N. B. Children : 

i. Daniel H.^^, b. Oct. 25, 1859. 

ii. Thomas L.i^, b. Sept. 20, 1864, died Sept. 6, 1865. 

iii. Edward W.12, b. Sept. -29, 1866. 

iv. Mary L.12, b. Aug. 6, 1870. 

^ Mr. Cooey died suddenly in Boston, July 5, 1879. Mrs. 
Cooey and family reside at Hyde Park, Mass. 

Mary T.", third daughter of Daniel S.*' and Mary 
H. Small, born Dec. 8, 1833, married April 7, 1867, George 
G. Fifield, of Medford, Mass. Children : 

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i. Susan Jane^^, b. May 10, 18fi8. 
ii. Mabel Gardner^^ b. Feb. 3, 1870, d. Jan. 19, 1885. 
Mr. and Mrs. Fitield reside in Medford, Mass. 


TILIZABETH AVERY^ second daughter (third child) of 
" Job' and Jane (Thatcher) Avery, born Jan. 25, 1746-7, 
married Nov. 26, 1765, John McAlpine. Children : 

i. ElizabetlA b. 1766, d. Mar. 28, 1783, in the eighteenth 
year of her age. (Per stone in North Truro cemetery.) 
ii. Sarah^, b. Nov. 7, 1767, died a month later, 
iii. John^, b. Jan. 1, 1770, in Boston. 

This scant record is all that could be obtained of this 
family, although a few descendants remember to have heard 
Mrs. McAlpine spoken of as "Aunt Betty." 


OAMUEL AVER P, third son of Job' and Jane (Thatcher) 
^Avery, born Aug. 31, 1751, married Mary Weston, May 
22, 1777. 

Elizabeth', daughter of Samuel" and Mary (Weston) 
Avery, born in Truro, June 30, 1778. This is all the record 
we have. 


(J0B7, REV. JOHN«.) 


JOB AVERT^ second son (fourth child) of Job' and Jane 
(Thatcher) Avery, born Jan. 7, 1749, married March, 
1770, Jerusha Lombard, (born June 12, 1752,) daughter of 
Thomas and Mary (Paine [?] ) Lombard, of Truro, Rev. 
Caleb Upham, then pastor of the church at Truro, without 
doubt performing the ceremony. Children : 

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i. Naiicy^, b. Aug. 12, 1771. 

ii. Ephraim^, b. July 28, 1776, in. Ruth Dyer, 

iii. Samuel^, b. June 9, 1780. 

iv. Mary^, b. Sept. 1, 1782, ra. Joshua Coombs. 

V. Job^, h, Dec. 10, 1784, m. Margaret Fuller, 

vi. Elizabeth^, b. Apr. 20, 1788. 

vii. Jerusha?, b. Nov. 17, 1790. 

viii. Peter Lombard^, b. Feb. 18, 1793, m. Betsey Chapman, 

ix. John^, b. Nov. 6, 1795, m. 

The above record of the children, and dates of their 
birth, as well as date of marriage of the parents, is from a 
Bible, which belonged to Miss Elizabeth Avery^ one of the 
above daughters, now in the possession of the writer. 

Of the life of Mr. Job Averj-**, but little is now known, 
except what can be gathered from a few descendants who 
have heard their parents speak of him. Among the town 
records appears the following* "il/arcA 6, 1788. — At a meet- 
ing, voted to allow Mr. Job Avery seven pounds, twelve 
shillings and sixpence old tenor for his time and horse last 
summer going for soldiers." Mr. Avery lived at East Har- 
bor village. East Harbor, situated in the extreme north- 
west corner of the town, is a small, shoal tide-harbor, but 
by drifting sands, its usefulness has ceased, and the exten- 
sive salt marshes around it have been greatly diminished 
from the same cause. The village situated south of this 
harbor, was, during the past century, a prominent one. From 
the twenty-three houses here, there were twenty-eight brave 
men who gave their lives to the service of the country 
during the Revolutionary War. The settlement extended 
southerly to the Pond, and as soon as the fishing interests 
clustered at the latter place, and a post-office established. 
Pond village became the chief center of the northern part 
of the town, which is now known as North Truro, and East 
Harbor village became only a memory of the past. 

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The leading industries were, and have always been, agri- 
culture and fishing, Mr. Avery engaging in both, although 
the latter occupation was carried on to a greater extent than 
the former, as his farm was not a large one. It was the 
custom in those days for men to carry their fish to a foreign 
market. Rich, in his History of Truro, sajs: "Carrying 
fish to foreign markets in a fore-topsail, poop-deck schooner, 
was as much merchant service, or, as it used to be called, 
* merchant voyages,' as carrying rum, cotton and tobacco in 
brigs and ships. The skippers, acting as their own agents 
and doing their own business, qualified themselves as mer- 
chants, and led directly to relations of larger magnitude." — 
The subject of our sketch was engaged in this business of 
finding a market for his fish in some port of France or 
England, he probably being master of his vessel on these 
voyages. Some dishes which he purchased, now in posses- 
sion of grandchildren, are kept as relics of these voyages. 
It is said by one relative, that, toward the latter part of his 
life, he was shipwrecked near Cape Sable, and the suffering 
and hardships endured impaired his mind. 

Another says, that he was seized, as were many other 
Americans, during the War of 1812, and pressed into naval 
service, but on refusing to fight, was thrust into Dartmoor 
prison, England, and the suffering and privations incident to 
a prison-life, together with sickness, somewhat impaired his 
mind, so that on his return home, he was unable to engage 
further in the active duties of life, although being able to 
perform some light work about his farm. We think the 
latter account to be more probably correct, as his son John, 
whose account is given later, was one of the prisoners at 
that time, and might have been in the vessel with his father 
when taken. 

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Mr. Job Avery' died Nov. 6, 1815, aged 66 years. 

Mrs. Jerusha (Lombard) Avery survived her husband 
twenty years. She is remembered as a lady of much intel- 
lect, and a great reader. She read the Bible through by 
course, seventy times. Watt's Hymns and Baxter's Saints' 
Everlasting Rest, were her favorites. On the fly-leaf of the 
latter, which is in possession of the writer, in her hand- 
writing, is: "Jerusha Avery, her book. She desires to love 
and serve God, that she may enter into His everlasting 
rest." The book was published in 1794. She, and a lady 
known as "Aunt" Annie Eldridge, were ihe first Methodists 
in Truro. People at that time, embracing the new doctrine 
of Methodism, were called "New Lights." 

The itinerant, and his weary horse, often found a resting 
place at her hospitable home. At that time there were no 
fine churches with open doors, or a delegation of official 
brethren to receive or welcome him. Often without money 
to pay his lodging, or a change of clothing, the preacher 
had to depend upon the generosity of the people. In Mrs. 
Avery he ever found a welcome, and the service of willing 
hands at his disposal. Often has the good man retired, 
while his hostess sat up and repaired his clothing, before 
he proceeded on his journey. She is also remembered for 
her many wise sayings. She lived a Godly life, and died 
May 18th, 1835, at the advanced age of 82 years. She was 
laid by the side of her husband. Plain marble slabs, erected 
by the surviving daughter, mark their resting place in North 
Truro cemetery. 

A chopping knife, which was a wedding gift (1770) to Mr. 
and Mrs. Job Avery*, from "Yarn" or "Larned," the slave 
of Mr. Avery's father. Job', and made with his own hands, 
is now in possession of the family of the late Mary (Avery*) 

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Lewis, of Maiden, Mass., who was a granddaughter of the 

A book ease, made from a mahogany chest of drawers, 
and a small rocker, belonging to the above,, are in possession 
of another granddaughter, Nancy (Avery*) Holmes, of 
Provincetown, Mass. 


Nancy®, daughter of Job* and Jerusha (Lombard) Avery,, 
born Aug. 12, 1771 ; was unmarried. The town records 
and the dates of her birth and death, found in a book 
belonging to her mother, give her name as Anna. A 
peculiar custom of those times, of giving a child one name 
by baptism but using another. ■ Anna, was Nancy ; 
Elizabeth, became Betsey, and Mary became PoUy. While 
young she lived in Boston for a while. Was a member of 
the Baptist Church there. Died Nov. 5, 1799, (a few weeks, 
before George Washington) aged 28 years. 


Ephraim", son of Job* and Jerusha (Lombard) Avery, 
born July 28, 1775, married, it is said, Euth Dyer, of Truro, 
a school teacher, several years his senior. During the 
earlier part of his life he removed to Maiden, Mass., his 
relatives often visiting there. It is said they had two sons, 
Ephraim" and Samuel", who probably have descendants 
living today. The writer took special pains to find some 
record among the old town records of Maiden, relating to 
this family, obtained only the following : " Dec. 15, 1819, 
Eev. Ebenezer Nelson, Bap. married Ephraim Avery and 
Eliza Edmonds.'* This must have been the son of the 
above Ephraim*. Later this appeared: "1820 Ephraim 

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Avery son, of Ephraim and Eliza Avery, died." This was 
all we could find in the time we spent on the records. No 
death of the parents could be found. It is said some of 
the old inhabitants remember a widow Avery who had lived 
in Maiden with a son. It is presumed that the sons 
removed to another place after the mother's death. The 
date of the death of Ephraim', the subject of this sketch, 
taken from the Bible before mentioned, is : " Died at sea^ 
Nov., 1805, aged 30 years." 

A few years ago two aged gentlemen in Melrose, bearing 
the names of Ephraim and Samuel, or John Avery, were 
said to belong to the Truro branch, but no one felt suflScient 
interest to make inquiries. 


Samuel*, son of Job** and Jerusha (Lombard) Avery, 
bom June 9, 1780. Began early a seafaring life, and died 
on board of the Swallow^ of hemorrhage, Jidy 28, 1797, at 
the age of 17 years, and buried at sea. 


Mary", daughter of Job* and Jerusha (Lombard) 
Avery, bom Sept. 1, 1782, married Joshua Combs or Coombs, 
died in Bath, Me., Dec. 3, 1802, at the age of 20, of hem- 
orrhage caused by the careless use of a fork, which penetrated 
an artery in her gum. Hemorrhage is, to this day, heredi- 
tary in the family, although it has not always proved fatal. 


Jerusha', youngest daughter of Job" and Jerusha (Lom- 
bard) Avery, born Nov. 17, 1790, never married. Died 
of consumption, Nov. 7, 1815, the day after her father's 
death. She was within a few days of her twenty-fifth birth- 

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day. Truly an afiSicted household; one who had lived 
nearly his three score and ten, the other in the bloom of 
young womanhood, borne side by side from their home to 
their last quiet resting place. 


(JOB«, J0B7, REV. JOHNC.) 


JOB AVERY^ third son (fifth child) of Job" and Jerusha 
(Lombard) Avery, born Dec. 10, 178-4, married Margaret 
Fuller, of Boston. Children : 

We have the record of four, one died in infancy, 
i. Eliza Sophia Chapman^®, b. Mar. 23, 1810, at Truro, 
ii. JohnJo, b. Mar., 1812, at Boston, 
iii. George Washington'®, b. Dec. 26, 1814, at Boston, m. 

Elizabeth Kilburn. 
iv. Susan Lolla^®, b. May 23, 1818, at Boston, m. Ambrose 

A. Atkins. 

Capt. Job Avery' began seafaring life at an early age, as 
was the custom in those days. After his marriage, kept a 
boarding house in Boston for a number of years. In later 
years of his life he became master of a brig, came home 
sick with fever, and died in Boston, Dec. 24, 1821, aged 37 
years. He left a widow and four children, the youngest 
but three years of age. 

His widow, Margaret (Fuller) Avery, who is remembered 
as possessing a gift of song, died about five years later in 


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Eliza S. C. Avery", eldest daughter of JoV and Margaret 
(Fuller) Avery, born at East Harbor, Truro, March 23, 1810. 
In infancy removed to Boston with her parents, where she 
continued to reside until eighteen years of age, — then 
resided in Philadelphia, and later in New York, Washington, 
and a short time in the state of Virginia. Was in Washing- 
ton city, and present, when Zachary Taylor laid the corner 
stone of the monument erected to the memory of George 
Washington ; and well remembers the circumstances attend- 
ing President Taylor's sickness and death, and can describe 
in detail, his personal appearance and the funeral cortege, 
which was a mile or mile and a half in length, with Jefferson 
Davis, the President's son-in-law, as chief mourner, while 
Gen. Winfield Scott led the military procession. Also 
remembers well the personal appearance of many of the 
representative men of those days, among them Daniel Web- 
ster and Henry Clay. 

She married first, Henry Daniels, of New York city. Their 
two children both died in infancy in N. Y. Sept. 7, 1853, 
she married second, Heman M. Smith, of Provincetown, 
son of Eldridge and Priscilla (Eldridge) Smith, of Chatham, 
Mass. Mr. Smith died at Pro\dncetown, May 6, 1879, aged 
69 years. 

Mrs. Eliza (Avery") Smith*, a lady of refinement and intel- 
ligence, and possessing all of the Avery characteristics, is 
the only remaining one of her family, and having passed her 
four score years in feeble health, resides at her residence 
on Nickerson street, Provincetown. During the earlier part 
of her life she was a member of the Episcopal Church, but 

♦Mrs. Eliza (Avery w) Smith died at Provincetown, Mass., Dec. 11 1892. 

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since her residence at Provincetown, has been, as was her 
late husband, a worthy member of the Centenary M. E. 


John Avery", son of Job* and Margaret (Fuller) Avery, 
born at Boston, in March, 1812, went to Truro to live with 
his grandmother Avery when but a small child. In April, 
1828, when but sixteen years of age, he sailed for the Grand 
Banks of Newfoundland, in the schooner Darty Thomas Sel- 
lew, of Truro, master. Neither vessel nor crew, all of whom 
belonged in Truro, were ever heard from. It is supposed 
they were crushed by floating icebergs, as the Dart was last 
seen toward night, steering a course which would bring 
them to the floating ice, which another Truro vessel having 
discovered that morning, had steered clear of. 



George W. Avery", son of Job' and Margaret (Fid- 
ler) Avery, born Dec. 26, 1814, at Boston, Mass. — 
When but a child in frocks, his aunt Elizabeth, (better 
known as " Betsey,") Avery, took him to live with her at 
her mother's home in Truro. Never did a maiden aunt 
take a child into her affections more than did this one. 
For him she toiled and prayed, and in her he found a true 
mother. We can imagine how pleasant to the aunt, and 
her aged mother, must have been the innocent prattle of 
the child. At the early age of nine he went to sea as cook 
of a vessel engaged in codfishing on the Grand Banks, 
during the summer. He attended school winters. He 
continued a seafaring life till within a few years of his 

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death. He married Nov. 20, 1840, Elizabeth, (laughter of 
Edward and Phebe (Paine) Kilbiirn, of Truro, and resided 
with tliem a few years, when he purchased a home, near 
the Kilburn homestead. The house is located on an 
elevation overlooking the village, known as Pond Village. 
They had two daughters : 

i. Susan Elizabeth' ^ b. Aug. 2, 1845, m. J. M. Small, 
ii. Eleanor Sophia*', b. Aug. 29, 1858, m. F. L. Rumrey. 

Mr. Geo. W. Aver3% for some years before his death, was 
the only male representative of the Avery family in Truro, 
so that at his death the name of Avery, once so numerous, 
became extinct in that place, although it is still retained by 
his widow, and is used as the middle name of some of the 
descendants. Mr. Avery died at his home July 5, 1873, at 
the age of 58 years. 

Mrs. Elizabeth (Kilburn) Avery, for the past 3'ear or two, 
has resided with her youngest daughter at Stoughton, Mass. 


Susan E. Averj-", born Aug. 2, 1845, eldest daughter of 
'Geo. W.^** and Elizabeth (Kilburn) Avery, married James 
Madison Small, son of James and Paulina (Stevens) Small, 
of Truro. Resided in North Truro. 

Mr. James M. Small, at the age of twenty-three, was lost 
at sea March 23, 1864, in tlie schooner Bion, which went 
down with all on board. He left a young wife and one 
child. Mrs. Susan E. Small has always resided with her 
mother at Truro, and now, w4th her, resides at her sister's, 
Mrs. Eurarey, at Stoughton Centre. 


William Edward Small", born April 5, 1862, married 
Aug. 24, 1882, Mertie L. Hutchings", daughter of Henry S. 

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ami Mary J. (Larkiu") Hutcliings, of Truro. Tliey have 
one child, Grace Linwood", born March 17, 18P3. Reside 
at North Truro. Mr. Small is enpjaged in weir fishinf^. 
Mrs. Small, before her marriage, was a music teacher. 


Eleanor S.", youngest daughter of George W.'" and Eliza- 
beth (Kilburn) Avery, born Aug. 29, 1858, married Dec. 25, 
1883, Frank L., son of David and Rebecca Rumrey, of 
Stoughton, Mass. Eleanor (Avery) Rumrey, before her 
marriage, was a telegraph operator. Like her mother and 
sister, she is noted for great executive ability, and a sturdy 
perseverance which surmounts all diflficulties — a family 

Mr. Rumrey is engaged in the manufacture of shoes, and 
is also quite an expert taxidermist. Mr. and Mrs. Rumrey 
reside at Stoughton Centre, Mass. No children. 


Susan L. Avery^", daughter of Job* and Margaret (Fuller) 
Avery, born May 23, 1818, married Jan. 7, 1847, Ambrose 
Avery Atkins, born in 1816, son of Ephraim and Jane 
(Avery*') Atkins, of Truro. Cliildren : 

i. Charlotte Elizabeth'', b. Oct. 5, 1847. 
ii. Susan Angeline^J, b. Oct. 1, 1849. 
iii. Emily Ambrose^', h. Aug. 18, 1854. 

Susan L. (Avery^") Atkins, a lady of refinement and intel- 
ligence, resided in Boston, her native city, in the early part 
of her life. At the age of twenty-nine she married Ambrose 
A. Atkins'", (whose maternal grandfather was brother to her 
paternal grandfather), and resided in North Truro the 
remainder of her life. Her Inisband was lost at sea, March 
23, 1864, in the schooner Blon, of which he was first officer, 

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at the age of 48 years. She survived him a few j^ears, then, 
July 15, 1875, died at the age of 57 years. Her remains 
were laid to rest in the North Truro cemetery, where a 
beautiful stone marks her resting place, erected by her 
sorrowing daughters. 

Charlotte E.", daughter of Ambrose A. and Susan Ij. 
(Avery'") Atkins, born Oct. 5, 1847, never married. She was 
an estimable young lady, beloved by a large circle of friends 
and relatives. She died of consumption, at her home in 
North Truro, Sept. 11, 1879, aged 31 years, 11 months, and 
was laid beside her mother. A stone erected by her sisters, 
marks her resting place. 


Susan A.", daughter of Ambrose A. and Susan L. (Averj-^*) 

Atkins, born Oct 1, 1849, married Oct. 12, 1881, Albro A- 

Osgood, son of Aaron C. and Arminda Osgood, of Boston. 

Children : 

1. Emily V.^^ b. June 21, 1883. 
ii. Wilfred AA% b. April 4, 1886. 

Mr. and Mrs. Osgood reside at their home at Boslindale, 
Mass. Mrs. O., an estimable lady, is the only remaining 
one of her family. 


Emily A.", daughter of Ambrose A. and Susan L. (Avery***) 
Atkins, born Aug. 18, 1854, married Feb. 25, 1880, Joshua 
A. Snow, (son of Andrew Snow, of East Somerville), of 
Charlestown, Mass., formerly of Truro. A few months of 
wedded life were accorded to her, then the angel of death 
claimed her for its victim. Oct. 23, 1880, at her home in 
Charlestown, she breathed her last, and her remains rest in 
the family lot of the North Truro cemetery. 

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Elizabeth", daughter of Job" and Jerusha (Lombard) 
Avery, born April 20, 1788, never married. The subject of 
our sketch was a lady of remarkable character, and her life 
a long and useful one. Born at a time when the country 
had but just emerged from the dark cloud that enveloped it 
during the struggle for freedom from the mother country, 
she was familiar with the story of those early days, from 
the lips of her parents. And later, when France and Eng- 
land were at war, she knew by experience, the suflfering and 
privations the people of Truro endured. After the restora- 
tion of peace with Great Britain, in 1783, the United States 
enjoyed a flourishing commerce, and Cape Cod received a 
remarkable touch of the new impetus given to sea business, 
as a large part of its citizens were engaged in maritime 
pursuits. But these advantages were not long enjoyed, for, 
in 180 ), Napoleon issued the famous Berlin decree, by which 
the British islands were declared to be in a state of block- 
ade, and all intercourse and commerce prohibited. This 
greatly embarrassed our commerce with England, but when 
commerce was cut off with France, by the decree of Great 
Britain that "all neutral vessels trading with France should 
be confiscated," which was followed by another order in 
1807, that " all trade in French goods, and goods of other 
nations engaged in war with Great Britain, prohibited," 
then it was that a heavy blow was given to the maritime 
interests of Cape Cod, especially Truro. Napoleon's "Milan 
decree," by which "every vessel of whatsoever nation, that 
had been searched by an English vessel, and had consented 
to be sent to England, was considered as a lawful prize," 
was also disastrous to the prosperity of this country. The 
"Embargo Act" did not help the maritime interests, 
and was repealed two years later (1809), and the "Non- 

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intercourse Act'* followed, whicli prohibited all intercourse 
with Great Britain and France. " Great Britain, in her 
* assumed Right of Search' and impressment of American 
seamen, had her ships manned with thousands of our brave 
seamen, who were forced on board by press gangs, at the 
point of the sword." In June, 1812, the United States 
declared war with Great Britain. Many a husband, son 
and brother who sailed from home, was abstnit for years, 
and on their return was welcomed as from the dead ; they 
went away as boys and returned stalwart men. English 
men-of-war hovered around the coast, cutting off all com- 
munication by w^ater with Boston and other New England 
ports. Truro people suffered severe privations. H. M. 
ship SjK'uccr, fifty-two guns, held possession of Province- 
town harbor, w^iile another, the Jldje.sflc, the Admiral's 
ship, lay at anchor between Truro and Provincetown, — the 
latter often using an old windmill in Truro for a target, 
during artillery practice. It was only by the citizens of 
Truro stealing out under cover of darkness, in small boats, 
and keeping close to the shore, until they reached Sand- 
wich, when boat and cargo were carted across to Buzzard's 
Bay, and from there proceeded to New York, that any com- 
munication could be had by water. In this way they carried 
fish to New York market, and loaded with provision would 
steal back the same way. Flour <at that time was 818 a 
barrel, and corn $2.50 a bushel. Sugar and molasses were 
a luxury not attainable. 

The subject of our sketch could tell of a kind of prepara- 
tion of cornstalks and pumpkins whicli served the purpose 
of sugar ; also the water in which salt beef had been boiled, 
was thickened and made into soup. She spun and wove her 
her own and her mother's clothing, besides attending to 
other duties. The news of peace was welcome to none, more 

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than to the people of Truro, and great was the joy when 
their friends returned from Dartmoor prison, among them 
being ,the youngest brother of Miss A., of whom we shall 
speak later. Her father died in 1815, and she assumed the 
care of her mother. For a number of years she was nurse 
to the sick, and her services being always in demand, she 
became w^idely known both in Truro and Province town. To 
nearly all of her large circle of friends, she was "Aunt Bet- 
sey," while to the children, whom she called her babies, she 
was "Grandma" Avery. After her mother's death in 1835, 
she remained in Truro for a time, then sold the place and 
made her home in Provincetown, with her brother's widow 
and family, having an addition built to their house for her 
own use, which w^as on Pearl street. She was Matron of the 
almshouse in Provincetown for many years, and by her 
industry and economy, did good service to the town, which 
was highly appreciated by the Selectmen. She was a lady 
of great executive ability and forethought, and far-reaching 
in her discernment, having few eqxials and no superior. — 
AVhen unable to longer attend to her duties, on account of 
her health, she resigned her position as Matron, and retired 
to her home. When able, she visited her friends in both 
towns, where she was ever welcome. Her unfailing cheer- 
fulness and quick repartee, made her visits a delight to all. 
Before she was seven years old, she read the Bible through. 
She early became identified with the cause of Methodism, 
and was well known by the itinerant, from the time he 
traveled the circuit and put up at her mother's house, until 
later years, when the mode of travel was more comfortable, 
and the speed greater. From the barn-like structure, 
wiiicli was the first Methodist house of worship on Cape 
Cod, plain and unpainted, on whose rough beams the swal- 

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lows, for years, built their nests, she lived to see commodi- 
ous churches erected with modern conveniences. 

By referring to the cut of the first Methodist house of 
worship, it will be seen that there is no chimney. When 
asked what kept them warm during cold weather, she 
replied, — "We carried our foot-stoves to meeting, and 
there was so much of the power of God there, that we did 
not need any other fire." During her later life a young 
minister became her pastor, and in a pastoral call on her 
sister-in-law, Miss A., being present, was introduced. She 
acknowledged the introduction by saying, in an inimitable 
manner, "The day has come they know not Joseph!" — 
Thinking the day had come, when, she, always so well 
known by the itinerant, had to be introduced, elicited the 
strange remark. On one occasion, a gentleman who was a 
believer in the doctrine of XJniversalism, compared that 
doctrine to a rose bush in full bloom. Some time after, 
while on a sick bed, he began to have fears for the future, 
whereupon Miss A. remarked, " I think he is beginning to 
feel the thorns!'' Many of her remarks are still remembered 
and quoted. She possessed a sympathizing heart and gen- 
erous nature, and the amount of good she did will never be 
known in this world. She also possessed a courageous 
nature, knowing no fear — an Avery characteristic. She 
had managed to lay aside quite a sum of money to support 
herself in old age. Two or three years before her death 
she was stricken with paralysis. Kind hands administered 
to her needs, until her death, which occurred March 4, 1863. 
At her request, made years before, she was buried in her 
brother's family lot in Provincetown cemetery. A plain 
marble slab erected to her memory, has the following 
inscription, the lines from Watts' Hymns having been 
selected by herself many years before her decease : — 

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Elizabeth Avery 


March 4, 1803, 


74 }T8 10 iiK^s 14 (Ui^'s. 

Unveil thy bosom, faithful tomb ; 

Take this ne\\' treasure to thy trust. 
And give these sacred relics roam 

To slumber in the silent dust. 

First Mkthodist Chuech in Truro— Second in New England. 

From Bich's History of Truro, we learn that the first 
meeting-house built by the Methodists on Cape Cod, was 
at South Truro, about or before 1794, on the spot now 
enclosed as a cemetery. Jesse Kich donated the land, then 
covered with oak timber which was cut for the frame. The 
boards and shingles were furnished by the Provincetown 

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parties, laudoil from boiits under the bank. The labor -was 
all volunte(^ro(l, and eii^ht dollars s))ent for nails, was all 
the money us:m1 in ereetini^ this honored temple, j(\yfully 
dedicated to the praise of Almighty God. One narrow aisle 
ran through the centre of the house, with about eighteen 
long plaidvs on (Mther side, seating altogether less than 
thret* hundred. Pc^rsecution was so rife and hostilities so 
open to the M(»tliodists of rrovinc:4()wn, that they, with 
the band of Methodists in AVelltieet, united in building this 
hous(i of worship — the })assage to it by the Provincetown 
parties, being made mostly in boats.- 

(JO]J^ JOB', HKv. j()HN«.) 


PETER L. AYEIIY", sou of Job^ and Jerusha (Lombard)- 
x\very, born at Truro, Feb. 18, 1793, married March 
18, 1817, Betsey, born May 23, 171)(), youngest child and 
only daughter of Samuel and Kliz tbeth f Lombard) Chap- 
man, of Truro. Children : 

i. Mary'", h. Oct. 8, 1817. in. Joslma Lewis, 
ii. flenishri'o, h. Fcl>. 4, 1820, m. Franklin Damon, 
iii. Betsey"*, 1). .Inly 11, 1822, ni. Hiram Holmes. 
iv. Htmnali Paine"\ h. AnGj. 31, 1824, d. nnmarried. 
V. Nancy'", b. Mar. IH, 1«S27, m. Hiram Holmes, 
vi. Peter'", h. Nov. 21), 1828, m. Hannah K. Smith, 
vii. Mehitable Freeman'", h Nov. 16, 1830, m. Daniel F. 

The early life of Peter L. Avery'* was similar to that of 
the average Cape-codder. At an early age he doubtless- 
commenced a seafaring life, first ms cook, then as one of the 
crew, until he had advanced to the position of master of a 
fishing vessel. During the later years of his life lie pursued 

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the general freighting business between our own ports and 
the West Indies. At the age of twenty-four he was happily 
married to Miss Betsey Chapman. 

Mr. and Mrs. Avery resided at East Harbor for three or 
four years after their marriage, when they, with their two 
children, removed to Provincetown, where they continued 
to reside until their deaths. Mr. Avery is remembered by 
aged people now living, as a gentleman of deep piety, natu- 
rally endowed with eloquence, and of thorough uprightness 
of character, possessing in a measure the ready wit of his 
race. It ife related by an aged person, who at one time in 
his youth went on a mackerel trip with him, that Mr. Avery 
one day entered into conversation upon the subject of reli- 
gion and the importance of a preparation for another world. 
The young man assumed the position that his morality 
would save him. Nothing further was said, but the next 
morning, and ever afterward when they met on deck, Capt. 
Avery, ever familiar with Bunyan's Pilyruns Progress, 
pleasantly greeted him with "Good morning, Mr. Legality." 
Although more than half a century has passed, the incident 
is still remembered by the gentleman who related it in the 
writer's presence. When engaged in the freighting busi- 
ness, Capt. Avery arrived in New York from one of his trips 
to the West Indies, quite sick ; but through the providence 
of God his life was spared. On his arrival home, his eldest 
child, then a little girl, remarked, " I knew father would 
come, because mother asked God to bring him." About 
two years previous to his death, his health was poor and he 
was stricken with paralysis, from which he never recovered. 
It is said that he neither murmured, nor complained, at the 
chastening rod, but his faith shone with a greater lustre 
until his triumphant death, Oct. 27, 1835, at the age of 

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His funeral discourse was delivered by the pastor, Rev. 
Frederick Upham, D. D., late a member of the New England 
Southern Conference, who died March 20, 1891, at his home 
in Fairhaven, 'Mass., in the ninety-second year of his age. 
A singular coincidence that he should speak the comforting 
words at such an hour, when Mrs. Avery, and, presumably, 
her husband, had been converted during his labors in 
Truro, in the beginning of his ministry fifteen years before. 
As was the custom of the earlier Methodist ministers 
to perform some manual labor during the week, to eke out 
their scanty income, he had often studied his sermon with 
his text pinned to the wall before him, while repairing the 
people's soles, and on Sundays preached to save them, in 
which work he was then, and during all the succeeding years 
of his active ministry, very successful. 

It was no light work that had fallen to Mrs. Avery's lot, in 
being bereft of her companion — the sole care and training 
of seven children, but nobly she performed her task. With 
but scant means at her disposal, by her untiring industry 
and economy, she was able to provide for the household 
until such time as the children were old enough to take 
some vocation for which they seemed best fitted. They 
became dressmakers, milliners, &c. She lived to see all of 
her children (who grew to maturity), honored members of 
society and the church. She was a lady beloved by a large 
circle of friends. More than one person in the humbler 
circumstances of life, had reason to prize her as a friend in 
their darkest hour of need. While prudent, she was never 
penurious, yet never letting her left hand know what her 
right hand did. She was loyal to her convictions of duty, 
and to the church, and interested in the affairs of the state 
and nation. She had lived through the periods of two wars 
— that of 1812 and the civil war — during the latter of 

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which, owing to her feebleness, she testified her patriotic 
devotion, by preparing lint for the wounded soldiers. She 
was also a staunch friend of the temperance cause. She 
possessed, to some extent, the gift of song, which was inher- 
ited by her two eldest and youngest daughters. During 
her life she had two miraculous escapes from instant death. 
One day, when a little girl, she accompanied her brothers 
in one of their rambles down the cliffs or clay pounds at 
Highland, an engraving of which is shown on page 126. 
She was a little in rear of the others. They had about 
descended to the beach below, when they missed her. It 
was thought that possibly she might have retraced her 
steps homeward, but the quick eye of one of the brothers 
discovered that the bank had crumbled, and the startled 
thought flashed across his mind, that perhaps she saw 
buried in the mass of fallen clay. They quickly retraced 
their steps, and when part way up the steep incline, noticed 
a bit of red flannel amid the clay ; stooping to examine it, 
to their horror they at once recognized it as the skirt their 
sister wore ! With beating hearts, but ready hands, they 
soon extricated her from her perilous position, and to their 
joy found that she still lived. But for their timely discov- 
ery, her fate would have been sealed. The second escape 
occurred at her home in Provincetown. It was a sultry day 
in July, 1843, during a heavy tempest, that she sat near an 
open window sewing. Fear was not a part of her make-up. 
After considerable earnest entreaty on the part of her 
daughter, to seek a safer place, she finally yielded, and had 
but just crossed the room to enter another, when a ball of 
fire came down the chimney into the open fireplace, upset- 
ting the kettle that hung on the crane, not far from where 
she stood, and passed out of the window where she had 
been sitting, shivering part of the casing in its passage. 

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The roof caught fire, but no great damage was done, owing 
to prompt assistance. 

Two years before her death, her youngest daughter, who 
occupied with her husband, a portion of her house as their 
liome, after a long, painful illness, passed away. While not 
murmuring at the will of God, that her youngest should be 
taken, from whom, except for a brief interval, she had never 
been separated, nevertheless it was more than she could 
bear at her age of life. March 18, 1871, on the fifty-fourth 
anniversary of her wedding day, she went to join the loved 
ones gone before, at the age of 74 years. While the son and 
daughters, loyal to the principles she had taught them, had 
reason to mourn the loss of a dear mother, yet, two years 
later, when the son found a grave in the ocean, the daughters 
were comforted with the thought that " mother was spared 
the sad affliction." The following is the recorded testimony 
of the pastor, Kev. Charles Young, who preached her funeral 
sermon : 

** Fifty years she lived in the Methodist Episcopal Church. She 
often said God manifested Himself to her in great clearness and 
power, filling her soul unutterably full with unclouded hope, 
unwavering faith, and in full assurance of Divine favor.. !She 
walked out of the earthly house, to possess the ' house not made 
with hands* eternal in the heavens.*' 

She was buried beside her husband. The following lines 
are inscribed on the stone erected to her memory : 

•' This languisliing head is at rest ; 

Its thinking and aching are o'er ; 
This quiet, immovable breast 

Is heaved by .affliction no more." 

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Mary", eldest daughter of Peter L.® and Betsey (Chapman) 
Avery, born Oct. 8, 1817, married July 23, 1843, Capt. 
Joshua, born Oct 18, 1815, son of George and Mary (Snow) 
Lewis, of Provincetown, Mass. Children : 

i. George Wilbur^i, h. July 4, 18M. 

ii. Marietta Francenai^ b. Oct. 23, 1846. 

ill. Olin Merritt*^ ) ^ . , * ^ojo j- j • • * 

, , ,^ . '„ > twiDS, b. Aug., 1848, died in infancy. 
IV. Joshua MeiTilPi, ) ? 6 » » j 

V. Ida Fillmore", b. Mar. 8, 1852. 

vi. Joshua Francisi^, b. Feb. 19, 1854. 

vii. Hannah Willaidii, b. Oct. 5, 1856. 

viii. Lawrence Beecher", b. Mar. 5, 1860. 

Mrs. Mary (Avery") Lewis, at the time of her father's 
death, was eighteen years of age, and assisted her mother 
in caring for the younger children. She was united in mar- 
riage to Capt. Lewis at the age of twenty-six. She had 
been educated in the public schools, and always aspired for 
knowledge. It is said that when she was young, she would 
often be found poring over books and papers. After her 
marriage her rapidly increasing family, and her own and 
husband's large hospitality, which welcomed every one to 
their home, (at one time scarcely a day passing without 
some friend or stranger dining with them), left but little 
time for mental culture. During the later years of her life, 
however, she found sufficient time to indulge her taste for 
reading, keeping abreast with all current events of the day. 
She took great pride in going to the polls and voting for 
school committee. And when in feeble health, she requested 
her youngest daughter to take her place at the polls. At 
the age of twenty-one she united with the Center Church. 
After a lingering illness, she died a few days previous to 


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her seventy-second birthday. She was laid beside her hus- 
band, where a monument is erected to their memory. She 
was a self-sacrificing mother, wholly devoted to the interests 
of her children, who were unremitting in their care and 
love for her. At the time of her death she was a member 
of Belmont Church. 



George W.", the eldest son of Joshua and Mary (Avery") 
Lewis, born July 4, 1844, attended the public schools of 
Provincetown, and later Wesleyan Academy, at Wilbraham, 
Mass. Was book-keeper for a number of years in Westfield, 
for Waterman & Beckman. While residing at this place, 
he married, Feb. 12, 1874, Maria E., daughter of George M. 
and Lydia N. Collins, of Plymouth, Mass. As a token of 
the good will and high esteem in which the couple were 
held, they were presented with a handsome silver service 
by members of the firm and their employees. April 19, 1876, 
Mrs. Maria E. Lewis passed away after a lingering illness, 
at the age of 24 years. 

Mr. Lewis married. Sept 22, 1880, as second wife, Louise 
C, daughter of Robert and Mary (Babcock) Merigold, of 
Taunton, Mass. Later he left Westfield, and became book- 
keeper at E. L. Atwood's, Boston, where he is at present 
They reside at No. 113 Cross street. No children. 


Etta F.", eldest daughter of Joshua and Mary (Avery") 
Lewis, born Oct. 23, 1846, was educated in the public schools 
of Provincetown, Mass. She married, Dec. 24, 1868, Capt 
Lyman H., son of William and Diadema (Harriman) Rich- 
ards, of Bristol, Me. They have no children. After engag- 

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ing for a number of years successfully, in the general 
freighting business between our own and other ports, part 
of the time in command of the Ida C. Bidlard, Capt. L. 
retired from the business to enjoy home life at Maiden. — 
For a number of years he has been the honored Chief of 
the Police force of that city, doing efficient service. Mrs. 
K. is Supt. of Charity and Reform for the city. Both are 
members of the Center M. E. Church. 


Ida F.", second daughter of Joshua and Mary (Avery") 
Lewis, born March 8, 1852, was graduated from the Prov- 
ince town High School class of '70. After removing to Ware 
with her parents, she taught in district schools. In '74 she 
entered the Normal School at Westfield, graduating in '76. 
After graduation, taught in Berkshire and Ware. Since 
her removal in '83 to Maiden, has taught in the public 
schools of that city. 

DR. J. F. LEWIS". 

Joshua F.", son of Joshua and Mary (Avery") Lewis, bom 
Feb. 19, 1854, was educated in the public schools of Prov- 
incetown, and High School at Ware. Also attended 
Wesley an Academy, at Wilbraham, and in '74 entered Dart- 
mouth College, at Hanover, N. H., graduating in the class 
of '79. Then taught school in Dennis, Mass., also Brockton. 
While principal of the Brockton school, also taught the 
Winter evening school at Maiden. He entered Harvard 
Medical College in '84, graduating in '87; continuing during 
this time and until '89, a period of six years, principal of 
the evening school. In '87, was appointed Asst Supt of 
State Board of Lunacy and Charity, with headquarters at 
the State House, Boston, but resided at Maiden until '90, 

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when he removed with his family to Hyde Park. During 
his residence in Maiden, he was a member of the School 
Board. He married, June 26, 1887, Madelene S. Howes, 
daughter of Capt. Barzilla and Bebecca (Carlo) Howes, of 
Brooklyn, N. T. They have one daughter, Lena Starr", 
born Dec, 1888. 


Hannah W.", born Oct. 5, 1856, educated in the schools 
of Provincetown, also High School at Ware, Mass. Besides 
with the family at Maiden. 

L. B. LEWIS". 

Lawrence B.", born March 5, 1860, was educated in the 
public schools of Provincetown, and High School at Ware. 
Later entered the employ of Farley, Harvey & Co., Boston. 
Then entered the firm of Shepard, Nor well & Co., where he 
i^as salesman for four years. In 1886 he became salesman 
in the wholesale department, for Coleman, Mead & Co., 
which position he holds at present writing, (1890). Besides 
at Maiden. 



Jerusha", second daughter of Peter L.' and Betsey 
(Chapman) Avery, born Feb. 4, 1820, married Sept 4, 1842, 
Franklin, son of Henry and Annie (Cook) Damon, of Scitu- 
ate, Mass. Children: — 

i. Hannah A very ^^ b. Jan., 1844, died young, 

ii. Ella Franklinii, b. Sept., 1845. 

iii. Hannah Avery *^ b. Sept., 1850. 

iv. Frank Waldron^^ b. Apr. 7, 1855. 

V. Marilla Butler^S b. July 19, 1857. 

vi. Addison Childs^J, b. May 21, 1860. 

^'ii. Gorham Lee^^ b. Mar., 1864. 

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Mrs. Jerusha (Avery") Damon was born in Truro, but in 
infancy her parents removed to Provincetown, where she 
spent the earlier part of her life. She was a lady of intelli- 
gence and remarkable executive ability. In her mother's 
early widowhood, she became her counselor, young though 
she was. She was self-sacrificing in her interest for the 
family, and retained this sacrificing spirit for others 
throughout her entire life. Gentle and refined, quiet and 
unobtrusive, of much personal attraction, beloved by a large 
circle of friends, and outspoken in her convictions of what 
she deemed to be right, she was ever loyal to her family 
and the Church, and ever ready to aid the promotion of a 
good cause. At the age of eighteen she united with the 
Center M. E. Church. Sept. 4, 1842, she was happily mar- 
ried to Mr. Franklin Damon. For two years they resided 
in Provincetown, where Mr. D. was engaged in the sail- 
making business, then returned to Scituate. Here he 
engaged in farm-work, and later in the lumber business, 
which he successfully carried on for a number of years. In 
1882, his property being previously disposed of, he removed 
to South Boston, to be near their children, four of whom 
reside there. Their home, during their nearly forty years' 
residence in Scituate, was a hospitable one, its doors ever 
being open to welcome friends and strangers. The clergy- 
men, especially the pastors going as they did to their new 
charge, had reason to be grateful for the hearty welcome 
accorded them until they were permanently settled. The 
presiding elder also found this home a delightful resting- 
place during his official visits. The noble work of charity 
bestowed by this worthy couple, who were strong pillars in 
the Church, will only be revealed with the end of time. For 
a few years previous to her decease, Mrs. Damon was a 
silent sufferer from a disease that finally proved fatal ; but 

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such was her power of self-control, that no one realized 
how firm a hold it had upon her until a few months before 
her death. She bore her illness without a murmur, and 
July 22, 1889 quietly passed away. Children and grand- 
children will ever hold in sweet remembrance her precepts, 
and, as one has remarked concerning her last days, "they 
were the best example of a Christian faith and resignation 
that I ever expect to see." Her age was 69 years, 18 days. 
Hei: remains were interred in the cemetery at Scituate, 
where a stone has been erected to her memory. Mr. Frank- 
lin Damon is a prominent member of the M. E. Church at 
South Boston. 


Ella F.", daughter of Franklin and Jerusha (Avery**) 
Damon, born in Sept., 1845, married Feb. 12, 1867, Elisha 
W. Lapham, of Hanover, Mass. Children : 

i. Cora Belle^^ b. Dec. 10, 18G7, m. Mar. 13, 1889, George 
V. Fabian, of Dorchester, Mass. One danghter, Belle 
Franklini3, b. Apr. 11, 1890. Mr. and Mrs. Fabian 
reside in Matlapan, Mass. Mrs. F., before her mar- 
riage, was a teacher of mnsic, and organist of the M. 
E. Church. 

ii. Nellie Pierce^'-^, b. Nov. 10, 1871, resides with her parents 
at Milton, Mass. 


Hannah Avery", third daughter of Franklin and Jerusha 
(Avery^**) Damon, born in Sept., 1850, and educated in the 
schools of her native town, married Feb. 14, 1872, George 
F, son of George and Martha (Ainge) Lawley, of Scituate, 
Mass. After their marriage they lived in Scituate, Mass., 
until 1874, when they removed to South Boston, Mass. Mr. 
L. is junior partner of the firm of George Lawley & Son, 
boat builders, South Boston, where many of the first clas s 

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boats and yachts are built, notably the far-famed yachts 
Mat/ flower, Puritan and others. One son, Fred. Damon", 
born July 9, 1878. 


Frank W.", eldest son of Franklin and Jerusha (Avery") 
Damon, born April 7, 1855, married Sept. 19, 1875, Amelia 
M., only daughter of Charles and Amelia M. (Otis) Young, 
of Scituate, Mass. Children : 

i. Annie Franklin'^, b. July 3, 1876. 
ii. Grace Allen'2, b. Oct. 13, 1879. 
iii. Jeannette Anies^S b. Feb. 18, 1881. 

Mr. Damon received his education in the schools of his 
native town and at East Greenwich Academy. He resided 
with his family in Scituate until Oct. 20, 1884, when they 
moved to South Boston, w^here they now reside. His posi- 
tion is that of Inspector of the West End horse car railroad. 


Marilla B.", daughter of Franklin and Jerusha (Avery") 
Damon, born July 19, 1857, married Nov. 30, 1876, Frank 
E., son of William C. and Sarah (Tilden) Turner, of Scituate. 
One child, Herbert Addison*-, born April 19, 1881. 

Mr. and Mrs. Turner reside in Scituate. 


Addison C", son of Franklin and Jerusha (Avery") 
Damon, born May 21, 1860, married first, Sept 3, 1883, Nellie 
J., daughter of James and Harriet (Litchfield) Brown, of 
Scituate, who died Sept. 25, 1884, aged 22 years. He mar- 
ried second, June 7, 1888, Ella F., daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
E. B. Caldwell, of South Boston. Children : 

i. Nellie Caldwellia, b. Apr. 27, 1889. 
ii. Ernest Averyi^ b. Jan. 17, 1891. 

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Mr. and Mrs. Damon reside in South Boston. He is in 
the employ of G. Lawley & Son. 


Gorham L.", youngest son of Franklin and Jerusha 
(Avery") Damon, born in March, 1864, married June 16, 
1890, Jennie B., daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Cole, of 
South Boston. One son, Frank Cole", born June 13, 1891. 

Mr. and Mrs. Damon reside in South Boston. Mr. Damon 
is in the employ of Geo. Lawley & Son. 



Betsey Avery", daughter of Peter L.' and Betsey (Chap- 
man) Avery, born at Provincetown, July 11, 1822, married 
June 4, 1843, Capt. Hiram Holmes, of Provincetown. — 
Children: — 

i. Elizabeth Avery'S b. Sept. 4, 1847, m. D. H. Newcomb. 
ii. Bessie", b. Dec. 10, 1849, died in infancy. 

Mrs. Betsey (Avery") Holmes was an estimable young 
lady of modest and retiring disposition, beloved by a large 
circle of friends. Intellectual and talented beyond many of 
her age, and very skilful in needle work. Of sweet dis- 
position by nature, she early in life embraced religion, 
which added a new beauty to her character. During the 
pastorate of B-ev. Paul Townsend, she united with the 
Center M. E. Church, and thereafter became an earnest 
worker. Her friends often recall her glowing exhortations 
and her eloquence in prayer. Never of a very robust 
nature, she early succumbed to disease. December 14, 
1849, surrounded by loving friends, with an eye of faith 
hat seemed to pierce the vale beyond, she turned to her 

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mother, and with countenance beaming with joy, exclaimed,. 
"Let me go, mother, the angels are coming, — don't you see 
them ! Oh ! there is an abundant entrance," and passed 
away, leaving a grief-stricken husband, mother and sisters 
and brother, besides two little children,— one of whom, the 
infant, soon followed her. Rev. E. B. Bradford attended 
her funeral, who in his remarks, said, " I would rather have 
an interest in the deceased sister's prayers than in a mine 
in California." The stone erected to her memory bears the 
following inscription: — 


wife of 

Hiram Holmes 


Dec. 14, 1849 

Aged 27 yrs 5 mos. 

Sleep on sweet soul, thy rest has oome, 

'Tis for myself I mourn, 
And for this precious child, to whom 

Thou never canst return. 
Lone are my paths and sad the hours 

Now thy sw^eet smile is gone; 
But oh, a brighter home than our's 

In heaven is now thine own. 


Elizabeth Avery Holmes", daughter of Hiram and Betsey 

(Avery") Holmes, born Sept. 4, 1847, married Feb. 10, 1868,. 

David Hildreth, born July 5, 1845, son of Harley and 

Koxanna D. (Hartwell) Newcomb, of Greenwich, Mass. — 

Children: — 

i. William KendalU^, b. at Provincetown, Dec. 12, 1868. 
ii. Ralph Holmes^^ b. at Providence, R. I., Mar. 4, 1879. 

Mr. and Mrs. Newcomb for a number of years resided at 
Providence, E. 1. Since 1882 they have resided at Spring- 
field, Mass. Mr. N. is a member of the police force of that 

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city. He enlisted in the war of the Rebellion at the age of 
sixteen; member of Co. D, 19th Mass. Vols., 2nd Army 
Corps. W. K. Xewcomb, the eldest son, is in the railroad 
employ at Sjiringfield. 


Hannah P.^®, fourth daughter of Peter L.' and Betsey 
(Chapman) Avery, born at Provincctowu, Aug 31, 1824, died 
at the age of eighteen. Ever of a cheerful, sunny nature, 
life to her was full of promise ; bright indeed, were the 
prospects before her, but, consumption, that fatal destroyer, 
seized her for its prey, and Sept. 14, 1842, bidding her grief- 
stricken family a tender farewell, and urging them not to 
weep for her, her happ}- spirit took its flight. 



Nancy", fifth daughter of Peter L.' and Betsey (Chap- 
man) Avery, born March 18, 1827, married Nov. 10, 1851, 
Capt. Hiram, son of Shubaol and Deborah (Small) Holmes, 
of Provincetown. Children, born at Provincetown : 

L vSiisan PenyS b. June 14, 1856, d. May 6, 1892. Was a 

^ member of the Center M. E. Cliiircb, uniting in 1872. 

Mucii of tiie labor of compiling this work devolved 
upon her. 

ii. Hiram Wallace*', b. Oct. 19, 1858, d. Aug. 21, 1860. 

iii. Hiram Clifford^*, b. Aug. 26, 1861, m. Jan. 16, 1890, 
Mary K., b. Sept. 4, 1862, eldest dau. of Capt. 
William and Mary (Taylor) Dyer, of Provincetown. 
Mr. H. Clifford Holmes, after eleven years* experience 
in the business in which his father was engaged, March 
1, 1888, purchased the stock of his father and con- 
tinued the business successfully until Jan., 1890, when 
he sold out to accept a lucrative position which had 

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previously been tendered him in tiie firm of '* Wilcox, 
Crittenden & Co.", manufacturers, at Middletowu, 
Conn. He graduated from the Commercial Depart- 
ment of WetJleyan Academy at Wilbraham, Mass., 
and is considered a thorough business young man, 
honorable and uprighc in all his dealing. He united 
with Center Church in 1884, and from that time has 
proved an earnest worker, filling several official posi- 
tions in the church, beside i)osition5 of trust outside 
of it. 

Mrs. H. was a graduate of the Provincetown High 
School, class of '81, and successfully engaged in 
teaching until her marriage. She united with the 
Metho<list Church in 1888. Present residence, Mid- 
dletown, Conn. 

iv. Hettie Freeman Lewis^', b. Oct. 15, 1864, m. Aug. 28, 
1891, Fred M., son of John and Harriet Lee, of New 
Brunswick, New Jersey. One son : Clifford Avery *''^, 
b. 1892, d. 1892. She united with Center Church in 
1881. In 1883 she graduated from the Provincetown 
High School and was successfully engaged in teaching 
until her marriage. Present residence. New Bruns- 
wick, N.J. 

Capt. Hiram Holmes, the husband of Naucy Avery", for 
occupation followed the sea about twenty years, most of the 
time engaged in whale fishery, being absent on these voy- 
ages a year or more at a time. While master of the 
schooner Hanover (1853-'54) and of the Montezuma (1858- 
59) he was shipw^recked, barely escaping with his life and 
the lives of his crew. In 1861-'65 he commanded the 
schooner G. W, L^ivis and was fortunate in, although barely, 
escaping seizure by the privateer Alabama which destroyed 
so many Provincetown vessels, as well as others during the 
years of the war. In 1865 he retired from the sea and went 
into business (formerly engaged in) as tinsmith and dealer 
in stoves, hardware, etc., continuing in it until a few months 

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previous to his death, which occurred Aug. 6, 1888, at the 
age of 69 years. From an article in the local paper at the 
time of his decase, we clip the following : 

" Althoiigli not II native of tin's place he has long been known 
and recognizetl hy all its i)erni:inent residents as a man of sterling 
integrity, of indomituhle industry and perseverance, as a competent 
sea captain, a skilful mechanic, a kind neighbor, an intelligent, 
upright citizen, and as a sinceie, earnest supporter of his opinions 
and convictions upon all religious, political and local questions. '^ 

At one time in his earlier life, he was a skilful dentist, 
practicing in Providence, R. I., and Province town, and during 
the later years was often called upon to exercise his skill in 
dentistry although not in the regular business. He was a 
member of the Methodist Church about forty years previous 
to his death. 

Mrs. Nancy (Avery'") Holmes died March 13, 1892. At 
the early age of eight years she was bereft of her father. 
Her life was wholly passed in Provincetown. As a young 
lady she was said to have been a genial companion and 
true friend, firm in her convictions of right and cour- 
ageous in maintaining them; as a daughter, faithful and 
devoted; as a mother, patient and self-sacrificing in her 
devotion to the interests of her children, who revered 
her, endeavoring constantly to instill into their minds 
the noble principles which she had received from her 
mother. Although having been in feeble health for some 
years, yet she ever took an active interest in religious 
as well as secular affairs, often proving a wise counsellor to 
the young people. At the age of eighteen she united with 
Center Church. 

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The publisher of this genealogy, with feelings of deep 
emotion, would add a tribute to the sweet-spirited and 
lovely character of Susie Pebry Holmes", Thrown into her 
society by a providential circumstance, our kinship becom- 
ing knovn, and finding her naturally gifted in all the graces 
of a lovely young womanhood, of retiring disposition, not 
strong in body, yet willing to sacrifice and go beyond her 
strength for the welfare of others, when the subject of pub- 
lishing this book was suggested, she entered upon it with a 
determined zeal that inspired those associated with her. — 
The success of the book is largely due to her painstaking 

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care, and the energy and perseverence with which she car- 
ried out her share of the work of searching out and collating 
the great amount of information concerning the Avery fam- 
ily brought together in these pages. Though the labor was 
wearisome and at times very discouraging, yet it was per- 
formed with alacrity, in the fond anticipation of the pleasure 
its completion would be to her dearest friends. 

Alas ! our fondest hopes often fail us ! and to Susie, borne 
down with grief at the death of her father, followed so soon 
after by that of her dear mother, who for years had been 
her constant companion and daily care, and upon whom her 
heart's affection was largely bestowed, the trial was greater 
than her frail body could sustain, and notwithstanding the 
careful nursing of a near friend, she gently, but sweetly, 
passed from our sight. 

Words fail to express the anguish of our hearts, as on 
that peaceful May morning, in the cemetery at Province- 
town, Mass., amid the song of birds and the murmer of the 
waves of the distant and ever-restless ocean, we laid her 
mortal remains away to rest until the morning of the 
Resurrection; confident in her triumphant re-union in spirit 
with her dear departed kindred and her Lord. 

w. w. A. 



Slowly she faded, 

Meekly and sweetly ; 
All her work finished, 

Fair and completely. 

Her life was all love, 

Love was sweet duty ; 
Giving and cherishing, 

Haloed with beauty. 

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No more days of waiting, 
Nights filled with longing ; 
"The clouds have rolled backward/* 
Bright shineth the morning. 

Her hand on the latch 

Of the heavenly portal, 
She sank into slumber, 

And wakened — immortal! 

The "King in his beauty" 

Her eyes are beholding, 
His presence, so longed for, 

Her spirit enfolding. 

For her are new raptures, 

And blessed employ ; 
For us fragrant memories 

Of love and of joy. 

— J. G. A. Carter. 



Peter", only son of Peter L.' and Betsey (Chapman) 
Avery, was born in Provincetown, Nov. 29, 1828, married 
March 13^ 1854, Hannah King, daughter of Heman M. and 
Priscilla (King) Smith, of Provincetown, Mass. Children : 

i. Austin Clifford", b. Sept. 3, 1855, d. in Sept., 1856. 
ii. Emily Atkins", b. Sept. 7, 1857, d. Jan. 10, 1858. 
iii. Infant, b. Oct. 2, 1863, d. soon. 

Peter Avery" was only seven years of age when bereft of 
his father. He remained under the parental roof until 
twelve and a half years old, when he began a seafaring life, 
which continued until his death, without interruption. — 
Boys at that age usually went to sea in the summer season, 
and attended school the rest of the year. He shipped as 
cook on board the Columbia, his uncle, Abraham Chapman, 

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being master, bound for the Bay of Chaleur fishing, and 
sailed May 20, 1841. The experience of that first trip was 
never forgotten. His third trip was in the Cordelia with 
Capt. Joseph Baker, a neighbor. Later he went a few trips 
jnackereling. At that time all fish were taken with hand 
lines, and each of the crew received a share of the amount 
caught. While absent on one of these trips, tis mother 
dreamed of having quite a number of rusty silver dollars. — 
She thought the dream a peculiar one. When the boy 
returned from his trip and received his share of the profits, 
it amounted to less than others of the same ability as he, 
had received. When his mother asked an explanation, the 
reply was, "It is Sunday fishing, mother, that increased 
their amount. I lay in my berth and kept the day." Then 
she recalled the dream, and told him to ever remember that 
she desired not the accumulation of money with its coating 
of rust, to the extent of breaking God's laws to obtain it — 
This principle he strictly adhered to throughout his life. 
When in command himself, he never sailed from port on 
the Sabbath day. In the spring of 1853 he was master of 
the schooner Alabama^ engaged in cod fishing on the Grand 
Banks. He continued the voyages to the Banks until 1861, 
when he made his first voyage for whales, as first officer of 
the schooner G. W. Leiais, Hiram Holmes, (brother-in-law), 
master. He sailed from home May 24, 1861, and returned 
July 31, 1862. The next year (1863) he was in command of 
schooner Bienzi, engaged in whale fishery. Left the port of 
Provincetown about June 11 of that year, for whaling 
grounds. Wednesday, July 8th, when about one hundred 
miles distant from Nantucket, and on the northern edge of 
the Gulf stream, after capturing some black fish, and with 
the blubber on deck ready to cut next morning, about 6 
P. M., a vessel (steam cruiser, which proved to be the pri- 

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vateer Florida, (Capt. MaflStt in command), was seen to go 
alongside a brig at anchor quite near them, and in a short 
time a tiny flame shot up from the brig, which was soon 
enveloped in one mass of flames. Capt. Avery immediately 
called his crew together, and gave them orders to make a 
hasty preparation to leave the schooner, or they would be 
prisoners. They took a supply of food — ham and hard 
bread, and water, — and the American flags and a few other 
articles, stowed them in the boats, which were lowered, and 
he with his officers and crew of twenty-one men sprang into 
them and pushed off, rowing as carefully as possible, lest 
the sound of the dipping oars be heard by the enemy. — 
They stood off in an opposite direction in the shadow, that 
they might watch the approach of the enemy unseen. Their 
fears were confirmed by seeing him board the Rienziy 
and soon the fatal work was done ; spars, rigging, every- 
thing was a seething sheet of fire — but they were free. They 
afterward met with the Captain of the brig, who said when 
Capt. Maffitt burned his brig, he took him and his men 
prisoners, putting them in irons and feeding them on bread 
and water three weeks, then landed them at Bermuda. — 
Such would have been the fate of Capt. Avery and his men, 
had the approach of the enemy not been discovered in time 
to beat a hasty retreat. They continued all night rowing 
and sailing, steering their course by the north star, and not 
daring to show a light, for fear of being captured, they 
worked on in darkness. The next day, Thursday, the 9th, 
rain fell, which spoiled some of their food, but they con- 
tinued their course, and at 11 P. M., made Nantucket Light, 
and going around to the leeward, saw some vessels at 
anchor. They hailed the nearest one, told their story, and 
asked permission to come on board. To be hailed by stran- 
gers at midnight, looked suspicious at that time when 


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privateering was carried on to such an alarming extent, and 
the Captain, who probably was greatly influenced by his 
frightened wife, who was present, declined to take them on 
board. The next vessel they hailed with better success, and 
were taken on board and given quarters in the hold. They 
were indeed in a sad plight, with only the clothes in which 
they stood, and wet from exposure in open boats during the 
rain. They remained on board the vessel the next day, 
when they were carried into the Vineyard, anchoring at 
Tarpaulin Cove. All of the men, excepting Capt Avery and 
four officers, were distributed among the several vessels 
bound for Boston. Here Capt. Avery and men remained 
Friday and Saturday, finding passage on board a friendly 
vessel, which took th$m around to Highland Light, Truro. 
Here they once more took to their boat, and bidding "good 
bye " to their [friends, they laid their course for Province- 
town harbor, and home, arriving on shore about 2 P. M 
Sunday, July 12, 1863. This was Capt. A's last attempt to 
cruise for whales. The loss of his property and voyage was 
indemnified in the court of Alabama Claims in 1876, and the 
award paid to his widow. A few weeks after his return, in 
command of schooner Watchman, he chartered a cargo of 
fish for Philadelphia and returned with another of coal, 
which he discharged and took a cargo for New York ; there, 
while in tow, was run into by a steamer, but fortunately 
escaped without serious damage, although the vessel was 
hauled up for repairs, before proceeding on its trip. At the 
close of that season he remained at home, until March, 1864, 
he sailed for the Banks in the Carrie Pitman. On the pas-, 
sage out they encountered a severe snowstorm. Capt. A., 
however, arrived at the fishing grounds safely and secured 
a good "catch," this, and the voyage the next year ('65), 
making two of his most prosperous voyages. In April, 1866, 

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haying become part owner of the schooner Emdine Haight, 
he engaged in the coasting or general freighting business, 
and continued this until 72. The winter of '71 and 72 was 
the last winter he spent at his home. In the spring and 
summer of 72, a fine three-masted schooner, Wm. H. 
Andrews, was built for him at Portland, Me., which was 
launched in November of that year. He arrived at Prov- 
incetown harbor about the 20th, on his way to Philadelphia, 
with a cargo of shooks. Proceeding to Philadelphia, he 
discharged his cargo and took on a load of coal for parties 
in Danvers, Mass. On his way to Danvers, in coming 
around the Cape, he encountered a severe squall off High- 
land Light, and made for the harbor at Provincelown. His 
wife accompanied him on the passage to Danvers. They 
arrived there just before Christmas, and before they had 
discharged their cargo, a severe cold wave came on, and 
froze the vessel in the dock, where they were obliged to 
remain for two months. In February, 1873, he finally suc- 
ceeded, by cutting the ice, in getting to Salem. From there 
his wife returned to her home, and Capt. A. proceeded to 
Philadelphia for a cargo. Here he took on board two car- 
goes — corn in the hold and iron on deck — for parties in 
Portland, Me. He left that port about April 2d, and it 
being rough weather, anchored in Delaware breakwater for 
a few days. Several vessels from Wellfleet and Province- 
town were there also waiting for good weather. On the 
afternoon of the 8th, parties from one of the vessels boarded 
the Andrews, and conversed with Capt. A., who said he 
expected to sail next day. At noon of next day, Wednesday, 
April 9th, he proceeded to get underway, and some of the 
other vessels followed his example, one of whom followed 
the Andrews, and endeavored to keep Capt. A.'s light in 
sight during the mght, as a rough sea was raging at the 

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time, and the Andrews being so deeply loaded, they felt 
rather anxious for her safety. The first part of the night 
the moon was shining, but at midnight it was very dark, 
and freezing cold, the rigging being covered with ice. At 
twelve o'clock the AndreiCH light was visible in the distance 
— a little later it had disappeared. It was supposed after- 
ward that that was the time she foundeerd. All of the fleet 
that sailed out of the harbor with the Andrews arrived at 
their destined ports. At home, Gapt A.'s wife was waiting 
for a letter that she might join him when he should have 
reached the destined port. No anxiety was felt for his 
safety by his relatives, except that his sister at Province- 
town had dreamed t^ice that he was lost, which gave 
her some ground for fears. A day or two later the fol- 
lowing item appeared in a daily paper : 

*' Schr. Wm. H. Andrews, Capt. Peter Avery, which sailed 
from Philadelphia about April 2nd, for Portland, Me., with a 
cargo of corn in the hold and iron on deck, foundered on the 9th, 
Barnegat bearing West about 12 miles and all hands were lost. 
The W. H. A. hailed from Provincetown, was partly owned by 
parties in Woonsocket, R. I., and was on her second trip. Capt. 
Avery resided in Provincetown.*' 

Thus the tale was briefly told. Only a part of the top- 
mast, with its gilded ball, marked the resting place of the 
ill-fated Andrews and her crew. Divers were sent down, 
but obtained nothing. No trace of the unfortunate men 
were ever found. 

'"But their slt^ep in the heart of the ocean 
' Is sweet —and all Im well ; 
Though no funeral train attended, 

Nor tears at their burial fell, 
(lod brooded over their dyin^; 

And made them a royal tomb. 
Where the choiring; stars in golden bars 

Sang anthems through the gloom." 

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Capt. Avery is said by many friends to have been a man 
of integrity, true in his social as w:»ll as business relations 
of life ; of indomitable perseverance and energy ; fearless as 
he was ambitious ; free-heartc-d and kind. As one who had 
followed the sea for thirty-two years, his life had been a 
singularly pure one. He was without a single vice, and had 
never used tobacco in any form nor any intoxicant whatever. 
A Christian gentleman endeavorin-^ to follow the teachings 
of a noble mother whose prayers for her son were already 
hushed in death. At the time of his death his age was 44 

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years. A favorite expression of his was "we will anchor 
bye and bye in heaven's broad bay." 

"Yes; in the "broad bay of heaven " he's anchored at last, 
He sails the wide seas no more; 
The tempest may sweep o'er the wild stormy deep, 
He's safe on the evergreen shore." 

A funeral discourse was given a few weeks later in Center 
Church, of which he had been a member since 1849, by 
Rev. J. H. James, pastor, from Romans, 14th chap., 7th and 
8th verses King. Hiram's Lodge of F. & A. M., of which 
deceased was a member, attended in a body, with relatives 
and friends. His widow, Mrs. Hannah K. Avery, has since 
married (July 17, 1881,) Mr. Joseph H. Smith, son of Jesse 
and Elizabeth (Small) Smith, of Provincetown. The engrav- 
ing of Capt. Avery, in these pages, is from a photograph taken 
in 1868 when in his fortieth year. It is a singular fact that 
in 1873 the name of Avery died out in both Provincetown 
and Truro, Peter Avery" from Provincetown leaving no 
descendant ; and July of the same year his cousin, Geo. W. 
Avery", of North Truro, dying, left no male descendant 



Mehitable F." youngest daughter of Peter L.* and Betsey 
(Chapman) Avery, born Nov. 16, 1830, married Feb. 15, 1859, 
Daniel Francis, born Oct. 16, 1834, youngest son of George 
and Mary (Snow) Lewis, of Provincetown. No children. 

Mehitable, or "Hetty," as she was more familiarly known, 
was the youngest of the family and pet of the household. 
As a young lady she was highly esteemed by her associates. 
Always of a cheerful disposition, looking on the bright side 
of life, coupled with a winning manner and fine musical 
voice, inherited from her mother, (the Averys not possessing 

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that gift except through some other branch). She was a 
welcome guest to a large circle of friends. She was a 
member of the Center Church and choir for years, and her 
services were also sought in another church. She also pos- 
sessed some talent for painting, as a few landscapes she 
executed will show. Before her marriage she was in the 
millinery business. She always resided with her mother, 
with the exception of three years ('64-'67) which were spent 
at Scituate, Mass., where Mr. Lewis entered into partnership 
with ' her brother-in-law, Mr. Damon, as lumber dealer. 
Mrs. Lewis after a lingering illness, attended with great 
suffering, heroically and patiently borne, died at Province- 
town, May 17, 1869, at the age of 38 years. For four or five 
years before her decease she had been aware that she was 
slowly but surely becoming a victim to a fatal malady 
although she concealed it from her friends as long as pos- 
sible. With a calm trust in God, she obeyed the summons 
to " come up higher " and gently passed away with the word 
"mother" on her lips. The large circle of relatives and 
friends at the funeral attested the high esteem in which she 
was held. Eev. Charles Young, her pastor, spoke comforting 
words to the sorrowing ones, and members of the choir sang 
selections which were of her own choosing. A monument is 
erected to her memory in Gifford's cemetery, Provincetown. 
Mr. D. F. Lewis married 1874, Mrs. Mercy (Rich) Hopkins 
who died Nov. 19, 1876. He married later Mrs. Mary 
(Brown) Hallett. They reside at 448 Commercial street. 
He is in the lumber and coal business — firm of Lewis & 
Brown. A prominent citizen, filling important positions, 
and rendering valuable service in the temperance cause. 

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JOHN AVERY*, 3'ounge8t son of Job" and Jerusha (Lom- 
bard) Avery, born at Truro, Nov. 6, 1795. 

The subject of our sketch was of unique character, a gen- 
uine sailor, free-hearted, social and fearless and of ready wit 
He began a seafaring life at an early age, and continued it 
until his death. Gay and reckless, fond of composing im- 
promptu rhymes, w^hich he sung with great zeal, he was 
always the life of his companions on shipboard. In fact, 
his unfailing good humor, and spirit of cheerfulness, and 
quick repartee made him a welcome guest anywhere. -During 
the war of 1812 (so-called, although the hostilities to our com- 
merce began at least four or five years previous) while still a 
youth he was taken prisoner and carried to Halifax. While a 
prisoner on board of the man-of-war ship, a vessel was seen 
in the distance flying an American flag. One of the officers 
asked young John what it was. He replied, "That is a 
yankee gridiron." "A *yankee gridiron'! Pray what is 
that?" "What we use to roasi? Englishmen on," was the 
quick retort. 

From Halifax he was taken to Dartmoor prison. Who 
can describe the feelings of this youth and his companions, 
so long accustomed to the free, roving life of a sailor, 
when they first beheld Dartmoor, prison walls towering 
above them ! Dartmoor is described as " one of the great 
desolate moors 1500 feet above the sea level on the south 
coast of England and Devonshire, and fifteen miles from the 

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great naval station at Plymouth, remarkable for its wild 
and rugged scenery, and towering rock-capped hills, and 
takes its name from the river Dart which flows through it 
to the ocean." The prison, situated far out on the coast 
and covering an area of "thirty acres, was built in 1809 for 
French prisoners of war at a cost of £127,000." * * * * 
"The grounds are enclosed by a double line of high walls 
which enclose a military road nearly a mile long, with sentry 
boxes, and large bells, which used to be rung during the 
thick fogs so often prevalent. It has fine finished buildings 
three hundred feet long, with accommodations for ten thou- 
sand prisoners, which it has entertained. It is now occupied 
as a convict prison." 

This was Dartmoor and its surroundings. Within 
these walls, two of stone and one of iron, they were in- 
carcerated, far away from home and its pleasant asso- 
ciations, whose relatives were mourning for them as dead, 
but they were not altogether among strangers. Some 
from their home so far away, were there to greet them, and 
others arrived later, their next door neighbors at home, and 
nearer neighbors then — for they were one family. Be it 
said to the honor of the English government, these pris- 
oners in many respects received better treatment at the 
hands of those in authority, than did our late prisoners at 
Libby, Andersonville and Belle Isle. They were allowed 
to trade, or employ themselves in any way to earn money 
by which they could better their condition. Some of them 
made a fair living in this way, but the unfortunate ones- 
who had only what food was allowed them by the govern- 
ment which was barely enough to sustain nature, were in a 
very deplorable condition. Some went into business, having 
for sale pipes, tobacco, stationery, ink, and other articles of 
use, but John Avery engaged in business as a tallow candle 

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manufacturer. He went among the prisoners, and bought 
their old beef bones which he "smashed," then boiled to 
obtain the tallow, which he made into candles, and sold. 
This gave him the title of "Jack, the bone-smasher." 
This probably did not replenish his pocket book as 
much as he desired, and possessing an ambitious and 
active nature, he turned his attention to laundry work. 
The French prisoners, of whom there were many, especially 
the officers, had considerable money when they first 
entered Dartmoor, (but they had not been there very 
long bafore the shrewd "yankees" had tJieir pockets 
enriched with French money,) and could afford to live well 
and hire their laundry work done. Young John managed 
to find facilities for washing their linen, but was puzzled to 
know how he could polish it. Unable to procure a flatiron 
he soon put his wits to work to invent one, or something 
that would serve the purpose of that article. He obtained 
a large flat bottle which he filled with hot water and pro- 
ceeded to business ; when the water cooled, refilled with 
hot Tradition does not say whether his work was satis- 
factory to the fastidious taste of the Frenchmen, but owing 
to the circumstances, it undoubtedly was. Life went on in 
Dartmoor similar to any prison life, schools, where various 
branches were taught, flourished, and there were the usual 
mementoes for friends at home cut with the all-important 
jack-knife. A little fancy box, representing Chinese work, 
the cover of which is inlaid with a diamond-shaped piece of 
beef bone, made by one of young John's companions, (also 
a relative of the writer), is now in the possession of the 
writer, probably the only memento of Dartmoor fancy work 
now in existence. It is said that it took more soldiers to 
guard seven hundred "yankees," than fifteen hundred 
Frenchmen. Put an American where one may, he will 

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always want a Fourth of July celebration and have it too, 
even if the odds are against him. At one time while the 
subject of our sketch was there, permission was given them 
to celebrate the day. Great preparations were made for it. 
At the time, there were seven thousand prisoners in seven 
departments. Seven hundred colored men occupied a de- 
partment by themselves. These were engaged to furnish 
the music on the festive occasion. The day dawned, and 
flags representing the nationalities of the prisoners were 
given them, also the English flag, but no sooner was the 
latter in their possession, than it was seized and thrown 
into the vault They were allowed to march around the 
prison yard, proudly bearing the stars and stripes, although 
the English flag was floating above them, while the seven 
hundred colored men, each supplied with an instrument of 
his own manufacture, violins of cornstalks, and others, 
played "Hail Columbia," "Star Spangled Banner," and 
^* Yankee Doodle." The Truro boys did their part in carry- 
ing out the programme. The American prisoners had many 
visitors. To see hundreds of " real live yankees," was equal 
to Barnum's show of modern times. They came from miles 
around the country, and on one occasion an old lady came, 
who, after looking at them in astonishment, turned to her 
friends and said, "I don't see any horns, and their feet look 
like ours. They look just like the English ! " Poor deluded 
lady! She had expected to see a Yankee in the form of 
his Satanic majesty and was somewhat disappointed. Life 
was monotonous and confinement irksome to the poor fellows 
and they contrived all sorts of methods to get out of prison. 
They dug under the solid walls taking out stone, — and we 
can imagine John Avery dug with as great zeal as any of his 
companions, — and had very nearly succeeded in escaping 
when they were foiled in their attempts. It was undoubtedly 

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after this attempt to escape that the prisoners one day were 
ordered out into the yard and the soldiers fired upon them, 
killing and wounding thirty-six of their number. John was 
among the wounded, but the wounds did not prove fatal. 
How much longer he remained there we do not know, but 
some of his Truro companions were fortunate enough, with 
other American prisoners, to be sent home in a cartel ship 
before peace was-, declared. It is said John was "sent home 
to Boston in a neutral ship." He however finally arrived 
home, not being even when peace was declared, twenty years 
old, having passed the best part of his youth in Dartmoor, 
Great was the joy of his family at his return. He continued 
however his sea voyages. Often on his return from a voyage 
and landing in Boston, he took passage for Provincetown, 
and if it were night when he arrived there, he was accorded 
a welcome at the house of an old friend of his childhood 
days, where he was given a lodging. The next morning at 
early dawn he was on the way to his mothers home at East 
Harbor, with a package of tea for her, which he never failed 
to bring with him. In spite of his experience at Dartmoor 
he was the same cheerful companion, and some of his 
remarks are still remembered, although nearly sixty years 
have elapsed since they were uttered. He invariably called 
a cup of poor coflFee "water bewitched and coifee Imjreicliedy 
for it is not fit to drink as water and surely I begrefch the 
wasted coifee." It has been erroneously said by some one 
that John Avery never married. He however married a 
lady of Halifax, and they had two children. He died of a 
fever in the hospital at Newport, R. I., Jan. 1833, at the age 
of thirty-seven. Some years after his decease his widow 
and two daughters visited North Truro. But nothing further 
was known of them by the Avery family. 

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(JOB", REV. JOHN«.) 


TITHATCHER AVERTS fourth son (seventh child) of Job 
^ and Jane (Thatcher) Avery was born at Truro, Mass. 
Feb. 15, 1757. At the age of twenty-two (Aug. 19, 1779) he 
married Hannah, daughter of Nathaniel and Mary (Staples) 
Atkins, of Truro. Children : 

i. Hannah^, b. June 4, 1780, Truro, m. Wm. Freeman, 

ii. Mar}^^, b. Truro, Apr. 3, 1783, m. S3'lvanu8 Upham. 

iii. Thatcher^, b. Feb, 14, 1785, Me., died unmarried. 

iv. Jane^, b. Jan. 12, 1787, m. John Blodgett. 

V. Prndence», b. Sept. 14, 1790, d. Sept. 23, 1799. 

vi. Betsey^, b. Apr. 23, 1793, d. at Frankfort, Nov., 1863. 

vii. Ruth^, b. Apr. 10, 1795, m. Elislia Chick; d. Jan. 15, 


viii. Samuel^, b. Mar. 22, 1797, lost at sea Aug 1, 1811. 

ix. Sally9, b. Apr. 2, 1799, m. Oliver Parker. 

X. John Atkins^, b. Feb. 20, 1802, d. 1873. . 

xi. Isaiah^ b. Feb. 16, 1806, d. at Exeter, Me., Aug. 16. 1872. 

Thatcher Avery", afterwards known as "Major Thatcher," 
after the birth of the second child, removed with his family 
from Truro to Castine, Me., and made that his permanent 
home. A descendant is still living, we are told, on the old 
" Avery place," in that town, and the name has been per- 
petuated by a posterity somewhat scattered through the 
state, who are known as highly respectable and intelligent 
people. We consider ourselves fortunate in having been 
able to obtain much valuable information and records from 

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Mrs. H. N. Abbott, a granddaughter of Major Thatcher,' 
already alluded to, for her kind painstaking in our behalf. 
Through her, also, we are able to present the portrait of 
Miss Betsey', the only unmarried daughter of the major. 
She lived to an advanced age, and is well remembered in 
the vicinity of Castine for her bright ways, although, as 
one of the family has said, she was sometimes " mercilessly 
sarcastic." She frequently made visits among her relatives, 
in this, as in some other characteristics, singularly resemb- 
ing a cousin of hers, a lineal descendent of Rev. John 
Avery®, who bore the same name (Betsey Avery,) and lived 
to an advanced age in Truro. 


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Mrs. Abbott says of the picture we give, that it does 
not do her justice, being copied from an oil painting 
nearly sixty years old, and in speaking further of the 
characteristics of the Avery family in Maine, says: "The 
family of Major Thatcher® was considered a very hand- 
some family, Major John* the third son, being called 
the finest looking man in all that vicinity, when mounted 
in his uniform, and several others of the brothers 
and sisters, but " the beauty among them did not come 
from the paternal side," a fact some of the descendants can 
well believe, for the Avery stock has originally a strong 
and rugged type of head and face, long and straight nose, 
well broadened at the base, with strongly marked eyebrows 
and full grey eye. 

These features are marked in very many of the pictures 
of our forefathers, modified, of course, in many cases, but 
very frequently sufficiently prominent to attract attention 
at once. 

There are several interesting relics among the descendants 
of Major Thatcher*. A handsome set of hand-painted china 
ordered by himself in Liverpool, with the monogram T. H. 
A. (Thatcher and Hannah Avery) on the principal pieces, is 
still almost complete, and younger generations when visit- 
ing where it now is are always treated to a cup of tea from 
the precious ware. Besides these, there are a pair of brass 
andirons of the kind called "Princes' Gold," antique style, 
and ancient punch bowls and pitchers, and a mahogany 
table almost black with age. 

From the "Genealogy of the Uphams," compiled by 
a great-grandson, Capt. F. K. Upham, we learn that 
"Thatcher Avery* was a major in the militia, and known 
as * Major Avery' throughout the surrounding country, in 
which he was a very popular and well-known person in his 

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day. Duriug the war of 1812 Castine was occupied by the 
British troops and a number of the officers were 'quartered' 
upon Major Avery, who became a great favorite with them 
personally, on account of his hospitality and good fellow- 
ship." The old style cups referred to on a previous page 
were used by these officers. " Tradition informs us, however, 
that notwithstanding the major's popularity with them, he 
was extremely patriotic, and never became quite reconciled 
to the presence of his enforced guests ; that, on more than 
one occasion, when the * cup that cheers ' had freely circu- 
lated, his patriotic sentiments were stronger than his discre- 
tion, and he expressed himself so plainly and forcibly that 
they were glad to bring matters to an arbitrary close." 


Hannah", first child of Major Thatcher" and Hannah 
(Atkins) Avery, was born in Truro, June 4, 1780, and mar- 
ried Wm. Freeman. One daughter: Mary Avery*^ born 
Dec. 25, 1798, married Theodore B. Mclntire. 

Hannah (Avery") Freeman died Sept. 26, 1799. 


Mary Avery^" (Freem'an) (Hannah Avery", Maj. Thatcher*) 
born Dec. 25,^1798 ; married Mar. 22, 1818, Theodore B. 
Mclntire (born Aug. 9, 1792, died Jan. 23, 1864.) Children : 

i. Caroline Aver}'^^ b. Dec. 25, 1818. 

ii. Mary Frances^', b. Nov. 6, 1820, d. Aug. 17, 1886. 

iii. William Freeman^i, b. Nov. 18, 1823, d. Dec. 13, 1843. 

iv. Charlotte Marauda^^ b. Nov. 15, 1826. 

V. Harriet Webster^S b. Apr. 4, 1828, d. Jan. 23, 1876. 

vi. Theodore ?Aiigustus^S b. Apr. 6, 1830, d. May 10, 1841. 

vii, George Horace", b. Nov. 11, 1834, d. June 28, 1864. 

viii. Charles Franklin'S b. Dec. 7, 1835, d. Mar. 19, 1836. 

ix. I8abeP^ b. Oct. 6, 1837, d. Nov. 25, 1837. 

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X. Helen Maria^S b. Jan. 8, 1840, d. Sept. 1840. 
xi. Adelaide Elizabeth^S b. Mar. 28, 1842. 


Caroline Avery Mclntire", (Mary Avery Freeman", Han- 
nah Avery',) married Amos B. Treat of Frankfort, Me. 
Children : 

i. Augustus^^, not living. 

ii. Mary^^, resides at Frankfort, Me. 

iii. Silas P.^^, resides near Boston, Mass. 


Mary Francis Mclntire", (Mary Avery Freeman", Hannah 
Avery*,) married Capt. Henry Eich, Bangor, Me. Children : 

i. Thomas^^, resides near Boston, Mass. 
ii. Susan^2, m. Buck, of Bucksport, Me. ; not living. 


Charlotte Maranda Mclntire" (Mary Amy Freeman", 
Hannah Avery',) married John Dodge, of Chelsea, Mass. 


Mary', second daughter of Major Thatcher and Hannah 

(Atkins) Avery, born at Truro, Apr. 8, 1783, married Syl- 

vanus, son of Joseph, Jr., and Eunice (Kidder) Upham, of 

Dudley, Mass., who was born Feb. 6, 1788, and went (about 

1800) to Castine, Me. Children : 

i. Hannah*^, b. May 17, 1803, who married John Clifton, of 
Salem, where she died aged 35 years. Children : 

1. Hannah Upham", (wife of Benj. P. Ware, of Marblehead), 

b. at Castine, Sept. 16, 1823. Keeps " Clifton House." 

2. Sarah Helenii, (wife of John Payne, of Conn.) One daugh- 

ter: Heleni2, wife of E. B. Taylor, architect, of Boston, 
b. at Salem Nov. 8, 1828. 

3. John Quincy Adams", who died in Boston, 1885. 


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ii. Jeremiah^**, b. , m. Oct. 27, 1831, at Castine, Cor- 
nelia Crawford. Children : 

1. Cornelia Adams^^, married James B. Osgood, of Ellsworth, 

Me., and lives at Washington, D. C. 

2. SnsanU, died in Boston, Dec, 1878. 

3. James Crawford^^ born about 1839, living at Sydney, Cape 

Breton, K. S. 

Capt. Jeremiah Upham^®, master of merchant veasel, 
died at Zanzibar iBJand, Africa, 184-. Cornelia, his 
wife, died at Castine. 
iii. Sylvaniis Kidder^®, born at Castine, Mar. 11, 1811, mar- 
ried Jan. 1, 1839, Marianne (b. Jan. 11, 1819, at 
Castine,) dau. of Barker and Margaret (Perkins) 
Brooks. (Barker Brooks was a native of Scituate, 

In the earlier years of his life, Mr. Upham had 
been a member of both the Congregational and Pres- 
bjterian charch, and after his removal to Dixon, 111., 
in 1853, he became a deacon of the Congregational 
chnrch at that place. At the time of his death, Feb. 
13, 1883, he was engaged in the lumber business 
which he had followed for years. He died at the age 
of 71 years, 11 months, respected by all who knew 

Marianne (Brooks), his wife, was a woman gifted by 
nature with a strong mind and a lovely disposition, 
coupled with great mental attainments, which made 
her a welcome guest in every circle. It was religion, 
however, that invested her character with its greatest 
charm. She was a cheerful, happy, consistent Chris- 
tian, adorning her profession by her beautifnl life. 
After a very painful illness, during which she often 
gaye utterance to expressions of great peace and joy, 
she gently fell asleep, Dec. 30, 1870, aged nearly 
52 years. — From the Upham Record. 

Mr. Upham afterward (1872) married Mrs. 
Angelina Sewell, who survived him. 

1. Margaret Barker'^ (dau. of Sylvanus Kidder'^) 
born at Castine, Nov. 19, 1839, married Nov. 22, 
1859, Dr. Zalmon J. McMaster, of Auburn, N. Y. 
They had one child. Dr. McMaster died at the age 

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of 31, while surgeon of an Illinois regiment (during 
the war of the rebellion) from exposure in caring 
for the wounded on the battle-field after the battle of 
Pittsbni^ Landing. 

His widow again married June 24, 1868, Charles H. 
Wright, of Chicago, (b. Deposit, N. Y., June 24, 
1838,) a journalist and city editor of the Chicago 
Times. A young man of unusual ability, and very 
popular with membera of the Chicago press. He died 
Sept. 10, 1869. 

Margaret (Barker^^) Wright is now living at Cam- 
bridge, Mass., a contributor to current magazine 
and other literature as Margaret Bertha Wright, and 
for a time represented the Art Amateur and other 
American publications in Europe. Children : 

1. Marian Loisi^, bom at Eureka, 111., Jnly 21, 1861, dau. of 

Dr. McMaster, (thongh her name has been legally changed 
to Marian Loia Wright). She was an artist in oil painting; 
m. Prof. Adolphe Cohn, of Harvard College, Apr. 6, 1887, 
d. Feb. 19, 1888, leaving a son: Albert^, b. Feb. 10, 1888. 

2. Charles Henry Conrad^^, b. at Chicago, Nov. 16, 1869, ten 

weeks after his father's death. Is said to be a young man 
of unusual promise, taking a high stand in his class at 
Harvard. Is employed on the Cambridge Tribune. (1891.) 

Frank Kiddei*^S b. at Castine, Me., May 30, 1841, m. Apr. 
1, 1871, Sarah E. Camp, (b. at Filmore, III., Nov. 23, 
1852>) dau. of Harvey and Susan (Southworth) Camp. 
He is a Captain in the First regiment of U. S. cavalry, 
stationed at Fort Custer, Montana. Some years ago 
he compiled a brief history of his branch of the Upham 
family, to which we are indebted for interesting matter 
pertaining to the Avery family. He has been for 
some time engaged in compiling a complete ^^Gen- 
ealogy and Family History of the Uphams." Be- 
sides his labors in this line, he has occasionally 
contributed to the San Francisco Argonaut and the 
Overland Monthly. A comparatively young man yet, 
his life has been a varied and eventful one. His early 
education was obtained in the public schools of Massa- 
chusetts. He afterwards attended a collegiate prepara- 
tory school in Illinois, but went to sea when quite 
young, and was shipwrecked on the coast of Nova 

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Scotia, after croBSiDg the Atlantic id the winter time. 
As early as the age of eighteen, he crossed the plains 
by the overland route to California with his uncle, 
Noah Brooks. (The name of Noah Brooks will be 
recognized as that of a writer for youth, author of 
''The Boy Emigrants;** in this book young Upham 
was the original of one of the characters.) He after- 
wards shared the early mining excitement in Nevada, 
where he was part owner in a quartz mine. It was 
about this time that Mr. Upham was frequently in the 
society of Benjamin Parke Avery, (of whom a notice 
will be found elsewhere) and though knowing nothing 
of their common ancestry, was tilled with admiration 
for him "as a man singularly pure and uncorrupted by 
the California mining life through which he had passed/' 
Mr. Upham entered the army during the war as a 
lieutenant in a California regiment, and at the close of 
the war was mustered out as such ; a few months later 
he was commissioned by the President a Lieutenant of 
Cavalry in the regular array, and has since passed 
through the regular grades to the rank of Captain 
which he has held for some years. On the 5th of 
Nov., 1887., he commanded the troop of cavalry which 
killed the Crow Indian medicine man, called the 
" Sword Bearer," an encounter which, it will be 
i-emembered, attracted some attention at the time in 
the eastern papers. Children : 

1. Frank Brooks^'^, b. Sept. 7, 1872, at Fort Apache, Arizona. 

He. entered the U. S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, Mary- 
land, as a cadet from Montana, Sept., 1H81). 

2. John South worth i-*, b. at Fort Walla Walla, Wash. Ter., 

Nov. 5, 1881. 

3. Ethelbertai^, b. at San Francisco, Cal., Feb. 9, 188il. 

4. Edithii. b. at Fort Walla Walla, May 17, 1884. 

lii. Annie Gay^S b. at East Boston, Mass., Aug. 20, 1845, m. 

Edward Utley, at Dixon, ill., Nov. 27, 18G6, cj. at 

Dixon, June 12, 1867. 
iv. Charles Clifton^S b. at Wobiini, Mass., May 5, 1852, a 

civil engineer. In 1887 was chief engineer of Chicago, 

Burlington & Northern Railroad, living at St. Paul, 

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Minn. Married at Dfxon, 111., Dec. 18, 1883, Anna 
St. John Eells, (b. at Dixon, Nov. 6, I860,) dau. of 
Samuel C. and Anna E. Eells. 


Jane Avery*, (fourth child and third daughter of Major 
Thatcher*,) born at Castine, Me., Jan. 12, 1787, married 
John King Blodget. Children : 

i. Jane Thatcheri^, b. Dec. 3, 1809, ro. and lives in Brooks- 

ville, Me. 
ii. Prudence Atkins'®, b. Sept. 5, 181 1 , m. and lives in Brooks- 

ville, Me. 
iii. Mary George'®, b. Oct. 6, 1813. 
iv. Hannah Avery'®, b. Dec. 2, 1815. 
V. Irene Emerson'®, b. Dec. 21, 1817. 


Mary George Blodget*", married Otis Hatch, Castine, Me., 
Feb. 2, 1834 Children : 

i. Mary J.", b. Nov. 6, 1834. 

ii. Aueiia", b. Feb. 12, 1837. 

iii. Lucy H.", b. Aug. 11, 1839. 

iv. William W.", b. Jan. 30, 1842. 

V. Marietta", b. Dec. 31, 1845. 

vi. Clara", b. Aug. 7, 1849. 

vii. Edward F.'\ b. Jan. 22, 1852. 

Lucy H. Hatch", married Henry B. Bobbins, Jan. 19, 1863. 
Children : 

i. William E.'S b. Oct. 27, 1863. 
ii. Charles C.'S b. July 2, 1867. 
iii. May B.'^, b. Jan. 8, 1872. 

William W. Hatch", married Ella M. Webber, March 8, 
1875. Children : 

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i. Alice B.12, b. Oct. 19, 1875. 

ii. Ernest M.i^ b. Feb. 3, 1877. 

in. Mary p:.»9, b. Nov. 1, 1881. 

iv. Percy W.ia, b. Aug. 29, 1887. 

Marietta Hatch", married J. Hatch Parker, May 3, 1870. 
Children : 

i. Bertie P.^S b. March 15, 1871. 

ii. Lucy B.^a, b. Aug. 14, 1873. 

iii. Nellie M.^a, b. April 16, 1876. 

iv. Otis H.13, b. Sept. 23, 1877. 

V. Carrie E.^^ b. Sept. 13, 1879. 

Clara Hatch", married John K. Rowell, Nov. 2, 1878. 
Children : 

i. MabePa, b. Dec. 9, 1879. 

ii. Clemmie Hatctf^^ \^^ Qct. 10, 1881. 

iii. Ethel K.«, b. March 16, 1888. 


Hannah Avery Blodget", married John Mather, of 
Castine, Me. No children. 

Irene Emerson Blodget*' married Israel L Mather, July 5, 
1840. Children: 

i. Albert I.", b. Brooksville, Me., April 10, 1842. 
ii. Mary J.^^ b. New Brunswick, Nov. 4, 1846, m. April, 
1871, Jacob R. Stuait. No children. 

Albert I. Mather", married Nov. 13, 1866, Augusta C. 
Cunningham. They have one child, Harry A.", born at 
Rockland, Me, May 14, 1872. 


Ruth', sixth daughter of Major Thatcher' and Hannah 
(Atkins) Avery, was born in Castine, Me., April 10, 1796, 
died Jan. 15, 1886, the last surviving child of Major Avery. 

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Jan. 12, 1824, she married Elisha Cbick, Jr., of Frankfort, 
(now Winterport, Me.,) becoming the mother of a large, 
intelligent and well educated posterity. Children : 

. 1. Harriet NewelU^', b. May 2, 1825, m. Charles Abbott, 
M. D., Dec. 23, 1851. 

ii. Henry Franklin^®, b. Nov. 24, 1826, died Nov. 4, 1880. 

ill. Ellen Augusta^®, b. Dec. 22, 1828. 

iv. Rutb Avery»», b. March 26, 1832. 

V. H. Frances^", b. July 3, 1834. 

vi. Jane M.l^ b. Feb. 28, 1836. 


Harriet Newell Chick", (Ruth Avery», Major Thatcher*,) 
married Dr. Charles Abbott, of Winterport, Dec. 23, 1851. 
Children : 

i. Maria^i, b. July 9, 1854. 
ii. Edmund", b. March 12, 1857, now Edmund Abbott, 

M. D., of Providence, R. I. 
iii. Harriet", b. April 21, 1860. 
iv. Daisy^S b. Dec. 8, 1865. 

Dr. Charles Abbott died Aug. 19, 1879. At the time of 
the Civil War, he was surgeon of the 26th Beg. of Maine 
Vols., and never recovered from the effects of army life. 
For thirty years he was a prominent physician at Winter- 
port, (formerly Frankfort) Me. 

Maria Abbott", married Jan. 12, 1873, Tobias J. Thomp- 
son, of Union, Iowa. Children : 

i. Lydia»^ b. Dec. 2, 1873, d. April, 1874. 
ii. Katheriue P.l^ b. March 6, 1875. Present address, Hay 
Springs, Neb. 

Harriet Abbott", married Dec. 20, 1884, James C. Dahl- 
man, Chadron, Nebraska. One child, Buth Irwin", bom 
Sepi 18, 1885. 

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Ellen Augusta Chick", married first, June 16, 1P49, Free- 
man Atwood L&wis. One daughter, Emma Freeman", bom 
July 11, 1852. Married second, Nov. 16, 1859, Thomas Vose, 
a prominent lawyer in Bangor, Maine. Children : 

i. Marion Lewises b. May 4, 1862, d. Apr. 2, 1864. 
ii. Elisha Chick^^, b. Mar. 1, 1864, now married and in Signal 
service, Chicago. 


Buth Avery Chick'*, married June 5, 1856, Rev. Alfred L. 
Skinner, of Bucksport, Maine. Children : 

i. Charles Loring", b. Oct. 27, 1857. 

ii. P'anny Chick^S b. Mar. 14, 1864. 

Charles L. m. July 14, 1888, Alice M. Russell, Water- 
ford, Me. Fanny Cm. Charles M. Hosmer, Bucks- 
port, Me,, Oct. 18, 1888. 

Buth Avery (Chick") Skinner died at Bucksport, May 22, 


H. Frances Chick^^ married April 30, 1857, Edwin W. 
Holbrook, New York city. Children : 

i. Edwin Chick", b. Nov. 13, 1858. 

ii. Grace", b. Oct. 12, 1861. 
iii. Wellington", b. 8epl. 80, 1868. 
iv. « John Byers", b. July 12, 1872. 


Sarah^ seventh daughter and ninth child of Major 

Thatcher" and Hannah (Atkins) Avery, married Oliver 

Parker, of Frankfort, Me., died in Bangor, Nov. 18, 1860. 

Children : 

i. Sarah Avery^®, b. Jan. 1, 1821. 
ii. Lauretteio, b. Oct. 3, 1823. 

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in. Susan R.^\ b. Apr. 13, 1826, died Sept. 13, 1846. 
iv. Ann Judson^o, b. Mar. 27, 1829, died Aug. 14, 1846. 
V. Helenaio, b. Nov. 8, 1833. 

Sarah Avery", oldest daughter of Sarah Avery* and Oliver 
Parker, married Alfred C. Cogswell, M. D. Children : 

i. Alfred Roby", b. Feb. 1, 1860, m. Sept. 20, 1887, Hulah 

Blond, of Halifax, N. S. 
ii. Arthur W.", b. Jan. 12,. 1862, now Dr. A. W. Cogswell, 
Halfax, N. S. 


Laurette", second daughter of Sarah Avery' and Oliver 
Parker, married July 21, 1846, Isaac S. Johnson, of Bangor, 
Me. Children : 

i. Annie Mary", b. Dee. 9, 1847. 

ii. Laurette Elizabeth", b. Nov. 15, 1855, missionary to Van 

iii. Harriet Sargent", b. Jan. 16, 1858. 

Annie Mary Johnson", married Edward H. Clark, of St. 
John, N. B. Pree^ent residence, Dorchester, Mass. Children : 

L Eleanor Parker^^. 
ii. Aura Warwick^^^ 

- Harriet Sargent Johnson", married Edward Steinbach, of 
Crefield, Germany. Present residence, Orange, N. J. One 
child, Edward Sargent'l 


Helena**, fifth daughter of SarAh Avery* and Oliver Parker, 

was bom Nov. 8, 1833, married Sept. 15, 1853, Theodore E. 

Studley. She died Aug. 13, 1866. Children : 

i. Theoline Frances", b. Mar. 4, 1857, d. June 8, 1863. 
ii. Annie Parker", b. Oct. 7, 1859. 
iii. Theodore Alfred, b. May 15, 1866, d. July 30, 1866. 

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John Atkins', known as Major John A- Avery*, tenth child 
and the oldest son of Major Thatcher who married, was 
born at Castine, Me., Feb. 20, 1802, died 1873. His first 
marriage was to Eliza Stevens, Aug., 1823. Children: 

i. Samuel S.l^ b. Jan. 24, 1824. 

ii. George Thatcher***, b. Feb. 9, 1825. 

Hi. Jane E.**, b. June 28, 1827. 

iv. Hannah E.*®, b. Nov. 20, 1829. 

V. Georgianna^o, b. June 4, 1830, probably died young. 

vi. Mary T.>°, b. Jan. 27, 1832. 

vii. Lucy F.*^ b. Dec. 6, 1834. 

viii. Tempie S.*», b. Nov. 11, 1886. 

ix. Sarah ?.>«, b. Nov. 27, 1838, d. 1850. 

X. John Atkins, Jr.***, b. Nov. 9, 1840. 

xi. Phebe P.^^ b. Jan. 22, 1843. 

Major John A. Avery* was a second time married to a Mrs. 
Jones. Had two daughters and one son, not now living. 

Samuel S.", oldest son of Major John Atkins Avery', 
(Major Thatcher*,) born June 24, 1824, married Lydia Per- 
kins, Oct 3, 1845. Died at sea Aug., 1849. 


George Thatcher Avery", second son of Major John', 
(Major Thatcher",) died at Newburyport, Mass., Sept. 20, 
1884. He married. Mar. 4, 1857, Augusta Q. Rohde, Enei- 
derkaufuiigen, Germany. Children : 

i. George F.", b. Castine, Me., Dec. 21, 1858. 

ii. William H.^^, b. Kneiderkaufungen, Germany, 1863; now 
a member of the firm of Saul & Avery, leading gro- 
cers of Tacoma, Wash. Ter. 

iii. Edward Whitney^S b. Indian Ocean, Dec. 21, 1866, on 
board ship J. P. Whitney; now engraver at Tonte 
M'f 'g Co., Newburyport. 

iv. Frank Atkins^^ b. Newburyport, 1868; now with W.H. 
Avery, in Tacoma, Wash. Ter. 

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George F.", oldest son of George Thatcher Avery", mar- 
ried Emma H. de Rochemont, of Newburyport, Mass., Dec. 
7, 1881, and is connected with the Institution for Savings 
at that place. Children : 

i. George F., Jr.'^, b. Jan. 17, 1883. 
11. Charles de R.'^, b. July 30, 1885. 


Jane E", oldest daughter of Major John Avery', married 

Joseph Grindle, of Penobscot, 'Me., Nov. 4, 1852. Died May 

18,1874 Children: 

i. Meluor W.", b. Jan., 1855, m. Oct., 1881, Emor Ward- 
well ; now captain of schooner, 
ii. Edward^ ^ b. July 26, 1857 ; captain of schooner, 
iii. Jennie D.^^ b. Nov., 1859, m. M. Donlen, of Camden, Me. 

Hannah E.^*, second daughter of Major John Avery®, mar- 
ried Charles F. Emerson, Nov., 1856. Besides in Dixon, 111. 


Mary", fourth daughter of Maj. John Avery*, married 
Sept., 1857, Capt. Geo. Westcott, of Castine, Me. Children : 

i. George F.", b. May, 1856; engaged in flour business, 
BnfiPalo, N. Y. Has brother in same business at Port- 
land, Me. 
ii. Josie M.i*, b. May, 1964. 
iii. Archiel^ b. 1866. 
iv. Paulas b. Feb., 1868. 

George F. Westcott", married Ellen Bent, of Paris, 
Me. Children : 

1. Otis B.12, b. Oct. 31, 1881. 

2. Gladys Aurety^^ b. Feb. 14, 1889. 

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Lucy F**., fifth daughter of Major John Avery', married 
Charles Parker. Children : 

i. Sarah E.», b. Sept. 17, 1863, d. Apr. 17, 1869. 
ii. John ^f.", b. Mar.. 21, 1877 ; residence, BrookBville, Me. 


Tempie S.", sixth daughter of Major John Avery', mar- 
ried John B. Wilson, of Portland. Me., who is not now living. 


John Atkins, Jr.", third son and tenth child of Major 
John A. Avery*, married first, Lillie Scott, in 1872. She 
died 1878. Married second, August 31, 1884, Laura Bills, 
of Boston. .Is now employed at Mass. General Hospital, 
Boston, Mass. 


Phebe P.", youngest daughter of Major John Avery*, 
married Jan. 1, 1866, Capi Geo. S. Wilson, of Portland, Me. 
One child, Carrie C", born May 14th, 1875. 


Isaiah Avery*, fourth and last son of Major Thatcher 
Avery", (Job\ Kev. John") b. Feb. 16, 1806, at N. Castine, 
M^. ; maj-ried Feb. 9, 1826, Miss. Sarah Hooper, and 
settled in Exeter, Me. His wife died May, 1844, and in 
1845, he married Hester Ann Benjamin. He was a pro- 
minent man in the community, both in business and 
politics, was a staunch Democrat, held many public offices, 
and in 1849 was elected representative to the Legislature. 
For several years he was connected with the state militia, 
holding the position of Colonel. He took great interest in 

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military tactics, and would undoubtedly have done dis- 
tinguished service for his country in the late civil war, if 
his physicial powers had not given way, and checked him 
in the midst of a career that promised to be brilliant. His 
mental faculties remained as clear as ever till his death, 
which took place at Castine, Me., Aug. 14, 1872, at the age 
of 66 years. Children, by first marriage : 

i. Isaiah Hooper^'>, b. May 17, 1826. 

ii. Sarah Talten^o, b. Nov. 25, 1829. 

iii. Hannah Jane'^, b. Aug. 11, 1830. 

iv. James Thatcher'^, b. July^ 19, 1833. 

V. Mary Ann'®, b. May 13, 1834. 

vi. George F. A.^o, b. Feb. 15, 1836. 

vii. Ada Augusta'®, b. Oct. 3, 1837. 

viii. Lauretta Susan'®, b. Aug. 11,1841. 

ix. Lizzie'®, b. 1843. Died very young. 

Children, by second marriage : 
i. Ruth Chick'o, b. Jan. 21, 1851. 
ii. Anna Pierce'®, b. Sept. 30, 1856. 

Hester Ann (Benjamin) Aver3' died July 20, 1876. 


Isaiah Hooper", eldest son of Col. Isaiah Avery', married 
Sept. 17, 1848, Lydia H. Howard, Straflford, N. H. Children : 

i. Jesse Wallace", b. Oct. 2, 1849. 

ii. Frederick Augustus", b. Dec. 31, 1852, d. Jan. 3, 1854. 

iii. George Franklin", b. April 3, 1854, d. 1885. 

iv. Lydia Jane", b. April 2 J), 1855. 

V. Mary Ellen", b. Dec. 4, 1858. 

vi. James Albert", b. March 19, 1860. 

vii. Emma Isabelle", b. March 16, 1863. Unmarried, 

viii. Dillie Frances", b. May 28, 1866. 

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Jesse Wallace", oldest son of Isaiah Hooper Avery", bom 
at Exeter, Me., Oct. 2, 1849, married at Boston, Mass., 1869, 
Marianna P. Winslow. Children : 

i. Lillian Blanehei', b. July 5, 1871. 

ii. Winslow"*, b. July 3, 1874. 

iii. Bessie May", b. Jan. 29, 1877. 

iv. Louie Clarence", b. Apr. 3, 1879. 

V. Jesse Wallace", Jr., b. July 30, 1881. 

Their present residence is in Cambridgeport, Mass. 


George Franklin", third son of Isaiah Hooper Avery", 
born at Bangor, Me., married first, April 3, 1854, Dora 
Chase, of Corinna, Me., 1874. She died Feb., 1876. Mar- 
ried second, June, 1877, Matilda Colom. One daughter, 
Bertha May", born Nov. 28, 1878. George F. Avery died 
Nov. 8. 1885. 


Lydia Jane", oldest daughter of Isaiah Hooper Avery", 
born Apr. 27, 1855, married first, Dec. 24, 1879, Thomas C. 
Curtis, of Boston, Mass., who died Sepi 15, 1883. Married 
second, Frederick L. Goodrich, Chelsea, Mass., Apr. 21, 188fi. 


Mary Ellen", second daughter of Isaiah Hooper Avery", 
born Dec. 4, 1858, married Aug. 31, 1882, Frank M. Bray, of 
Waldoboro, Me. One child, Frank M. Bray, Jr.", bom July 
22, 1883, died July 16, 1884 


James Albert", fourth son of Isaiah Hooper Avery", bom 
Mar. 19, 1860, married Apr., 1883, Lizzie Jordan of Boston, 

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Mass. Present residence, Chicago, HL One child, James 
Albert, Jr.", bom Nov. 16, 1884 


Dillie Frances", eighth child, fourth daughter of Isaiah 
Hooper Avery", born May 28, 1866, married Sept. 6, 1885, 
George A. Jones, of Auburn, Me. 

Lydia (Howard) Avery died Aug. 21, 1868. Isaiah Hooper 
Avery" married as his second wife, Maria L. Tash. Children : 

i. Ernest Lynza", b. Feb. 9, 1870. 

ii. Esther Edna", b. Aug. 6, 1872. 

ill. Arthur Lewis", b. Aug. 19, 1874. 

iv. Leslie May", b. Nov. 18, 1879. 


Sarah Talton", oldest daughter of Col. Isaiah Avery*, 
married Nov. 6, 1853, E. D. Chapman, Exeter; Me. Children : 

i. George Sumner", b. May 28, 1857, died young. 

ii. Isaiah", b. June 28, 1863. 

iii. Mary Elvena", m. Feb. 22, 1888, Henry W. Peaks, Charles- 
town, Me. One daughter: Sarah Rebecca", b. Dec. 
6, 1888. 


Hannah Jane", second daughter of Col. Isaiah Avery®, 
married Mar., 1867, Daniel Webster, who died at Exeter, 
Me., Oct. 10, 1867. 


James Thatcher", second son of Col. Isaiah Avery*, mar- 
ried Nov. 27, , Ann W. Densmore, of Exeter, Me. One 

Bon, John Densmore", born Nov. 19, 1857. 

Ann (Densmore) Avery died Dec. 18, 1863. James Thatch- 
er Avery" died June 31, 1883. 

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Mary Ann", third daughter of Col. Isaiah Avery', married 
Benj. F. Porter, Dixmont, Me. She died at Dixmont, July 
24,1869. Children: 

i. Fred AugusUiB", b. Mar. 25, 1862, iq. Mrs. Aurisaa L. 

Palmer. One daughter : Marjorie Tibbetts". 
ii. Laura Jane", b. Oct. 16, 1863. 


Capt Geo. F. A", third son of Col. Isaiah Avery', mar- 
ried August 21, 1864, Maria P. Eatoji, of Newburgh, Me. 
Children : 

i. Mary Emma", b. July 15, 1865. 

ii. Irving Abbott", b. 1871, residence Exeter, Me. 


Ada Augusta", fourth daughter of Col. Isaiah Avery% 
married Oct. 24, 1858, Moses H. Lufkin, of Sedgwick, Me. 
Children : 

i. Clarence W.", b. Feb. 9, 1860, d. Apr. 7, 1860. 
ii. George Edgar^i, b. Mar. 27, 1861. 
iii. Grace Glenwoodi*, b. June 28, 1863. 


Laurette Susan", fifth daughter of Col. Isaiah Avery', 
married Sept. 1, 1865, Frank Hooper, Castine, Me. — 

i. Gertrude Frances^^ b. June 6, 1867. 
ii. Frank Edward'S b. Dec. 7, 1874, d. June 22, 1875. 


Ruth Chick*", first child of Col. Isaiah Avery* (by second 
marriage,) married April 11, 1874, Frank G. Prescott, Exeter, 
Maine, . 

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OeOrgE Av^Fiy. BoHM 1759; Djeo I8B6. 


V --''*/• .^I'V '-'^i,. ._ 'V'lTlL Ih '• . > 

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6E0RGE AVERY*, eighth child and fifth son of Job' and 
Jean (Thatcher) Avery, was born in Truro, Mass., Jan. 
23, 1759.* He married Jan. 11, 1789, Mary Sanborn, of 
Hawke, (now Danville), N. H. His early life was eventful, 
being taken prisoner by the Indians, at the time of the 
French and Indian war. From an obituary of him, written 
by his son, Ebenezer', which appeared at the time of his 
death, which occurred within two days of his ninety-eighth 
birthday, we take the following: — 

*' Mr. Avery left home when quite a young man, and became a 
soldier in the war of the Revohition, enduring many hardships, 
and passing through* many of the exciting scenes of that stormy 
period. He was truly patriotic throughout his long life, and it is 
believed, voted at every Presidential election after the formation 
of the government. In the autumn before his death, he went five 
miles to vote for Fremont and Dayton, — so strong was his inter- 
est in the oppressed, as well as his desire for the triumph of 
Republican principles.*' 

His faculties were remarkably well preserved to the day 
of his death. Within a few months of his ninetieth birth- 
day, he performed the journey from his home in New 
Hampshire, to the home of one of his sons near Boston, 
almie^ and while there, if the writer remembers correctly, 
selected and purchased a Sunday School Library. For 
many years he had been in the habit of occasionally visiting 
his children and cousins in Boston and vicinity, and in his 
eighty-sixth year made his last visit to Truro, Mass., going 


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over with great interest the scenes of his boyhood. The 
visits of "Uncle George" are still remembered with pleas- 
ure by many in the place. A Baptist by profession, his 
religious character was strongly marked, he himself attrib- 
uting the depth of his convictions in this direction, to his 
peculiar and trying experiences when taken captiye by the 
Indians in his twenty-first year. When too old to labor, he 
spent much of his time in reading and writing, mostly on 
religious subjects. He left numerous manuscripts, and 
some printed essays, more especially for distribution among 
his children, which show, for a^man of nearly ninety, quite 
a steady hand, and considerable vigor of thought. Among 
these is an account of his " Tryals and Captivity," which, we 
believe, will be quite as interbsting to other branches of the 
family as to his own immediate descendants. We therefore 
give his most complete and full account of it : 

"I was twenty-one years old Jan. 23, 1780. I had left my 
parents' care and their good rules and admonitions. I was an 
unsteady youth and leaving strict discipline, seemed to be set more 
at liberty from its yoke. This was in the time of the Revolu- 
tionary War that separated the American provinces from Great 
Britain. I was a soldier, stationed at Medford, Ct., that winter. 
The next summer in August I was in Sharon, Vt., clearing land, 
intending to be a farmer. A giddy youth with vain expectations 
to be something in the world. I was too regardless of the Sab- 
bath, lived a careless, loose life with other young comrades of the 
same cast which I resided with, occupied in the same way. One 
Sabbath, forgetting the day of the week, we were at work husking 
corn. An old lady passed by us with solemn countenance agoing 
to meeting. She neverjchid us, but I began to think there was 
something wrong, and told my mates I guessed it was Sabbath 
day. Why? they replyed. My reply was the old lady had on her 
Sabbath day mouth. It was my rudeness ; although I had strong 
convictions of our carelessness in forgetting the Sabbath, I felt 
not so light as I made to appear. It was not the way I was 
brought up, which caused some reflections on my past conduct and 

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brought tears to my eyes. We left our work for that Sabbath. 
The uight following I slept with my comrades on the floor of the 
shantee. I dreamed that I was beset by serpents, the most hid- 
eous and numerous that I ever saw, and awoke in a horrible 
fright ; but my fears soone vanished and I was soone asleepe 
again, and dreamed I was beset by Indians, and as frightfully 
awakened as before ; but having no faith in dreams, my fears 
soone vanished. It was now broad daylight. That morning I 
went to a neighbour, for our bread, while my mates cooked 

When I returned I met my companions, affrighted, running 
to the woods, but I did not apprehend so much danger as they 
• did from Indians. I thought of going to the camp and saving my 
cloaths. I made light of* it and told them I would get my break- 
fast first. I went and got my cloaths and hid them ; I but tasted 
the breakfast. I saw others flying for safety and spoke to one. 
He said some had turned to go and fight the Indians. I thought 
of going a very short distance from us and I should know if they 
had ; but turning a few rods I was surprised by the sight of two 
Indians very near me, — the foremost one with tomohok in hand. 
We were face to face. Suddenly both stopped. He waved his 
hand, "Come ! Come ! " I answered the Indian, come^ and took 
to my heels and ran for escape. I followed the road on the river 
bank but a little ; jumped into the bushes on its bank out of his 
sight and made for foarding the river. 

The two followed me ; the tomohok one caught me in the 
back of the collar of my cloaths and gave me a few blows with 
his instrument, and a few greeting words, "How, How! " (that 
is Run, Run !) Here I was as really affrighted as I was in my 
dreams but a few hours before, but the dreams did not here occur 
to my mind. 

The two Indians stripped me of my outside garments. I being 
lame at that time, they took me by each arm and I ran between 
them to return to their company which they left, that were des- 
troying houses and cattle and had taken other prisoners. 

They had killed two of the inhabitants in pursuing them. 
They spent the day in killing and burning property. The night 
they encamped neare the place of their destruction. This first 
encampment was in Randolph Woods, the 16 of Oct. 1780. 
About 350 Indians and 26 prisoners. The Indians made fiers 

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and shelters of Hemlock boiiglis to encamp by for the night, as 
many as 20 or more. The prisoner had different masters at 
different camps. Tlie prisoners were stripped of outer garments 
by their masters and collected at the chief officers' encampment. 
We stood huddled together, the fier between us and the officers. 
An Indian came to a prisoner, took him by the hand to lead him 
off. The head^ officer told the prisoner to go with him and bade 
him farewell. A prisoner near b}' me whispers me, "I believe 
he will, in another world." I asked why. He replied, " He had 
continental cloaths and was a soldier when taken.*' By this I 
was frightened. 

Tl^en others were led off in the same way. I think my turn 
might be about the 6 or 7th. Judge, reader, if you can, my 
feelings, for I am not able to express them in an}' other way but 
by confusion in thoughts like one to die violently. I expect I 
became quite frantick. When I was led a short distance thi'ough 
woods to the camp where the Indians were cooking all looked 
calm and peaceable to my view and astonishment. The frantick 
thought struck my mind : " They'll fat me before they kill me." 
Soone, however, they brought a strong belt to bind me, aimed it 
at my body to put it around me, then took me to a booth (or 
shelter.) I was laid down under it, feete to the fier, stakes 
driven down in the ground each side of me and my belt tied 
to them. 

Thus I was staked to the ground ! To look up, there were 
long Indian knives fastened to the boughs. 

This condition looked frightful, but I had gone through the 
greatest. 8 till here is no safety. They gave me here of their 
supper, but I cannot tell the rclisii of it. That night after supper 
4 Indians lay on my belt that tied me to the stakes, two upon 
each side of me so that I could no move but that they all wonld 
feel the belt move. When I looked at the fier there was the 
guard, an Indian smoking. • In the morning the Vermont Militia 
routed them. They fired on the Indian outguard. The Indians 
in confusion aud rage unstakcd their prisoners. My belt was 
taken and put round my neck, and tied to a sapling, another I 
saw bound to a tree, while they packed up. Their eyes looked 
like wild fire, one uttered to his prisoner, '* bumpy! bumpy?" 
(death at hand.) After they were ready to march, I was loosed 
from the sapling, loaded with a i)ack, and led by the halter on my 

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neck by my leader with a tomobok in bis hand, we followed after 
the file leader. 

Each master of a priBoner, (as I learned afterwards), bad 
orders to kill his prisoner, if closely pursued, and then they could 
take their flight from their enemies in the woods. In this case, 
no one could predict the result. Life and death are set before us. 
Here must follow a multitude of thoughts which none can know 
save by experience. 

Many vain wishes I had in this unreconciled state. ^^ Oh, that 
I were nothing, that they could not torment my body!" Then, 
again, *' Why is it thus with me?" (It seemed, according to the 
circumstances wiicn I was taken, I might have got out of the way.) 
Now my dreams rushed into my mind. This made me feel that 
there was an over-ruling Providence. I immediately felt I had to 
do with my Maker, God. 1 felt in bis band a guilty sinner. I 
compared myself like unto a bullock, unaccustomed to the yoke. 
Such feelings I never had before. My sins rolled over me as the 
wave4 of the sea roll one wave after another, till I was over- 
whelmed. It seemed " He told me all that ever I did." I felt 
the evil of my life, and the Divine Justice of Providence. I was 
still as to murmuring against God. I was calmed in mind. I 
saw these circumstances were overruled by God, the Indians could 
do no more than they were permitted to do by Him. I felt that 
even if they were permitted to kill me, I could look them calmly 
in the face. 

I had at this time the Holy Bible and Watts* Hymn book in my 
bosom, which I took from a house that the Indians burned in 
Royalton. The other prisoners aisd myself used often to read and 
meditate upon them in our journey. The Indians would take 
them from me to see what I bad, and return them. In one of our 
halts, on reading the 88th Psalm, it seemed so applicable to our 
case that we shed many tears. We had no where to lo >k but to 
God in our trouble. 

I traveled with the Indians five days, having been taken by 
them on Monday, Oct. 16. We came to Lake Cham plain on Fri- 
day, the 20tb, at Colchester, and crossed over to Grand Isle that 
day. . On Saturday we went down the Lake from Grand Isle to 
the Isle Noir, tarried there that night for refreshment. On the 
Sabbath we anived at St. John's, Canada. I was dressed droUy. 
I had on an Indian blanket with my head poked through a hole in 

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the middle, the blanket hanging in folds round my body, a high 
peaked cap on ray head, and my face painted with red stieaks. — 
With my complexion dingy from their smoky fires, I looked very 
much like an Indian. The refugees at St. John came to the group 
where I sat, to buy, looking at me, one says to his mate : '* Is that 
an Indian?'* The mate replies, " No, his hair is not Indian." 

On this day, — Sabbath — the Indians take up their march, 
many of them very drunk. I was taken by my Indian master to 
Cahnawagoga, his home. We arrived on Monday or Tuesday. 
I tarried at my keeper's two or more days, when all the party of 
Indian scouts came in. Then the Sachem Tommo came to ray 
quarters, and when I had been decked with wampum and neatly 
painted up, he took me to the center of the village, where the 
Indians and squaws were gathered round. I was placed on a seat 
at the Chief's feet while he made a speech over me to his audi- 
ence. I sat in suspense, not knowing his language or designs. I 
feared I was to rnu the gauntlet, or meet some other evil. But 
my suspense soon ended. I wns led off by an Indian lad past the 
spectators to the doore of a house, and met by squaws with a 
blanket and hat, and water and soap to wash me, and found that 
was to be the place of my residence. There I found another 
young man, a prisoner. I enquired of him if he understood the 
meaning of this last manoeuver I had passed through. lie said 
he did, that he had experienced the same, and that by this cere- 
mony, we had both been adopted to fill the places of two Indians 
who had recently died there. 

Afterwards, in the same day's ceremonies, the Indians displayed 
the scalps of our fellow prisoners, whom they had killed, which 
was a very affecting sight. 

I lived with the Indians something like six or seven weeks, 
when my owner belonging to another tribe came for me, and took 
me to Montreal in order to get his bounty for me. I was dressed 
decently to follow him by two old squaws. As soon as I was sold 
and delivered to the British a prisoner, I was stripped to the shirt 
by my former Indian owner, and then taken to the guaixl house. 
Here they covered me with an old thin blanket — (this was in Ihe 
last of November) — and kept me under guard with naught to 
eat for two days, before an order was issued for my rations. 

From there I was taken to Grant's Island, near the city. A 
rainy night followed, the other piisoners were kept in tents, but 

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we had no tent pitched, and rolled ourselves in the tent cloth to 
pass a cold wet night. I never drew rations on the Island. I 
complained to the officers of a lameness that was troubling me, 
and was carried half starved to the Hospital the next day. 

Here I experienced a severe sickness and all but death, but the 
goodness of God raised me to health, and preserved me through 
scenes of trouble. For about twenty months I was a prisoner to 
the British in Canada, passing through many vicissitudes, and 
doomed to many disappointments. 

After being exchanged I was landed with a cartel of prisoners 
at the head of Lake Champlain, at what is now Whitehall, New 
York. Thence I traveled on foot to Windsor, Connecticut, to my 
sister's, and was welcomed with surprise and gladness, for they 
knew nothing but that I had been scalped — for by mistake my 
name had been returned and published as dead. I tarried at 
Windsor through that summer and wrote to my parents at Truro, 
Mass. On the first of ISeptember following, I sett out for Truro, 
and arrived in the neighborhood of my father's house, I sent a 
neighbor to notify my parents that their lost one had arrived, not 
to shock them too suddenly. 

Who can describe the emotions of parents, especially of a 
mother, in such circumstances. How humble and thankful to God 
the son who had been delivered from death, yea, the prospect of a 
violent death. I cannot describe tbe scene. 

I write of this meeting myself, this 7th day of Sept., A. D. 
1845. It occurred at about the same time in the month of Sept., 
1782 — now 63 years ago — and I feel yet those emotions and 
cannot help the teai*s gushing from mine eyes. 

Geo. Avery." 

The children of George" and Mary (Sanborn) Ayery, were 
twelve in number, all born at Plainfield, N. H. : 

i. Samuel®, b. June 17, 1787. 

ii. Joseph®, b. Jan. 14, 1789, d. Sept. 20, 1805. 

iii. Thatcher®, b. Aug. 17, 1790. 

iv. Mary®, b. Oct. 15, 1792. 

V. Betsey®, b. May 26, 1795. 

vi. Ruth®, b. Oct. 8, 1796, d. Sept. 24, 1801, when about 5 
years old. 

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vii. George^, b. March 24, 1798. 
viii. Sarah^, b. Nov. 20, 1800. 

ix. Salome^, b. July 21, 1802. 

X.. Davids, b. Feb. 17, 1804. 

xi. Jonathan®, b. July 11, 1806. 
xii. Ebenezei-o, b. Sept. 28, 1808. 


Samuel', oldest child and son of George" and Mary (San- 
born) Avery, (Job', Rev. John',) married Nov. 29, 1821, 
Mercy Wood, born at Cornish, N. H., March 4, 1797. 
Children : 

i. Emily M.^o, b. Plainfield, N. H., June 80, 1823. 

ii. Susan W.»o, b. Plainfield, N. H., Jan. 15, 1825. 

iii. Julia Ann*®, b. Plainfield, May 7, 1827. 

iv. Samuel Atkins*®, b. Plainfield, Oct. 16, 1830. 

V. George Thatcher*®, b. April 16, 1836. 

Samuel Avery died at the old homestead in Plainfield, 
N. H., March 28, 1864. Mercy (Wood) Avery died at the 
same place, Aug. 9, 1862. 


Emily M.", oldest daughter and child of Samuel* and 
Mercy (Wood) Avery, married Nov. 15, 1849, Henry A. 
Prichard, born at New Ipswich, N. H., April 10, 1816. 
Children : 

i. Charles H.**, b. Newton, Mass., Oct. 3, 1850. Unmarried, 
ii, James F.", b. Newton, April 16, 1852, d. Dec. 15, 1867. 
iii. Walter R.", b. Brookliue, Mass., Feb. 24, 1855, d. Oct. 

9, 1868. 
iv. Amelia B.", b. Green Garden, 111., Oct. 15, 1857, d. 

Sept. 3, 1858. 
V. Susie L.^*, b. Green Garden, March 22, 1860, m. Samuel 
W. Clark, Cornish, N. H.; June 12, 1879, has two 
children : 

i. Leon D.12, b. July 17, 18S0. 
ii. Maurlceii, b April 25, 1889. 

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Susan W.", second daughtier of SamneP and Mercy 
(Wood) Avery, married Nov. 26, 1846, Samuel C. Eussell, 
bom at St John, N. B., Aug. 4 1823. Children: 

i. Emily A.", b. Cambridgeport, Mass., Sept. 7, 1847, d. 

Aug. 9, 1849. 
ii. Samuel A.", b. Cambridgeport, July 22, 1850. 
iii. Mary J.", b. Green Gardeu, 111., Nov. 10, 1856. 
iv. John W.", b. Green Garden, III., Nov. 16, 1860. 

v. Emma L.", b. Green Garden, 111., Jan. 2, 1868. 

Susan yf. (Avery^'j Russell died at Clarion, Iowa, Sept. 23, 
1890, aged 66 years. 

Samuel A.", oldest son of Samuel and Susan (Avery*®) 
Eussell, married Nov. 22, 1877, Abbie Meacham, of Wilton, 
HL Children : 

i. Charles S.^», b. Jan. 28, 1880. 
ii. Susan^a^ b. May 7, 1882. 

Mary J. Russell", married Charles Andrew, Green Gar- 
den, ni., Oct. 23, 1879. Children : 

i. Susan E.^^, b. Oct. 23, 1880. 

ii. Samuel W.^^^ b. Feb. 19, 1882. 

iii. Mabel E.*^ b. May 3, 1884. 

iv. Grace L.^^, b. Aug. 30, 1887. 

John W. Russell", married Emma J. Heath, Lake Iowa, 
March 17, 1886. Children : 

i. Bertram A.^^^ b. Nov. 28, 1886. 
ii. William G.^^^ b. Aug. 3, 1889. 

Emma L. Russell", married John H. Braden, Dayton, 
Iowa, April 8, 1886. Children : 

i. Earl H.^^, b. Feb. 13, 1887. 
ii. Eva E.^2, b: Nov. 19, 1888, d. July 15, 1889. 

Digitized by 




Julia Ann", third daughter of SamueP and Mercy (Wood) 
Avery, married Aug. 29, 1860, Norman Hebard, born at 
Lebanon, N. H., Sepi 16, 1819. Children : 

i. Ellen C", b. Cornish, N. H., August 1, 1861. 
ii. Abbie R.", b. Cornish, N. H., July 24, 1870. 

Ellen C. Hebard", married Daniel O. Eaton, Dec. 25, 
1879. One child : Guy H.", born 1881. 


Samuel A.", fourth child and oldest son of SamueP and 
Mercy (Wood) Avery, married Sept. 6, 1855, Frances Wight- 
man. One child, Alfred F. Atkins, born at Green Garden, 
m., June 3, 1857, married Sepi 6, 1880, Florence E. Dego. 
Two children. 

Samuel A.*" died at Chicago, April 23, 1861. 


George T.^^ fifth child and second son of SamueP and 
Mercy (Wood) Avery, married May 31, 1860, Helen M. 
Eggleston, born at Plainfield, N. H., Oct. 23, 1835. One 
child, Willie H.", born at Plainfield, Sept. 23, 1867, married 
Nov. 27, 1890, Maud N. Davis, born at Plainfield, K H., 
Aug. 2, 1869. Have a daughter, Alta M.", born Oct 21, 1891. 


Thatcher*, third son of George* and Mary (Sanborn) 

Avery, (Job', Eev. John',) married April 18, 1825, Juliann 

Lyman, born June 22, 1807. Children : 

i. Lyman^ b. Apr. 29, 1826, d. Sept. 11, 1827. 
ii. Elijah L.^ b. Aug. 17, 1828, d. Nov. 16, 1831. 

Digitized by 



iii. Mary S.^ b. Mar. 6, 183U, d. Nov. 12, 1831. 

iv. George^S b. Aug. 18, 1832. 

V. Sarah^ b. July 4, 1834, d. Mar. 4, 1839. 

vi. Irene L.^ b. Oct. 6, 1839. 

vii. Hollis L.^ b. Dec. 13, 1841. 

Thatcher Avery died at Strongsville, April 27, 1875, aged 
nearly 85 years. His wife, Juliann (Lyman) Avery, died 
Sept. 3, 1889, aged 82. Mr. Avery left his native New 
Hampshire hills when means of locomotion were so limited 
that he traveled the distance from there to Ohio with a 
team of oxen. His son thinks he traveled the road back 
and forth in this way several times. From an obituary at 
the time of his death, we quote : — 

"Died at Strongsville, Ohio, Apr. 27, 1775, of heart disease, 
Thatcher Avery, at the advanced age of nearly 85 years. He was 
one of the early settlers of the township, was born in Plainfield, 
N. H., in 1790. Late in the Fall of 1817^ he came to strongs- 
ville, which had been surveyed a year or two previous, and a few 
families preceded him some months. He, with Wheeler Cole, a 
yonng man who came in with him, took up land, built a cabin, and 
kept house together in true pioneer style. In 1825, he married 
Juliann Lyman, daughter of P^lisha Lyman, P2sq., who was one 
of the first on the ground. Mr. Avery continued to live on 
his original farm until about two years ago, when he removed with 
his son to another part of the town. 1h 1827, he with his wife, 
united with the first Congregational church, which was organized 
immediately on the settlement of the town. He was a consistent, 
upright man and Christian, always disposed to think disparagingly 
of himself, and feeling a deep sense of his own un worthiness, as 
contrasted with the exalted character of the Divine Redeemer, in 
whom was all his hope and trust. The loss of his sight for a few 
years past, which rendered him unable to read or recognize coun- 
tenances, was a severe trial. The nature of his disease led him 
to expect sudden death. He was in usual health, and on the last 
afternoon of his life he rode several miles, and made a number of 
calls, remarking to his wife that he should probably ride with her 
not many more times. He took his supper as usual, and about 
nine o'clock retired for the night. Half an hour or more after, 

Digitized by 



his wife went to tlie .room for the purpose of retiring to rest, and 
saw that he seemed quietly sleeping, but thinking that he looked 
paler than usual, she went to him, and found him gone. The eyes- 
aud mouth were closed as in natural sleep, and he had passed 
away apparently without a struggle or a groan. ^'Blessed are th& 
dead who die in the Lord." 


George^*', third son of Thatcher* and Juliann (Lyman) 

Avery, married Mar. 5, 1861, Elecia S. Fleming, born Aug. 

26, 1836. Children : 

i. KllaG.", 1). Nov. 30, 1861. 
ii. Hollis F.", h. May 15, 1863. 
iii. Harrison B.", b. July 17, 1865. 

Elecia (Flenfing) Avery died Feb. 28, 1880. George A.'"^ 
was again married Jan. 30, 1883, to Frances Goodrich, born 
May 24, 1842. Present residence, Herscher, 111. 

Ella G. Avery" married Feb. 17, 1885, John Charles 
Slater, born Jan. 28, 1860. They have one son. Earl 
Charles", born Dec. 6, 1888: 

Hollis F. Avery" married Oct. 21, 1888, Maggie Ann 
Slater, born Aug. 25, 1868. 

Irene L."*", third daughter of Thatcher* and Juliann (Ly- 
man) Avery, married May 7, 1868, Samuel Carpenter, Kan- 
kakee, 111. She died Sept. 11, 1871, leaving no children. 

Hollis L.", fourth son of Thatcher® and Juliann (Lyman) 
Avery, married Nov. 13, 1869, Emily O. Holbrook, of Colum- 
bia, Conn. Children : 

i. Josephine Estelle", b. Feb. 10, .1871. 
ii. Bertha Irene", b. Feb. 13, 1875. 
iii. Mabel Ruth", b. Dec. 10, 1882. 

Present residence, Hadley, Pa. 

Digitized by 




Mary Avery', oldest daughter of George and M arj' (San- 
bom) Avery, (Geo^ge^ Job'), born Oct. 16, 1792, married 
May 29, 1814, at Plainfield, N. H., David Souther, bom at 
Cohasset, Mass., Mar. 11, 1781. Children : 

i. Nathan^ b. July 25, 1816. 

ii. . Joseph^ b. Jan. 14, 1818. 

iii. Mary A.^ b. Apr. 9, 1820. 

iv. George F.'^ b. Feb. 5, 1823. 

V. Salome A.^ b. Feb. 28, 1824. 

vi. Samantlia^% b. May 11, 1828. 

Mary (Avery») Souther died June 12, 1872. David Souther 
died April 4, 1852. 


Nathan Souther*", son of Mary (Avery^) and David Souther, 
married July 4, 1843, Harriet Cole, b. May 6, 1823. Chil- 

i. Ellen", b. at Lowell, Vt., June 7, 1844. 

ii. Daniel Fostei-iS b. at Lowell, Vt., Oct. 14, 1847; died 


iii. Wilbur", b. at Lowell, Vt., June 21, 1849. 

iv. Sarah Lucelia", b. at Lowell, Vt., June 18, 1855. 

v. Darwin Winfieldl^ b. at Lowell, Vt., Mar. 11, 1859. 

vi. Edith Alma", b. at Lowell, Vt., Aug. 13, 1861. 

Nathan Souther^^ died at Lowell, Vt, Jan. 18, 1877. 

Ellen Souther", oldest daughter of Nathan^® and Harriet 
(Cole) Souther, married Oct. 6, 1869, E. C. Fowler, and died 
May 25, 1881, leaving one child, tiester Alma", born Oct. 
9, 1876. 

Wilbur Souther" married Nellie C. Case, Mar. 2, 1881. 
Had one child, Wilman A"., born May 1, 1885. Nellie 
(Case) Souther, died May 3, 1885. 

Digitized by 



Sarah Lucelia Souther", married June 29, 1874, C. ML 
Perkins. Children : 

i. Ada M.12, b. Nov. 27, 1875. 
ii. Lena May^», b. June 16. 1878. 
iii. Ralph^a, b. Feb. 16, 1885. 

Darwin Winfield Souther" is now living at Fort Logan, 
Montana. Edith Alma" married Nov. 16, 1887, W. B. Bisbee. 


Joseph A-", son of Mary (Avery") and David Souther, mar- 
ried first, at Lowell, Vi, Nov. 18, 1846, Mary A- Woods. 
One child, Lucy A ", born Jan. 14, 1848, (unmarried.) Mary 
A. (Woods) Souther died Feb. 22, 1853. Married second, 
Sept. 21, 1853, Mrs. Hannah (Davis) Albee, of Westfield, 
Vt. ; died Oct. 30, 1880. Children : 

i. George H.", b. Nov. 15, 1854. 
ii. C. Hartleyii, b. April 19, 1869. 

Married third, Mrs. Maria S. (Whitaker) Holt, of Derby, 
Vt., Oct. 15, 1883. No children. 


George H.", son of Joseph A." and Hannah (Albee) 
Souther, married Zelta L. Hines, of Lowell, Vt., Sepi 30, 
1880. One child, Florence G.»^ born July 18, 1881. George 
H.", died May 6, 1883, and his wife Zelta L. died Feb. 12, 
1887. Their daughter resides with her grandfather at Mor- 
risville, Vt. 


Mary A- Souther", daughter of Mary (Avery") and David 
Souther, married April 14, 1849, Orville T. Eaton, born Feb. 
27,1816. Children: 

Digitized by 



i. Charles", b. Nov. 4, 1852 ; died May 18, 1865. 

ii. Emma A.^^, b. Oct. 25, 1855. 

iii. Geoi^e Freddy^S b. Nov. 24, 1857 ; d. July 6, 1858. 

iv. Exom", b. Nov. 23, 1860. 

Emma A." married Elmer J. Moulton, Jan. 18, 1887. One 
son, bom Oct. 28, 1888. 

Exom'S son of Mary A-" (Sonther) and Orville T. Eaton, 
married June 8, 1892, Lurretta L. Cobb, born Oct. 12, 1869. 


George Fred", son of Mary (Avery*) and David Souther, 
married Sept. 15th, 1846, Fidelia E. Johnson, b. Dec. 29, 
1820, of Cornish, N. H. Child : 

i. Lucia A.^S b. Plainfield, N. H., April 23, 1848, m. Jan. 2, 
1890, Forest E. Burke, Sharon, Vt. 

Mr. Souther took up his residence in Eandolph, Vt., over 
thirty years ago, where he still resides, a well-to-do thrifty 


Salome A- Souther", daughter of Mary (Avery*) and 
David Souther, married Oct. 29, 1844, William P. Johnson. 
Children : 

i. Jane L.", b. Feb. 26, 1846. 

ii. Arabelle F.", b. Nov. 30, 1848. 

iii. Frank L.", b. Sept. 24, 1852. 

iv. Eddie E.^S b. Aug. 5, 1858. 

Jane L.", daughter of Salome A." (Souther) and William P. 
Johnson, married Sept. 12, 1871, Freeman A- Johnson. 
Children : 

i. Alvah F.^S b. July 26, 1872. 
Ji. Eben M.^S Feb. 1, 1874. 
*iii. Mary 8.12, b. May 14, 1876. 

Digitized by 



Frank L.", married Dora A. Chase, Dec. 25, 1876. One 
daughter, Marjorie May", born May 7, 1882. 

Ed. E. Johnson", married Annie Isabelle Lear, Nov. 26, 
1885. Children : 

i. Darwin B.^9, b. Oct. 1, 1886. 
ii. Charles Wm.12, b. Feb. 8, 1890. 


Samantha Souther", daughter of Mary (Avery*) and David 
Souther, married Sept. 14, 1846, George L. Cole, of Plain- 
field, N. H. Children : 

i. Willis George", b. Plainfield, N. H., Nov. 21, 1848. 

ii. Mary E.»i, b. Plaiufield, N. H., June 19, 1854. 

iii. PJIBe M.»i, b. Plainfield, N. H., August 9, 1856. 

iv. Julia S.", b. Plainfield, N. H., Nov. 10, 1857. 

V. Elmer S.", b. Cornish, N. H., May 28, 1865. 

vi. Burt S.^S b. Cornish, N. H., March 7, 1871. Unmarried. 

Willis G.", son of Samantha** (Souther) and George L. 
Cole, married June 12, 1870, Julia Huggins, who died March 
11, 1879. Children : 

i. Frank C.l^ b. June 2, 1871. 
ii. Edith May^S b. Dec. 14, 1876. 

Married second, June 29, 1879, Meridan, N. H., Nizula 
Bixby. Children : 

i. Elmer E.i^, b. Feb. 28, 1882. 
ii. Flossie P:thel>2, b. Jan. 15, 1886. 

Mary E.", daughter of Samantha" (Souther) and George L. 
Cole, married June 19, 1876. Children : 

i. Lou", b. Aug. 25, 1885, d. March 2, 1887. 
ii. May IsabeP^^ b. June 17, 1887. 

Reside at Chesterfield, N. H. 

Digitized by 



Julia S.", daughter of Samantha" (Souther) and George 
L. Cole, married Jan. 7, 1873, Lucien T. Spaulding. One 
child, Maud E.^% born Feb. 4, 1876. 

Elmer S.", son of Samantha^'' (Souther) and George L. 
Cole, married Dec. 25, 1885, Effie Hart. Children: 

i. Alice May^2^ b. Jan. 16, 1887. 
ii. Ruth H.12, b. May 15, 1888. 
iii. Herman S.'^, b. Jan. 3, 1892. 


Betsey^ fifth child and second daughter of George" and 
Mary (Sanborn) Avery, married May 7, 1820, Samuel 
Morgan. Children : 

i. Ann B.'o, b. Mar. 2, 1821. 

ii. Thatcher Averyi«, b. Cornish. N. H., Oct. 10, 1823. 

iii. Henry Bryant^", b. Cornish, N. H., Aug. 19, 1826. 

iv. Rnth A. 10, b. Cornish, N. H., Ang, 25, 1828. 

V. David Avery^o, b. at Cornish, N. H., Oct. 12, 1830. 

vi. George Frank'o, b. at Cornish, N. H., May 29, 1839. 

Samuel Morgan died Nov. 15, 1848. Betsey (Avery') 
Morgan afterward married David Stone. She was fatally 
injured while changing cars at Dover, N. H., Nov. 23, 1859, 
and died the next day. 


Ann B.", oldest child of Betsey (Avery*) and Samuel 
Morgan, married Grin Sanborn, of Springfield, N. H. 
Within less than a month he died, and in a few years she 
followed him, dying on the 5th of July, 1848. 


Thatcher Avery'", second child and first son of Betsey 
(Avery*) and Samuel Morgan, (George", Job"), married March 
7, 1848, Anstis M. Pellet, of North Brookfield, Mass., born 
Jan. 25, 1823. Children : 


Digitized by 



i. Charles Henry", b. at No. Brookfield, Apr. 3, 1850 v d. 

Apr. 3, 1851. 
ii. Sarah Elizabeth", b. at No. Brookfield, Sept. 10, 1852 ; d. 

at Oakham, Mass., Mar. 7, 1872. 
iii. Jessie Averj^^ b. No. Brookfield, Apr. 23, 1856. 
iv. Lucy Edmands^J, b. at Oakham, Dec. 10, 1860. 
V. John Pellet", b. at Oakham, May 14, 1863; d. Aug. 15, 


Thatcher A very Morgan" died at Oakham, Mass., Feb. 9, 

Jessie Avery Morgan^', is prominent in the work of the 
Young Woman's Christian Temperance Union, is one of its 
three National Organizers, and for several years State 
Superintendent of the work in Ohio. Nov. 19, 1891, she 
married Bev. Edwin M. Pickop, of Bloomfield, Conn. They 
have one child, a son, bom Dec. 31, 1892. 

Lucy Edmands^^ is a teacher in the public schools of 


Henry Bryant", second son of Betsey (Avery*) and Samuel 
Morgan, married Martha A. Jones, at Lawrence, Mass., Feb. 
17,1855. Children: 

i. William Heury", b. at Tnftonboro, N. H., Oct. 5, 1855. 

ii. George Edwin^S b. at Tnftonboro, N. H., Nov. 8, 1857. 

iii. Fred Avery^i, b. at Tuftonboro, N. H., Aug. 13, 1859. 

iv. Lizzie Ella^*, b. at Mewton Lower Falls, Mass., Sept. 27, 

V. Minnie Cora^S b. at East Wilton, N. H., June 25, 1864. 

vi. Frank Vaughn", b. Newton Lower Falls, Apr. 30, 1867. 

Martha (Vaughn) Jones died at New Ipswich, N. H., 
March 27, 1869. Henry B. Morgan married Mrs. Eliza 
Turner, at Newton Lower Falls, Mass., Dec. 25, 1875. No 
children by second marriage. 

Digitized by 



William Henry Morgan", born at Tuftonboro', N. H., 
Oct 5, 1855, died at Cape Horn Mills, Cal., Jan. 18, 1883, 

George Edwin Morgan", born Nov. 8, 1857, married Agnes 
E. Walsh, at Auburn, Cal., July 10, 1888. She died Aug. 22, 
1889, leaving no children. 

Fred Avery Morgan", born Aug. 13, 1859, married Dec. 26, 
1888, Lizzie A. Hanscomb, at Portsmouth, N. H. One child, 
Horace Bay", born Jan. 7, 1890, at Sacramento, Cal. 

Lizzie Ella Morgan", born Sept. 27, 1862, married Dec. 27, 
1882, Arthur M. Weston, at Sacramento, Cal. Children : 

i. Eva Lilliani*, b. Dec. IB, 1883. 

ii. Idella Mayi«, b. Majr. 19, 1886. 

iii. Henry Vernoni^, b. Dec. 3, 1888. 

iv. Ina Morgan^a, b. Feb. 7, 1891. 

Minnie Cora Morgan", born June 25, 1864, married Chas. 
B. Strong, Sacramento, Cal., April 22, 1885. Children : 

i. Warren Ray^^ b. Nov. 27, 1886 ; d. Jan. 1, 1887. 
ii. Clyde Bertram^^, b. April 2, 1889. 


Buth A.", fourth child and second daughter of Betsey 
(Avery') and Samuel Morgan, married James McColvin, of 
Springfield, N. H., Nov. 25, 1847. Two children were born 
to them, a son and daughter. The son died young, the 
daughter is said to be living in Iowa. 


David A.", fifth child of Betsey (Avery') and Samuel 
Morgan, married Fannie M. Manchester, Feb. 23, 1860. No 
children. Residence, Meriden, N. H. 

George Frank", sixth child of Samuel and Betsey 

Digitized by 



(Avery*) Morgan, married Eliza A. Bodge, of "Wolfboro, 
N. H., Nov. 24, 1860. Children : 

i. Dana E.", b. Dec. 2, 1862 ; d. Oct. 3, 1863. 

ii. George D.^^ b. March 31, 1865. 

iii. Lillian M.", b. Dec. 23, 1867; d. Aug. 1, 1890. 

iv. Flora A,^\ b. Oct. 23, 1871. 

V. Fred S.*S b. Jan. 28, 1874. 

vi. Harry E.i^, b. Nov. 20, 1876. 

vii. Gracie MayJi, b. Sept. 30, 1881. 


George Avery^ fourth son of George' and Mary (Sanborn) 
Avery, (Job", Rev. John*) married Jan. 8, 1827, Delilah Cum- 
miugs, born at Cornish, N. H., Jan. 6, 1803. Children: 

i. David C.^o, b. at Morristown, Vt., Oct. 16, 1828. 
ii. Thatcher G.i«, b. at Morristown, Vt., Oct. 20, 1829 ; d. 

May 20, 1834. 
iii. Phebe"», b. at Morristown, Vt., Feb. 20, 1831. 
iv. Mary>o, b. at Morristown, Vt., Mar. 23, 1833. 
v. Albert's b. at Morristown, Vt., Aug. 19, 1834; d. Feb. 

1, 187.0. 
vi. George^S b. at Lowell, Vt., May 20, 1836. 
vii. Ilenry^o, b. at Lowell, Vt., Apr. 29, 1838. 
viii. Sarah G.^S b. at Lowell, Vt., Dec. 20, 1839. 
ix. Lucia J.^o, b. at Lowell, Vt., Dec. 10, 1.841. 
X. Juliaett'S b. at Lowell, Vt., Sept. 7, 1844 ; died Aug. 5, 

Delilah (Ciimmings) Avery died at Wakefield, Kansas, 
Jnly 9, 1876. 

Digitized by 




^■^ hJk. 


George Avery died Sept. 29, 1889, at Wakefield, Kansas, 
at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. Lucia (Avery"*) Elkins, 
in his ninety-second year. About twenty years ago, he 
with his wife, and nearly all of his children and their fam- 
ilies, went from Vermont to settle in Kansas, where, in the 
town of Wakefield and vicinity, a numerous and energetic 
posterity is growing up, among whom their father's declining 
years have been passed, with a remarkable degree of his 
early vigor attending him till his latest da3's. 


David C", oldest son and child of George Avery* and 
Delilah (Cummings) Avery, (George", Job") married at West 

Digitized by 



Millbury, Mass., April 25, 1854, Diantha M. Stowe, of 
Thompson, Conn., bom April 2, 1836. Children: 

1. Lizzie E.^S b. at W. Millbury, Aug. 24, 1855 ; d. Jan. 20, 

ii. Frank F.**, b. at W. Millbury, Oct. 13, 1857. 
iii. Walter CA\ b. at W. Millbury, July 16, 1859. 
iv. Lucy B.ii, b. at W. Millbury, July 16, 1861. 
V. George hM, b. at W. Millbury, Nov. 7, 1866. 
vi. John H.", b. at V. Millbury, April 15, 1870 ; d. July*22, 

vii. Stella D.", b. at W. Millbury, July 29, 1871 ; died Sept. 

12, 1872. 

David C. Avery^" died at West Millbury, Aug. 4, 1872. 
Mrs. Diantha (Stowe) Avery died on the 7th of April, 1892, at 
Bala, Kan., at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Lucy (Avery") 
"Watkins. For nearly all the years of her married life she 
had been a cripple from rheumatism, but her sweet uncom- 
plaining spirit made her life a blessing to those who so long 
and tenderly cared for her. Her remains were brought to 
her native place, Millbury, Mass., for interment. 


Frank F. Avery", married at Caryville, Mass., Nov. 12, 
1879, Ada F. Cutler, born at Caryville, Oct. 24, 1858. Chil- 
dren : 

i. Clara Louise^*^, b. at South Framingliam, Feb. 2, 1881 : 
d. at South Fratnina;ham, Jan. 6, 1882. 

ii. Marion Frances^^^ \j^ ^i South P'rainingham, July 23, 1882; 
d. at South Framingham, Dec. 21, 1882. 

iii. Helen Cutler^^^ ]y^ ^t South Framingliam, Aug. 15, 1883. 

iv. Raymond Cummings*^^ ^^ ^t South Framingham, Nov. 23, 

V. Dorothy Frances'^, b. April 12, 1892. 

Walter C. Avery", married at Clay Center, Kansas, Aug. 
11, 1881, Mary M. Hoag. Children: 

Digitized by 



i. Lucy D.'S b. at Bala, Kan., May 29, 1882; d. Oct. 9, 

ii. Minnie M.^*, b. Sept. 15, 1883. 
ill. Stella D.^3, b. Apr. 21, 1885. 
iv. David C.^S b. Oct. 16, 1886. 

V. Walter B.i«, b. June 14, 1888. 

• Lucy B. Avery*\ married at Clay Center, Kansas, Nov. 6, 
1884, Benjamin Watkins. Beside at Bala, Kansas. 

Gteorge L. Avery" married at South Framingham, Mass., 
June 23, 1891, Edith B. Maxfield, born at Lewiston, Me., 
Aug. 6, 1871. One child, George Bernard", born at South 
Framingham, May 1, 1892. 


Phebe", third child and oldest daughter of George Avery 
and Delilah (Cummings) Avery, (George Avery*, Job') mar- 
ried at Eden, Vt., Dec. 19, 1857, Joel Hinds. Children : 

i. George E.»', b. at Eden, Vt., Feb. 5, 1859. 
ii. Mabel S.*', b. at Eden, Vt., Aug. 2^, 1860; d. Jan. 22, 

iii. Martin H.^i, b. at Eden, Vt., Apr. 26, 1862. 

iv. Frank W.", b. at Eden, Vt., Jan. 12, 1863. 

v. Silas E.", b. at Eden, Vt., Nov. 12, 1865. 

vi. Delilah L.", b. at Eden, Vt., June 30, 1867. 
vii. Effle L.ii, b. at Eden, Vt., Nov. 14, 1870. 
viii. Bertou F.*V b. at Eden, Vt., Mar. 23, 1874 ; d. at Eden, 
July 31, 1875. 

The. death of Joel Hinds occurred at Broughton, Kan., 
July 11th, 1891, and was caused by being run into by an 
express train, while crossing railroad tracks. 

George E. Hinds", married at Clay Center, Kan., April 10, 
1888, Loucin Reed. One child, Etta", born Feb. 23, 1891. 

Martin H. Hinds", married Clara Hapgood, at Clay 
Centre, Kan-, Feb. 22, 1887. Children: 

Digitized by 



i. Gladys Il■ene^^ b. May 8, 1888. 
ii. Mabel Irene^S b. Marcli 17, 1890. 
Hi. Joel Henry 12, b. Aug. 7, 1891. 

Silas E. Hinds", married at Clay Ceoter, Kan., Oct. 28, 

1891, Annie Fisher. 

Delilah L. Hinds", married at Clay Centre, Kan., April 6, 

1886, J. W. Reed. Children: 

i. Clinton J.^^, b. June 5, 1887. 
ii. Minnie M.12, b. Aug. 20, 1888. 

Effie L. Hinds", married at Clay Center, Kan., Marcli 1, 

1892, Miletus P. Fisher. 

Mary A.", fourth child and second daughter of George 
Avery* and Delilah (Cummings) Avery, (George Avery% 
Job") married Mar. 17, 1850, Lucas A. Streeter. Children : 

i. Charles A^\ b. at Westfield, Vt., Aug. 22, 1851. 

ii. Alfred CAK b. Lowell, Vt., Oct. 20, 1853. 

iii. Abbie J.>^ b. at Lowell, Vt., Oct. 6, 18e55. 

iv. Arthur G.", b. at Eden, Vt., May 20, 1865. 

Lucas A. Streeter died at Eiley Centre, Kan., Aug., 1889. 
Charles A. Streeter", married June 2, 1878, Alice E. 
FuUington. Children : 

i. Annie L.^^^ b. at Milford, Kan., Apr. 23, 1879. 

ii. John^2^ b. at Milford, Kan., 1881, died very young, 

iii. Lyman B.»*^ b. at Milford, Kan., Feb. 25, 1884. 

iv. Grace F.»2, b. April 14, 1885. 

Alfred C. Streeter", married Almeda J. Reed, Jan. 12, 1881. 
One child, Ethel", died 1883, at the age of about five months. 

Abbie J. Streeter", married at Milford, Kan., Jan. 15, 
1880, George C. Moses, of Canton, Conn., born Nov. 29, 
1856. Children: 

i. Clyde E.*^ b. at Manhattan, Kan., June 27, 1882. 

ii. Flora E.'^ b. at Manhattan, Kan., June 13, 1884. 

iii. Abbie R.'S b. at Clay Center, Kan., June 9, 1887. 

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Albert**, fifth child and third son of George" and Delilah 
(Cummings) Avery, (George", Job',) married Alice Calista 
Whitemore, at Batcheller, Kan., May 19, 1859. One child, 
Albert C", born at Clay Center, Kan., Feb. 17, 1861. Alice 
(Whitemore) Avery died Feb. 17, 1861. Albert Avery*** 
married, second, Rosaline Farnham, at Troy, Vt., Sept.*10,. 
1862. Children: 

i. Diistin", b. atP:den, Vt., Aug. 5, 1863. 

ii. Walter^i, b. at Eden, Vt., Aug. 21, 18C5. 

iii. George", b. at Gatesville, Kau., Mar. 30, 1866, d. Aug. 5,- 


iv. Mary WM, b. at Wakefield, Kan., Mar. 31, 1870. 

v. Infant son", b. Aug. 18, 1873, d. Sept. 25, 1873. 

vi. Elvira I).", b. at Wakefield, Nov. 8, 1874. 

Albert Avery' ^ died at Wakefield, Kan., Feb. 1, 1875. 
Albert C. Avery", married at Great Bend, Kan., Mary 
Moore, Feb. 28, 1887. 


George", fourth son and sixth child of George* and 
Delilah (Cummings) Avery, (George*, Job',) married at 
Lowell, Vt., Miss E. J. Smith, Apr. 7, 1863. Children: 

i. George K.", b. Feb. 9, 18Cr). 

ii. Minnie L.^*, b. Feb. 22', 1866. 

iii. Albion J.", b. April 30, 1867. 

iv. Irving L.", b. July 26, 18G9. 

v. Inis F.", b. Mar. 19, l871. 

vi. Charles S.", b. June 25, 1873, d. Oct. 23, 1887. 
vii. Melva F.", b. Jan. 11. 1879. 
viii.f Henry A.", b. Jan. 5, 1881. 

ix. ^Bernice DJ\ b. May 26, 1884. 

Minnie L. Avery", married Feb. 25, 1892, Loren E. Butz- 

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Henry Avery", fifth son and seventh child of George' and 
Delilah (Cummings) Avery, (George*, Job',) married Feb. 
25, 1865, Orpha Farnham. Children : 

• i. Fred UJ\ b Dee. 15, 1866. 

ii. Herman W.^*, ) . , . _ * ^ . o-a 
TT u . T.^ 11 r twms, b. May 26, 1870. 
111. Herbert F.^i, ) -^ 

iv. Ellen D.^S b. Nov. 16, 1876. 

Henry Avery" is the owner of a large stock farm at Wake- 
field, Kansas, where he has been very successful in raising 
fine breeds of horses and cattle. His sons, Fred H." and 
Herman W.", took full courses and graduated with honors 
from the Kansas State Agricultural College, and are asso- 
ciated with their father in the management of a large and 
increasing business. Their specialty is the breeding of 
Percheron and French coach horses. Herbert F." was 
three years at the Kansas State Agricultural College, one 
year at the Kansas State University, and completed his 
education by taking a course in the Department of Elec- 
trical Engineering, with a view of making that branch of 
business his life-work. 

Fred H. Avery", married at Menoken, Kan., April 10, 1889, 
Hattie McConnel Children : 

i. lone^^ b. Jan. 14, 1890. 
ii. Henryi2, b. MarcU 5, 1892. " 


Sarah G.^^ seventh chil^jtand third daughter of George* 
and Delilah (Cummings) Avery, (George", Job',) married at 
Lowell, Vt., Dec. 25, 1860, William C. Richardson. Chil- 

i. Berton L.", b. Westfield, Vt., Nov. 1;"), 1861. 

ii. H. Elsie^S b. at Stowe, Vt., Sept. 16, 1869. 

iii. Florence A.^S b. at Wakefield, Kan., Jan. 4, 1879. 

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Lucia J.", eighth child and fourth daughter of George* 
and Delilah (Cummings) Avery, (George*, Job',) married 
at Lowell, Vt , Feb. 5, 1865, Eiley A. Elkins. Children: 

i. Alice M.", b. at No. Troy, Vt., Dec. 9, 1865. 

ii. Eugene W.", b. at Gatesville, Kan., Oct 28, 1868. 

iii. Bertha L.^S b. at Gatesville, Kan., July 20, 1870. 

iv. Howard A.", b. at Gatesville, Kan., Dec. 20, 1871. 

V. Maurice E", b. Nov. 9, 1873, <1. Dec. 21, 1886. 

vi.: Clonden J.», b. Jan. 4, 1876, d. Feb. 11, 1882. 

vii. Orpha C.^*, b. Feb. U, 1878, d. Mar. 11, 1882. 

viii. Mabel E.", b. Apr. 2. 1883. 


Juliaett", tenth child and sixth daughter of George' and 
Delilah (Cummings) Avery, (George", Job',) married at 
Albany, Vt., Oct. 20, 1866, A. P. Lawrence. Children : 

i. Mabel R.", b. at Clay Center, Kan., Mar. 25, 1876. 
ii. Ida B.", b. at Clay Center, Kan., Oct. 23, 1877. 

Juliaett (Avery") Lawrence, died at Wakefield, Aug. 5, 



Sarah Sanborn*, fourth daughter and eighth child of 
George" and Mary (Sanborn) Avery, (Job", Rev. John^,) mar- 
ried in 1834, Nathaniel Leavitt, of Sanbornton, N. H., who 
was born Dec. 10, 1806, died Jan., 1887. Children : 

i. Jeremiahio, b. Feb. 27, 1835. 

ii. Abigail^o. b. Mar. 30, #|37, and d. Dec. 25, 1837. 

iii. Ruth Hunkins^o, b. April 27, 1839. 

iv. Moses^®, b. Jan. 12, 1842, d. 1847, aged 5 years. 

V. George Avery*®, b. Jan. 11, 1847. 

Mrs. Leavitt died Feb. 28, 1892. She was a woman of 
much native ability and energy. In her earlier years she 
devoted much of her time to the sick and diseased who 

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came to her for treatment from miles around. Her strong 
character, good sense, and pure Christian life will be long 
held in memory by those who knew her. 


Jeremiah Leavitt*" married Julia Lynch, of Galena, 111.^ 
May 15, 1860, who was born in Ireland in 1837. Present 
residence, Kirksville, Adair Co., Missouri. Children: 

i. Nathaniel*!, b. May 3. 18G1,(1. May 10, 1«61. 

ii. Sarali", b. Aug. 8, 18G3, d. Oct. 23, 1863. 

iii. John S.", b. Sept. 2t, 18G4, d. July 29, 1866. 

iv. George A.", b. June 29, 1867. 

V. Fiank^A, i^, j^ov. 19, 18G9. 

vi. Abigail", b. Aug. 1, 1872. 

vii. William S.", b. Nov. 22, 1874. 

viii. Moseses b. Nov. 27, 1877. 


George A.'\ son of Jeremiah Leavitt'*, married Dicy M. 
Halloway, born in Kirksville, Adair Co., Mo., Sept. 26, 1864. 
One child, Edith", born Aug. 25, 1888. 


Ruth H. Leavitt^^ married first, Jomithan J. Frye, of 

Grantham, N. H., Oct. 6, 1860, born at Medford, Mass., 

Aug. 11, 182 r, and killed at the residence of wife's father at 

Sanbornton, N. H., by the breaking of a well-sweep, a part 

of which fractured his skull in falling, living but forty-eight 

hours after the accident, Aug. 12, 1868. Children : 

i. Sarah Marioui^ b. Nov. 24, 1861. 
ii. Simeon Chene}'l^ b. Apr. 26, 1865. 

Married second, Nathan Cheney Mitchell, April 27, 1871, 
of Magog, P. Q., Canada East, born Aug. 26, 1861. Present 
residence, Laconia, N. H. Children : 

i. Fklward", b. at Laconia, N. II., May 4, 1872. 
ii. Mary Josephine", b. at Magog, P. Q., Jan. 2^, 1874» 
iii. Nathaniel Leavitl", b. at Magog, P. Q., Mar. 3, 187^. 

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Sarah Marion Frye", married Oct. 1, 1892, at Danbury, 
N. H., Eld. Frederick S. Eansom, of Danbury, born at 
Woodstock, Vi, third sou of Polly (Doten) and Eld. Cephas 

Simeon Cheney Frye", married Jan. 28, 1890, at Laconia, 
N. H., Emma Taylor Ladd, youngest daughter of Hannah 
and John C. Ladd, of Laconia. 


George Avery Leavitt'", married Alice Woodman, of San- 
bornton, N. H., Feb. 7, 1877, born May 30, 1851. Eesidence, 
on old Leavitt homestead, in Sanbornton. P. O. address, 
Laconia, N. H. Children : 

i. Grace EtbeP^ b. Nov. 16, 1871). 

ii. Guy^^ b. Feb. 4, 1882. 

iii. Ira Woodiniin^^ b. Sept. 19, 1884. 

iv. Nat.>i, b. Sept. 1, 1887. 

V. Van Eaile", b. Sept 19, 1891. 


Salome", fifth daughter and ninth child of George' and 
Mary (Sanborn) Avery, (Job", Rev. John*,) married T. C. 
Haynes, M. D., born 1792. Children : 

i. George A.'«, b. Plainfield, N. IL, Aug. 2, 1826. 
ii. Lewis^o, b. July, 1829 ; d. Wakefield, Kan., July 6, 1890. 
iii. Trustam C.^^ b. Jan. 12, 1835. 

Dr. T. C. Haynes died Sept. 18, 1844. He enlisted in Uie 
war of 1812, and went to the hospitals. After the war he 
continued to study medicine, and established a sanitarium 
with an extensive practice at Hardwick, Vt., having pur- 
chased the mineral springs at that place. He was a man of 
a great deal of native genius, and performed some famous 
cures, his fame spreading extensively through Vermont. 

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8ALOMB (AVBBT^) HATNE8. BORN 1802; DIBD 1854. 

Salome (Avery**) Haynes died at Hardwick, Vt., May 29, 


Captain George A/**, oldest son of Dr. T. C. and Salome 
(Avery**) Haynes, married Jan. 18, 1859, Augusta S. Joslyn, 
bom May 2, 1834. Children : 

i. Beatrice S.^S b. Dec. 22, 1863, d. Oct. 18, 1874. 
ii. Lewis A.", b. Dec. 4, 1866. 
iii. Susie A.^i, b. Dec. 28, 1873, d. Jan. 6, 1«74. 

Lewis A. Haynes", married March 7, 1888, Minetta 
Robinson, who died Nov. 18, 1889. 

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Trustam C", youngest son of Dr. T, C. and Salome 
(Avery*) Haynes, married in 1864, Lusena B. Bacon, born 
at Wardsboro, Vi, Jan. 6, 1834. One child, George C", 
bom at St. Johnsbury, Vi, Nov. 18, 1873, died Oct 7, 1874. 

Trustam C. Haynes^", for nearly thirty years, was in 
business as photographer at St. Johnsbury, Vt, a man of 
excellent mental powers and business capacity. He died at 
that place, Oct 6th, 1889. 


David*, fifth son and tenth child of George* and Mary 

(Sanborn) Avery, (Job', Rev. John"), married Lucinda 

Bryant He was killed March 4, 1831, by the falling of a 

tree, while at work in the woods, just six weeks after his 



Jonathan*, sixth son and eleventh child of George* and 

Mary (Sanborn) Avery, (Job", Rev. John*), married April 18, 

1833, Eunice L. Arnold, daughter of Deacon Joseph and 

Elizabeth Arnold, of Roxbury, Mass., born April 30, 1811. 

Children : 

i. John**^, b. in Roxbury, Mass., May 19, 1835. 

ii. George^*', b. in Roxbury, Mass., Nov. 26, 1836. 

iii. Jane Greenough^^, b. in Roxbury, Mass., Aug. 4, 1838. 

Eunice (Arnold) Avery, died at Newton, Mass*, Dec. 27, 
1842. Jonathan Avery* married in Nov., 1843, Ann King, of 
Newton, daughter of Deacon Noah and Esther King, bom 
July 21, 1803. There were no children by this marriage. 
Ann (King) Avery died March 31, 1861. Jonathan Avery* 
married Oct. 9, 1862, Dorcas Richardson, daughter of Jere- 
miah and Elizabeth R., of 'Newton, born March 7, 1816. No 

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Jonathan Avery^ died at Highland vile, Mass., April 19, 
1875. He was a man of earnest, energetic spirit, and early 
left his native hills in New Hampshire, for busier scenes 
near Boston, Mass. He first settled in Newton, but in 1855 
removed to Needham, on the line of the Boston, Hartford <fe 
Erie B. R., just then established. There were there then 
but six houses, — but, (to quote from an obituary notice at 
the time of his death), — 

" He set himself at once to the task of developing the resources 
of the place. * * * * jj^ spared neither time, 

trouble, nor means, to make Highlandville as it is to-day, one of 
the most enterprising and flourishing villages in the town. * ♦ » 

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His extreme hopefuloess of disposition, and indomitable perse- 
verance, added to his great faitl) in the cause of humanity, 
induced him to undertake enterprises and to carry them through, 
in spite of difficulties and opposition from which most men would 
have recoiled. * * * * He was a staunch Republican, and 
a no less staunch supporter of temperance, not only publicly, but 
privately, by persuading men to leave oflP the drunkard's cup, and 
there is more than one man who blesses the memory of him, who 
showed him the better way.*' ♦ » » * * 

His interest in our educational and moral welfare was evinced 
by his exertions to have the school-house, when built, a credit to 
the place, the tower and clock being a monument to his courage 
and determination, and the last public act of his life was the 
fitting up of a library and reading room. 

The weak, the sick, the downcast, the oppressed, even the 
disgraced, wore objects of his peculiar care and commiseration, 
and he earned the life-long gratitude of more than one whom he 
helped out of dilflcult'aud serious scrapes, set on their feet agahi, 
and saved trom following the downward path to ruin. He had 
gained for himself, by his continued oversight, and interest in all 
our affairs, the playful but kindly appellation of '' the Governor," 
and no Governor of any state or territory could be more deeply 
concerned, or take more interest in the welfare of the people who 
had elected him to that office. 

Though belonging by church membership to no religious denom- 
ination, he was a regular attendant of the Baptist society, and 
always ready to supi)ort religious worship. 

On the occasion of his funeral, the stores were closed, the 
factories ceased their busy hum, and Highland ville, of which 
Mr. Avery was emphatically the father and friend, mourned truly, 
deeply and unaffectedly for him, whose place will be desolate and 
difficult to refill." 

He lies in the beautiful Newton cemetery, with this 
inscription on his gravestone : 

" A life of active benevolence, freely given for the good of 


John Avery"*, first child of Jonathan' and Eunice (Arnold) 

Avery, (George", Job,' Rev. John*,) married Nov. 29, 1860, 


y^^'% \ m/^ ^-7^>^ 

"'\'"'. ";;^' Digitized by CjOOglC 



Buth C. Taylor, born at W. Yarmouth, Mass., Aug. 5, 1839. 
Children : 

i. Ruth Eunice", b. Bostou, Mass., Nov. 30, 1861. 
ii: Fred Lincoln's b. Nov. 13, 1863. 
iii. John Alton", b. June 5, 1869. 

Euth (Taylor) Avery, died at Brookline, Mass., Dec. 8, 

John Avery," married second, Dec. 25, 1873, Cassie 
Angevine, born in Wallace, N. S., June 25, 1841. No 

JOHN AVBRT^'^. BORN 1835. 

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John Avery" has long held a leading position among the 
fruit and vegetable dealers of Fanueil Hall market, 
and later at Mercantile Market, Boston, of the firm 
of Avery & Waldron. His former residence was Chel- 
sea, Mass., where for many years he was the superin- 
tendent of the First Baptist Sunday-school. He has now 
taken up his permanent residence at Winter Hill, Somer- 
ville. Is deacon of the Baptist Church at that place. His 
portrait is given here, as a representative type of the 
Averys of the line of Brcv. John', of Truro, through his 
son Job\ 


Buth E. Avery", oldest child and only daughter of John 
Avery", married January 25, 1882, Albert L. Churchill, of 
Plymouth, Mass , born Mar. 12, 1859. Children : 

i. Angie Averyi^, b. July 22, 1883. 
ii. Fred Lesteri^, b. June 9, 1885. 

Fred Lincoln Avery", in the metal business, resides in 
Chelsea, Mass., married April 23, 1891, Helen Shapleigh 
Flagg, born Oct. 5, 1867, daughter of Ira C. and Sarah E^ 
Flagg, of Chelsea, Mass. They have one child, Paul F.", 
born Feb., 1892. 

John Alton", graduated, class of '91, Harvard College. Is 
now teacher in Collins St. Classical School, Hartford, Conn. 


George Avery", second son of Jonathan* and Eunice 
(Arnold) Avery, married Sarah G. Ayres, of Oakham, Mass,, 
bom in 1837. Children : 

i. George A.", b. May 4, 1862. 

ii. Alice", b. Jan., 1871, died July, 1871. 

One son and daughter, died very young. 

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George Avery" died April 16, 1885. Early in life he 
engaged in teaching. At the time of the civiljwar, he 
enlisted in his country's service, in the Mass. 22d Vols., and 
received an honorable discharge on account of illness, after 
which he settled in Highlandville, (Needham), Mass. We 
quote the following from an obituary notice : 

"Naturally modest and retiring, yet ready at all times to 
respond to the calls of his fellow townsmen, his time, his talents 
and his genius were freely bestowed lo assist in every good work 
and grace every social occasion. His was ' the pen of a ready 
writer,' and though often used in the public service was never 
pointed with malice, and left no sting behind. As a soldier he 
was loyal to his country and true to his comrade. Witness the 
glowing tribute to his comrade-in-arms, Jason E. Upham, whom 
he took as the type of the true American soldier in an address 
delivered before the Needham Soldiers' Club, at Wellesley, some 
five or six years since. As a citizen, faithful in the discharge of 
every duty and watchful for the public welfare, he will be missed 
for a long time to come. Our friend was by nature somewhat of 
a recluse and inclined to retire within himself, enjoy his favorite 
books and indulge a taste for literary pursuits, but with no 
desire to parade in that character before the public, and always 
disclaiming any honors which would seem to belong to him in 
that line, underestimating his abilities and undervaluing the pro- 
ductions of his pen. 

The writer's acquaintance with him commenced in the year 1857, 
at that time he had just graduated at the Colby Academy, New 
London, N. H. In 1858 he taught school in New Jersey. Return iDg 
to Needham he engaged in farming until the breaking out of the 
war of the Rebellion, when in 1862 he enlisted in the 22nd Regt., 
Mass. Volunteers, and went to the front, serving faithfully, until 
his health failing he was honorably discharged. Returning to 
his home in Needham he resumed the duties of the citizen and so 
continued, never inclined to be a rover until death called him 
away. He served the town in various minor capacities from time 
to time as called upon, and in 1882 was elected assessor, serving 
as such by successive re-elections until the close of last year, 

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when he declined re-election, much to the regret of his fellow 

He is gone, and ' the places that once knew him shall know 
him no more forever.' He will be missed in the circle of friends 
and neighbors. His loss will be felt on public festive and com- 
memorative occasions, and while we drop a tear on his grave let 
us keep his memory green." 

He lies near his father, Jonathan Avery", in the cemetery 
at Newton. On his gravestone are the words, "Until the 
day break, and the shadows flee away." 

George A. Avery", married in 1882, Alice Johnson, of 
Highlandville, born Feb. 2, 1862. Children: 

i. Almeda Frances^-^, b. Nov. 9, 1882. 

ii. Blanche Lillian*^, b. Apr. 24, 1885, died at 11 months, 

iii. Corinne^S h- Apr. 28, 1887, died when a few months old. 

iv. Doris May»2, b. Jan. 6, 1889. 


Jane Greenough Avery*", youngest child and only daugh- 
ter of Jonathan" and Eunice (Arnold) Avery, married April 
23, 1874, William Carter, born in Alfreton, England. Feb. ^5, 
1830. Children: 

i. Avery Sanborn^^ b. Jan. 30, 1875, d, Aug. 15, 1875. 
ii. Lucie Avery", b. at Highlandville, Dec. 12, 1877. 
iii. Roscoe Arnold", b. at Highlandville, July 29, 1880. 

Jane G. (Averj^'^j Carter has devoted much of her life to 
teaching and literary work. Has published several books, 
mostly for Sunday-schooJ libraries. Resides in Highland- 
ville, Mass. 

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Ebenezer", youngest child of the hirge family of George* 
and Mary (Sanborn) Avery, married March 19, 1832, at 
Plai^field, N. H., EoBamond Spaulding, born Dec. 31, 1808. 
Children : 

i. Ebenezer Sylvester^^, b. May 12, 1833, at Chelsea, Vt., d. 

at Montpelier, Vt., Aug. 14, 1834. 
ii. WinslowWrightfo, h. April 22, 1836, at Montpelier. 
iii. Rosamond Spaulding^^, b. Apr. 5, 1840, at Montpelier. 
iv, George Henry^o, b. at Berlin, Vt., July 17, 1844, d. at 

Berlin, Sept. 27, 1845. 
V. Judson Rowell , b. at Berliu, Jan. 25, 1847, di at Berlin, 

Sept. 28, 1850. 

We quote from the Vermont Watchman, published at 
Montpelier, Vt., by Joseph Poland, Esq., under date of Nov. 
16, 1881 : 

"A VERY. — A brief notice has been given of the death of Mr. 
Ebenezer Avery, at Duxbury, Massachusetts, formerly of this 
place. He was born in Plainfield, New Hampshire, September 27, 
1808. He served his apprenticeship at the printing office of 
Wyman Spooner, in Windsor. He then went to Boston and 
worked on the Atlas for a number of years, and afterwards 
founded and published the Vermont Advocate^ at Chelsea, Vermont. 
This not proving a financial success, he closed up his affairs, trans- 
ferring his subscription list to the Vermont State Journal — now 
the Watchman — at Montpelier, to which place he removed with 
his family. For over thirty years Mr. Avery woiiced in the 
Watchman office, and all who knew him can testify that his several 
duties were performed with the utmost faithfulness. He resided, 
for most of the time, on the Berlin side of the river, owning and 
carrying on a small farm, the greater part of the labor of which he 
accomplished Defore and after his day's work in the office. His 
ambition and energy in this respect were remarkable. He was 
a true and faithful member of the Methodist church, and there are 
many of his brethren who still remember him as their beloved 
class-leader, and who can testify that his counsels were "timely 

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WiNSLOW Wriqht Avery. Born 1836. 

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and good.*' In church matters, as a member of the board of 
stewards, his advice was always solicited and strictly followed. 
In town afTaii-s he enjoyed the confidence of his fellowmen, and in 
everything had the reputation of being a thoroughly honest, con- 
scientious man. About fifteen years since he removed to 
Plymouth, Massachusetts, and from there to an adjoining town, 
purchasing a small farm, where he resided at the time of his death. 
He leaves a widow and two children, the eldest of whom is W. W. 
Avery, Esq., senior proprietor of the Old Colony Memorial^ 
Plymouth, and the present representative from that town to the 
general court ; and a daughter, Mrs. Rosamond S. Chandler, who 
resides in Duxbury." 


Winslow Wright Avery", second son of Ebenezer* and 
Eosamond (Spjfulding) Avery, married first, Sept. 2, 1860, 
Martha E., daughter of David and Betsey (Olds) Burnham, 
of Williamstown, Vt. Children : 

i. Elmer Ellsworth^i, b. at Berlin, Vt., June 28, 1861. 

il. Bertha Burnham", b. at Montpelier, Vt., June 29, 18G? • d. 

at Plymouth, Muss., Nov. 27, 1880. 
iii. David Ebenezl'r*^ b. at Plymoutli, Aug. 21, 18G6. 
iv. Herbert Winslow", b. June 23, 1869, d. Nov. 11, 1880. 

Martha (Burnham) Avery, died April 8, 1873, at Plymouth, 

Winslow Wright Avery*® married second, May 4, 1875, 
Mary A., daughter of Freeman and Hannah (Freeman) 
Landers, of Plainfield, Vt. Children: 

i. Martha Eliza", b. at Plymouth, Feb. 6, 1876. 
ii. Marcellus Chandlel•^^ b. at Plymouth, July 22, 1877. 
iii. Hannah Freeman*^, b. at Plymouth, Aug. 14, 1878, d. 

Apr. 25, 1881. 
iv. Ebenezer Freeman^', b. at Plymouth, Dec. 13, 1882, d. 

Feb. 28, 1883. 

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Winslow Wright Avery*" is, like his father, a printer by 
trade, and has for many years been connected with journal- 
ism. We quote from ''One of a Thousand ", 1890( : 

''The district school and Washington County (Vt.) Academy 
gave him his early educational training. He began life as a page 
and reporter's attendant in the Vermont Legislature, carrying copy 
to the printers of the Legislative Journal, and distributing daily 
papers to members ; afterwards served seven years* apprenticeship 
in the printing business, in the office of the Vermont Watchman^ 
Montpelier, Vt. In 1861 he was promoted to the management of 
that establisliment, and during the trying penod of the war, and 
in the absence in Congress of the proprietor of the paper, Mr. 
Avery discharged his arduous duties with fidelity and acknowl- 
edged ability. 

" In January, 1866, he removed to Plymouth, Mass., purchased 
the weekly newspaper, The Old Colony Seutinel^ which he success- 
fully published, and in 1872 consolidated that pjiper with the 
Old Colony Memorial, forming a partnership with C. C. Doten, 
under the firm name of Avery & Doten, continuing to the present 

" Mr. Avery wns representative to the general court in 1880 and 
'81, rendering faithful and valuable service upon the committees 
to which he was appointed. In 1889 lie was appointed postmaster 
of Plymouth, Mass., by President Harrison, and rendered the 
public most efficient service, and through his efforts secured the 
establislnnent of the free delivery service. 

*' Mr. Avery was charter member of Sagamore Encampment 
No. 45, I. O. O. F., holding the office of chief patriarch, chap- 
lain and member of Mayflower Lodge, No. 54, I. O. O. F., and 
chairman of its board of trustees for several years ; charter mem- 
ber of Plymouth Bay Lodge, K. of H., and its dictator; Plymouth 
Hock Lodge I. O. G. T. ; United Order of Pilgrim Fathers ; mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal church from early life, holding all 
the offices in the church and Sunday-school, being a working and 
influential member of the committee which had in charge the con- 
struction of the beautiful Memorial Methodist church in Plymouth, 
Mass. For many yeai-s he has served upon the board of trustees 
of the Plymouth Five Cents Savings Bank." 

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Elmer E.", eldest son of Winslow W." and Martha E. 
(Burnham) Avery, married July 20, 1882, Hannah B., daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Delia (Swift) Harlow, of Plymouth, Mass. 
Children : 

i. Herbert Spauldingi^, b. Sept. 15, 1883. 

ii. Alfred Harlow^^^ b. Oct. 16, 1885. 

ill. Lester Ellis^S b. Dee. 14, 1887. 


David E.", second son of Winslow W.^® and Martha E. 
(Burnham) Avery, married June 30, 1891, Emma F., daugh- 
ter of Henry and Elizabeth Eeckenbeil, born May 23, 1872. 


Rosamond Spaulding", only daughter and third child of 

Ebenezer* and Rosamond (Spaulding) Avery, married Feb. 

18, 1873, Horatio Chandler, of Duxbury, Mass., born Aug. 

20,1835. Children: 

i. Rosa Avery", b. at Duxbury, Mass.) Sept. 11, 1875. 
ii. Mabel Martin", b. at Duxbury, Mass., Oct. 18, 1877. 

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JANE AVEET^ fourth daughter and ninth child of Job' 
and Jane (Thatcher) Avery, born Feb. 9, 1761, married 
Capt. John Atkins, of Truro, Sept. 10, 1778. Children: 

i. Sarah Atkins^, b. June 16, 1780, m. Charles Cook, of Tern- 
pleton, a cominissioD merchant in Boston, under the 
name of Cook & Brown. Had one daughter: (1) 
Sarah Atkins Cook*^, who married Mr. Joseph Dowc, 
a graduate of Bowdoin College and teacher of a class- 
ical school fitting young men for college. 

Mrs. Sarah Atkins (Cook") Dowe, now living near the 
Atkins homestead in So. Natick, a well-known authoress, in 
former years having contributed to many magazines and 
published many books, among them a temperance tale, 
which acquired much notoriety, entitled, "Uncle Sam's 
Palace," writes thus of the Atkins-Avery families: 

'' The Atkins family record is nearly gone from the ancestral 
tree; only some cousins now remain. My grandfather, Captain 
John Atkins, of Truro, was a man of unblemished integrity. The 
records of this town give ample testimony to the estimation in 
which he was held by his fellow-townsmen who gave him all the 
offices of honor and trust which he faithfully discharged. In early 
life he chose the sea in which occupation was his delight. He used 
to say, that it was owing under Divine Providence, to his strict 
temperance rule on board ship, that he was able to command the 
ships of Codman and Blake for *' thirty years with never a shijy- 
wreck.*' Their commerce was in the French trade, his port being 
Havre. He was strictly a religious man, and always impressed 
his crew with a sense of the Divine agency which ruled the tem- 
pest and the storm. Many were the tokens of approbation he 
received from the firm when he retired to a quiet home in So. 
Natick, Mass., where he had purchased a fine dwelling owned by 
Mr. Samuel Welles, of Paris, and removed his family there. It 
was ever the hospitable mansion to which many had access." 

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Capt Jolin Atkins died in So. Natick, 1834. 

Of Mrs. Jane (Avery") Atkins, Mrs. Dowe writes : 

'-My grandmother was an energetic woman, who planned and 
executed all her family duties with remarkable skill. She was 
famed for her uniform sympathy with the poor and afflicted, and 
was mourned as a mother, to whom she generously dispensed the 
most timely gifts. Her name and praise is cherished by many sur- 
vivors. All her brothers died before her last summons came. Her 
disease was heart trouble, which seized her while pursuing her 
usual occupations, and great was the bereavement felt in all 
the cii'cle of which she was the joyous and cheerful member." 

She died in 1838 at the age of 77 years, and is interred in 
the family tomb built by her husband, by whose side she 
quietly rests, with that of her aged mother, Mrs. Jane 
(Thatcher) Avery, of Truro, who made her home with her 
in her later life, and of whom Mrs. Dowe has "only a remem- 
brance." Capt. John and Jane (Avery*) Atkins had a family 
of four sons and two daughters. The sons John, Benjamin, 
Henry and Isaiah " were eminent merchants of irreproach- 
able character. All left children and large fortunes be- 
queathed to them, acquired by inheritance and careful 
attention to business." 

The eldest daughter, Sarah Atkins', who married Mr. 
Charles Cook, was bereft of her husband in the second year 
of their marriage, and removed to her father's home in 
So. Natick, where she and her daughter continued to reside, 
the latter, until her marriage with Mr. Dowe. 


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Abbott, 311 

Ainsworth, .... 89 

Atkins, . . . 342,361 


Albert, 345 

Charles, .... 198 
David, . . . 341,351,361 

Ellen, 185 

Elisha, .... 197,205 
Elroy, .... 90 

Ephraim, . . . KiO, 172, 255 

Fannie 184 

Frank, 342 

Fred, 355 

George, 314, 315, 318, 320, :«1, 330, 
332, 340, 341, 346, 355, 357 

Hannah, 282 

Henry, . . . 181,346 

Hollis, 332 

Isaiah, . . . 316,317 

James, . . . 2a3, 318, 319 
Jemsha, .... 256 

Jesse, 318 

Job, . . . 219,261,257 

John, 76, 77, 8:3, 107. 117, 142, 144, 

152, 15(J, 157, 167, 168, 174, 223, 

. 224.296,314,316,353,365 

Jonathan, . 47, 82, 83, 85, 351 

Joseph 41,62 

Mary 180 

Nancy, .... 255 

Park Benjamin, .186 

Peter, 287 

Robert, . . 14,78,214 

Samuel, 175, 177, 180, 199,201, 251. 
256, 328, 3;K) 
Susan, , . . . .186 
Thatcher, . . . .301, 3:30 

Walter 171,342 

William, . 19, 35, 40, 46, 47 

Winslow, . . . .359 

Baker, . . . 196,210,242 

Baldwin, . . .148, 149, 150 

Bingham, 47 

Blodgett, 309 

Bonney, .... 55, 56 

Bray, 318 

Brewster, 211 

Brown, 200 

Bullard, 80 

Burritt, 199 

Campbell, .... 208 

Carter, ;»7 

Carpenter, . . . 49, 50, X« 

Chandler, .... 'Jiil 

Chapman, .... 319 

Chick 311 

Churchill, . . . . aw 

Cleveland, . . . 209,210 

Coan, .... 231, 2;« 

Cole, 33(i 

Combs, . . • . . 256 

Conant, '70 

Cooey, 250 

Cornell, .... 185 

Crane, 202 

Curnick, .... 244 

Curtis, 318 

Damon, . . . 276,279,280 

Davis, .... 59,61 

Deane, . . 45, 4(> 

DeWolf, 202 

Dickenson, . . 57,58,60,61 

Dodge, ;K)5 

Dowe, aJ2 

Draper 46, JH), 214 

Dupignac 1<6, UW 

Dwight, 81 

Dyer, 96 

Eaton, .... 236, ;m 

Elkins, :m 

Elliott, 245 

Emerson, . . . . , 315 

Essleraout 5<) 

Everett, 46 

Fifield 250 

Fisher, 38, 51 

Freeman, .... 304 

Frye ;^8 

(rilmore 48 

Goodrich, 318 

Grindle, .... 315 

Hanchett, 91 

Haskell, <iO 

Hatch 30f) 

Haynes, .... 349,350,351 

Hebard, 328 

Hinds 343 

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Hitchcock, . . . .86,88 

Hooper, 320 

Holmes, . . . 280,282,285 

Holbrook 312 

Hopkins 229,234 

Hughes, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229 
Hutchings, .... 241 

Johnson, .... 313, 315 
Jones, 319 

Keep 198 

King, 50 

Lapham, 278 

Larkin, 240 

Lawrence, 347 

Lawley, 278 

Leavitt 58, JJ47, 349 

Leonard, 58 

I^wis, . 273, 274, 275, 276, 294, 312 

Lombaid, 2.'{5 

Lothrop, 216 

Lufkin J^O 

Mansfield, 151 

Mason, . . . . . .61 

Mather, 310 

McAlpine 251 

McColvin, :i'i9 

Mclntire, 304 

Metcalf, .... 39,41,61 

Miller 54,59,60,61 

Millet, 202 

Mitchtill, 348 

Moore, 20t) 

Morgan 337,338,339 

Mott, 210 

Newc:)mb, 281 

Nichols, 59 

Nickerson .'^i7 

Paine, . 2:«, 2.'57, 2:W, 239, 243, 241 

Parker, . . 211,212,213,312,316 

Patterson, 151 

PendergracG, 247 

Peters, 50 

Fhilbrick, 48 


Phillips, 89 

Porter, ;«0 

Pratt, 56 

Prescott 320 

Prichard, :J28 

Putnam, .... 149, 206, 209 

Rice, (JO 

Rich, 243,305 

Richards 84,274 

Richardson, 34() 

Russell, 329 

Sanborn, .... 157, 3:<7 

Sherwood 5(> 

Skinner, 312 

Souther, . . . ,%«, ,'m, ;{,« 

Small 246,248,249 

Smith, .... 234,278 

Snow, 245 

SoHeld 235 

Sprague, 46 

Steele 51 

Stevens, 242 

Streeter 344 

Studley 313 

Sumner 9<; 

George Fred, . . . 9i) 

Talmage Ur> 

Thompson, .... 231 

Tilden 89 

Treat ;^<« 

Tumor 99,279 

Upham, . 49, 149, i»5, ;K)6, 307, 308 

Vose, 312 

Watkins, *i43 

Ware, 52, .-w 

Webster, M\) 

West 214 

Westcott, 315 

Whit^, . 62, 65, m, 69, 71 , 72, 74, 2tM) 

Wight 39 

Wiggles worth, .... 93 

Williams, 150 

Wilson, 316 

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